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Resource Description and Access Connecting Users and Resources.

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Presentation on theme: "Resource Description and Access Connecting Users and Resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 Resource Description and Access Connecting Users and Resources

2 Connecting Resources…

3 …and Users

4 DAY 1 MARCH

5 RDA Day 1 Don’t panic!

6 RDA : Connecting Resources and Users Where we are

7 RDA : Connecting Resources and Users Where we are How we got here

8 RDA : Connecting Resources and Users Where we are How we got here Where we are going

9 RDA : Connecting Resources and Users How we got here

10 Junior Boys (Musical group) It's all true [sound recording] / Junior Boys. Brooklyn, N.Y. : Domino Recording, p sound disc : digital ; 4 3/4 in. Notes: Popular music. Title from container. Contents: Itchy fingers -- Playtime -- You'll improve me -- A truly happy ending -- The reservoir -- Second chance -- Kick the can -- Banana ripple. Subjects Underground dance music Electronic music Popular music Card Catalogue

11 Cooperative Cataloguing Program Library of Congress began producing and distributing catalogue cards in 1901 Today, Library of Congress is still a major source of cataloguing for print materials in North America

12 Cooperative Cataloguing Program, circa 1919.

13 MAchine Readable Cataloging MARC, launched in 1969, was created by Library of Congress to automate the production and distribution of catalogue cards

14 AACR Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules – Standardization of British and North American cataloguing rules and practices – Published 1967 – Revised in 1978 to conform to ISBD rules

15 A Human-Readable Display Standard Adopted in 1969, promotes international exchange of information Bibliothèque nationale Library and Archives de France Canada dogs International Standard Bibliographic Description Clarkson, Stephen Trudeau [Texte imprimé] : l'homme, l'utopie, l'histoire / Stephen Clarkson, Christina McCall ; traduit de l'anglais par Claire Dupond, Michel Euvrard et Jacques Vaillancourt. - Montréal : Boréal, cop vol. (479 p.) : ill. ; 23 cm. ISBN (br.). - Trudeau, Pierre Elliott ( ) Canada -- Politique et gouvernement McCall, Christina Clarkson, Stephen Trudeau : l'homme, l'utopie, l'histoire / Stephen Clarkson, Christina McCall ; traduit de l'anglais par Claire Dupond, Michel Euvrard et Jacques Vaillancourt [Montréal] : Boréal, : v : ill., ports. ; 23 cm. ISBN: X (v. 1) : 29,95 $ Trudeau, Pierre Elliott Premiers ministres--Canada--Biographies Canada--Politique et gouvernement Canada--Politique et gouvernement Trudeau, Pierre Elliott, Premiers ministres--Canada--Biographies

16 Online Catalogues In 1960s, experimentation began using MARC data to create searchable databases of library resources. – Initially, author, title, subject searching – Displayed in ISBD format

17 Online Catalogues Into the 21 st century, – Increasingly sophisticated searching and display – AACR2 revised and updated through 2002 – MARC format coding continuously amended – Integrated Library Systems – Discovery Layers

18 Library Resources (Books—Music—DVD—Games—Ebooks—Online Resources) Are described using AACR2 Which is recorded as Data in Machine-Readable Format Records (MARC) Which is stored in a Library Database (ILS) (Horizon) Which is searched by through a Discovery Layer (Bibliocommons, Endecca, Encore) Returning a list of items from which the User Selects desired Library Resources (Books—Music—DVD—Games—Ebooks—Online Resources) User-Resource Pathway

19 Library Resources (Books—Music—DVD—Games—Ebooks—Online Resources) Are described using RDA Which is recorded as Data in Machine-Readable Format Records (MARC) Which is stored in a Library Database (ILS) (Horizon) Which is searched by through a Discovery Layer (Bibliocommons, Endecca, Encore) Returning a list of items from which the User Selects desired Library Resources (Books—Music—DVD—Games—Ebooks—Online Resources) User-Resource Pathway

20 Library Resources

21 Are described using…

22 Anglo American Cataloguing Rules Title and Statement of Responsibility Area 9.1A.9.1A. Preliminary rule 9.1A1.9.1A1. Punctuation For instructions on the use of spaces before and after prescribed punctuation, see 1.0C. Precede the title of a supplement or section (see 1.1B9) by a full stop. Enclose the general material designation in square brackets. Precede each parallel title by an equals sign. Precede each unit of other title information by a colon. Precede the first statement of responsibility by a diagonal slash. Precede each subsequent statement of responsibility by a semicolon. For the punctuation of this area for items without a collective title, see 1.1G.1.0Ctitlesupplementsection1.1B9general material designationparallel titleother title informationstatement of responsibility areaitemscollective title1.1G 9.1B.9.1B. Title proper er 9.1B1. Transcribe the title proper as instructed in 1.1B.title proper1.1B WordStar Practicalc II Demon attack The CPS 1974 American national election survey Krell’s logo Visitrend + visiplot

