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Fundamental Principles of the UN Charter 1. Sovereignty 2. Self-determination 3. Territorial Integrity.

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamental Principles of the UN Charter 1. Sovereignty 2. Self-determination 3. Territorial Integrity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamental Principles of the UN Charter 1. Sovereignty 2. Self-determination 3. Territorial Integrity

2 1. State Sovereignty The right of a state to rule itself free from outside interference

3 Personal Homes A family’s home is sovereign much like a state. Parents are free to run their household without interference from others. However, sometimes interference from outside is necessary for the good of the people in the household. The police (much like the UN) have to decide when the safety and rights of people living in the house outweigh the right of the owners to be sovereign. A family’s home is sovereign much like a state. Parents are free to run their household without interference from others. However, sometimes interference from outside is necessary for the good of the people in the household. The police (much like the UN) have to decide when the safety and rights of people living in the house outweigh the right of the owners to be sovereign.

4 Household Rules What are five household rules that your parents have made, as sovereign rulers of their house? What are five household rules that your parents have made, as sovereign rulers of their house?

5 Should sovereignty be violated? 1. Carla tells Mr. Willey that her parents make her do four hours of homework every night – including weekends. 2. A neighbor hears crying coming from Rory’s house every night. 3. Sid comes to school with a black eye and cigarette burns on his arms. He tells the school counselor that his father did this to him at home. 4. Eidai walks past Ayan’s house and sees Ayan dancing around naked inside. 5. Ryann sees her neighbor spanking their child on the butt with their hand.

6 Should sovereignty be violated? 1. The state of Arias Adaubi passes a law that females are not allowed to vote or drive cars. 2. The state of Torah Krone has a law that none of its citizens are allowed to leave the state. 3. The state of Anchi allows its citizens to use the internet, but blocks websites that the government doesn’t like. 4. The leaders of the state of Gypet allow “democratic” elections, but fix the results so that the current leader always wins. 5. The state of Saga Thanfin is ruled by the Sagas – a majority ethnic group in the state. The government decides that nobody who is not Saga by birth can go to school. 6. The state of Bresia is run by leaders belonging to the Razian religion. The leaders decide anyone in Bresia who is not Razian can be put in jail or even executed.

7 2. Self-Determination The right of people to choose their own government.

8 Sometimes causes small “nations” to rebel against large empires or “states” that govern them. Sometimes causes small “nations” to rebel against large empires or “states” that govern them. What is the difference between a nation and a state? What is the difference between a nation and a state? Answer in a sentence or draw a diagram/picture. Answer in a sentence or draw a diagram/picture.

9 The problem with Self- determination… There are thousands of nations in the world. There are thousands of nations in the world. If they all governed themselves, there’d be thousands of independent countries.If they all governed themselves, there’d be thousands of independent countries. Draw a 2 slide cartoon depicting self- determination. Draw a 2 slide cartoon depicting self- determination. You can use an example from daily life (school, home, etc.) or an example from the news.You can use an example from daily life (school, home, etc.) or an example from the news.

10 3. Territorial Integrity International boundaries should not be forcibly changed.

11 The UN is committed to upholding the “sanctity of boundaries”. The UN is committed to upholding the “sanctity of boundaries”. Talk to your neighbor. What do you think “sanctity of boundaries” means?Talk to your neighbor. What do you think “sanctity of boundaries” means? Hint: In religion, sanctity implies that something is sacred or holy.Hint: In religion, sanctity implies that something is sacred or holy.

12 The problem with territorial integrity… Countries often disagree over where boundaries lie. Countries often disagree over where boundaries lie. Examples: Spratly Islands, Sudan, Korean Peninsula, Balkan Peninsula. Can you think of any others?Examples: Spratly Islands, Sudan, Korean Peninsula, Balkan Peninsula. Can you think of any others?

13 Put it 2gether… Draw a new UN flag that shows the Fundamental Principles of the UN Charter (Sovereignty, Self- determination & Territorial Integrity). Draw a new UN flag that shows the Fundamental Principles of the UN Charter (Sovereignty, Self- determination & Territorial Integrity).


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