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Vocabulary Level E Unit 8. animosity DEF = (n.) strong dislike; bitter hostility SYN = enmity, rancor ANT = affection, fondness WORD CONNECTION: Some.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Level E Unit 8. animosity DEF = (n.) strong dislike; bitter hostility SYN = enmity, rancor ANT = affection, fondness WORD CONNECTION: Some."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary Level E Unit 8

2 animosity DEF = (n.) strong dislike; bitter hostility SYN = enmity, rancor ANT = affection, fondness WORD CONNECTION: Some ANIMALS have ANIMOSITY for one another – like cats and mice! Tom and Jerry have an ongoing battle full of ANIMOSITY. Bear vs. Packers = ANIMOSITY

3 apathy DEF = (n.) a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest SYN = indifference, disinterest, detachment ANT = enthusiasm, fervor, concern WORD CONNECTION: The prefix “a” = not; without Apathy = Without feeling This emoticon = NO response

4 apprehensive DEF = (adj.) fearful or anxious, especially about the future SYN = worried, nervous, fretful ANT = unworried, confident WORD CONNECTION: People who are APPREHENSIVE have trouble APPROACHING others. If you got a bad fortune from a fortune teller, you might be APPREHENSIVE.

5 commend DEF = (v.) to praise, express approval; to present as worthy of attention; to commit to the care of SYN = applaud; entrust ANT = abhor, loathe WORD CONNECTIONS: COMMEND = positive COMMENT COMMEND = COMMIT

6 compatible DEF = (adj.) able to get along or work well together; capable of use with some other model or system SYN = in agreement, like-minded ANT = mismatched, antagonistic AND Microsoft Office is COMPATIBLE with Dell computers.

7 condolence DEF = (n.) an expression of sympathy SYN = commiseration, solace, sympathy At a funeral people often hug one another to offer their CONDOLENCES.

8 consecrate DEF = (v.) to make sacred, hallow; to set apart for a special purpose SYN = devote, dedicate, sanctify ANT = desecrate, defile, dishonor Churches are a SACRED place that have been CONSECRATED for the purpose of worshipping God.

9 decrepit DEF = (adj.) old and feeble; worn-out, ruined SYN = broken-down, rickety ANT = vigorous, robust, sturdy WORD CONNECTION: DECREpit = DECREased ability DEcrepit = DEstroyed

10 deride DEF = (v.) to ridicule, laugh at with contempt SYN = mock, scorn, disparage ANT = praise, extol, applaud WORD CONNECTION: deRIDe = RIDicule DERIDING someone is terrible and can seriously hurt his feelings, whether or not he shows it.

11 ingenuous DEF = (adj.) innocent, simple; frank, sincere SYN = naïve, candid ANT = crafty, sophisticated WORD CONNECTION: INgenuous = INnocent Babies are innocent and INGENUOUS.

12 condolenceingenuousanimosity compatiblederideapathy 1. The ____ look on Michelle’s face clearly told me that she was not involved in taking the missing money. 2. Our society has made it seem “okay” to _______ other people, but in reality, making other people feel bad is never okay. 3. When our father died, my family received many meals from family and friends who were offering their _________. 4. One might not think a Democrat and a Republican could be ____________, but Mark and Joanne have been happily married for 23 years. 5. Holding onto _____ never has a positive effect; people should always try to overcome their disagreements.

13 consecratedecrepitcommend apathyapprehensiveingenuous 1. The high school seniors _________their valedictorian with a standing ovation at the graduation ceremony. 2. After Peaceful Hills was built, a Catholic priest came to the cemetery to ______it as sacred ground. 3. It made me angry and sad to see the ______on the faces of people who passed the homeless shelter without donating money. 4. As the date for my big audition approached, I grew more and more _______. 5. The city condemned the old school house because it had become _________and unsafe.

14 multifarious DEF = (adj.) having great variety; numerous and diverse SYN = varied, manifold ANT = unvaried, uniform WORD CONNECTION: MULTI = MANY Crayola has multifarious shades of color!!

15 obsolete DEF = (adj.) out-of-date, no longer in use SYN = outmoded, antiquated, old hat ANT = current, up-to-date, brand-new My dad’s first cell phone!! = OBSOLETE The apple 2e computer!! My first computer!! = OBSOLETE

16 omnivorous DEF = (adj.) eating every kind of food; eagerly taking in everything, having a wide variety of tastes SYN = all-devouring, voracious WORD CONNECTION: OMNI = ALL

17 parsimonious DEF = (adj.) stingy, miserly; meager, poor, small SYN = frugal, penny-pinching, cheap ANT = generous, open-handed Ebenezer Scrooge and Monty Burns are both PARSIMONIOUS.

18 quandary DEF = (n.) a state of perplexity or doubt SYN = confusion, dilemma, predicament ????????????????

19 recalcitrant DEF = (adj.) stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority SYN = unruly, obstinate, ornery ANT = obedient, cooperative, compliant Word Connection: defiANT = recalcitrANT As the expression goes, “As stubborn as a mule.” How about - “As recalcitrant as a mule?”

20 reprisal DEF = (n.) an injury done in return for an injury (Basically, “I hurt you because you hurt me first!”) SYN = retaliation, revenge, retribution Rudolph’s REPRISAL

21 revel DEF = (v.) to take great pleasure in; (n.) a wild celebration SYN = (v.) relish, savor, bask in, carouse ANT = (v.) abhor, loathe PARTY!!

22 stultify DEF = (v.) to make ineffective or useless, cripple; to have a dulling effect on SYN = smother, stifle, neutralize ANT = excite, inspire, stimulate In the movie Misery, Kathy Bates’ character STULTIFIES or “hobbles” her victim so he can’t run away! Yikes!! to STultify = to STop

23 suave DEF = (adj.) smoothly agreeable or polite; pleasing to the senses SYN = sophisticated, urbane, polished ANT = crude, clumsy, unpolished SUAVE conditioner will make your hair SLEEK and SMOOTH. The title of this CD is “Suave” – so Jamice is trying to be “pleasing to the senses.”

24 multifariousrevelsuave recalcitrantquandarystultify 1. One strength of the American population is that its _____ cultures can all exist peacefully together. 2. Unfortunately, it seems that there are always a few ______ students who refuse to obey the school rules. 3. Our waiter at the fancy restaurant was so ________ that he made our dining experience very enjoyable. 4. Due to the economic downturn, many families are faced with the _________ of trying to figure out how to pay their bills. 5. When the championship basketball team returned home from the big game, they ________ in their victory with an all-school pep assembly.

25 parsimoniousreprisalobsolete stultifyomnivorousmultifarious 1. Coyotes, wolves, and dogs have great survival instincts; they are _____and have been known to eat just about anything to stay alive. 2. The ______attitude some wealthy people have towards donating to the poor is truly heart-breaking. 3. Buying a new computer is frustrating! No one wants to spend hundreds of dollars on technology that’s going to be _____in just a few years! 4. The lengthy and dull speech at the beginning of the pep assembly ____any enthusiasm the students may have had. 5. Although families of murder victims may want _____, taking the law into one’s own hands is never the best option.

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