23 …and recorded in…

24 …MAchine Readable Cataloguing Format s2007 it a b i000 0 eng d 010 __ |a __ |a __ |a __ |a (OCoLC)ocn __ |a VPI |c VPI |d AGL |d DLC 042 __ |a lccopycat |a QH438.4.B55 |b M _ |a QH438.4.B55 |b M |a Marker-assisted selection : |b current status and future perspectives in crops, livestock, forestry and fish / |c edited by Elcio P. Guimarães... [et al.]. 260 __ |a Rome : |b Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, |c __ |a xix, 471 p. : |b ill. (some col.) ; |c 25 cm. 504 __ |a Includes bibliographical references. 530 __ |a Also available via the World Wide Web. 520 __ |a This book provides a comprehensive description and assessment of the use of marker-assisted selection for increasing the rate of genetic gain in crops, livestock, forestry and farmed fish, including the related policy, organizational and resource considerations. It continues FAO’s tradition of dealing with issues of importance to agricultural and economic development in a multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral manner. As such it is hoped that the information and options presented and the suggestions made will provide valuable guidance to scientists and breeders in both the public and private sectors, as well as to government and institutional policy and decision- makers. 650 _0 |a Genetic markers |v Case studies _ |a Guimarães, Elcio P _ |a Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations |u |z Online resource

25 Which is stored in…

26 …an Integrated Library System (ILS) Bibliographic Database

27 Which is searched through…

28 …an ILS OPAC or Discovery Layer

29 Retrieving…

30 …a List of Resources

31 …From which a user selects an appropriate resource…

32 Connecting User

33 …and Resource

34 What’s wrong with the Pathway? Increase in variety of resources collected by Libraries

35 Multiplying formats and platforms

36 What’s wrong with the Pathway? Increase in variety of resources collected by libraries Same content is now available in multiple formats

37 Even the Book itself has morphed Large Print Audio CDs Daisy Playaway Chinese Braille E-Audio E-Books French English

38 What’s wrong with the Pathway? Increase in variety of resources collected by libraries Same content is now available in multiple formats AACR2’s focus on ISBD limits its flexibility to describe new types of resources

39 AACR2 adaptations to new types of Resources Physical description 365 p. : geneal. tables, maps ; 22 cm. 1 videodisc (38 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 ¾ in. – Notes: Dolby digital 5.1 sound, stereo. – System requirements: Blu-ray; NTSC; region 1. [Remotely accessed electronic resources have limited physical description, often included in notes]

40 What’s wrong with the Pathway? Increase in variety of resources collected by libraries Same content is now available in multiple formats AACR2’s focus on ISBD limits its flexibility to describe new types of resources MARC format is specific to libraries and silos data in ILS

41 Direct Internet Access to Library Resources

42 Yet

43 Linked Open Data Initiative Direct access to Library Resources via Web Searching and discovery beyond keywords – Permits searching, by Author, Title, ISBN, etc. – Linking provides new pathways of discovery Requires linkable metadata

44 Linkable Metadata Metadata is data that describes a resource Bibliographic Data (even in AACR2) is Metadata Linked open metadata needs to be: – Granular – Machine-actionable – Linkable

45 Hold that thought {pause}

46 AACR2, 2002 Revision These rules are designed for use in the construction of catalogues and other lists in general libraries of all sizes. catalogue--A list of library materials contained in a collection, a library, or a group of libraries, arranged according to some definite plan.

47 RDA (Resource Description and Access) RDA provides a set of guidelines and instructions on formulating data to support resource discovery.

