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Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The argument for federalism Authority divided into two levels: national and regional Protects liberty Moderates government power by sharing Strengthens the union © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.2
Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The powers of the nation and states National: enumerated powers Seventeen powers, including measures for secure defense and stable commerce Supremacy clause National: implied powers “Necessary and proper” / “elastic” clause: make laws in support of enumerated powers © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.3
Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The powers of the nation and states Tenth Amendment established reserved powers: powers not delegated to the national government are reserved for the states © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.4
5 Insert Figure 3-1 Federalism as a Governing System: Examples of National, State, and Concurrent Powers
Federalism in Historical Perspective An indestructible union (1789–1865) The nationalist view: McCulloch v. Maryland (1819); clear ruling in favor of national power and supremacy clause The states’-rights view: the Dred Scott decision (1857); ruling for states rights in conflict over legality of slavery © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.6
Federalism in Historical Perspective Dual federalism and laissez-faire capitalism (1865–1937) Dual federalism: separation of national from state power The Fourteenth Amendment and state discretion Judicial protection of business: Supreme Court limited national power National authority prevails The economy had become a national one Brown v. Board of Education (1954) National citizenship © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.7
Contemporary Federalism Interdependency and intergovernmental relations Cooperative federalism: shared policy responsibilities National, state, and local levels work together Joint funding, administration, and determination of programs © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.8
9 Insert Figure 3-2 Federal, State, and Local Shares of Government Tax Revenue
Contemporary Federalism Government revenues and intergovernmental relations Fiscal federalism: federal funds used for state programs Categorical grants: federal funds restricted to certain state programs Block grants: federal funds for state programs addressed to a general concern © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.10
© 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.11 Insert Figure 3-3 Federal Grants to State and Local Governments
Contemporary Federalism Devolution: the idea that American federalism can be strengthened by a partial shift of power from national government to states Belief held more strongly by Republicans than Democrats Dramatically increased with Republican Revolution of 1994 Supreme Court has advanced devolution, especially in latter decades of twentieth century Devolution movement ended with presidency of George W. Bush: education and security policy © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.12
The Public’s Influence: Setting the Boundaries of Federal-State Power Roosevelt’s “New Deal”—jobs during the Great Depression Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society”—increased social services in 1960s Republican Revolution—rolled back federal authority in 1990s Recent public backing of huge federal stimulus in 2009 © 2014, McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.13
FEDERALISM 1 Federalism. Defining Federalism: A system of organizing governments The United States has a federal system of government, in which power.
Chapter 3: Federalism AP United States Government and Politics.
Chapter Four Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 4-2 The basic premise of federalism is that a. supreme executive power.
Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., Publishing as Longman Longman PoliticalScienceInteractive Magleby & Light Government by the People Chapter 3 American.
Federalism Courtesy of Karen Waples: Cherry Creek High School.
The Federal System Ch.4 SSCG 5. The word federal denotes alliances between independent sovereignties. The word federal denotes alliances between independent.
CHAPTER 3: “THE U.S. CONSTITUTION”. IDEALS OF THE CONSTITUTION A. Consent of the Governed 1. Popular Sovereignty - consent of the 1. Popular Sovereignty.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman. Federalism Chapter 3 Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry Government in America: People,
Federal, Confederal, and Unitary systems of government Standard : Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of federal, confederal, and unitary systems.
Federalism How the circle and the squares get along.
Instructions for Playing Jeopardy Click on the question that you want to attempt, example $100 Read the question and click on the to advance To return.
Pearson Education, Inc., Longman © 2008 Federalism Chapter 3 Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy Thirteenth AP* Edition Edwards/Wattenberg/Lineberry.
Two views of federalism develop: states rights position: favors state and local governments Nationalist position: favors national action in dealing with.
The Constitutional Underpinnings Unit IB Federalism: The Relationship, Powers, and Limits of the Federal and State Governments.
The Study of American Government Chapter 1. Political Power Ability to get others to act in accordance with desires/intentions Power as it affects government.
GHSGT PREPARATION GOVERNMENT AND CIVICS. CONTENT DESCRIPTION Government/Civics (18% of the test) Assesses the philosophical foundations of the United.
Chapter 4 Dual Federalism and Cooperative Federalism.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman. Introducing Government in America Chapter 1 Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry Government.
Federalism Pt. 2. The Supremacy Clause Gives the national government supremacy over state and local governments States cannot use reserved or concurrent.
Chapter Three A Tradition of Democracy The U.S. Constitution ~~~~~ Ideals of the Constitution.
Major Principles of the Constitution The Constitution is based on seven major principles.
Chapter 3.1 The Road to the Constitution. Constitution Nations most important document Nations most important document Written in 1787 Written in 1787.
How do the different levels of government cooperate? The Constitution divided government authority by: Giving specific powers to the national governments.
Chapter 3 Section 1. Only RHODE ISLAND did not take part in the convention because it did not believe in a stronger central government. It began in Philadelphias.
The Founding Fathers and a “More Perfect Union” The Building of the American Constitution.
AP ESSAYS United States Government. 1. The Constitution was an attempt to address problems of decentralization under the Articles of Confederation. a)
Chapter 4: Federalism What is Federalism? Federalism is a system of dividing power between the central national government, and the regional state governments.
Articles of Confederation The Constitution Constitution 2 Misc. 1Misc. 2Vocabulary Final Question.
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