Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18.1 The Debate Over Slavery"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 18.1 The Debate Over Slavery The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War…However, it started a whole new debate about the extension of slavery.
2 Remember the last time when… The last time America expanded this much was the Louisiana Purchase.Question:How did we handle the issue of slavery when it came to the new territories?Compromise of 1820Missouri = slave stateMaine = free stateNo more slavery north of Missouri
3 So, now that we have more land… Should we extend the line to the Pacific Ocean?Pres. Polk says yes!Congressman David WilmotProposed ending slavery in all new territories gainedCalled Wilmot Proviso
4 America Begins To Divide The NorthernersRallied around the Wilmot ProvisoThought it was great way to fulfill dream of Founding Fathers“All Men are Created Equal”The SouthernersWere able to vote the proviso down in the Senate.Knew now that slavery would jeopardize the Union.SectionalismHappens when politicians choose the interests of their region/supporters over the interests of the entire countryHow do we keep the nation from separating into two sections?
5 Lewis Cass and his Popular Sovereignty Senator from MichiganBelieved that the people of an area should decide whether they wanted to ban or allow slavery.Called popular sovereigntyHow does it work?If the majority agree to have slavery, then slavery is allowed!
6 Election of 1848 Democrat –Lewis Cass Whigs – Zachary Taylor Wanted to keep America expanding with popular sovereigntyWhigs – Zachary TaylorPopular General from Mexican American WarHad never held office or votedSouthern slave ownerFree Soil – Martin Van BurenSupported the Wilmot ProvisoWanted to stop the spread of slavery to west because they wanted wages to rise so a working class could climb social ladderFree Soil party steals votes from the Democrats that support Cass!Zachary Taylor wins and becomes 12th POTUS
7 President Zachary Taylor Won a narrow victory in the electionWas the 1st POTUS not previously elected to any other public office.First issue he has to deal with…What to do with California?It’s big enough to join the United States as a state.Should it be a free state or a slave state?Right now w/o California15 free states15 slave sates
8 Senate Debate of Californian Issue John C. CalhounDemanded California to be a slave stateWilliam SewardA young senator from New YorkHated slaveryWould become best friends with Abe LincolnHenry ClayArgued hard for compromise…again
9 Clay’s Compromise of 1850 Californian admitted as a free state The Utah and New Mexico Territories could decide the slave issue with popular sovereigntyOutlawed slave trade in DCStricter fugitive slave laws
10 Death of President Taylor July 4,1850President Zachary Taylor stood hatless in the sun for hours listening to long-winded speechesReturned to the White House and attempted to cool off by eating cherries, cucumbers and drinking iced milk.Dies 3 days later.
11 13th POTUS -Millard Fillmore Signed the Compromise of 1850 making it law.Keeps North and South happy….sort of.Problem:The citizens don’t care for Fillmore.Look to others to lead their nation…The South starts to consider naming their own leader…