Presentation on theme: "Intermediate & Secondary stage learners Ministry of Education ELT General Supervision."— Presentation transcript:
Intermediate & Secondary stage learners Ministry of Education ELT General Supervision
WHY? Knowing the characteristics of the learners helps the teacher to……. a)communicate easily b)teach effectively c)remedy their weaknesses d)be friendly with them.
This stage is called “ The Observation Stage ” during which pupils are observed to distinguish abilities and tastes and further directed to different types of education in the next stages of stud y.
2.Daydreamers & Being absent minded. Close observation of Ss abilities – secure attention by varying activities
3. Isolating one-self & indulging in imaginative thinking. Vary school activities – free educational activities enable Ss to acquire different experiences.
4. Pupils’ abilities begin to develop. Teachers observe, estimate Ss behavior and achievement in all aspects and get acquainted with his abilities, skills to direct him to the type and branch of education that best suits him.
SECONDARY STAGE In this stage the adolescent ’ s personality gradually reaches maturity. Most important factors affecting this transformation are home,school and social treatment. The teenager experiences some emotional as well as physical changes. They are usually moody, needs to feel independent and free. They tend to stick to their personal views and opinions.
4. Using imagination and daydreaming Use creative & imaginative thinking in tasks. 5. Moody & emotionally unstableEnsure security and assurance 6. need for independence and freedom Respect their personalities and treat them as adults. 7. Tendency to depend on one- self Entrust them and let them do things themselves.
8. Tendency to argue.Give a chance to discuss and argue.How? 9. Absent mindedEye-contact, addressing by names, positive learning atmosphere. 10. Tendency to group against adults. Directing their activities to social reform- boosting their patriotism and loyalty to the nation
Don’t punish them for their tendency to discuss or argue. Never evade teenagers’ questions. Help them solve their private problems. Hold collective meetings to discuss their problems & envisage effective solutions. Enhance their sense of belonging. Encourage them to participate in scientific & cultural symposiums.
Learning styles are various approaches or ways of learning. They involve educating methods, particular to an individual, that are presumed to allow that individual to learn best
Learning Styles Auditory (learning by listening) Logical, analytical sequential thinkers. Comfortable with typical school tasks. Good group leaders. Preferred activities Any kind of work with audio cassettes. Songs, poems, rhymes.....et c
Learning Styles Visual ( learning by seeing) Recall information through visualizing. Always notice details. Are often neat & well organized. Preferred activities Working with pictures rather than words. Visualizing scenes, characters.....etc
Learning Styles Kinaesthetic (learning by moving) Need to see, hear & do to learn. Have short concentration spans. Need to move frequently. Preferred activities Moving while learning. Stories with lots of action & adventures. Learning by doing.
1. You are about to give directions to a person. She is staying in a hotel in town and wants to visit your house. She has a rental car. Would you: V. draw a map on paper? A. tell her the directions? K. collect her from the hotel in your car?
2. You are staying in a hotel and have a rental car. You would like to visit a friend whose address/location you do not know. Would you like them to: V. draw you a map? A. tell you directions? K. collect you from the hotel in their car?
3. You are going to cook a dessert as a special treat for your family. Do you: K. cook something familiar without the need for instructions? V. thumb through a cookbook looking for ideas from the pictures? A. ask for advise from others?
4. A group of tourists has been assigned to you to find out about national parks. Would you: K. drive them to a national park? V. show them slides and photographs? A. give them a talk on national parks?
5. You are not sure whether a word should be spelled "dependent" or "dependant". Do you: V. see the word in your mind and choose the best way it looks? A. sound it out? K. write both versions down?
6- Do you prefer a lecturer/teacher who likes to use: V. flow diagrams, charts, slides? K. field trips. labs, practical sessions? A. discussion, guest speakers?
7.Apart from price, what would most influence your decision to buy a particular textbook? K. using a friends copy? A. a friend talking about it? V. it looks OK? Now go back and count how many V's, A's, R's, and K's you circled.
Teaching Styles Formal authority Teacher – centred. Teacher focuses on content. Teacher doesn’t encourage T/S or S/S interaction. Used in presentations. The more models the teacher uses, the more satisfaction that teacher obtains from teaching.
Teaching Styles Demonstrator Teacher – centred. Teacher focuses on demonstration & modelling. Teacher encourages students participation. Used in drilling structural patterns.
Teaching Styles Facilitator Student – centred. Teacher focuses on (group) activities. Teacher encourages problem solving & creativity. Used in group work & peer tutoring.
Teaching Styles Delegator Student – centred. Teacher encourages self-directed learning. Students design & implement their own learning projects. Used in problem solving / brainstorming / discussions.
Matching Teaching To Learning Styles Objectives. Presentations. Materials. Activities. Home assignments. Verifying teaching styles. Verifying students groupings. Classroom design. Learning environments.
Matching Teaching To Learning Styles Auditory Participate in class discussions. Read texts out aloud. Express ideas verbally. Create musical rhymes to aid memorization. Listen to music while studying.
Matching Teaching To Learning Styles Visual Use colours to highlight important points. Use multi-media(videos, computers..etc) Read illustrated books. Visualize information to aid memorization. Have a clear view of the teacher.
Matching Teaching To Learning Styles Kinaesthetic Take frequent study breaks. Move around to learn new things. Skim through reading materials to get a general idea before going through the details.
Tips For The Teachers Enhance the power to educate by discovering how a teacher teaches best. Every teacher has a unique style & teaching preferences of his/her own. The key optimum performance in the classroom is to discover these preferences and use them in preparation, teaching & managing students.