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Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The argument for federalism Authority divided into two levels: national and regional Protects liberty Moderates government power by sharing Strengthens the union © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.2
Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The powers of the nation and states National: enumerated powers Seventeen powers, including measures for secure defense and stable commerce Supremacy clause National: implied powers “Necessary and proper” / “elastic” clause: make laws in support of enumerated powers © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.3
Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The powers of the nation and states Tenth Amendment established reserved powers: powers not delegated to the national government are reserved for the states © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.4
5 Insert Figure 3-1 Federalism as a Governing System: Examples of National, State, and Concurrent Powers
Federalism in Historical Perspective An indestructible union (1789–1865) The nationalist view: McCulloch v. Maryland (1819); clear ruling in favor of national power and supremacy clause The states’-rights view: the Dred Scott decision (1857); ruling for states rights in conflict over legality of slavery © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.6
Federalism in Historical Perspective Dual federalism and laissez-faire capitalism (1865–1937) Dual federalism: separation of national from state power The Fourteenth Amendment and state discretion Judicial protection of business: Supreme Court limited national power National authority prevails The economy had become a national one Brown v. Board of Education (1954) National citizenship © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.7
Contemporary Federalism Interdependency and intergovernmental relations Cooperative federalism: shared policy responsibilities National, state, and local levels work together Joint funding, administration, and determination of programs © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.8
9 Insert Figure 3-2 Federal, State, and Local Shares of Government Tax Revenue
Contemporary Federalism Government revenues and intergovernmental relations Fiscal federalism: federal funds used for state programs Categorical grants: federal funds restricted to certain state programs Block grants: federal funds for state programs addressed to a general concern © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.10
© 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.11 Insert Figure 3-3 Federal Grants to State and Local Governments
Contemporary Federalism Devolution: the idea that American federalism can be strengthened by a partial shift of power from national government to states Belief held more strongly by Republicans than Democrats Dramatically increased with Republican Revolution of 1994 Supreme Court has advanced devolution, especially in latter decades of twentieth century Devolution movement ended with presidency of George W. Bush: education and security policy © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.12
The Public’s Influence: Setting the Boundaries of Federal-State Power Roosevelt’s “New Deal”—jobs during the Great Depression Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society”—increased social services in 1960s Republican Revolution—rolled back federal authority in 1990s Recent public backing of huge federal stimulus in 2009 © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.13
Federalism: Forging a Nation Chapter 3. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The argument for federalism The argument for federalism Authority divided.
© 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 3.
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Federalism: Forging a Nation Chapter 3.
Federalism. Why Federalism? Would correct the defects of the Articles Protect Liberty: ◦ Framers argued that it was part of the system of checks and balances.
Chapter 4 Federalism. 3 types of governments Different Systems of Government Unitary System –Form of government in which the highest level of government.
Definition Why have a federalist system? How It Works Yeah...Nullify This! Historic Influences Conflict How Could You Oppose the Constitution? Stages of.
To Accompany Comprehensive, Alternate, and Texas Editions American Government: Roots and Reform, 10th edition Karen O’Connor and Larry J. Sabato Pearson.
AP Gov.- Chapter 3 Federalism: Forging a New Nation.
FEDERALISM CHAPTER 4. FEDERALISM V. UNITARY SYSTEM Unitary System: all power is held by a strong central authority. -Why was a unitary system out of the.
Chapter Three Federalism. The Federalism song Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 : ) : ) : ) : )
Chapter 4 Federalism. Federalism Section 1 Dividing Government Power After much debate, the Framers designed a federal system that they hoped would strengthen.
The Constitution. Protecting Liberty: Limited Government Grants & Denials of Power Separation of Powers Checks and Balances The Bill of Rights.
FEDERALISM. Federalism What is it? Confederacy v. Unitary v. Federal.
Federalism. Unitary Government Intergovernmental relations.
Chapter 3 Federalism 3 | 1. 3 | 2 Why “Federalism” Matters Federalism is behind many things that matter to many people: –Tax rates –Speed limits –Liquor.
