Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

How to Be True to Yourself Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "How to Be True to Yourself Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Be True to Yourself Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement I. Reading aloud Read the following sentences aloud, pay special attention to liaison. 1.They understood instinctively that integrity means having a personal standard of morality and ethics that does not sell out to expediency... 2.Self-respect and a clear conscience are components of integrity and are the basis for enriching your relationships with others. 1-1 Section Three: Detailed Reading

2 Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities II. Audiovisual supplements Watch the film episode and then answer the following questions. Questions: 1.Why did all the students stand up? 2.Why didn’t Mr. Nolan’s order work ? Film Episode: Dead Poem Society Answers to the questions for reference: Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1.Because they, believing that Mr. Keating was wronged, tried to defy the stringent school rules. 2. Because the students’ integrity in considering Mr. Keating as a passionately good teacher outweighed Mr. Nolan’s order.

3 Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Todd: Mr. Nolan: Todd: Keating: Mr. Nolan: Todd: Mr. Nolan: Todd: Mr. Nolan: Mr. Keating! They made everybody sign it. Quiet, Mr. Anderson. You gotta believe me. It’s true. I do believe you, Todd. Leave, Mr. Keating. But it wasn’t his fault! Sit down, Mr. Anderson! One more outburst from you or anyone else, and you’re out of this school! Leave, Mr. Keating. I said leave, Mr. Keating. O Captain! My Captain! Sit down, Mr. Anderson! Do you hear me? Sit down! Sit down! This is your final warning, Anderson. How dare you? Do you hear me? Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

4 Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Knox: Mr. Nolan: Keating: O Captain! My Captain! Mr. Overstreet, I warn you! Sit down! Sit down! Sit down. All of you. I want you seated. Sit down. Leave, Mr. Keating. All of you, down. I want you seated. Do you hear me? Sit down! Thank you, boys. Thank you Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

5 Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself ■

6 Text introduction Structural analysis Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading 2-1 The writer realizes the present scarcity and the real importance of integrity. He wants to convince us that only by standing firmly for our convictions in the face of personal pressure, by always giving others credit that is rightfully theirs and by being honest and open about what we really are, can we live a rich life of principle and success. I. Text introduction Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

7 Text introduction Structural analysis Section Two: Global Reading 2-2 II. Structural analysis — — Section Three: Detailed Reading Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Paragraphs the introduction of the Integrity Triad and the examples for each of the three Paragraph 1 the beginning and the writing purpose How to Be True to Yourself — Paragraphs 15 the conclusion of the essay by further explaining what integrity means and what benefit and prospect a life of principle will bring you

8 How to Be True to Yourself Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_S My grandparents believed you were either honest or you weren’t. There was no in between. They had a simple motto hanging on their living room wall: “Life is like a field of newly fallen snow; where I choose to walk every step will show.” They didn’t have to talk about it — they demonstrated the motto by the way they lived. They understood instinctively that integrity means having a personal standard of morality and ethics that does not sell out to expediency and that is not relative to the situation at hand. Integrity is an inner standard for judging your behavior. Unfortunately, integrity is in short supply today — and getting scarcer. But it is the real bottom line in every area of society. And it is something we must demand of ourselves. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

9 A good test for this value is to look at what I call the Integrity Triad, which consists of three key principles: Stand firmly for your convictions in the face of personal pressure. There’s a story told about a surgical nurse’s first day on the medical team at a well known hospital. She was responsible for ensuring that all instruments and materials were accounted for during an abdominal operation. The nurse said to the surgeon, “You’ve only removed 11 sponges, and we used 12. We need to find the last one.” “I removed them all,” the doctor declared. “We’ll close now.” “You can’t do that, sir,” objected the rookie nurse, “Think of the patient.” Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

10 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Smiling, the surgeon lifted his foot and showed the nurse the 12th sponge. “You’ll do just fine in this or any other hospital,” he told her. When you know you are right, you can’t back down. Always give others credit that is rightfully theirs. Don’t be afraid of those who might have a better idea or who might even be smarter than you are. David Ogilvy, founder of the advertising firm Ogilvy & Mather, made this point clear to his newly appointed office heads by sending each a Russian nesting doll with five progressively smaller figures inside. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

11 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_S Section One: Pre-reading Activities His message was contained in the smallest doll: “If each of us hires people who are smaller than we are, we shall become a company of dwarfs. But if each of us hires people who are bigger than we are, Ogilvy & Mather will become a company of giants.” And that is precisely what the company became — one of the largest and most respected advertising organizations in the world. Be honest and open about what you really are. People who lack genuine core values rely on external factors — their looks or status — in order to feel good about themselves. Inevitably they will do everything they can to preserve this facade, but they will do very little to develop their inner value and personal growth. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

