Presentation on theme: "Media Ownership / Media Sovereignty ::beyond the commons::fcc::net neutrality::indigenous media::"— Presentation transcript:
Media Ownership / Media Sovereignty ::beyond the commons::fcc::net neutrality::indigenous media::
Media Ownership Media Sovereignty last time, we considered social networks in terms of history, science, pop culture, art and business & also in terms of platform (architecture), context (context collapse), and content. this time, let’s ask: how can we push our social networks beyond isolated instances of the commons and into new realms of trust, resource sharing and creative problem solving?
What are the Stakes? Media Ownership Concentration of Media Ownership 1983: 50 corporations dominated most every mass medium in the United States 1987: 23 corporations dominated 1987-1996: the number decreased to 14 corporations 1997: 10 corporations dominated the media 2000: 6 firms dominate all U.S. mass media Globally, dominating firms include: Time Warner, News Corp, Bertelsman Ag, Sony, Viacom, Walt Disney.
Media Ownership FCC - Federal Communications Commission began in 1934 regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable.
Media Ownership Telecommunications act of 1996 - deregulation - thought to foster competition, actually facilitates mergers of major corporations. lifted how many radio stations, Tv stations one could own, expanded audience reach, deregulated cable rates. 2003: limits to media ownership in local areas lifted. Overturned in 2004, but in 2007 ownership rules lifted again to allow TV, newspaper, and radio ownership in same city. (see NYTimes, 2007)NYTimes, 2007
Media Ownership - what’s at stake? censorship: consider the 200 songs clear channel recommended not be played after 9/11: herehere or the Farenheight 911 debacle where Miramax is told by Disney not to distribute film.... focus consider Clear Channel’s voice tracking that let’s listeners think their station is local, but isn’t. -- it generates local allusions, but is centrally produced. moremore costs less competition means higher prices for us.
Media Ownership Media Sovereignty Net Neutrality movement to ensure equal access to internet networks. addresses concerns that broadband providers want to introduce a tiered system of access: the more $ you pay, the faster you get media content. especially concerns gamers, P2P, and FTP
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais 2 ways to conceive of the commons functions within the regime of capital and property, or leverages against it. according to Blais, Lessig’s Creative Commons functions within the regime of capital because there is no geneology, no gift, no relationship. - it is “the exception that proves the rule of capital.” a kind of “cultural reservation.” replays an idea of freedom that suggests one can be free of social contracts. how do we move from an idea of cultural artifacts as being disposable and detachable to one that values sustainability and livelihood?
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais Permaculture, Indigenous culture, and Digital cultures do have movements that can point a way forward, so that we can begin to have resource shares, information shares, and cultural production that can break new ground and truly move past corporate domination and regimes of property/ ownership. Indigenous Culture - catchment, circles, care catchment :: Malanggan cloth in Papua New Guinea: one person memorizes cloth design/ pattern from someone else’s public showing a significant event must trigger this person to describe the design to a weaver. circles / reciprocity:: recognize the relationship between creation & context, environment, other creators. - unique generations of iterations. elaborate purchasing rituals, credits. begs the question: how do we value things? is it only when nature is manipulated by human labor that it has any value? reciprocity: process wherein if you receive or take away you must always give back
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais Indigenous Culture - catchment, circles, care care: kinship, belonging, and the rituals of inclusion in Papua New Guinea, if you steal something from a kin group, you are signalling a desire to be a part of that group. kinship patterns & collaboration. right kinds of kinship and collaboration means that you don’t need a job. Permaculture - permaculture envisions nature as a complex network in which humans collaborate with other life forms – much as plants in a guild cooperate – to produce harmonious and sustainable energy systems catchment: happens whenever energy flows are sufficient to generate storages distribute the wealth instead of concentrate - ie. make divets in the sand of the desert to catch water and channel seed.
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais Permaculture - circles: feedback loops positive feedback: 3 sisters guild: pumkins, beans, corn - relations supports growth negative feedback: regulates system. lack of O2 stops a fire. care: working with feedback loops to distribute wealth. - earth care, people care, fair share
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais Digital Culture - what are the specific mechanisms in open source culture that lead to success? catchment: catching trust - public key signing f2f circles: more signings of public keys, the more link, the more credibility trust networks need to be “deep, and tightly interlinked” The more people use encryption, the less information can be sniffed by government or corporate software, and the more thoughtful they become about the kind of information they casually distribute via any technology. care: who you exchange work with and how - these specific practices help grow your communities, facilitate a kind of kinship network.
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais Digital Culture - what are the specific mechanisms in open source culture that lead to success? PGP - pretty good privacy - is often used for signing, encrypting and decrypting texts, E-mails, files, directories and whole disk partitions to increase the security of e-mail communications. see big lumberbig lumber
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais P2P :: Peer to peer distributed system allows you to be provider and consumer of resources. can share processing power, hard drive space, or bandwidth as well as media content. the more you give, the faster your download.
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais Sovereignty: ability to rule a territory. -- implies integrity, impenetrability, authority. Blais sees sovereignty as a tight network of relations closely tied to a resource base that extends beyond national, +/or the corporate regimes of ownership. extension and power lies in distributing wealth, not concentrating it
Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, by Joline Blais “The parallels in understanding between the Libre Society and Native culture, the acknowledgement of a Web of Life to which we all belong, points to an economic and political practice that moves beyond the limited freedoms established by the commons, either traditional or digital. While we may yearn for a long-lost commons where humans were landkeepers, where they cared for all living things, what we need now must move beyond the logic of common/enclosed, of free/private. For in today's context, any commons is only respite from a larger cultural model of property, theft, enclosure, and loss of political liberty for all humans and exploitation of all life. To move beyond human rights toward the rights of all living things, what Leach calls "common rights" , we need the commons to become the rule of human culture rather than the exception.”Libre Society platform, context, content // catchment, circles, care.
Thickening trust networks deepening content -- creativity, resources, information -- through conscious use of platform, heightened sense of context Unhosted (shared platform) The Pool shared content, deepened networks D-Tower (emotional content, local context) The Urban Forest Map content, platform local context
Come see our work! FDM 171d, Social Information SpacesFDM 171d, Social Information Spaces June 3rd, 12-4 in the Cave at Elaine Baskin (Art Department)