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CLIL PROJECT CLIL PROJECT CONTENT AND LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING THE CONCEPT OF STATE AND ITS HISTORICAL DEVELOPEMENT SUBJECTS : CITIZENSHIP AND ENGLISH.

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Presentation on theme: "CLIL PROJECT CLIL PROJECT CONTENT AND LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING THE CONCEPT OF STATE AND ITS HISTORICAL DEVELOPEMENT SUBJECTS : CITIZENSHIP AND ENGLISH."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLIL PROJECT CLIL PROJECT CONTENT AND LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING THE CONCEPT OF STATE AND ITS HISTORICAL DEVELOPEMENT SUBJECTS : CITIZENSHIP AND ENGLISH CLASSES 2006-2007 : 5 A ITER, 5 F IGEA 2007-2008 : 5 A ITER TEACHERS: ENGLISH : Brigato Luigina (5A), De Lazzari Silvia (5F) CITIZENSHIP : Giuriato Alessandra (5A), Lovison Marilena (5F) Lovison Marilena (5F)

2 The modern state as the result of the connection of three fundamental elements: Sovereignty People People Territory Territory

3 Sovereignty Sovereignty pertains to a government that has full control over itsSovereignty pertains to a government that has full control over its own affairs within a territorial or geographical area or limit. own affairs within a territorial or geographical area or limit. It is the legitimate exercise of power by the state.It is the legitimate exercise of power by the state. The powers of sovereignty are:The powers of sovereignty are: legislative: the power to make laws legislative: the power to make laws executive: the power to enforce laws; executive: the power to enforce laws; judiciary: the power to administer justice in trials. judiciary: the power to administer justice in trials. In its external relationships it’s the freedom of a political communityIn its external relationships it’s the freedom of a political community to organize itself without depending on the will of other countries. to organize itself without depending on the will of other countries. Democracy is based on the concept of popular sovereignty.Democracy is based on the concept of popular sovereignty. Art.1 paragraph 2 of the Italian Constitution states that:Art.1 paragraph 2 of the Italian Constitution states that: “sovereignty pertains to the people, who exercise it within the forms and limits of the Constitution ”. “sovereignty pertains to the people, who exercise it within the forms and limits of the Constitution ”.

4 People People are the individuals who are part of a given community and are considered for their juridical connection with the state. People are the individuals who are part of a given community and are considered for their juridical connection with the state. Citizenship is membership in a state, the political rights of an individual within a state. Citizenship is membership in a state, the political rights of an individual within a state. Population is the collection of people living in a given geographic area or space, usually measured by a census, including foreigners (that is, citizens of another state) and stateless people (that is, individuals without citizenship, e.g. individuals who have been expelled from their country and deprived of their citizenship and who have not acquired a new one). Population is the collection of people living in a given geographic area or space, usually measured by a census, including foreigners (that is, citizens of another state) and stateless people (that is, individuals without citizenship, e.g. individuals who have been expelled from their country and deprived of their citizenship and who have not acquired a new one).

5 Citizenship in Italy the law of 5 February 1992 n. 91. A citizen by birth is a person who is: A citizen by birth is a person who is: a) child of Italian father or mother independently of place a) child of Italian father or mother independently of place of birth; of birth; b) child of unknown or stateless parents who was born in b) child of unknown or stateless parents who was born in Italy (art. 1) Italy (art. 1) A foreign child who has been adopted by an Italian citizen acquires Italian citizenship (art. 2). A foreign child who has been adopted by an Italian citizen acquires Italian citizenship (art. 2). A foreign or stateless spouse of an Italian citizen becomes Italian if he/she has legally resided in Italy for at least six months from the date of the marriage, or after three years if he/she does not reside in Italy (art. 5). A foreign or stateless spouse of an Italian citizen becomes Italian if he/she has legally resided in Italy for at least six months from the date of the marriage, or after three years if he/she does not reside in Italy (art. 5). Italian citizenship can be granted by the President of the Republic in given cases: (art. 9): Italian citizenship can be granted by the President of the Republic in given cases: (art. 9): a) citizen of the European Union who has lived in Italy for at least four years; a) citizen of the European Union who has lived in Italy for at least four years; b) stateless person who has resided for five years; b) stateless person who has resided for five years; c) foreigner who has resided for at least ten years. c) foreigner who has resided for at least ten years.