12 So be yourself. Don’t engage in a personal cover-up of areas that are unpleasing in your life. When it’s tough, do it tough. In other words, face reality and be adult in your responses to life’s challenges. Self-respect and a clear conscience are powerful components of integrity and are the basis for enriching your relationships with others. Integrity means you do what you do because it’s right and not just fashionable or politically correct. A life of principle, of not succumbing to the seductive sirens of an easy morality, will always win the day. It will take you forward into the 21st century without having to check your tracks in a rearview mirror. My grandparents taught me that. Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

13 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W My grandparents believed you were either honest or you weren’t. There was no in between. They had a simple motto hanging on their living room wall: “Life is like a field of newly fallen snow; where I choose to walk every step will show.” They didn’t have to talk about it — they demonstrated the motto by the way they lived. They understood instinctively that integrity means having a personal standard of morality and ethics that does not sell out to expediency and that is not relative to the situation at hand. Integrity is an inner standard for judging your behavior. Unfortunately, integrity is in short supply today — and getting scarcer. But it is the real bottom line in every area of society. And it is something we must demand of ourselves. Section One: Pre-reading Activities How to Be True to Yourself Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

14 A good test for this value is to look at what I call the Integrity Triad, which consists of three key principles: Stand firmly for your convictions in the face of personal pressure. There’s a story told about a surgical nurse’s first day on the medical team at a well known hospital. She was responsible for ensuring that all instruments and materials were accounted for during an abdominal operation. The nurse said to the surgeon, “You’ve only removed 11 sponges, and we used 12. We need to find the last one.” “I removed them all,” the doctor declared. “We’ll close now.” “You can’t do that, sir,” objected the rookie nurse, “Think of the patient.” Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

15 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Smiling, the surgeon lifted his foot and showed the nurse the 12th sponge. “You’ll do just fine in this or any other hospital,” he told her. When you know you are right, you can’t back down. Always give others credit that is rightfully theirs. Don’t be afraid of those who might have a better idea or who might even be smarter than you are. David Ogilvy, founder of the advertising firm Ogilvy & Mather, made this point clear to his newly appointed office heads by sending each a Russian nesting doll with five progressively smaller figures inside. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

16 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W Section One: Pre-reading Activities His message was contained in the smallest doll: “If each of us hires people who are smaller than we are, we shall become a company of dwarfs. But if each of us hires people who are bigger than we are, Ogilvy & Mather will become a company of giants.” And that is precisely what the company became — one of the largest and most respected advertising organizations in the world. Be honest and open about what you really are. People who lack genuine core values rely on external factors — their looks or status — in order to feel good about themselves. Inevitably they will do everything they can to preserve this facade, but they will do very little to develop their inner value and personal growth. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

17 So be yourself. Don’t engage in a personal cover-up of areas that are unpleasing in your life. When it’s tough, do it tough. In other words, face reality and be adult in your responses to life’s challenges. Self-respect and a clear conscience are powerful components of integrity and are the basis for enriching your relationships with others. Integrity means you do what you do because it’s right and not just fashionable or politically correct. A life of principle, of not succumbing to the seductive sirens of an easy morality, will always win the day. It will take you forward into the 21st century without having to check your tracks in a rearview mirror. My grandparents taught me that. Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

18 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_S-… integrity Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself … integrity means having a personal standard of morality and ethics that does not sell out to expediency and that is not relative to the situation at hand. Paraphrase: … integrity means that one should have a personal standard for judging what is morally right and wrong. He does what he thinks he should do, not what he thinks will help him and his judgment is not affected by any external circumstances. …… 正直诚实意味着拥有道德伦理的个人标准,而这个标准 既不违背要达到的目的也不受现实状况影响。

19 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_S_ But it… Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself But it is the real bottom line in every area of society. Paraphrase: But it is the most important consideration in every social activity and, therefore, you must accept it, even though you may not like it. 可这是社会方方面面真正最基本的东西。

20 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_S_You’ll… Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself “You’ll do just fine in this or nay other hospital,” he told her. Explanation : The word fine is used as an adverb, meaning well, in some conversational expressions. You’ll do just fine in this or any other hospital,” he told her.e.g. That machine works fine if you oil it.e.g.

