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Stepping into Peer-led Intervention Programs Nari Darst, Interim Director, Health Education & Promotion Janelle See, Graduate Assistant, Health Education.

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Presentation on theme: "Stepping into Peer-led Intervention Programs Nari Darst, Interim Director, Health Education & Promotion Janelle See, Graduate Assistant, Health Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stepping into Peer-led Intervention Programs Nari Darst, Interim Director, Health Education & Promotion Janelle See, Graduate Assistant, Health Education & Promotion

2 Peer-led Intervention Programs What peer-led intervention programs exist at your institution? What roles do you entrust to your peer educators? What roles do you reserve for full time staff?

3 Why is Peer Education meaningful? Youth often find Peer Educators more credible than adult educators Peer Educators feel more connected to the campus community and are more engaged in campus programming Peer Educators engage in risk-reducing behaviors more often than their peers Peer Educators are a source of information for staff about current trends and opinions of the college population Peer Educators master extensive health information relevant to their own lives “Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.” ― Benjamin Franklin

4 Research-Proven Benefits to Peer Health Educators (PHEs): PHEs score higher * in the following areas after participation: intrapersonal development: self-awareness, goal setting, navigating personal values and beliefs, self- confidence, and integrity. cognitive complexity: examining assumptions, thinking critically, and applying learned concepts to practical problems. interpersonal communication: active listening, establishing comfort discussing risky behaviors, presenting, role modeling healthy choices for others, and creating meaningful relationships. knowledge acquisition and application: awareness/ knowledge of campus and community resources, interpreting ideas, evaluating arguments effectively, and developing problem solving skills. *According to the National Peer Education Survey, BACCHUS University

5 CHOICES What is CHOICES? Three-hour intervention workshop for sanctioned students, facilitated exclusively by PHEs Objective: to reduce the risk of alcohol-related health and impairment problems by providing accurate, unbiased information on personal health risks Confidential and non-judgmental environment Encourages self-reflection and motivate students to change Students are required to complete e-Chug prior to workshop CSUF Participation: Fall 2011-Spring 2012: 150 participants Fall 2012: 47 participants

6 Activity Effects of Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) BACPredictable Effects.02%-.04%Lightheaded – Relaxation, sensation of warmth, “high”, minor impairment of judgment.05%-.07%Buzzed – Relaxation, euphoria, lower inhibitions, minor impairment of reasoning and memory.08%-.10%Legally Impaired – Euphoria, fatigue, impairment in balance, speech, vision, reaction time and hearing.11%-.15%Drunk – “High” reduced and depressive effects (anxiety, depression, or unease) more pronounced, gross motor impairment, judgment and perception severely impaired.16%-.19%Very Drunk – Strong state of depression, nausea, disorientation, dizzy, blurred vision, judgment further impaired.20%-.24%Dazed and Confused – Gross disorientation to time and place, increased nausea and vomiting, may need assistance to stand/walk, impervious to pain, blackout likely.25%-.30%Stupor – All mental, physical, and sensory functions are severely impaired, accidents very likely, little comprehension, may pass out suddenly.31% and upComa – Level of surgical amnesia, onset of coma, possibility of acute alcohol poisoning, death due to respiratory arrest is likely in 50% of drinkers

7 Curriculum Development Modeled on curriculum from Sacramento State The Change Companies CHOICES Interactive Journal Script for student facilitators

8 CHOICES Facilitators How do we recruit students? Student Club: Peer Health University Network Word of mouth/Social Media Health Sciences practicum experience Selection Process Ready: Informal Interview Previous negative alcohol-related experiences Set: Training by professionals Go: Facilitate!

9 CHOICES Facilitator Training Training Agenda Day 1: What is CHOICES? Leadership Style Facilitator Role and Expectation Professional Boundary Presentation Overview Curriculum Content Facilitator Homework Day 2: Follow up discussion Mock Presentation Why is training important? Provide accurate knowledge Lay out expectations Building trust and rapport

10 CHOICES Facilitators

11 Assessment Participant Assessment- pre- and post tests data (2011-2012) Questions 1-11 on the pre/post-tests are knowledge base where questions 12-19 are self-assessment of student’s views on alcohol consumption. 150 Students completed assessment during 2011- 2012 academic year. Over 70% (105) of the students answered 100% of post-test questions correctly. Most students showed a significant increase of knowledge on the post-tests for questions 1 to 11, but only a small increase (50%) for two questions: “Alcohol is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream from which of the following organs?” “For non-tolerant drinkers, at what BAC is the point of diminishing returns?”

12 Assessment Participant Assessment Continued Positive change in student perceptions of risk-reducing behaviors “I don’t need to drink alcohol in order to have fun when I socialize.” “If a friend passes out from drinking, I would know what action to take and do it.” “I think it’s important to have a plan in mind to limit my drinking before I go out.” No PHE Facilitator Assessment to date

13 Assessment Peer Health University Network Leaders Assessment Result August 2011-May 2012, 11 Leaders The area of highest increase was in facilitating large groups, where all respondents reported an increase in their ability to create a meeting agenda and speak confidently in front of large groups. 75% of respondents reported increased in their ability to set personal goals and work towards achieving them.

14 Implementation Challenges Funding requirements Staff – Graduate Assistant Materials- CHOICES interactive journals ($2.95 each) Facilitator Guides Educational pamphlets E-CHUG ($975 annually) “Tell me Something I Don’t Know” video purchased Workshop supplies Student facilitator recruitment Student turnover Campus partnerships for participant referrals Annual data analysis & program recommendations Letting go of control?

15 Questions and Answers

16 Contact Us! Nari Darst, Interim Director of Health Education (657) 278-7460 Janelle See, G.A. (657) 278-7915

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