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Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 1 Farmers, Herders and Fisherfolk : Securing Food Futures 2010 Environment Day Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 1 Farmers, Herders and Fisherfolk : Securing Food Futures 2010 Environment Day Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 1 Farmers, Herders and Fisherfolk : Securing Food Futures 2010 Environment Day Conference at Redcliffe College, Gloucester 6 March 2010 Patrick Mulvany

2 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 2 "Modern man talks of the battle with nature, forgetting if he ever won the battle he would find himself on the losing side" Fritz Schumacher Founder ITDG (now rebranded Practical Action)

3 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 3 Status of Agriculture: Characterized by Disconnects, both in the developed and developing world Disconnects between agriculture and the environment; Disconnects between consumers and farmers or land and cities; Disconnects between policies and expectations.

4 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 4 Who feeds us?

5 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 5 Context Agricultural Biodiversity Soils Water Climate change / Greenhouse gases Agricultural development Aid Human population

6 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 6 Productivity of Biodiverse Agroecology Yield increases of more than 30% - 100% frequently result due to the combination of: Organic matter accumulation and nutrient cycling Increased soil biological activity Natural control mechanisms (disease suppression, biocontrol of insects, weed interference) Resource conservation and regeneration (including soil, water and germplasm) Enhanced agricultural biodiversity and synergies between components.

7 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 7 ‘Problem’: Pests and Weeds in East African Maize Crops Maize - a staple crop for many smallholder farmers – is regularly attacked by: Stemborer Moths, which lay eggs in the Maize stem and the larvae then devour it, and the weed Striga, which weakens Maize roots and kills the plant (also affects sorghum and millet)

8 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 8 ‘Solution’: Push-Pull technology Napier Maize Desmodium Maize Napier Stemborer moths pushed away by intercropped Desmodium and pulled towards bordering Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) which kills larvae. Maize root attacking Striga seeds controlled by Desmodium root interaction. Stemborer moths Striga

9 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 9 The ‘Problem’: Drought-Induced Crop Failure in the Caribbean = Successive Harvest Failures Climate Change+ Intensive Agriculture Temp rise Drought Lack of Finances/Fuel 60% soils eroded 40% low water retention 45% low fertility Reduced irrigation systems In one Province in 1 year: 3,000 wells dried up 2,000 livestock deaths 400,000 litres milk lost Staple Maize not sown

10 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 10 The ‘Solution’: Participatory Development of Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation Strategies Actions: Increase farmer knowledge on water cycles, salinisation and water management Experiments with drought-tolerant varieties, rainwater capture, soil improvement and cover crops

11 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 11 End of Year 1: Results in 4 communities, £15,000 Increased farmer capacity to experiment and work together Increased crop diversity, yields, and production Livestock corralled for manure collection Uptake of biofertiliser inputs Improved soil-water retention capacity New local vegetable market New local seed market Increased family income and nutritional availability COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT YIELD INCREASES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MARKET DEVELOPMENT POVERTY ALLEVIATION FOOD & NUTRITION SECURITY CARBON MANAGEMENT RAPID RESULTS LOW COST

12 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 12 ‘ Problem ’ : increased disease ‘ Solution ’ : improve yield stability through a variety mixture

13 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 13 Patrick Mulvany | Agriculture at a Crossroads | 23 January 2009 | 13 Conservess and regenerate natural resources Diversifies production systems – resilience to Climate Change Sustain Agroecosystem Functions and Agricultural Biodiversity Improves food security and food sovereignty Improvess livelihood security and local markets Develops culturally appropriate technology Improves gender equity Strengthens institutional capacity SOCIALECONOMIC ENVIRON- MENTAL Low Carbon, Biodiverse, Resilient Ecological Food Provision

14 Raising Productivity through Ecological Food Provision Methods A B C Food Provision per unit Land / Water B = current productivity levels A = industrial, simplified, high external input production (Agro)ecological, diverse, low external input production C = X Low DIVERSITY / RESILIENCE High High CARBON COST Low High CORPORATE CONTROL Low Low FOOD SOVEREIGNTY High Low PEOPLE/LOCAL KNOWLEDGE High IAASTD finds need to increase and strengthen AKST towards agroecological sciences to address environmental and productivity issues (IAATSD) Finding # 7. See

