Presentation on theme: "Click to move on Customers had to pay One Penny to enter a Tavern, to cover the cots of breakages. Their coin was checked at the doorway to see if it."— Presentation transcript:
Click to move on Customers had to pay One Penny to enter a Tavern, to cover the cots of breakages. Their coin was checked at the doorway to see if it was a forgery, by dropping it on the stone floor to see if it bounced like a Copper alloy should. Hence a BOUNCER stood at the doorway. Tudor means “House of Iron” in old Welsh and was the first name of a son given at birth, it comes from Theodore. Henry means “Ruler of the House” So Henry Tudor means “Ruler of the House of Iron” End file and return to website
Click to move on The cooking pot in the middle of a Medieval Hall was called the “Eternal Kettle” because it was always boiling. It was called the “Hot Pot” in Lancashire. You only received what was dished out to you by chance, this became known as “Pot Luck” The mixture sank to the bottom and was added to daily by other mixtures this was a Potpourri. To shoot an animal purely to cook it for food was called a “Pot Shot”. The mixture at the bottom became very strong, hence “Potent”. To cook in the water of the Pot was to Potch the food, this became Poach the food. A new food was introduced in Tudor times for public consumption the Potato. Named after where it was to be cooked. Gone to Pot End file and return to website
Click to move on The Board was the Medieval Table where all meals were eaten and where all business was undertaken The master of the house was the Chairman of the Board, the room was the Boardroom. Sideboard, Cupboard, across the Board, above Board, Board and lodgings, by the Board, swept the Board, all come from the Board. The medieval cart had a piece of wood to keep the mud (the dash) off the passengers, this became the Dashboard. Games were played on the Board, Board games. A scratch was made for the starting line of a game. To start from Scratch. A board-game of disadvantages was called “Hand I the Cup” this became Handicap. End file and return to website
Click to move on Stone floors were so cold that cut reeds called Thresh was laid on them. The thresh used to walk out and blow around the yard so a piece of wood was fixed at the bottom of the door to hold it in, The Threshold A bay in a house was the distance between the stanchion supports of the house, they were spaced about 16 feet apart, the width of two pairs of oxen in a barn. A Half-Timbered house was not because its was made of Wood+Stone nor was it because of Wood+Wattle n Daub. It was a ship-building technique to split a full tree down its centre and place the two halve opposite each other to equalise the warpage and house movement. A Black and White Tudor house is wrong. It should be silvery grey and cream. The Victorians made a big mistake painting the wood with Tar to protect it. Its had the opposite effect. End file and return to website
Click to move on The Roman’s took two steps with a full suit of armour on, measured it, multiplied this measurement by 1000 and invented the Roman Mille. Saxons took the same idea, but with no armour on, and so their Mille became the Mile which is longer that the Romans Mille. The Romans marched 15 Milles per day and then built a Fort. There are roses in the ceilings of all talking rooms, the Parlour, the Great Hall. The Rose signifies to be Trustful and to keep a secret. Subrosa is Latin for Under the Rose. A place of trust. This is why Lancashire and Yorkshire had Roses as their emblems. The great Eternal Kettle was hoisted above the fire by a ships wooden, block and tackle. When it was too heavy the system was “Choc-a-Bloc”. Sometimes called the Hotpot. End file and return to website
Click to move on In Medieval England the serf’s worked the land and kept half the income for their living. If they had more than 5 sick days off per year they lost their work. Others could keep a record of their absences by nicking a groove on a gate, fence or Mine entrance beam, after 5 nicks they got the job instead. The Job was Nicked! To legally take away. The length of a Furrow on a field of 10 acres was called a Furlong. The Romans used a Furlong as the length of 1/8 th of a Mille, which became their length of a stadium arena. A Caliber was a Mould for casting crude projectiles, it became the size of a bullet. End file and return to website
Click to move on A bundle of straw to sleep on for the poor was called a Pad. “Come back to my Pad…..” A tender cut of meat, the Loin, became the loin meat, then Luncheon Meat then Lunch. A day in the life of a peasant. You went to bed at 9.00pm and must not eat nor drink for 8 hours, the Fast. You went Fast-asleep, woken up at 5.00am by Break-fast of bread and water. You toiled for 4 hours returning for Dinner at 9.00. You eat off a Trencher loaf cut in half sideways, you had the hard bottom half, the Upper-crust got the top half. All food not touched was then put into the Hot pot and boiled for 8 hourd while you worked. It turned into soup, this was your Supper at 6.00pm. You were 50:50 to survive to 12 yrs old when you married, had all the children by age 20, a grandparent by 30, dead by 40. End file and return to website
