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States, Nations & Sovereignty in a Globalised World Bertjan Verbeek Radboud University Nijmegen 9 September 2014 States, Nations & Sovereignty in a Globalised.

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Presentation on theme: "States, Nations & Sovereignty in a Globalised World Bertjan Verbeek Radboud University Nijmegen 9 September 2014 States, Nations & Sovereignty in a Globalised."— Presentation transcript:

1 States, Nations & Sovereignty in a Globalised World Bertjan Verbeek Radboud University Nijmegen 9 September 2014 States, Nations & Sovereignty in a Globalised World

2 My basic claims 1.External sovereignty still is the most important comstitutive and regulative principle in international politics; 2.The impact of the notion of internal sovereignty has steadily reduced since the early 1900s 3.Changes in these notions(‘ weights) is explained by a transformation of ideas and by changes in the international balance of power Structure of my talk 1.What is sovereignty? 2.What are its origins? 3.Which changes can be observed? 4.Conclusions

3 What is sovereignty I? In general: the absence of a higher authority Dimensions Internal sovereignty ‘Stateness’: degree of control over territory, people, goods ‘Failed states’ External sovereignty What makes a state a state? What actor is the rightful representative of that state in international relations? Their interrelationship: non interference in domestic affairs

4 What is sovereignty II? How do you get it? Recognition by other states How do you lose it? War (Poland; Chechoslovakia) Voluntarily (GDR, Texas) Who has it? Monarchs (in the past) States Others What are its consequences? a) Constitutive: what is the game? Who are legitimate players? What are rules of the game? What is winning or losing? b) Regulative: organizing day to day relations: the art of diplomacy

5 Diplomatic missions of the Holy See

6 Origins of Sovereignty 1500 Europe: What is the likely Future?

7 1517-1648 Religious Wars

8 1648 Westfalian Peace

9 Intellectual Forerunners

10 Context: Centralisation of Power – Sovereignty linked to dynasties

11 Development of sovereignty I Phase 1 (1648-1789) Development of state system Development of diplomacy Increased stateness: penetration of government

12 Development of sovereignty II Phase 2 (1789-1919) Increased stateness: penetration of government Impact of American, French, & Haitian revolutions Impact of nationalism Impact of media (news papers; coffe houses): anti-slavery movement; atrocities

13 Development of sovereignty III Phase 3 (1919-2014) 1.Development Humanitarian Concerns Woodrow Wilson Human rights War crimes Neurenberg/Tokyo Tribunals Peacekeeping/Peace enforcement R2P (Responsibility to Protect) 2.Regionalisation: European Law/’Pooled sovereignty’ 3.Globalisation: reduced internal sovereignty 4.Still: strong desire to obtain sovereignty

14 Conclusions 1.Different notions co-exist 2.Changes due to changes in shared ideas and power relations 3.External sovereignty still important 4.Internal sovereignty more difficult


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