15 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 15 CORPORATE CONTROL FOOD CHAIN Top 10 Corporations control 67% proprietary seed market

16 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 16 Adopting Soberanía Alimentaria the Food Sovereignty Framework ‘Tlaxcala Declaration of La Via Campesina, Tlaxcala, Mexico  World Food Summit ‘Food Sovereignty: A Right for All’. Forum for Food Sovereignty’ Rome, Italy Nyéléni 2007: Forum for Food Sovereignty, Sélingué, Mali Forum for People’s Food Sovereignty Now!, Rome, Italy

17 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 17 FOOD SOVEREIGNTY ‘ Food sovereignty is the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems. ’ (Declaration of Nyéléni, 2007)

18 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 18 SIX PRINCIPLES Food Sovereignty 1. Focuses on Food for People and Right to Food, rather than export commodities 2. Values Food Providers and respects their Rights, rather than squeezing them off the land 3. Localises Food Systems, rather than promoting unfair global trade 4. Puts Control Locally, rather than remote TNCs 5. Builds Knowledge and Skills, rather than depending on alien technologies such as GM 6. Works with Nature, rather than using methods that harm beneficial ecosystem functions, such as energy intensive monocultures and livestock factories.

19 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 19 Food Sovereignty, including the Human Right to adequate Food, devolves power to the people vs Food Security, which keeps control in the hands of existing powerholders It is silent on –Provenance –Quality –Control –Decision FOOD SECURITY a co-opted concept?

20 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 20 A new Common Food and Agriculture Policy European Food Declaration 12 Values based on Food Sovereignty To be launched in Brussels

21 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 21 Focus on food; Equity, social justice, ecological sustainability; Healthy eating – more plants less meat; More local, seasonal, quality products; Fair prices; Access to land; Protect soil, water, agricultural biodiversity free from GMOs; No agrofuels; Shorten distances between and ‘reconnect’ producer and consumer; Transparency in food chain; Reduce concentration of power; Develop skills and knowledge by children. The new Common Food and Agriculture Policy 12 Values based on Food Sovereignty

22 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 22 Urgency Change in all regions is urgent and necessary for People and Planet Learning from Farmers, Herders and Fisherfolk Rewrite the rules – economic, political, social

23 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 23 International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) IAASTD finds need to increase and strengthen Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology towards agroecological sciences to address environmental and productivity issues (IAATSD Finding # 7. See )

24 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 24 “If DFID continues to fail to meet the challenge of incorporating the environment and sustainability into its work on a planet where fish stocks are plummeting, water tables are falling and the pace of climate change is accelerating at an alarming rate, the £5.3 billion a year the UK will be spending by 2008 on development will at best result in only temporary successes.” (EAC Press Release, 16 August 2006) DFID remains environmentally blind today, - e.g. neglecting agroecology and ecoliteracy in food and farming. IIED Donor policy “No Development without Environment: DFID fails the Challenge” – House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee

25 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 25 Why No Thought for Food? UK Parliament report Jan 2010 Recommends that DFID implement Findings of IAASTD

26 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 26 Agriculture is NOT a business like any other – it beats to the drum of biology Colin Tudge, “So shall we reap”

27 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 27 “Securing Future Food: towards ecological food provision" UK Food Group Briefing January 2010

28 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 28 Commitments of small-scale food providers to strengthen and promote our ecological model of food provision in the framework of food sovereignty. to call for a reframing of research, using participatory methods, that will support our ecological model of food provision. to strengthen our interconnecting rural - urban food webs, building alliances within a Complex Alimentarius that will link small-scale food providers, processors, scientists, institutions and consumers.

29 Patrick Mulvany | 2010 Environment Day Conference | 6 March 2010 | 29 Thank You Further info: more: foodsovereignty.org etcgroup.org ukabc.org practicalaction.org Patrick Mulvany


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