CHAPTER 14 Missouri Compromise (1820) seemed to stop sectional difference 1820 – 1848, 8 new states 4 slave – 4 free (15 each)
CHAPTER 14 Mo. Compromise did not apply to 1848 Mexican Cession Fearing a new slave state, Rep. David Wilmot proposed law banning slavery from Mexican Cession Passed the House of Rep. But not Senate WHY?
15 free states 15 slave states TIE VOTE IN SENATE
CONSEQUENCE #1 SOUTHERN SLAVERY SUPPORTERS FEARED A LEGAL ATTACK ON SLAVERY
Ch 14 Sec 2 – Compromises Fail I CAN UNDERSTAND THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 AND WHY IT FAILED
Compromise of 1850 5 laws California admitted free state Slave trade banned in D.C. Congress could not regulate slave trade between slave states Popular sovereignty in Mexican Cession Fugitive slave law
Accused slaves arrested by government No trial Only white persons testimony Every citizen required to help
President Zachary Taylor who opposes, dies Millard Fillmore, the new President signs it into law
RESULTS Everyone complained Northerners did not like -slavery continuing with possibility of expansion - Fugitive Slave Law
RESULTS Southerners did not like - Jury Nullification - Slave catchers being threatened - Slaves escaping to Canada
A NEW WRINKLE Illinois Senator Stephen Douglas wants a railroad through ILL & MO to the west RR would pass through Kansas & Nebraska These areas are closed to slavery (MO. Comp) Southerners screamed!!!
Douglas’ Plan Open Kansas & Nebraska to Popular Sovereignty Southerners happy Northerners screamed – This undid the MO. Comp.
Kansas – Nebraska Act - 1852 Kansas & Nebraska Territories open to Popular Sovereignty Passed by Congress – Signed by Pres. Believed to be answer to slavery question IS IT??
RESULTS Proponents and opponents flooded into Kansas Of 3,000 registered voters, 8,000 votes were counted 3 non slavery vs. 36 slavery representatives were elected WHAT HAPPENED?
Debates LINCOLN If slavery is not wrong nothing is wrong Slavery should not expand to western territories Slavery will die on its own Blacks and whites are not equal but have rights DOUGLAS Popular sovereignty is right Illinois chose no slavery, MO chose slavery Lincoln is a dangerous abolitionist and wants black equality
1859 John Brown driven out of Kansas Attacks Federal Arsenal in Harpers Ferry VA. Wants guns to give to blacks to stage a revolt Said the Bible guided his actions Captured – tried – convicted - hanged
Reaction People in South saw justice served People in North considered him a hero People in South feared Northern response
John Brown Who or what is John Brown Is it this?
I CAN UNDERSTAND HOW THE ELECTION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN SPARKED THE SECESSION OF SOUTHERN STATES
Election of 1860 Lincoln popular because of L-D debates Democrats split North – Douglas – Supports Popular Sovereignty South V.P. John Breckinridge – Supports slavery even though secession Constitution Union Party – John Bell – Against secession and supports slavery
THINK!!! What happens to a political party when its vote is split? What happens when there is a third party? Is it any wonder Lincoln won?
Secession Chronology Nov. 1860 – Lincoln elected Dec. 1860 – S. Carolina Jan. 1861 – Miss., FLA., ALA., GEO., LA. Feb. – TX Feb. C.S.A. born - New Constitution. Jefferson Davis made President
Secession Chronology March 4th 1861 – Lincoln inaugurated March 6th – CSA asks for 100,000 volunteers April 12, CSA attacks Fort Sumter in Charleston April 13, Fort Sumter surrenders April 16, Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers
Secession Chronology April 17, VA secedes May – AK., TN., NC.