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Oratorio visconteo Albizzate (VA). The Oratorio Visconteo was probably built during the second half of the 14 th century by the Visconti family,the.

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Presentation on theme: "Oratorio visconteo Albizzate (VA). The Oratorio Visconteo was probably built during the second half of the 14 th century by the Visconti family,the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oratorio visconteo Albizzate (VA)

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3 The Oratorio Visconteo was probably built during the second half of the 14 th century by the Visconti family,the lords of Milan.The Oratorio Visconteo was probably built during the second half of the 14 th century by the Visconti family,the lords of Milan. It was originally dedicated to Saints John The Baptist and Ludovico from Tolosa.It was originally dedicated to Saints John The Baptist and Ludovico from Tolosa. The lives of the two saints are dedicated on both sides of the church walls.The lives of the two saints are dedicated on both sides of the church walls.

4 It is called ‘Saint Venanzio Oratorio’ because Luigi Coletti,an art critic,recognised in these frescoes the story of Saint Venanzio instead of the one about Saint Ludovico and hence its name.It is called ‘Saint Venanzio Oratorio’ because Luigi Coletti,an art critic,recognised in these frescoes the story of Saint Venanzio instead of the one about Saint Ludovico and hence its name. The oldest manuscript that speaks about this Oratorio dates back to 1455 when Gabriele Sforza,Archbishop of Milan,visited it.The oldest manuscript that speaks about this Oratorio dates back to 1455 when Gabriele Sforza,Archbishop of Milan,visited it.

5 ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS The Oratorio has a very simple structure consisting of a single nave linked by a triumphal arch to its semicircular abse.The Oratorio has a very simple structure consisting of a single nave linked by a triumphal arch to its semicircular abse. This type of structure is very common starting from the second half of 14 th century especially for the chapels belonging to the nobility.This type of structure is very common starting from the second half of 14 th century especially for the chapels belonging to the nobility.

6 The only entrance to the Oratorio is a simple archdoor made of wood which is not the original one because in the past it was used for different purposes.The only entrance to the Oratorio is a simple archdoor made of wood which is not the original one because in the past it was used for different purposes. We have manuscripts that testify its use as a theatre or as a barn.We have manuscripts that testify its use as a theatre or as a barn. Above the door we find a circular window which still maintains some of its original characteristics.Above the door we find a circular window which still maintains some of its original characteristics.

7 In the abse we can see Christ depicted in an almond shaped painting surrounded by four animals that represent the four evangelists.In the abse we can see Christ depicted in an almond shaped painting surrounded by four animals that represent the four evangelists. In the low part of the abse there are the twelve apostoles.In the low part of the abse there are the twelve apostoles. The façade is very simple and the nave is divided by a banister in which we can find some traces of its antique decorations.The façade is very simple and the nave is divided by a banister in which we can find some traces of its antique decorations.

8 THE ABSIDAL

9 In the Absidal Conch the picture of the “Maiestas Dominus” is among some of the Evangelistic symbols and dates back to Prechristian standards.In the Absidal Conch the picture of the “Maiestas Dominus” is among some of the Evangelistic symbols and dates back to Prechristian standards. The pictures show figures with clumsy movements and grey faces.The pictures show figures with clumsy movements and grey faces. The Apostols Marco,Giovanni,Luca and Matteo are associated with the following symbols:The Apostols Marco,Giovanni,Luca and Matteo are associated with the following symbols:

10 Mark is represented by a lion which expresses the powerful and doggedness.

11 Luca is represented by a Beef which expresses the sacrifice.

12 Giovanni is represented by an eagle, which symbolises the truth.

13 Matteo is represented by an Angel expressing the human nature.

14 The Apostoles instead are depicted with soft and bright colours. This indicates that the works have been done by different artist.The Apostoles instead are depicted with soft and bright colours. This indicates that the works have been done by different artist.

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16 Left Wall Saint John’s life in the frescos of the “Oratorio Visconteo”Saint John’s life in the frescos of the “Oratorio Visconteo” The story of Saint John The Baptist starts with the first panel above the triumphal arch.The story of Saint John The Baptist starts with the first panel above the triumphal arch. In this story we can notice some iconographic novelties like the scene of the scattering of the bones with its gathering and incineration all related to the story of the “Leggenda Aurea ”In this story we can notice some iconographic novelties like the scene of the scattering of the bones with its gathering and incineration all related to the story of the “Leggenda Aurea ”

17 1.The appearance of the Archangel Gabriel and Zaccaria. 2.Visitation. 3.The birth of Saint John. 4.Zaccaria becomes dumb and writes the name to be given to the new born. 5.John’s presentation at the temple. 6.John in the desert.

18 7. The Baptist preaching to the crowd. 8. The Baptisme of the masses. 9. John baptises Jesus. 10. John reproaches Erodes and Herodias 11. John,in prison,receives the visit of 2 Apostoles Apostoles 12. Jesus is preaching to the crowd

19 13.Beheading and presentation of John’s head to Erodes 14. Salome offers the head to her mother 15.John’s burial by his disciples 16.Herodias buries the head 17.The scattering of St.John’s bones 18. The incineration of St.John’s bones

20 19.The monks find St. John’s bones 20.The monks deliver St. John’s bones to Philip, Bishop of Jerusalem 21. St. John appears miraculously to two monks and reveals the place where his head is hidden. 22. The monks head towards Erodes’ castle 23. The finding of John’s head 24. Delivery of John’s head to a Bishop

21 Right Wall OF THE ORATORIO The “Oratorio Visconteo” of Albizzate is the only example of Lombardy art of the 4 th century. It presents the life of the French Saint Ludovico.The “Oratorio Visconteo” of Albizzate is the only example of Lombardy art of the 4 th century. It presents the life of the French Saint Ludovico. 1.The young Ludovico meets Franciscan monks. 2.Ludovico is observing his brothers in prayer. 3.The queen and the king entrust Ludovico’s education to the monks.

22 4. Ludovico tells the monks his vow of chastity 5. Ludovico asks to be accepted by the order of the Franciscan monks 6. The Pope agrees that Ludovico receives the Franciscan cloth without the obligation of becoming a novice 7. Ludovico begs 8. Ludovico is appointed Bishop of Lione

23 9. Pope Bonifacio VIII appoints Ludovico Bishop of Lione 10. Ludovico receives the discipline rules by his brothers brothers 11. Ludovico hoes the fields 12. Ludovico accepts a leper in his own bed 13. Ludovico washes the beggars’ feet 14. Ludovico hands out the money

24 15. Ludovico gives his clothes to a poor person 16. Ludovico receives a pilgrim 17. Ludovico arrives in Brignoles and he feels death approaching. approaching. 18. Ludovico sitting on the bed tends his hands towards the cross towards the cross 19. Ludovico receives the Eucharist for the last time 20. Ludovico on his death bed 21. The transportion of Ludovico’s body to Marseille


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