Click to move on Cheap furniture was stained with Pigs blood and Urine. Expensive furniture was stained with Shellac, crushed Lac Beetles in spirit. It took 10,000 beetles to make 1 litre of Shellac, Lacquer came from this name. Glass windows were so expensive, you took it all with you when you moved house! Glass was spun and old glass still shows the spin marks today. See Class! Thatched roofs were a warm place to be, so animals lived in them. When it rained heavily all the animals ran out of the roof. “It’s raining Cat’s and Dog’s”! A good design of priest hole has one way in and two ways out! End file and return to website
Click to move on The upper floor jutted out to save money on the floor area tax. It was known as the Jetty, “Jut out” from shipbuilding. Oak trees were only used for spans up to 20 feet because they did not grow so straight. The Romans introduced Wych Elm trees to Britain to dry out the damp land. They grow fast and straight up to 100 feet long. Most large houses and ships keels were made of Wych Elm because of its water resistance and ease to bend with steam. The stone on Medieval house roofs was not slate, it was cut from ordinary stone lying about, graded into size and applied largest at the lower end to smallest at the top, because it was easier to carry. The Parlour was a place to Parley, that is a place to talk. End file and return to website
Click to move on End file and return to website Goosie goosie gander: the lyrics Goosie goosie gander where shall I wander, Upstairs, downstairs and in my lady's chamber There I met an old man who wouldn't say his prayers, I took him by the left leg and threw him down the stairs. Obscure morality Nursery Rhyme Goosie, goosie gander - an attention grabber to a nursery rhyme which uses alliteration in the lyrics designed to intrigue a child. The 'lady's chamber' is a room that no longer exists today but English history refers to a high born lady having her own chamber, which was once referred to as a solar. The origins of the nursery rhyme are said to date back in history to the 16th century and refer to Catholic priests hiding in 'Priest Holes' ( very small secret rooms found in great houses in England) to avoid persecution from zealous Protestants who were completely against the old Catholic religion. If caught the priest and also members of any family found harbouring them would be executed. The moral to the story and in the lyrics is to point out that something unpleasant would occur to anyone found not saying their prayers!
Click to move on End file and return to website The Pot again. Potash was the ash under the Pot from burnt vegetables and dried wood. Potassium the element came from Potash, use by the Romans for an ointment. Crack Pot, a ridiculous thing to have in the kitchen! Gone a bit Potty! Eating the overcooked, old potent food at the bottom of the pot.
Click to move on The term Class came originally from Roman days and was Glass, to be able to afford Glass you had to have class, and money of course. The spun glass with its circular marks would be much clearer at the out rim, the very rich could afford clear glass and so they are the upper class. Towards the centre of the spin they were the middle class and jealousy was abound as the middle class thought the upper class to be a “cut above them.” Seemingly dead bodies were placed in their coffins on two stools in front of a lit fire. The family has a party to wake the dead up, it is now the Wake! After the party they stood around the now curling up body, its feet curling backwards because of the fire heat and the shoes coming off the feet. They now declare the body to be properly dead as it has “popped its clogs.” End file and return to website
Click to move on The Parlour was a place to Parley, that is a place to talk, BUT! In England it would not have been used until about 1650 because we didn’t like the French. We would have had the wooden board in the talking room and it would be called the Boardroom. End file and return to website There was such a thing as flavoured bread in Tudor times, even garlic bread! Trenchers were a strange looking loaf, burnt on the underside to seal them, white and hard on the outer topside because the gentry didn’t like eating common browned bread. There were wooden bread making contraptions which held hot stones and draped wet muslin over the uncooked bread, they were then steamed to cook and stay white. The flavour was added into the water which the muslin was soaked in.