Presentation on theme: "China – Tibet the sovereignty conflict Created by: Lisana Alia, Barrett Ennis, Kathleen Edwards, Sarhan Geographic location Geographic location – Nations."— Presentation transcript:
China – Tibet the sovereignty conflict Created by: Lisana Alia, Barrett Ennis, Kathleen Edwards, Sarhan Geographic location Geographic location – Nations – root origin - Timeline Nations root origin Timeline
Geographic Location : China China is located in Eastern Asia China claims an area of 9,596,960 sq km (3,705,406 sq mi), including Taiwan Two-thirds of the country, the two higher steps, are mostly mountains and high plateaus. Occupies the Tibet’s territory
Geographic Location : Tibet Tibet lies at the center of Asia, with an area of 2.5 million square kilometers The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) comprises less than half of historic Tibet and was created by China in 1965 for administrative reasons. CAPITAL : Lhasa
Nations Involved The Chinese The Tibetans
The Chinese They believe they are indivisible and will fight to death any attempt, both domestic and foreign, to split their countries. They don’t want to free Tibet because they fear more than the loss of over a quarter of its territory China also fears that a revolt in Tibet could set off similar unrest or revolt among other ethnic groups
The Tibetans Tibetans are a people who have existed for at least 14 centuries as a distinct culture in a distinct area They want to be free of the China’s control They are peaceful, religious believer, and very rich in culture and want their culture to survive, so they struggle to be free from China who destroys their environment, killed monks, destroy temples, etc
The Conflict : Root Origin The conflict dates back to the rule of Kublai Khan in the Thirteenth Century. During that time, the ruler unified China and Tibet into one centralized empire. This point, during which China and Tibet were unified, is the basis, for China's annexation of Tibet in 1959 where the origin of the conflict lies
The Conflict : Timeline Tibet surrenders to Mongol ruler, Genghis Khan 1904 – Tibet is invaded by the British British signed a treaty that recognize the Chinese Empire as the sovereign authority over Tibet 1910 – the Manchus invaded to reassert Chinese dominance in Tibet 1912 – Tibet declared itself an independent republic
Timeline 1914 – The British help negotiate a treaty between Tibet and China, which regulates boundaries 1918 – China later repudiates the treaty, and by 1918 fighting breaks out between the two countries – China invades Tibet after the Communists come to power. The current Dalai Lama is given full authority by the kingdom.
Timeline 1951 – The Tibetan government signs a treaty that gives the Chinese control of foreign and military affairs and puts the Dalai Lama in charge of domestic affairs India recognizes Tibet as part of China – The Tibetan people of eastern Tibet engage in anti-Communist guerrilla activity against the establishment of agricultural people’s communes.
Timeline Chinese troops crush a large uprising in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, against China's occupation of Tibet – Foreign visitors are banned from entering Tibet 1965 – China establishes Tibet as an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China and begins a transformation of its cultural practices.
Timeline 1966 – All religious practice is outlawed, over 4000 monasteries are destroyed, and monks are either imprisoned or "re-educated." 1971 – The ban against foreign visitors is lifted – The ban against Tibetan Buddhist religious practice is lifted.
Timeline Late 1980s – Tibetan demonstrations against Chinese rule are violently suppressed World governments protest human rights violations by the Chinese against the Tibetan people. March/April, Tibetan protests gain the attention of the world media, in part because China is the host of the 2008 Olympics.
Bibliography Book : Cultures of the World : Tibet, written by Marshall Cavendish. Publisher: Levy/Bosch