Presentation on theme: "Brainstorming Bell Work"— Presentation transcript:
1Brainstorming Bell Work Think of as many reasons as you can why being abstinent from sex is a good choice for you.Think Holistically!!!Physical Mental/Emotional Social SpiritualPersonalize this by evaluating your goals and values.
2The conscious decision to avoid sexual activity AbstinenceWhat is it?The conscious decision to avoid sexual activityThe ONLY 100% effectivemethod to prevent pregnancy100%
3Why wait or stop? Future goals Reputation & gossip Lower chances of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as HIVWon’t have to “break the news” to future partnerSatisfy parental wishes“My parents would kill me.”Satisfy religious beliefsAvoid feeling guilty & regretFuture relationshipsFuture significant other might be looking for someone who has had limited or no partnersSave sex as a “gift” to your spouseNo stress caused by worrying about pregnancy, disease, or if someone will find outI want to be a good role model for my siblings/childrenMoney/child support
4Already sexually active? It’s NOT too late to turn to abstinence TODAY!! Make a commitment to yourself and make sure to inform your significant other of your wishes.
5Contraceptive Methods Contraception:attempting to prevent pregnancy
6Condom Thin sheath of tissue placed on erect penis to catch semen Correct usage1. Must be placed on erect penis, before any vaginal contact2. Space left between end of penis and condom to allow room for semen accumulation (w/o space; breakage is possible)3. Penis (with condom attached) removed after ejaculation before erection is lost (so semen doesn’t spill out)
7How it works: http://www.trojancondoms.com/quizzes/safer_sex/index.asp Condom (male)EffectivenessNOT 100% for STIs or PregnancyDepends on if it is used properly every timeDisadvantagesMay prevent only some STI’sCondom doesn’t cover all places where transmission occursCondoms can be used for all 3 types of sexVaginal, oral, analHow it works:
8Myths Other Considerations Myth: “Condoms are too small for me” Myth: Two at once increases protectionFact: Friction increases risk of breakageMyth: Condoms can be used more than once or flipped inside outFact: One time use productOther ConsiderationsDon’t store in glove compartments or carry in wallet (heat is bad)Some people are allergic to some condomsPolyurethane condoms can be used instead of latex if need be
9Look for expiration date Examine for hole in package Holes may indicate a hole in condomSome lubricated with spermicide: chemical compound that kills sperm
10Natural Family Planning Several religions accept this method for married couplesNatural Family PlanningDetermine fertile days in menstrual cycle and avoiding sex during this timeBody temp. recorded daily for several monthsTemperature slightly decreases just before ovulation and slightly rises after ovulationCervix mucus changes also recordedBefore ovulation mucus increases, become stringy, less sticky, clearer in colorDisadvantagesMust have a regular cycleIneffective for young people
11Pill (oral contraceptive) Pill contains hormones (estrogen &/or progestin)Stop the release of eggs from ovaryThicken mucus from cervixThins lining of uterusMust take EVERY day to be effectiveIf missed: take 2 pills the next day, but chance of pregnancy will increaseIt is a prescription, so you need to see a Dr.DisadvantagesProtection only after a full month’s cycle of pills has been takenWomen still experience their menstrual period
12Other Hormone Methods Nuva (Vaginal) Ring Birth Control Patch The birth control patch works similar to this, except you don’t have to change it every day, just once a week.Birth Control PatchAbout.com:
13Withdrawal (pulling out) NOT AN EFFECTIVE METHOD Removing erect penis from vagina before releasing semenPre-ejaculation fluid (from Cowper’s Glands) contains spermMales have no warning of when this fluid is being releasedDisadvantagesSelf control needed to remove penis during the height of sexual pleasure
14Can methods be used together? Pill + condom + withdrawalYES!!!2 condoms at onceNO!!!
16How to get pregnant How to get an STI Vaginal sex Medical techniques for couples having trouble with pregnancyHow to get an STIVaginal sexOral (mouth) sexAnal sexTouching & close contact for a few STIsCan you get an STI if you & your partner has never had sex?Depends on the definition of “sex” most people mean vaginal sex…No, if they’ve never had ANY TYPE of sexYes, if they’ve had vaginal, oral or anal sex
17How to show you care without sex… Set physical boundaries with your significant otherIf they don’t respect your wishes then is the relationship really worth it?Hold handsShow you care by spending time togetherTell them how you feelLetters, phone, IM…I don’t feel comfortable…
1838 million people living with AIDS at the end of 2003