21 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_S_People who… Section One: Pre-reading Activities People who lack genuine core values rely on external factors… Paraphrase: People who do not have real and fundamental moral principles rely on their looks or status. 缺少真正的核心价值观的人靠外在因素生存。 Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

22 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_S_Don’t engage… Section One: Pre-reading Activities Don’t engage in a personal cover-up of areas that are unpleasing in your life. Paraphrase: Don’t be involved in any attempt of concealing personal unpleasant secrets. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 不要试图掩盖你生命中令人不快的事情。

23 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_S_A life… Section One: Pre-reading Activities A life of principle, of not succumbing to the seductive sirens of an easy morality, will always win the day. Explanation : In ancient Greek literature, a siren was one of the creatures who were half woman and half bird, whose beautiful singing charmed sailors and caused the wreck of their ships. In this sentence, the seductive sirens of an easy morality refers to the lure of the use of methods that bring the most immediate benefits, based on practical rather than moral considerations. We are always tempted to do what we think will help us. However, if we do what we do because we believe it is morally right and not just fashionable or easy to do, we will go through life successfully. 遵守原则的一生和不受诱惑而随波逐流的一生终将是成功的 一生。 Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself

24 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_motto Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself motto n. e.g. “Waste not, want not.” was my mother’s motto. a short sentence or a few words taken as the guiding principle of a person, of a school, of an organization, etc. Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 家训写在门上方。 2 ) 校训是 “ 努力学习,努力玩耍 ” 。 Practice : The family motto is inscribed above the door. The school’s motto was “Work hard and play hard.” e.g. The motto of the university is “Freedom of thought and coexistence of different doctrines.”

25 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_demonstrate1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities demonstrate v. 1)to prove or make clear a fact, esp. by reasoning or providing examples Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. Galileo demonstrated that objects of different weights fall at the same speed. 2) to show or describe clearly e.g. The first-aid instructor demonstrated the correct way to bandage a wound.

26 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_demonstrate2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities demonstration n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Derivation: Practice: Tell the meanings of demonstrate in the following sentences: 1)Hitchcock’s films demonstrated that a British filmmaker could learn from Hollywood. 2) They will demonstrate how to handle modern, high performance cars. to show or prove something clearly to show or describe how to do something or how something works Key:

27 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_instinctively1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities instinctively adv. in a way resulting from instinct, without having to think about it Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. Instinctively, I knew that she was ill. instinct n. instinctive adj. Derivation: e.g. He ducked instinctively as the bullet whistled past his head.

28 2) Animals have a natural for survival. 3) He’s considered a smart, politician. 1) He knew that she would not forgive him. instinct instinctive instinctively _______ _________ __________ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_instinctively2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Fill in the blanks with instinct, instinctive or instinctively:

29 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_integrity1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities integrity n. 1) strength and firmness of character or principle; honesty or trustworthiness Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. He is respected and admired as a man of great integrity. 2) a state of being whole and undivided; completeness e.g. Our integrity as a nation is threatened by the separatist forces at home and foreign intervention.

30 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_integrity2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself integration n. integrated adj. Derivation: Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 格林先生的正直是不容质疑的。 2 ) 完善的公共交通系统可以提升城市人的生活质量。 Mr. Green’s integrity is unquestioned. An integrated public transport system can raise people’s living quality in cities.

31 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_morality1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities morality n. rightness or honesty of behavior, of an action, etc. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. Anyone who carried out such an attack obviously has no morality whatsoever. morally adv. moral adj. moralize v. moralist n. Derivation: morale, ethic morale: the level of confidence and positive feelings that people have, especially people who work together, who belong to the same team, etc. ethic: a general idea or belief that influences people’s behavior and attitudes Comparison:

32 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_morality2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 我认为我们应该对禁止难民进入的道德性加以置疑。 2) 胜利总是对提高士气大有好处。 I think we should question the morality of turning away refugees. A win is always good for morale.

33 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_ethics1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities ethics n. moral rules or principles of behavior governing a person or group Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. They delivered a report on the ethics of gene therapy. ethics, ethnic ethics: n. moral rules or principles of behavior for deciding what is right and wrong ethnic: adj. relating to a particular race, nation, or tribe and their customs and traditions Comparison:

34 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_ethics2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentence into English: 他的这一决定是否符合道德规范值得怀疑。 The ethics of his decision are doubtful.