Chapter 3 Federalism. Federalism ★ The U.S. was the first country to adopt a federal system of government. ★ Federalism - System of government where the.
The Constitutional Underpinnings Unit IIB Federalism: The Relationship, Powers, and Limits of the Federal and State Governments.
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 3 Federalism.
Activity: Eras of Federalism( in class) By Table Group: Research the following eras of federalism Early Marshall Era Dual Cooperative New ______________________________________.
Federalism Mr. Aas – Sr. Social I (Govt). Why Federalism? –FEDERALISM – Federal and State Govt divide their powers –Ex. – federal taxes and state taxes.
by Coyne & Ottenberg FINAL JEOPARDY QUESTION Definitions Clauses and Definitions Court CasesMiscellaneous
Chapter 4 SECTION 2: “American Federalism: Conflict and Change”
CLIPS/C892KG/THE-DAILY-SHOW-WITH- JON-STEWART-1-5-AMENDMENT?ID=C892KG FEDERALISM.
Federalism Chapter 3. Governmental Structure Federalism: a political system where national and state governments both govern the people Federalism: a.
FEDERALISM. Federalism is a political system in which power is divided and shared between the national/central government and the states (regional units)
Federalism Chapter 3. Governmental Structure Federalism: a political system where local government units can make final decisions regarding some governmental.
Federalism in the United States. Unitary vs Federal vs Confederate.
CHAPTER TWO FEDERALISM AND THE STATES. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.2 | 2 The Concept of Federalism Unitary, Confederate,
The Evolution and Development of Federalism The allocation of powers in our federal system has changed dramatically over the years.
Ch. 3 - Federalism. Six Principles of the Constitution Popular Sovereignty – People have the power in the nation Limited Government – Govt only does that.
FEDERALISM Chapter Four! Yeah baby!!. 3 WAYS TO ORGANIZE GOVERNMENT Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley and Barbara A. Bardes, American Government and.
1 Chapter Three Federalism. 2 Why “Federalism” Matters Federalism is behind many things that matter to many people: Tax rates Tax rates Speed limits.
Chapter 3: Federalism. Matching: Federalism Types FEDERALISM, COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM, FISCAL FEDERALISM, DUAL FEDERALISM, NEW FEDERALISM 1. National and.
BULLSEYE VOCABULARY UNIT 1. Federalism Good Luck on your Test!!!!!!!!!!
American Government Chapter 3 Federalism. 3 Types of Government 1.Unitary system: a centralized governmental system in which ultimate government authority.
Chapter Three Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 Governmental Structure Federalism: a political system where.
Chapter 3 Federalism. 1) What is the “necessary and proper” clause?
FEDERALISM Sharing Power. Key Terms Expressed powers Implied powers Inherent powers Reserved powers Concurrent powers Full faith and credit clause.
Federalism - The doctrine underlying a system of government in which power is divided between the central government and constituent political sub units.
Chapter Four Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 4-2 Enduring Questions What is “sovereignty” and where is it located.
Chapter 3 Federalism. Federalism in the Constitution The word federalism is absent from the Constitution!! Yet it is explained in detail: 1. Guarantees.
Pearson Education, Inc.; Longman © 2006 American Government: Policy & Politics, Eighth Edition TANNAHILL Chapter 3 The Federal System.
Chapter 4: The Federal System Section 1: National and State Powers Section 2: Relations Among the States Section 3: Developing Federalism Section 4: Federalism.
Federalism Courtesy of Karen Waples: Cherry Creek High School.
How federalism works in America! Federalism. © EMC Publishing, LLC Federalism = A political system in which power is divided between national and state.
A protection of Liberty against Tyranny. RESERVED POWERS DELEGATED POWERS CONCURRENT POWERS Implied Powers Inherent Powers Powers delegated to the Federal.
Federalism Chapter 3. What is Federalism? A way to organize a nation so that 2 or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land.
WHY WAS OUR GOVERNMENT DESIGNED NOT TO WORK VERY WELL? What choices do democratic founders have to make? Efficiency vs. liberty vs. responsiveness vs.
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