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Unit One Vocabulary Review

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1 Unit One Vocabulary Review

2 The people and institutions with authority to make and enforce the laws and manage disputes about laws

3 government

4 People had to provide for their own needs (food, clothing, medicines, furniture and tools)

5 self-sufficient

6 A legal framework for government

7 constitution

8 Men and women who sold their labor in exchange for the cost of the trip from Europe to the colonies.

9 indentured servants

10 Wealthy upper class

11 aristocrats

12 The political leaders of the colonies

13 Founders

14 English philosopher in the 1600’s
Influenced the ideas of the founders

15 John Locke

16 The rights that are part of the law of nature, rights that we all should have just because we’re human beings

17 Natural Rights

18 Protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature

19 purpose of government

20 Set of laws that establish and limit the power of government

21 Higher law

22 Individuals agree with others to create and live under a government and give that government the power to make and enforce laws

23 social contract

24 A country that has a government in which power is held by the people who elect representatives

25 republic

26 Type of government where:
Citizens have the power to govern Citizens delegate or entrust their power to leaders they elect to represent them and to serve their interests Citizens and their representatives work promote the common good rather than their interests

27 Republican government

28 A leader elected to represent them and to serve their interests

29 delegate

30 Means that which is good for the community as a whole

31 Common good

32 Interest groups that might work against other groups or the people as a whole

33 factions

34 The people themselves control government (no elected representatives, as in a representative democracy)

35 Direct democracy

36 The people choose leaders to make and administer laws for their country

37 Representative democracy

38 Both citizens and their leaders were willing to set aside their private interests and personal concerns for the common good

39 Civic virtue

40 Being under the rule of a monarch or leader

41 subject

42 There are limits on the powers of the person or group running the government

43 Constitutional government

44 Things the government may not do or actions that it may not take

45 limits

46 A condition in which no governments or laws existed

47 State of nature

48 Powers of the different branches of government are balanced
No one branch can completely dominate the others The powers are “checked” or “kept in check” because some powers are shared with other branches

49 Checks and balances

50 Government of unlimited power
Also called a Dictatorial govt.

51 Autocratic government

52 Part of a person’s life that is not the business of government

53 Private domain

54 Form of government in which political power is held by a single ruler such as a queen or king

55 monarchy

56 Divide the powers of government among different branches, or parts

57 Separation of Powers

58 Proposed law

59 bill

60 Power to make laws Congress – the Senate and House of Representatives

61 Legislative branch

62 Power to carry out and enforce laws
The president

63 Executive branch

64 Power to manage conflicts about the meaning, application, and enforcement of laws
The court system – judges, courts

65 Judicial branch

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