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A Review of Literature and Early Warning Indicatory Systems in Road Map School Districts Puget Sound Educational Service District On behalf of the Road.

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Presentation on theme: "A Review of Literature and Early Warning Indicatory Systems in Road Map School Districts Puget Sound Educational Service District On behalf of the Road."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Review of Literature and Early Warning Indicatory Systems in Road Map School Districts Puget Sound Educational Service District On behalf of the Road Map School Districts of Auburn, Federal Way, Highline, Kent, Renton, Seattle, Tukwila Funded by a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation March 2013

2 Introduction - Early Warning Indicator Systems (EWIS) Research shows that students at risk of dropping out give warning signs years in advance. School districts can use an Early Warning Indicator System (EWIS) to identify which students are off track and at risk of leaving school before graduation. When student data and accurate indictors are aligned with appropriate interventions, students who are off-track can be brought back on-track for graduation. Patterns in the information about students who are off-track can lead to improvements in district and school policies, structures and practices. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts – March Research

3 Why this matters for Road Map school districts Road Map Graduation Statistics (The Road Map Project 2012 Results Report) 72% of students graduated on time (vs. 75% statewide) 16% of Road Map students are ELLs and 50% of ELLs graduated on time 46% of SPED students graduated on time 20% of students switched schools and of this group, almost three quarters transferred between districts. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts – March Road Map

4 Project Goals Road Map Project Goal To double the number of students in South King County and South Seattle who are on track to graduate from college or earn a career credential by 2020 Race to the Top Grant Full integration of the High School and Beyond Plan Investment in an integrated system of middle and high school counseling and advising Creation of a common data portal for Road Map district student information EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts – March Road Map

5 Step 1 Establish roles and responsibilities to manage a EWIS Step 2 Use a EWIS tool analyze and display data on indicators Step 6 Monitor students and interventions for progress Step 7 Evaluate and refine the EWIS process; monitor systems issues Step 5 Assign and provide interventions to students Step 4 Interpret the EWIS data to identify students and systems issues Step 3 Review the EWIS data for accuracy and patterns Early Warning System Implementation Steps The National High School Center, Early Warning System Implementation Guide 5 Research

6 Findings from Road Map Districts Overall, EWIS efforts are not uniform within any district or across the Road Map districts and not as systematic as a EWIS described in most research literature. Each school district has some elements of a EWIS in place. Several districts have made great strides in different areas. There is a considerable body of shared expertise among the Road Map districts, and there appears to be great interest in learning more and working with other Road Map school districts toward a common EWIS framework. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Road Map

7 Findings from Road Map Districts Most districts consider early warning indicators in the areas of attendance and academic performance – including course failures, credits earned toward graduation and MSP/EOC/HSPE scores. Few districts appear to consider the number of absences in the first days of a semester or the occurrence of a student joining their graduating cohort after the start of middle school as indicators. District personnel acknowledge some concerns about the reliability and validity of the data that is used to measure the early warning indicators. This includes standards for determining an absence to be excused or unexcused and what constitutes a behavior referral. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Road Map

8 Research on indicators EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March IndicatorsNational Research A. AttendanceLess than 80% B. Behavior An unsatisfactory final behavior mark in MS, a 9 th grade suspension, or two behavior infractions or suspensions C.Course PerformanceFailing Math or English in middle school, failing two 9 th grade courses Research

9 Agreement on Road Map indicators EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Road Map IndicatorsRoad Map Indicators Attendance And Course Performance 5-10 absences – excused or unexcused And One course failure in 8 th or 9 th grade BehaviorA single suspension/expulsion in 8 th or 9 th grade

10 Research on indicators Predictive Indicators Indicators become more predictive as students move to higher grade levels in middle and high school and failure impacts accrual of credits. Transitions Transitions from one school level to the next are critical – the first year of middle school or junior high; the first year of high school. Student Mobility Students who join their graduating cohort after the beginning of middle school are less likely to graduate. 10 Research EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March 2013

11 Research on indicators (continued) ELL Students For ELL students, course performance is the most predictive ABC indicator. Long term ELL students and ELL students who are identified in 9 th grade or later are less likely to graduate. Special Education Students SPED students need specific strategies such as alternative diplomas, alternative course to graduation and intensive interventions. 11 Research EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March 2013

12 Research on intervention priorities ( MacIver & MacIver, 2009) Absenteeism Decrease absenteeism – it is strongly related to course failure Address the root causes of absenteeism and intervene during the middle school years to increase attendance Behavior Address the root causes of behavior problems and intervene during the middle school years to improve behavior 12 Research EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March 2013

13 Research on intervention priorities ( MacIver & MacIver, 2009) Course Performance Provide academic interventions during the middle school years so that students enter ninth grade prepared for high school coursework Reduce the number of students failing courses and increase the percentage of students earning high school credits on time Family Engagement Engage parents with EWIS information and interventions 13 Research EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March 2013

14 A tiered approach to intervention EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Universal Prevention Targeted Intervention Intensive Intervention All students10-25%5-10% Attendance Every absence brings a response Create a culture that says attending every day matters Positive social incentives for good attendance Data tracking by teacher teams 2 or more unexcused absences in a month brings a brief daily check by an adult Attendance team investigates and problems-solves Sustained one- on-one attention and problem- solving Appropriate social service or community supports Research

15 Findings from Road Map Districts Districts have existing interventions but these are not well-aligned with indicators. Only a few districts have clear expectations for different staff about using a EWIS (to the degree that a district has a EWIS) or have systematically trained staff on how to do so. Expectations and intervention practices are most well established when accountability for school districts has been well defined. Two examples are: when attendance issues for a student trigger the provisions in the Becca Bill when a student has not met standard on a state assessment. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Road Map

16 Work in Progress Districts complete the EWIS Implementation Cycle Planning Tool (from the National High School Center, Early Warning System Implementation Guide). A clearer picture can emerge about strengths of each district that can be shared with other districts. Additionally, this process can identify common needs across all the districts, such as needs for resources and technical assistance. Districts complete the EWIS Mapping of Early Warning Indicator Interventions – Planning Tool A clearer picture can emerge about the available interventions or gaps in interventions that address each indicator, and that fit in each RtI and PBIS tier. Use the planning tools in the National High School Center implementation guide. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Road Map

17 General Recommendations (continued) Integrate the existing elements of a EWIS in each district into a systematic approach rather than building entirely new district systems. Build EWIS functions into the Race to the Top regional data portal to include clear dashboard displays of EWIs information and the ability to track students who move from one Road Map district to another. Create ways to engage parents and students with EWIS information and communities with interventions. EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March Road Map

18 Next steps – Phase 2 of the Road Map EWIS Inventory Develop a framework for interventions that align with EWIS data and that accommodate a full continuum of intervention strategies with academic and behavioral strands including dropout reengagement and credit retrieval strategies. Create a best practice central repository at PSESD. Prepare for Phase 2 - expand interventions available to students. 18 EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March 2013 Road Map

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26 Thank You 26 EWIS Inventory of Road Map School Districts - March 2013 Road Map Research


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