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Ilya Ivanov Program assistant RIAC BRICS COUNTRIES’ COOPERATION IN HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS: “NEW” DONORS & OLD RULES.

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Presentation on theme: "Ilya Ivanov Program assistant RIAC BRICS COUNTRIES’ COOPERATION IN HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS: “NEW” DONORS & OLD RULES."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ilya Ivanov Program assistant RIAC BRICS COUNTRIES’ COOPERATION IN HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS: “NEW” DONORS & OLD RULES

2  Humanitarian affairs today  New donors: types & approaches  BRICS in the humanitarian affairs  Recommendations for the countries OUTLINE

3  Humanitarian assistance is not ODA:  Disasters  Emergencies  Humanitarian crises  17.9 billion in 2012  37,3% needs unmet  : 40% of disasters in the Asia Pacific  2008: 98% disaster-affected population lives in the AP HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS TODAY Source: Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2013

4  New donor=non-traditional donor=non-DAC donor  BRICS countries, Mexico, Indonesia, etc.  Former aid recipients  Aspire for higher status  Some not new: Russia ($26 bln. in 1986) NEW DONORS Source: Development Initiatives based on OECD DAC and UN OCHA FTS data

5  “Traditional approach”:  Humanity  Neutrality  Impartiality  Independence  High aid politicization  “Disaster diplomacy”:  Chinese aid to Japan in $16,5 mln.  Chinese aid to the Philippines in $  Conceptual obstacles  Non-traditional approach:  South-South cooperation  Donor-recipient equality  “New stream” in humanitarianism  Regional & thematic concentration NEW DONORS: APPROACHES

6  BRICS – not a humanitarian organization, but has capabilities  BRICS countries showing interest in ODA & HA  BRICS=majority of non-DAC donors  Humanitarian crises may affect all BRICS countries  BRICS Development Bank (as a funding basis) BRICS IN THE HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS Source: White, S. (2011) Emerging Powers, Emerging Donors

7  Improve coordination  Create financial mechanism (BRICS Development Bank)  Intra-BRICS dialogue on ODA & HA  Create an “OECD for non-DAC donors”  Introduce new approaches  Promote OECD-BRICS cooperation  Set the global non-DAC agenda  Introduce new rules, based on South-South coop., sovereignty & equality  Promote states’ soft power & improve image RECOMMENDATIONS

8 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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