What is the difference between syntax and semantics.
Semantics- Grammatical rules for assigning meaning to a sentence. Syntax- Grammatical rules for specifying correct word order and inflectional structure in a sentence. Doing this does not really give a clear explanation of the differences between the two. It is beter explained if the features of the two are explored more thoroughly. Word order is the basic principal of syntax, those trying to understand what is written use the syntactic cues of word order to help give the sentence structure and meaning.
Word order gives a sentence the correct intonnation especially with the use of funtion words such as,a and who, due to this its meaning becomes much clearer. If the words of a sentence were not in the correct order there would be no syntactic cues as to the meaning of the sentence.
This point leads on to the difference between syntax and semantics. Semantics are an individuals own interpretation of the meaning of a "sentence" based on their prior knowledge. Therefore a sentence that seemingly makes no syntactic sense, can have meaning when using semantic cues. The sentence "Baby milk drinks" does not have a syntactic meaning, but through semantics most people would interpret it as meaning " Baby drinks milk " as our prior knowledge tells us that a baby drinks milk, and therefore we can find a meaning from the key words. The difference between syntax and semantics is that syntax is only concerned with what is linguistically and grammatically correct, semantics requires all ones prior knowledge which, as Anderson states, " goes far beyond anything which is language specific".
COMPREHENSİON Reading comprehension is the ability to read text, process it and understand its meaning. An individual's ability to comprehend text is influenced by their traits and skills, one of which is the ability to make inferences. If word recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read individual words, which interferes with their ability to comprehend what is read. There are a number of approaches to improve reading comprehension, including improving one's vocabulary and reading strategies.