35 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_sell out1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities sell out to be disloyal or unfaithful to one’s principles or friends, esp. for money Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. They sold us out after they’ve got what they wanted. sell (somebody) out, sell (something) up, sell (something) off sell (somebody) out: 1)to change your beliefs or principles, especially in order to get more money or some other advantage (used to show disapproval) 2) if a shop sells out of something, it has no more of that particular thing left to sell sell (something) up: to sell most of what you own, especially your house or your business sell (something) off: to sell something, especially for a cheap price, because you need the money or because you want to get rid of it Comparison:

36 1) We try to any leftover cakes before we close. 2) Liz decided to and move abroad. 3) We’ve completely of those shirts in your size, sir. sell off sell up sold out ______ _______ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_sell out2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Fill in the blanks with sell out, sell up or sell off in their proper forms:

37 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_expediency1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities expediency n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. The governor vetoed this bill out of political expediency rather than principle. what is useful or necessary to do in a particular situation, even if it is morally wrong expedient adj. Derivation: e.g. These are not politics of honest principle; they are politics of political expediency.

38 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_expediency2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 )我们将采取非原则性的权宜行动。 2 ) 他会继续在有利于军方的基础上做出他的大多数决定。 We are going to take actions that were expedient rather than principled. He would continue to make most of his decisions on the basis of military expediency.

39 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_at hand1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities at hand Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. When he writes, he always keeps a dictionary close at hand. 1) near in place e.g. Recent economic performance suggests that a major crisis is at hand. 2) likely to happen soon in hand, by hand, on hand in hand: in one’s possession and available for use by hand: done or made by a person rather than a machine on hand: close by and ready when needed Comparison:

40 1) We had to wash our clothes. 2) Our staff are always to help. 3) He lives close. 4) I still have some money. by hand on hand at hand in hand _______ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_at hand2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Fill in the blanks with in hand, by hand, on hand or at hand:

41 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_inner1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities inner adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. She can’t help speaking out her inner feelings. of the mind or spirit Translate the following sentences into English: 1 )我不得不靠我内心的力量来忍受住这些流言。 2 ) 他从不显露内心的任何疑惑。 I’ve had to rely on my inner strength to weather the rumors. If he has any inner doubts, he doesn’t show them. Practice:

42 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_in short supply1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities in short supply Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. Gasoline was in short supply after the war. scarce or not enough e.g. If fresh water is in short supply, all creatures will die.

43 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_in short supply2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 我们必须节约紧缺的能源。 2 )洪灾地区食品供应短缺。 We must save energy that has already been in short supply. Food in flooded areas is in short supply.

44 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_scarce1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities scarce adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g.Food was often scarce in winter. if something is scarce, there is not very much of it available scarcity n. scarcely adv. Derivation: make oneself scarce Collocation:

45 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_scarce2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 对稀有资源的争夺激烈。 2 ) 医疗物资供应的短缺正在加剧。 There was fierce competition for the scarce resources. The scarcity of medical supplies was becoming critical.

46 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_demand of1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities demand of Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. It seemed that no matter what she did, more was demanded of her. to need or require in order to be successful demand something of somebody Collocation:

47 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-2_W_demand of2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 有些家长对他们的孩子要求太多。 2 ) 从个人职责的角度上讲,你还要我做些什么? Some parents demand too much of their children. In terms of personal duties, what else do you demand of me?

48 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_triad Section One: Pre-reading Activities triad n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself a group of three closely related things e.g. The Hong Kong police special triad squad responded with pressure of its own, according to McNicol. Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 在他身后是牧师三人组。 2 ) 三根柱子一起支撑起很重的屋顶 Behind him are three priests triad. The triad columns support the heavy roof.

49 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ principle1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities principle n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself a truth or belief that is accepted as a base for reasoning or action e.g. He’s got no principles at all! principal adj. principal n. principal adj. most important principal n. (American English) someone who is in charge of a school Comparison: e.g. In this way, the principle of induction is justified.

50 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ principle2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 他为了赚钱不择手段,毫无原则。 2 ) 他曾在一所只有三位教师和一位校长的小学校里就读。 He’ll do anything to make money. The man has no principles. He studied in a small school with just three teachers and the principal.

51 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ stand for1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities stand for Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) to have as a set of aims or principles; to support e.g.It’s hard to tell what the party stands for these days. stand by, stand out, stand in stand by: not to do anything to help someone or prevent something from happening stand out: to be much better than other similar people or things stand in: to temporarily do someone else’s job or take their place Comparison: 2) to be a sign or short form of; to represent; to mean e.g.What does ATM stand for?

