Presentation on theme: "Please check, just in case…. APA Tip of the Day: Capitalization in quotes “The first letter of the first work in a quotation may be changed to an uppercase."— Presentation transcript:
APA Tip of the Day: Capitalization in quotes “The first letter of the first work in a quotation may be changed to an uppercase or a lowercase letter” (APA, 2010, p. 172). This means that if you insert a quote in the middle of a sentence, but the quote starts at the beginning of the sentence (with a capital letter), you may change it without indicating this change.
APA Example From: “The first letter of the first work in a quotation may be changed to an uppercase or a lowercase letter” (APA, 2010, p. 172). To: According to current APA rules, “the first letter of the first work in a quotation may be changed to an uppercase or a lowercase letter” (APA, 2010, p. 172).
Announcements: Watch "There's Something About Mary" by class next week. Your film review is due in two weeks. Don't delay in getting startd! I strongly recommend that you watch and discuss your film in small groups. However, the paper must be INDIVIDUALLY written.
How disability gets constructed: The power of language & the media Readings: Peter (2000) and Haller, Dorries, & Rahn (2006)
Where’s Trig? An analysis of the use of disability in the 2008 Presidential campaign Presenters: Julia Scherba de Valenzuela, Ph.D. Susan Copeland, Ph.D. Associate Professors, Special Education University of New Mexico
Purpose: To analyze the social construction of disability in the 2008 Presidential campaign, through a wide range of traditional and non-traditional media.
Type of study Qualitative (thematic analysis) Theoretical framework: Social construction of disability The “ biological fact [of disability] cannot be meaningfully understood outside the contexts, relationships, institutions, or situations that define and shape the meaning of disability.” (Jones, 1996).
Research Questions: 1.How were references to Trig Palin used to construct different perspectives on disability? 2.How were references to Trig Palin used to construct different perspectives on Gov. Sarah Palin?
Importance Focus not only on the construction of individuals with disability, but also on how disability is used to construct individuals without disability.
Our positionality Family members with disabilities. Deep feelings about the impact of negative stereotypes on the treatment of family members with disabilities. Professional stance on a variety of issues related to this research (e.g. education, social services).
Data Collection: Convenience sample (probable N = ~716,000, n = 192) Elicited recommendations Snowball technique Deliberate search for variety: Political perspectives Personal vs. “professional” Local vs. national Print and on-line Media formats
Media Formats: Extended written text (e.g. newspapers, blogs) Photos Audio Video Non-traditional text (e.g. merchandise)
Predetermined and emerging coding categories Media type Online (y/n) Information on publication source Description of content or context Relevant quotes Explicitly pro or con Palin Disability themes Palin themes
Disability themes Master status – “other”. Unable to advocate for self – must be advocated for by family or others. Requires extraordinary care, burden. Baby (forever child), innocent, gift from God. Damaged: –Illness –Disease –Affliction Unwanted, frequently aborted. Different: –Special –Anomaly –Unique Loved, part of the family
Results: Master status “a label, that once attached to an individual, becomes the central focus of how others relate to that individual. It is a stigma that tells the world you do not measure up; your identity is spoiled (Goffman, 1963).” (Bogdan, 1980, p. 77)
Results: Master status “She gave birth to Trig, a baby with Down syndrome, nearly eight hours later” (Newsweek, 9/15/08, p. 34). “…Sarah Palin reveals more about the birth of her Down syndrome son Trig” (http://www.lifenews.com/nat4278.html, 9/6/08) “…Sarah Palin's five-month-old baby, Trig, who has Down syndrome…” (The New Yorker, 9/22/2008, p. 70).
“While they certainly deserve consideration for the suffering they will endure as parents of a handicapped child...” (MacArthur, J. R., http://www.projo.com/opinion/contributors/content/CT_rick17_09- 17-08_USBIOHS_v9.1a5a2f5.html) Results: Requires extraordinary care, burden
Results: Baby (forever child), innocent, gift from God “Trig is beautiful and already adored by us. We knew through early testing he would face special challenges, and we feel privileged that God would entrust us with this gift and allow us unspeakable joy as he entered our lives.” (Palin family statement, Anchorage Daily News, 4/18/08)
Results: Baby (forever child), innocent, gift from God
Results: Damaged “Palin and newborn Trig, afflicted with Down syndrome” (Caption for USWeekly cover photo, 9/5/08). “Down syndrome patients” (http://blog.beliefnet.com/crunchycon/2008/09/trig-palin-and-his- witness-to.html, 09/10/2008) “…her 4-month-old son Trig, who suffers from Down syndrome” (The Globe, 9/29/08, p. 4).
