5Missouri Compromise (1820) seemed to stop sectional difference CHAPTER 14Missouri Compromise (1820) seemed to stop sectional difference1820 – 1848, 8 new states4 slave – 4 free (15 each)
6WHY? CHAPTER 14 Mo. Compromise did not apply to 1848 Mexican Cession Fearing a new slave state, Rep. David Wilmot proposed law banning slavery from Mexican CessionPassed the House of Rep. But not SenateWHY?
715 free states 15 slave states TIE VOTE IN SENATE
8SOUTHERN SLAVERY SUPPORTERS FEARED A LEGAL ATTACK ON SLAVERY CONSEQUENCE #1SOUTHERN SLAVERY SUPPORTERS FEARED A LEGAL ATTACK ON SLAVERY
14Democratic Presidential candidate, Sen. Lewis Cass proposed a solution POLITICSDemocratic Presidential candidate, Sen. Lewis Cass proposed a solutionPopular sovereignty
15POPULAR SOVEREIGNTYPeople in the state or territory would vote on slavery, not their elected representatives
16Mexican Cession land would be FREE SOIL – NO SLAVERY CONSEQUENCEAnti slavery Democrats and Whigs for new political party – THE FREE SOIL PARTYPLATFORMMexican Cession land would be FREE SOIL – NO SLAVERY
17Free Soil – Martin Van Buren Democrats - Lewis Cass CANDIDATESFree Soil – Martin Van BurenDemocrats - Lewis CassWhigs – Zachary Taylor
18What territory wanted into the United States? Why?
19All the Gold in California 1848 – Gold discovered in CaliforniaGrows quicklyWants into the U.S.
20Most of CA. is north of MO. Compromise line ProblemsMost of CA. is north of MO. Compromise lineSouth fears anti slavery majority in SenateThreatens to SECEDE if CA. is admitted as free state
21Northerners want slave TRADE abolished in Wash. D.C. Other IssuesNortherners want slave TRADE abolished in Wash. D.C.Southerners wants escaped slaves (FUGITIVES) returnedWHAT DO WE DO? .
22Henry Clay has idea, the Compromise of 1850 His ideas are opposed by John C. Calhoun
23The Great Debate Calhoun is against compromise. He said, A. CA. in U.S. as a free state threatens the SouthB. There are only 2 ways to protect the South1. Constitutional Amendment2. Secession
24The Great Debate Daniel Webster said, A. Called to end fighting B. Supported Clay’s plan
33Ch 14 Sec 2 – Compromises Fail I CAN UNDERSTAND THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 AND WHY IT FAILED
34Compromise of 1850 5 laws California admitted free state Slave trade banned in D.C.Congress could not regulate slave trade between slave statesPopular sovereignty in Mexican CessionFugitive slave law
35Fugitive slave law Accused slaves arrested by government No trial Only white persons testimonyEvery citizen required to help
36President Zachary Taylor who opposes, dies Millard Fillmore, the new President signs it into law
70Debates LINCOLN DOUGLAS If slavery is not wrong nothing is wrong Slavery should not expand to western territoriesSlavery will die on its ownBlacks and whites are not equal but have rightsDOUGLASPopular sovereignty is rightIllinois chose no slavery, MO chose slaveryLincoln is a dangerous abolitionist and wants black equality
80THE COMING OF THE CIVIL WAR Ch 14 Sec 4THE COMING OF THE CIVIL WAR
81I CAN UNDERSTAND HOW THE ELECTION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN SPARKED THE SECESSION OF SOUTHERN STATES
82Election of 1860 Lincoln popular because of L-D debates Democrats splitNorth – Douglas – Supports Popular SovereigntySouth V.P. John Breckinridge – Supports slavery even though secessionConstitution Union Party – John Bell – Against secession and supports slavery
84THINK!!!What happens to a political party when its vote is split?What happens when there is a third party?Is it any wonder Lincoln won?
85Secession Chronology Nov. 1860 – Lincoln elected Dec – S. CarolinaJan – Miss., FLA., ALA., GEO., LA.Feb. – TXFeb. C.S.A. born - New Constitution. Jefferson Davis made President
86Secession Chronology March 4th 1861 – Lincoln inaugurated March 6th – CSA asks for 100,000 volunteersApril 12, CSA attacks Fort Sumter in CharlestonApril 13, Fort Sumter surrendersApril 16, Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers
87Secession ChronologyApril 17, VA secedesMay – AK., TN., NC.