Presentation on theme: "Brainstorming Bell Work Think of as many reasons as you can why being abstinent from sex is a good choice for you. Think Holistically!!! Physical Mental/Emotional."— Presentation transcript:
Brainstorming Bell Work Think of as many reasons as you can why being abstinent from sex is a good choice for you. Think Holistically!!! Physical Mental/Emotional Social Spiritual Personalize this by evaluating your goals and values.
Abstinence The conscious decision to avoid sexual activity The ONLY 100% effective method to prevent pregnancy What is it? 100%
Why wait or stop? Future goals Reputation & gossip Lower chances of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as HIV –Won’t have to “break the news” to future partner Satisfy parental wishes –“My parents would kill me.” Satisfy religious beliefs Avoid feeling guilty & regret Future relationships –Future significant other might be looking for someone who has had limited or no partners –Save sex as a “gift” to your spouse No stress caused by worrying about pregnancy, disease, or if someone will find out I want to be a good role model for my siblings/children Money/child support
Already sexually active? It’s NOT too late to turn to abstinence TODAY!! Make a commitment to yourself and make sure to inform your significant other of your wishes.
Contraceptive Methods Contraception: attempting to prevent pregnancy
Condom Thin sheath of tissue placed on erect penis to catch semen Correct usage 1. Must be placed on erect penis, before any vaginal contact 2. Space left between end of penis and condom to allow room for semen accumulation (w/o space; breakage is possible) 3. Penis (with condom attached) removed after ejaculation before erection is lost (so semen doesn’t spill out)
Condom (male) Effectiveness –NOT 100% for STIs or Pregnancy Depends on if it is used properly every time Disadvantages –May prevent only some STI’s Condom doesn’t cover all places where transmission occurs Condoms can be used for all 3 types of sex –Vaginal, oral, anal How it works:
Myths –Myth: “Condoms are too small for me” –Myth: Two at once increases protection Fact: Friction increases risk of breakage –Myth: Condoms can be used more than once or flipped inside out Fact: One time use product Other Considerations –Don’t store in glove compartments or carry in wallet (heat is bad) –Some people are allergic to some condoms Polyurethane condoms can be used instead of latex if need be
–Look for expiration date –Examine for hole in package Holes may indicate a hole in condom –Some lubricated with spermicide: chemical compound that kills sperm
Natural Family Planning Determine fertile days in menstrual cycle and avoiding sex during this time –Body temp. recorded daily for several months Temperature slightly decreases just before ovulation and slightly rises after ovulation –Cervix mucus changes also recorded Before ovulation mucus increases, become stringy, less sticky, clearer in color Disadvantages –Must have a regular cycle Ineffective for young people Several religions accept this method for married couples
Pill (oral contraceptive) Pill contains hormones (estrogen &/or progestin) –Stop the release of eggs from ovary –Thicken mucus from cervix –Thins lining of uterus Must take EVERY day to be effective –If missed: take 2 pills the next day, but chance of pregnancy will increase It is a prescription, so you need to see a Dr. Disadvantages –Protection only after a full month’s cycle of pills has been taken Women still experience their menstrual period
Other Hormone Methods Nuva (Vaginal) Ring The birth control patch works similar to this, except you don’t have to change it every day, just once a week. Birth Control Patch About.com:
Withdrawal (pulling out) NOT AN EFFECTIVE METHOD Removing erect penis from vagina before releasing semen Pre-ejaculation fluid (from Cowper’s Glands) contains sperm –Males have no warning of when this fluid is being released Disadvantages –Self control needed to remove penis during the height of sexual pleasure
Can methods be used together? Pill + condom + withdrawal –YES!!! 2 condoms at once –NO!!!
How to get pregnant –Vaginal sex –Medical techniques for couples having trouble with pregnancy How to get an STI –Vaginal sex –Oral (mouth) sex –Anal sex –Touching & close contact for a few STIs Can you get an STI if you & your partner has never had sex? Depends on the definition of “sex” most people mean vaginal sex… No, if they’ve never had ANY TYPE of sex Yes, if they’ve had vaginal, oral or anal sex
I don’t feel comfortable… How to show you care without sex… Set physical boundaries with your significant other –If they don’t respect your wishes then is the relationship really worth it? Hold hands Show you care by spending time together Tell them how you feel –Letters, phone, IM…
38 million people living with AIDS at the end of 2003