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We The People Unit One VocabularyMrs. Mata NYOS Charter School 8th grade Social Studies
autocratic governmentWhen a single ruler or group has unlimited power
civic virtue the dedication of citizens to the common welfare of their community or country, even at the cost of their individual interests
the good of the community as a wholecommon good the good of the community as a whole
consent to agree and accept something, approve of something, or allow something to take place
constitution a set of customs, traditions, rules, and laws that set forth the way a government is organized and operated
Constitutional governmentin which the powers of the rule or rulers are limited by a constitution
delegate a person chosen to act for or represent othersto entrust someone to represent your interests
dictatorial governmenta political system in which the ruler or rulers has unlimited power and which denies peoples’ fundamental rights
direct democracy a type of government in which the people meet and make the laws that they decide are needed
factions a small group within a larger groupaccording to James Madison, a group that seeks to promote its own special interests at the expense of the common good
republican governmenta system for ruling in which power is held by the people who are eligible to elect representatives to run the government for the common good
able to provide for most of one’s own needsself-sufficient able to provide for most of one’s own needs
social contract an agreement among the people to set up a government and obey its laws, developed by John Locke
state of nature the basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is the condition of people living in a situation without man-made government, rules, or laws
someone who owes allegiance to a government or rulersubject someone who owes allegiance to a government or ruler
Founders the political leaders of the thirteen original colonies, they were key figures in the establishment of the United States of America
government the people and institutions with authority to make and enforce laws and manage dispute about laws
Indentured servants a person who voluntarily sold his or her labor for a set period of time in return for the cost of coming to America. The most important source of labor in the colonies.
limited government in natural rights philosophy, a system restricted to protecting natural rights that does not interfere with other aspects of life
monarchy a form of government in which political power is held by a single ruler such as a king or queen
natural rights a doctrine that human beings have basic rights, such as: life, liberty, and property in a state of nature and that people create governments to protect those rights
Representative democracya system for ruling in which elected representatives are chosen by the people to act on their behalf
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