48 AACR2 vs. RDA AACR2 construction of catalogues and other lists RDA formulating data to support resource discovery

49 Lists British National Bibliography (New records – 24 May 2012) Computer science, information & general works 001 The power of practice management : best practices for building a better advisory business / Stephanie Bogan. — San Francisco, Calif. : Jossey-Bass ; Chichester : John Wiley [distributor], — 1 v. ; 25 cm. ISBN (hbk.) : £42.50 ; (hbk.) : £42.50 BNB Number GBB Business consultants. Consulting firms. Management. Small business. Management. Prepublication record Consensual qualitative research : a practical resource for investigating social science phenomena / edited by Clara E. Hill. — 1st ed. — Washington, D.C. : American Psychological Association, c2012. — viii, 329 p. : ill. ; 27 cm. ISBN ; BNB Number GBB Qualitative research. Social sciences. Research. Social sciences. Methodology Black cats and evil eyes : a book of old-fashioned superstitions / Chloe Rhodes. — London : Michael O'Mara, — 1 v. : ill. ; 20 cm. ISBN (hbk.) : £9.99 ; (hbk.) : £9.99 BNB Number GBB Superstition. Prepublication record Introduction to discrete event simulation and agent-based modeling : voting systems, health care, military, and manufacturing / Theodore T. Allen. — London : Springer, c2011. — xii, 215 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN (hbk.) ; (hbk.) BNB Number GBB Discrete-time systems. Multiagent systems. Computer simulation. Engineering economy. 004 Proceedings of the third International Conference on Recent Trends in Information, Telecommunication and Computing / edited by Vinu V. Das. — New York ; London : Springer, — 1 v. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN (pbk.) : £ ; (pbk.) : £ BNB Number GBB Information technology, Congresses. Telecommunication systems, Congresses. Computer science, Congresses. Prepublication record

50 Data {"collection":"BNB_Basic_RDFXML","dcterms:title":"Connecting with your angels kit","dcterms:creator":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Virtue, Doreen, "}},"type":"text","dcterms:type":[{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"text"}},{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"monogra phic"}}],"isbd:P1016":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Carlsbad, el":"enk"}},"dcterms:publisher":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Hay House, /\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/iso639- erms:extent":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"95 p."}},"dcterms:tableOfContents":"Book entitled Guidebook for the connecting with your angels kit -- 1 journal -- 1 audio CD angel oracle cards -- 1 rose-quartz crystal -- 1 candle -- 1 pkt. dead sea salts -- 7 incense sticks.","dcterms:description":["Title from box.","In box.","CD entitled: Angel uthorities\/subjects"},"rdfs:label":"Channeling and movable books-- tion":{"rdfs:label":"Hay House lifestyles guidebook"}},"cid":"(Uk) ","dcterms:identifier":["(Uk) ","GBB204929","urn:isbn: " ],"bibo:isbn10":" "},

51 Data {"collection":"BNB_Basic_RDFXML", "dcterms:title":"Connecting with your angels kit", "dcterms:creator":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Virtue, Doreen, 1958-"}},"type":"text",“dcterms:type“:[{"rdf:Description“:{"rdfs:label":"text"}},{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"monographic"}}],“isbd:P1016“ :{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Carlsbad,Calif."}},"rda:placeOfPublication“ "dcterms:publisher":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Hay House, Inc."}}, "95 p."}}, "dcterms:tableOfContents":"Book entitled Guidebook for the connecting with your angels kit -- 1 journal -- 1 audio CD angel oracle cards -- 1 rose-quartz crystal -- 1 candle -- 1 pkt. dead sea salts -- 7 incense sticks.", "dcterms:description":["Title from box.","In box.","CD entitled: Angel communication."],"dcterms:subject": "rdfs:label":"Guardian and movable books-- ype":"http:\/\/dewey.info\/schema- ww.w3.org\/2004\/02\/skos\/core#Concept"}}}],"dcterms:isPartOf":{"rdf:Description":{"rdfs:label":"Hay House lifestyles guidebook"}},"cid":"(Uk) ","dcterms:identifier":["(Uk) ","GBB204929","urn:isbn: "],"bibo:isbn10":" "},

52 Content, not Display AACR2 has been deconstructed and reorganized as RDA to focus on description rather than display Description of content has been divorced from carrier Without ISBD and in an online environment, space is no longer an issue More data, clearer data

53 So long [GMD]… GMD (General Material Designation): A term indicating the broad class of material to which an item belongs $aMistico Mediterraneo $h[sound recording] / $c Paolo Fresu ; A Filetta ; Daniele di Bonaventura – Limited vocabulary – Single faceted

54 Content type form of communication in which the content is expressed + human sense + dimensions + movement – Text – Performed music – Cartographic tactile three-dimensional form – Two-dimensional moving image Media type type of intermediation device required – audio – computer – projected – unmediated Carrier type format of the storage medium + type of intermediation device required – audio disc – computer disc – microfiche – volume Content type [GMD] Media type Carrier type RDA/ONIX Framework for Resource Categorization Controlled vocabulary Separates content from carrier Focus on user interaction Interoperability with ONIX …Hello Media type, Carrier type and Content type

