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Presented by Lucia Hasty, MA Braille Authority of North America Tactile Graphics Committee Chair March 3, © Lucia Hasty 3/2010
Why graphics are important Quick look at tactile perception Decision Tree: Is this a tactile graphic? Design principles Planning a graphic Editing the print graphic 3© Lucia Hasty 3/2010
Literacy is defined as the ability to read and write the ability to derive meaning from print material The ability to communicate through written language 4© Lucia Hasty 3/2010
are part of the set of symbols that make up written language 5© Lucia Hasty 3/2010
At least 50% of text content in today’s textbooks is presented in graphic form. 6© Lucia Hasty 3/2010
State standards of learning College admission tests (ACT, SAT) 7© Lucia Hasty 3/2010
Greater access to e-text and DAISY files © Lucia Hasty 3/20108
GRAPHICS SKILLS must be developed. © Lucia Hasty 3/20109
Exploring Tactual Perception © Lucia Hasty 3/201010
WHOLE TO PART perceive all parts of an object in its totality and in its relationship to other objects. Vision provides simultaneous perception. © Lucia Hasty 3/201011
PART TO WHOLE rely on sequential observations. only part of an object can be seen or felt at a time. the entire image has to be "built-up" out of the components. Relationships with other objects can be lost entirely. © Lucia Hasty 3/201012
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Is the information a repeat of facts in the text? Would the information be more meaningful in text form? Does the graphic require the reader to use visual discrimination or visual perception?? Should this be a tactile graphic and a TN? © Lucia Hasty 3/201016
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experience_learn/ educational_media/ stemdx © Lucia Hasty 3/201018
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Identify the content to be included Components of a graphic: ◦ Area ◦ Line ◦ Point Symbol ◦ Label ◦ Key or legend © Lucia Hasty 3/201020
1. Eliminate unnecessary parts (map scale, rivers if not needed as land marks) complicated shapes that can be replaced with simpler ones (instead of counting bicycles, substitute a basic shape- circle, triangle, square © Lucia Hasty 3/201022
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© Lucia Hasty 3/ Consolidate similar features (islands, exports) areas of a range. Caution: must read text and any student activities to make sure the consolidation does not interfere with data student must identify or manipulate.
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5. Separate complex diagrams by sections, categories, or layers To put the separate parts back together into a whole picture, the reader needs a thumbnail or overview diagram a consistent point of reference on each section. © Lucia Hasty 3/201029
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6. Change view from 3-D to 2-D if content allows. Show only a single side at a time. © Lucia Hasty 3/201032
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35 7. Modify size, position, scale or layout if a clearer presentation can be made 8. Include some info in key instead of in diagram (e.g. capital city names)
Movement = Texture = Tactile perception Variety of heights Contrast between areas Simplicity 1/8 inch (absolute minimum) between line and label or point symbol. 1/4 inch may be required for clarity. © Lucia Hasty 3/201036
Virginia AER Presented by Lucia Hasty, MA Braille Authority of North America Tactile Graphics Committee Chair March 3, 2010.
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