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24.1 The Study of Light.

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Presentation on theme: "24.1 The Study of Light."— Presentation transcript:

1 24.1 The Study of Light

2 Electromagnetic Radiation
Includes gamma rays, X-rays, UV light, visible light, infrared radiation, microwaves, & radio waves Electromagnetic Spectrum Classifies radiation according to wavelength & frequency Photons – small packet of light energy Copy diagram on pg. 674 fig. 1

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4 Spectroscopy The study of the properties of light that depend on wavelength Continuous spectrum – produced by an incandescent solid, liquid, or gas under high pressure (emit when hot) Absorption spectrum – produced when visible light is passed through a relatively cool gas under low pressure. (gas absorbs selected wavelengths of light) Emission Spectrum – produced by a hot gas under low pressure (bright lines) When the spectrum of a star is studied, the spectral lines act as “fingerprints”

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6 The Doppler Effect Occurs for both sound and light
Change in wavelength of a wave that is emitted from a source that is moving away or toward an object Light source that is moving away = redder Light source that is moving toward = blue Doppler Effect is used to determine whether a star or other body in space is moving away from or toward Earth

7 REVIEW REVIEW REVIEW What types of radiation make up the electromagnetic spectrum? Compare the 3 types of spectra How are the elements in a star determined? How can the Doppler Effect tell detection?

8 24.2 Tools for Studying Space

9 Refracting Telescopes
Bend or refract light Objective lens produces an image by bending light from a distant object so that the light converges at an area called the focus (central pt.) Chromatic aberration ( color & to go astray) Property of a lens whereby light of diff. colors is focused at diff. places (produces a halo around it) Blue light is in focus = reddish halo Red light is in focus = bluish halo

10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VzSjqNE2AHM

11 Reflecting Telescopes
Chromatic aberration is avoided Use a concave mirror that focuses light in front of a mirror rather than behind Most large optical telescopes are reflectors Light does not pass through a mirror so the glass for a reflecting telescope does not have to be of optical quality

12 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ic2aPxePlEs

13 Properties of Optical Telescopes
Both refracting & reflecting telescopes have 3 properties that help astronomers Light gathering power Resolving power Magnifying power

14 Detecting Invisible Radiation
Radio telescopes – focuses the incoming radio waves on an antenna which absorbs & transmits these waves to an amplifier just like a radio antenna Poor resolution (-) Less affected by turbulence than optical telescopes (+) Radio telescopes are hindered by human made radio interference (hidden in valleys to block these types of interference)

15 Space Telescopes Orbit above Earth’s atmosphere & produce clearer images than Earth-based telescopes Hubble Space Telescope 1st space telescope built by NASA

16 REVIEW How does a refracting telescope work?
Compare and contrast a refracting telescope and a reflecting telescope How do radio telescopes gather data? Why do space telescopes obtain clearer images than Earth based telescopes?


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