55 Content type, Media type, Carrier type in MARC $a Mistico Mediterraneo / $c Paolo Fresu ; A Filetta ; Daniele di Bonaventura 336 ## $a performed music $2rdacontent 337 ## $a audio $a computer $2rdamedia 338 ## $a audio disc $2rdacarrier

56 RDA-ONIX ONIX ONline Information eXchange – XML metadata formats for books publishers Cooperation between library and publishing communities to develop a method to exchange information in line with RDA – RDA Terms for Content types, Media Types and Carrier types were developed jointly

57 Clearer Data Fewer abbreviations! Deuxième édition revue et augmentée 52nd edition Director's cut Editio secunda auctior et correctior illustrations Transcribing elements as they appear on resource Aids in identification Easier to understand and search

58 Clearer Data No more Latin! [s.l][Place of publication not identified] [s.n.][Publisher not identified] [s.d.][Date of publication not identified] [et al.][and seventy-seven others]

59 More Data When space was limited: sous la direction de Jean-Claude Daumas en collaboration avec Alain Chatriot... [et al.]. Daumas, Jean-Claude. Chatriot, Alain. With unlimited space: edited by Gordon Spark, Laura Findlay, Pauline MacPherson and Andrew Wood. Spark, Gordon, editor Findlay, Laura, editor MacPherson, Pauline, editor Wood, Andrew, editor

60 More Data When space was limited: sous la direction de Jean-Claude Daumas en collaboration avec Alain Chatriot... [et al.]. Daumas, Jean-Claude. Chatriot, Alain. With unlimited space: edited by Gordon Spark, Laura Findlay, Pauline MacPherson and Andrew Wood. Spark, Gordon, editor Findlay, Laura, editor MacPherson, Pauline, editor Wood, Andrew, editor

61 Relationship of Creator and Contributors to Resources Foster, Jodie, performer Foster, Jodie, actor Foster, Jodie, narrator Foster, Jodie, director Foster, Jodie, producer Foster, Jodie, author

62 ItemManifestationFamilies Work PersonManifestation Person Corporate Bodies Item Expression Expression Item Manifestation PersonManifestationWork Relationships Core relationships Primary relationships Enhanced relationships

63 Relationships between Resources Between different Works Airplane (Motion picture) is a parody of Zero Hour! (Motion picture) Zero Hour! (Motion picture) is parodied as Airplane (Motion picture)

64 Relationships: Controlled Vocabulary A controlled list of terms used to describe specific relationships Relationships then become searchable – Searching for movies that are parodies – Searching for movies that have been parodied Controlled vocabulary can be assigned Identifiers – Subject heading: Library cooperation (DLC sh )

65 Relationships: Controlled Vocabulary URIs as Identifiers (RD F)

66 Open Metadata Registry

67 Relationships between Resources Between versions of the same Resource Published also in print: Schweitzer, Glenn E., U.S.-Iran engagement in science, engineering, and health ( ). Washington, D.C. : The National Academies Press ; [2010], © (OCoLC) Also issued as: Euscorpius (Online) = ISSN

68 Relationships between Resources Published also in print: Schweitzer, Glenn E., U.S.-Iran engagement in science, engineering, and health ( ). Washington, D.C. : The National Academies Press ; [2010], © (OCoLC) – Identifiers are more machine-readable – Interoperability: in a Linked Data environment used to link data from different vocabularies

69 Identifiers Resource (ISBN) = U.S.-Iran engagement in science, engineering, and health ( ) (OCoLC) = U.S.-Iran engagement in science, engineering, and health ( ) Creator (DLC)no = Library and Archives Canada (CaOONL )1012G1726E = Library and Archives Canada

70 Relationships between Resources Published also in print: Schweitzer, Glenn E., U.S.-Iran engagement in science, engineering, and health ( ). Washington, D.C. : The National Academies Press ; [2010], © (OCoLC) DLC is published in print OCoLC

71 Identifiers and Relationships Identifiers and Relationships will allow users to navigate through future Resource Discovery tools and interfaces, in ways heretofore impossible.