6 Territory Territory is the space that contains the community of citizens and within which the sovereignty of the state is exercised. The territory of the state includes: the mainland and internal waters the territorial sea the subsoil and the air space the floating territory (military and civil ships and airplanes) the embassies and consulates

7 Forms of state Forms of state are the different forms taken by relations between the elements constituting the State, in particular, between sovereignty on one Side, and people and territory on the other side. The absolute state The absolute state The liberal state The liberal state The democratic state The democratic state The Welfare state The Welfare state

8 The absolute state Political power was entirely in the hands of the Political power was entirely in the hands of the sovereign who was ‘legibus solutus’. sovereign who was ‘legibus solutus’. The people were completely subject to the The people were completely subject to the sovereign’s will. sovereign’s will. The wealth and riches of the state belonged to the The wealth and riches of the state belonged to the sovereign. sovereign. The best-known examples of absolute monarchs The best-known examples of absolute monarchs are Louis XIV in France and Ivan the Terrible in are Louis XIV in France and Ivan the Terrible in Russia. Russia.

9 MODERN ASPECTS OF THE ABSOLUTE STATE Concentration of power favours and quickens the unification and codification of laws. All the subjects have a similar juridical status in front of the sovereign. Professional bureaucracy, a class of civil servants permanently working for the state.

10 The liberal state The liberal state is based on the principles of economic liberalism and puts special emphasis on the individual’s private initiative. The state has : to protect the citizens’ freedom to protect the citizens’ freedom to ensure the peaceful and ordered progress of to ensure the peaceful and ordered progress of economic relations economic relations to refrain from any interference in the privacy of the to refrain from any interference in the privacy of the individual. individual. Representatives of liberalism: the economist Adam Smith,the economist Adam Smith, the philosopher John Lockethe philosopher John Locke the French writer and politician Benjamin Constant.the French writer and politician Benjamin Constant.

11 The democratic state The democratic state is an evolution of the liberal state. It maintains principles of the liberal state: a) the powers are subject to juridical rules a) the powers are subject to juridical rules b) the protection of citizens. b) the protection of citizens. The most important difference are: a) people are the holders of sovereignty. a) people are the holders of sovereignty. b) universal suffrage puts all the classes on b) universal suffrage puts all the classes on equal terms equal terms c) the power is exercised in the name of the c) the power is exercised in the name of the people through the institutions people through the institutions d) the active participation of all groups and all d) the active participation of all groups and all social representations of citizens. social representations of citizens.

12 UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE IN THE WORLD 1 1776 New Jersey introduced it (including women and blacks) but it was rescinded in 1807. 920 United States introduced it but it was unenforced with regards to African Americans in the South until 1965. 983 New Zealand granted the unrestricted women’s suffrage in terms of voting rights (women were not permitted to stand for election), although inequalities with Maori persisted. 894 South Australia g gg granted universal suffrage and also allowed women to stand for parliament was South Australia in 1894. 2 2005 Kuwait introduced it.

13 UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE IN ITALY U Universal male suffrage was introduced by the government headed by Giolitti in 1912. A An electoral reform granted the right to vote to all male citizens aged 30 and those who were 21 and had certain prerequisites. I In December 1918 the right to vote was granted to all male citizens of age T The first general elections with universal suffrage were held on June 2, 1946.

14 The democratic state developed into a welfare state: Protectionist measures taken by some states in the 1870s and 1880s to support home industry and agriculture. Protectionist measures taken by some states in the 1870s and 1880s to support home industry and agriculture. Social legislations to protect Social legislations to protect subordinate work subordinate work The crisis of 1929 The crisis of 1929

15 The Welfare State It is a system by which the government provides a range of free services to all citizens who need them, for example: medical care medical care unemployment benefits unemployment benefits care for old people care for old people

16 Social rights The number of fundamental rights was gradually enlarged. In addition to the traditional rights to freedom (personal, residence, association, religion, thought), new rights were introduced. The social rights: t the right to work h healthcare e education l legal assistance. These rights require the State to act rather than not to act


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