52 1) That day still as the greatest day in my life. 2) Would you mind for me for a while? 3) I don’t think we even knew what the O ; perhaps he lied about it. 4) I’m not going to and see her hurt. stands out standing in stood for stand by _________ __________ ________ _______ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ stand for2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Fill in the blanks with stand for; stand by; stand out; stand in in their proper forms:

53 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ conviction1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities conviction n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) a very firm and sincere belief e.g.They have a deep conviction that marriage is for life. 2) a decision in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime, or the process of proving that someone is guilty e.g. They had no previous convictions. e.g. The students possess the conviction that they can make a difference to their community. e.g.Applicants are checked for criminal convictions.

54 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ conviction2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: carry conviction; conviction for a crime Collocation: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 他因酒后驾车被判有罪。 2 ) 美国人坚信,只要努力工作,任何人都可以变得富有。 He got a conviction for driving while drunk. Americans held the conviction that anyone could become rich if they worked hard.

55 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ in the face of1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities in the face of Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself in spite of; against e.g. It is amazing how he has survived in the face of such strong opposition from within the party. Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 最了不起的是他在没有什么经验的情况下表现出的冷静。 2) 他们在巨大的困难面前是无助的。 The most remarkable of all is his coolness in the face of massive inexperience. They are vulnerable in the face of severe difficulties.

56 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ surgical Section One: Pre-reading Activities surgical adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself relating to or used for medical operations e.g. They need other surgical instruments. He needs a surgical operation after a car accident. surgeon n.Derivation: Practice: Translate the following sentences into Chinese: 1) This operation demand professional surgical skills of a doctor. 2) She wasn’t a dental surgeon. 医生得有专业的外科技术才能做这个手术。 她不是口腔科医生。

57 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ ensure1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities ensure v. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself to make it certain that something will happen properly e.g. The hospital tries to ensure that people are seen quickly. assure, insure, guarantee assure: to tell someone that something will definitely happen or is definitely true so that they are less worried (to assure somebody of something / to assure somebody that…) insure: to guarantee monetary compensation in case of loss guarantee: 1) to promise to do something or to promise that something will happen 2) to promise that you will pay back money that someone else has borrowed, if they do not pay it back themselves Comparison: e.g. All the necessary steps had been taken to ensure their safety.

58 3) We the instrument for five thousand dollars. 1) The use of a spectroscope us of a high level of accuracy. 2) The operator must that Valves A and B are never open at the same time. a b a ___ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ ensure2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Please choose the best answers from the four choices: a. assured b. insured c. ensured a. insured b. ensured c. assured a. insure b. ensure c. assure

59 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ account for1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities account for Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) to give or be a satisfactory explanation for e.g.Can you account for your movements that night? 2) to form a particular amount or part of something e.g. Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population.

60 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ account for2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 高等教育约占总消费量的 13 %。 2 ) 他的行为可以解释一切。 Higher education accounts for about 13 percent of general fund expenditures. His behavior accounts for everything.

61 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ abdominal1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities abdominal adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself of a part of your body between your chest and legs which contains your stomach , bowels, etc. e.g.They can not put up abdominal pains any more. abdomen n.Derivation: Practice: Translate the following sentence into English: 腹部肥胖是女人们的困扰之一。 One of the obsessing troubles for women is abdominal obesity.

62 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ surgeon1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities surgeon n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself a doctor whose job is to perform medical operations e.g. A famous brain surgeon came up from Boston and operated on him for three hours. surgery n. surgical adj. Derivation: e.g. Jennie had to go to see a dental surgeon because she had a seriously decayed tooth.

63 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ surgeon2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 显然,外科医生的工作很辛苦。 2) 这个医院里没有一个心脏外科医生可以做这个手术。 The surgeon apparently did a very hard job. None of the heart surgeons in this hospital can conduct this operation.

64 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ sponge Section One: Pre-reading Activities sponge n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1)a simple sea creature from which natural sponge is produced e.g. Use a sponge to clean up the excess water. 2) a piece of a sponge, or of a similar artificial substance made from rubber, which can suck up and hold water and is usually used for washing

65 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ declare1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities declare v. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself to state officially and publicly that a particular situation exists or that something is true e.g. A majority of Republicans declared their support for the bill. declaration n. declared adj. declarative adj. Derivation: e.g.A state of emergency has been declared.