72 Richer Authority Records In addition to relationship information, authority records will contain richer information. Name authority records will now include more biographical information, for example, – place and date of birth – gender – profession – language of the person New potential for resource discovery and navigation based on new, searchable authority fields

73 Identifiers and Relationships Zero Hour! (Motion picture) is parodied by is a parody of Airport (Motion picture) actor in Motion picture adaptation of (Work) Nielsen, Leslie Hailey, Arthur. Airport Airplane (Motion picture) born in Regina (Sask.) James, Colin performer on Jump up & boogie Brian Setzer Orchestra Setzer, Brian is a member of Stray Cats (Musical group)

74 Machine-actionable, Granular Data In AACR2 important data was often embedded in strings in Notes fields. Technical specifications for a DVD were recorded: DVD-R, Dolby digital 5.1, NTSC, wide screen 538 ## $a DVD-R, Dolby digital 5.1, NTSC, wide screen Though granular, this data is not machine-actionable in this string RDA continues to instruct to include these details in description, but without reference to ISBD placement How do we make descriptions of these characteristics granular and machine readable?

75 Machine-actionable, Granular Data MARC solutions Video Characteristics 346 ## $a DVD $b NTSC $a - Video format $b - Broadcast standard 344 – Sound Characteristics 344 ## $adigital $boptical $gsurround $hDolby digital 5.1 $2rda $a - Type of recording$g - Configuration of playback channels $b - Recording medium$h - Special playback characteristics

76 MARC Alternatives Linked Data Bibliographic Framework Initiative MARC Alternatives

77 Asser, Roy - Battle of Britain Historical Society - text - monographic - Melton Constable - enk enk RDF/XML Linked Data

78 Linked Data (RDA in triples) Brian Setzer is a member of Stray Cats (Musical group) Subject Brian Setzer Predicate is a member of Object Stray Cats (Musical group) Airplane (Motion picture) is a parody of Airport (Motion picture) Subject Airplane Predicate is a parody of Object Airport

79 Linked Data Zero Hour! (Motion picture) is parodied by is a parody of Airport (Motion picture) actor in Motion picture adaptation of (Work) Nielsen, Leslie Hailey, Arthur. Airport Airplane (Motion picture) born in Regina (Sask.) James, Colin performer on Jump up & boogie Brian Setzer Orchestra Setzer, Brian is a member of Stray Cats (Musical group)

80 Airport (Motion picture) Is a parody of WEMI/parodyOfWork has title Airplane (Motion picture) http ://rdvocab.info/ Elements/title (RDF) Airplane Actor in Nielsen, Leslie (RDF) Linked Data

81 Bibliographic Framework Initiative “[To] ensure a flexible bibliographic framework, a robust reference code, a supporting infrastructure for deployment, and an effective migration plan to support the community in making a transition from MARC to a new framework.” “A major focus of the project is to translate the MARC 21 format to a Linked Data (LD) model while retaining as much as possible the robust and beneficial aspects of the historical format.” --The Library of Congress Announces Modeling Initiative (May 22, 2012)

82 Traditional ILS Talk to your vendors!

83 DAY 1 MARCH

84 RDA Day 1 Don’t panic!

85 More access points Finding More natural language Identifying More controlled vocabularies Selecting Less jargon Obtaining Few abbreviations More content Understanding Richer data Clarifying Clearer relationships Contextualizing Benefits for Library Users

86 More access points Finding More natural language Identifying More controlled vocabularies Selecting Less jargon Obtaining Few abbreviations More content Understanding Richer data Clarifying More relationships Contextualizing Benefits for Library Users

87 More access points Finding More natural language Identifying Flexible, More controlled vocabularies Selecting not display oriented Less jargon Obtaining Few abbreviations More content Understanding Richer data Clarifying Clearer relationships Contextualizing Benefits for Library Users

88 More access points Finding More natural language Identifying Flexible, More controlled vocabularies Selecting not display oriented Less jargon Obtaining Few abbreviations Adaptable to new types of resources More content Understanding Richer data Clarifying More relationships Contextualizing Benefits for Library Users

89 More access points Finding More natural language Identifying Flexible, More controlled vocabularies Selecting not display oriented Less jargon Obtaining Few abbreviations Adaptable to new types of resources Transitional, More content Understanding works with legacy data Richer data Clarifying More relationships Contextualizing Benefits for Library Users

90 More access points Finding More natural language Identifying Flexible, More controlled vocabularies Selecting not display oriented Less jargon Obtaining Few abbreviations Adaptable to new types of resources Transitional, More content Understanding works with legacy data Richer data Clarifying More relationships Contextualizing Metadata and Identifier interoperability in Linked Data environment Benefits for Library Users

91 Ready for Tomorrow…

92 Thank you Christopher Carr Hamilton Public Library

93 Links of Interest Joint Steering Committee jsc.org/rda.htmlhttp://www.rda- jsc.org/rda.html The Library of Congress Announces Modeling Initiative (May 22, 2012) deling html deling html The RDA (Resource Description and Access) Vocabularies


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