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The Business of Dying The Corporatization of Hospice Rob Stone MD FAAHPM All Souls Day, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "The Business of Dying The Corporatization of Hospice Rob Stone MD FAAHPM All Souls Day, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Business of Dying The Corporatization of Hospice Rob Stone MD FAAHPM All Souls Day, 2013

3 Woody Allen “More than any other time in history, mankind faces a crossroads. One path leads to despair and utter hopelessness. The other, to total extinction. Let us pray we have the wisdom to choose correctly.”

4 Questions to Consider How are hospice services reimbursed, and therefore, how to game the system? How have for-profit entities changed the “hospice industry”? Are non-profit hospices any better?

5 In the Business of Dying: Questioning the Commercialization of Hospice Joshua E. Perry and Robert C. Stone “ In our society, some aspects of life are off-limits to commerce. We prohibit the selling of children and the buying of wives, juries, and kidneys. Tainted blood is an inevitable consequence of paying blood donors; even sophisticated laboratory tests cannot supplant the gift-giving relationship as a safeguard of the purity of blood. Like blood, health care is too precious, intimate, and corruptible to entrust to the market.” - Woolhandler and Himmelstein NEJM 1999 journal of law, medicine & ethics cost and end-of-life care summer 2011

6 Hospice Basics Reimbursed by Medicare and all others 6 month life expectancy Forgo life-prolonging treatments Focus on comfort care and family support

7 Basics II Began in US in 70’s – volunteer/charity/community based Medicare benefit 1982 Transformation to for-profit in the 90’s (just like the health insurance industry) Over 50% of hospices now for-profit* Medicare hospice spending $13 billion* *MedPAC 2010

8 Hospice: Capitation Lives Hospice assumes (almost) the total cost of care of the dying patient Reimbursed on per diem Costs are high at admission and death, low in between

9 Hospice: Capitalism Lives Recruiting patients who live long pays well (for-profit LOS 45% > than non-profit*) High patient/staff ratios are profitable Nursing home patients fit both criteria Pizza and pens give way to: “House brand” hospice –, part of SNF chain *MedPAC 2008

10 Office of Public Affairs FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Tuesday, January 3, 2012 US Files Complaint Against National Chain of Hospice Providers Alleging False Claims on the Medicare Program “For-profit hospice companies like AseraCare are entitled to receive Medicare dollars only for Medicare recipients who are terminally ill.”

11 Hospice is a Profit Center

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13 #2, Market Cap 366M market share 4.6% Includes VistaCare and Odyssey Hospice = VITAS #1, 4.9% market share HealthCare Partners = = Healthcare Partners Community Hospice

14 Purchase price > $400 million. Gentiva becomes the “preferred hospice provider” for 49 Texas nursing homes.

15 AAHPM Board of Directors

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17 Peter Brunnick, CEO, Hospice & Palliative Care Charlotte Region Charlotte Business Journal 9/30/13 How will the ACA affect your business model? You can’t make this stuff up. From a non-profit CEO

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