Presentation on theme: "American Government Mr. Bordelon. Articles Constitutionalism Rule of law Separation of powers Checks and balances Veto Judicial review "— Presentation transcript:
American Government Mr. Bordelon
Articles Constitutionalism Rule of law Separation of powers Checks and balances Veto Judicial review federalism Amendments Amendment process Bill of Rights Executive agreement Treaties Cabinet
A governmental system in which the powers of government are divided on a geographic basis.
The group that makes the formal selection of the nation’s President.
◦ Electoral college.
The idea that government must conduct itself in accordance with the principles of the Constitution.
The power of courts to determine the constitutionality of a law or other governmental action.
◦ Judicial review.
A system by which one branch of government can be restrained by one or both of the branches.
◦ Checks and balances.
Under the principle of _____, the Federal Government has three equal branches.
◦ Separation of powers.
The Constitution is divided into seven major sections, called _____.
The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are known as the _____.
◦ Bill of Rights.
_____ results in changes to the written words of the Constitution.
◦ Formal amendment.
The principle of _____ states that government must be bound by a fundamental law.
◦ Rule of law.
What are the six basic principles of the Constitution?
◦ Popular sovereignty ◦ Limited government ◦ Checks and balances ◦ Separation of powers ◦ Judicial review ◦ Federalism
How are popular sovereignty and limited government related?
◦ Popular sovereignty states that the people are the source of all government power. ◦ Limited government states that the government can do only those things that the people have given it the power to do.
What is the purpose of checks and balances?
◦ To prevent one branch of government from having too much power over the other branches.
How can the judicial branch check the legislative branch?
◦ Judges may overturn a law when they decide that it is unconstitutional.
How can the executive branch check the legislative branch?
◦ Presidents may veto legislation and call special sessions.
How many amendments have been added to the Constitution?
How does federalism apply in the amendment process?
◦ Federal government proposes and states ratify.
Name one way the Constitution has been changed by informal amendment.
◦ Passage of basic legislation by Congress ◦ Actions taken by the President ◦ Key decisions of the Supreme Court ◦ Activities of political parties ◦ Custom
How has Congress contributed to the process of constitutional change and development?
◦ By passing laws that fill out the provisions of the Constitution and laws that expand congressional power.
Name one example of the exercise of presidential power that show the constitutional change by informal amendment.
◦ Use armed forces as commander in chief (without congressional declaration of war; think emergency defense). ◦ Executive agreements.
Name one way in which custom has affected the constitution.
◦ Cabinet ◦ Third-terms
What is a treaty? What is an executive agreement?
◦ An executive agreement is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state. ◦ A treaty is a binding international agreement that requires the Senate to ratify/agree/consent.