Palin themes: Fit or un-fit to be VP: FIT: “One of us” Advocate Supermom Moral character: Pro-life Traditional family values Loves a damaged child. UNFIT: Unaware of realities Not an advocate Shirking responsibility Using disability as a political tool.
Palin fit: “One of us” “Mom” Understands our struggles Family challenges
Palin fit: “One of us” “John McCain's running-mate is a special needs mother. She knows how important our health and life needs can be” (http://bumperstickers.cafepress.com/item/palin-special-needs- moms-sticker-oval/303020840). “I went to a Palin rally in Carson a couple of weeks ago and proudly brought my 3 year old DS son BECAUSE Sarah and I share a bond. I couldn't help but notice that everywhere I looked, parents had brought out their DS sons and daughters in droves. I think parents like us love to feel like we're not alone.” (Audience response, http://images.huffingtonpost.com, 10/21/08)
Palin un-fit: Unaware of realities “Tonight, John McCain told us that Governor Palin ‘knows more about autism than any other American I know.’ Perhaps he should get out more.” (Grillo, J., http://www.huffingtonpost.com/janet- grillo/my-autistic-son-is-not-a_b_135421.html)
Palin fit: Advocate “To the families of special needs children all across this country, I have a message for you. For years, you’ve sought to make America a more welcoming place for your sons and daughters and I pledge to you that, if we’re elected, you will have a friend, an advocate, in the White House.” (Gov. Sarah Palin, ).
Palin unfit: Not an advocate “Palin's record as governor of Alaska is decidedly uneven when it comes to special needs children - and her advocacy, nonexistent. Her policy outline as formulated in Pennsylvania is both hollow and disingenuous.” http://www.sfgate.com/cgi- bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/10/28/EDE213PJQG.DTL
Palin fit: Supermom “She [Palin] calls herself a 'hockey mom' and manages to juggle the lives of her five children (the last, born with Down syndrome, is less than 5 months old) while running the state of Alaska and routinely angering the powers that be” (Newsweek, 8/29/08, p. 29).
Went right back to work and was signing bills, baby in arms. Palin fit: Supermom
Can give a stump speech and still fulfill her motherly duties. Palin fit: Supermom
Palin unfit: Shirking responsibilities “For starters she has an infant with Down syndrome. What family-oriented mother would willingly choose the demanding and extremely busy life of vice president when faced with the needs of her own child?” (Shaffer, R. E., & Coombs, W. P., http://www.appeal- democrat/common/printer/view.php?db=marysiville&id=68980) “As Trig grows older, it's going to be a full time job, for both parents, to care for a Down's Syndrome kid. Frankly, if Palin wants what's best for Trig she should have turned down the VP nominations.” (Audience response, http://images.huffingtonpost.com, 10/21/08)
"She [Palin] stands by her boy, who is a witness that no matter what the culture of death says, there is no such thing as life unworthy of life.“ (Dreher, http://blog.beliefnet.com/crunchycon/2008/08/more- palin-love.html) Palin fit: Moral character/Pro-life
“Challenging circumstances now also have made her a shining example of personal pro-life convictions” (World Net Daily, 5/20/08, para. 1). “Keeping a Down-syndrome baby or refusing preferential treatment in prisoner-of-war conditions is a measure of character” (letter to the editor, Time magazine, 9/22/08, p. 15). Palin fit: Moral character/Pro-life & loving a damaged child
Everyone helps out: Willow Palin fit: Moral character/Traditional family values
Everyone helps out: Piper Palin fit: Moral character/Traditional family values
Everyone helps out: Bristol, with help from fiancée Palin fit: Moral character/Traditional family values
Everyone helps out: Dad (Mr. Mom) Palin fit: Moral character/Traditional family values
Palin unfit: Using disability as a political tool “I completely believe that she uses this poor kid in a shameless attempt to propel her own political career.” (Audience response, http://images.huffingtonpost.com, 10/21/08) “Why should I cast a ballot for a candidate who is so desperate for my support that she’s willing to exploit her unlucky offspring as a campaign prop?” (MacArthur, http://www.projo.com/opinion/contributors/content/CT_rick17_09-17- 08_USBIOHS_v9.1a5a2f5.html)
Where’s Trig? Reference to “Where’s Waldo?” Loss of individual identity. Missing in certain contexts.
Quick Write: Does it matter how disability and people with disability are referred to and talked about? Does language really matter? Why or why not?
Small Group Activity: Identify some assumptions about disability that showed up in your language diary assignments. What were the big things that you learned as a result of this assignment? Prepare to report out.
Choral reading of poem “You and I” by Elaine Popovich
Looking ahead… Topic: How disability gets constructed media images Read: Meekosha (1999), Reid, Stoughton, & Smith (2006), and Whittington-Walsh (2002)
Please take a minute for the minute paper. And don’t forget to turn your phone back on.