66 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ declare2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 最后,医生宣布这个人已经死亡。 2 )总统宣告战争结束。 Finally, the doctor declared that the man was dead. The President declared the end of the war.

67 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-6_W_ rookie Section One: Pre-reading Activities rookie n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself somebody who is new to and has no experience of an activity, esp. a new soldier or policeman e.g.Don’t be too hard on the guy, he’s just a rookie.

68 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_back down1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities back down Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself to admit that you are wrong or that you have lost an argument e.g. Both sides have refused to back down. back up, back away, back off back up: to provide support or help for someone or something back away: to move backwards and away from something, especially because you are frightened back off: to stop telling someone what to do, or stop criticizing them, especially so that they can deal with something themselves Comparison: e.g. The speaker’s forceful words persuaded his opponent to back down.

69 back up Back off backed away 2), Marc! Let me run my own life! 1) When you write a history essay, you should all your points with facts. 3) We slowly from the rattle snake. _______ ________ ___________ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_back down2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Fill in the blanks with back up, back away, back off or back down:

70 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_credit1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities credit n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1)approval or praise given to somebody because of something they have done e.g. Credit for this win goes to everybody in the team. 2)an arrangement with a shop, bank, etc. that allows you to buy something and pay for it later e.g. Fifty-six percent of the new cars were bought on credit. credit for something be in credit Collocation: e.g. What’s the credit limit on your Visa card? e.g. They never give Gene any credit for all the extra work he does.

71 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_ credit 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself a) credit account 1. 赊销 b) credit card 2. 导演和制片人等的名单 c) credit line 3. 赊购账 d) credit sale 4. 信用卡 Practice: Match the English phrases with their Chinese meanings: creditor n. credibility n. credible adj. Derivation: a) 3 b) 4 c) 2 d) 1Key:

72 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_rightfully1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities rightfully adv. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself in accordance with what is just right or legally correct e.g. I’m only claiming what is rightfully mine. rightly, righteous, rightist, rightful rightly : adv. correctly or for a good reason righteous : adj. considered to be correct or justifiable rightist : adj. supporting right-wing ideas or groups rightful : adj. according to what is correct or what should be done legally or morally Comparison: e.g. We live in our rightfully owned house.

73 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_rightfully2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 我会把钱物归原主的。 2 ) 我说不准那天到底是星期二还是星期三。 I’ll return the money to its rightful owner. I can’t rightly say whether it was Tuesday or Wednesday.

74 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_appoint1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities appoint v. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1)to choose for a position or job e.g. He’s been appointed to the State Supreme Court. 2) to arrange or decide a time or place for something to happen e.g. Everyone assembled in the hall at the appointed time. appointment n. appointed adj. Derivation: e.g. A committee was appointed to consider the plans. e.g.The committee appointed a day in June for celebrations.

75 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_appoint2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: appoint (somebody) as something appoint somebody to do something appoint somebody to something Collocation: Paraphrase the following sentences: 1)O’Connell was appointed as chairman. 2) They appointed him to catch all the rats here. 3) Everyone assembled in the hall at the appointed time. O’Connell was chosen to be the chairman.Key: They gave the job of catching all the rats here to him.Key: Everyone gathered together in the hall at the time that was pre-arranged. Key:

76 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_a Russian Section One: Pre-reading Activities a Russian nesting doll Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself A Russian nesting doll in the text figuratively shows that a company must hire people bigger than people they have now so as to be an ever-increasing company. Paraphrase: a set of dolls that are similar in design but different in size and have been made for each to fit inside another that is one size larger

77 2) As the meeting (progressively, progress), Jack became more and more bored. 1) The (progressive, progress) increase in population has made great impact on the city’s economic development. progressed progressive __________ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-10_W_progressively1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities progressively adv. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself a little at a time; gradually e.g. The situation became progressively worse. progressive adj. progress n. progression n. Derivation: Practice: Choose the correct words from the brackets to fill in the blanks in their proper forms:

78 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_dwarf1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities dwarf n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself a person, animal, or plant of much less than the usual size e.g.“Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” is my favorite fairy tale. giantAntonym: Practice: 1) The cathedral is dwarfed by the surrounding skyscrapers. 2) The ship came slowly into the harbor, dwarfing all the surrounding boats. The cathedral seems very small and short compared with its surrounding skyscrapers. Key: Compared with the ship which came slowly into the harbour, all the surrounding boats seemed very small. Key: If dwarf is used as a verb, can you guess what it means? Try to paraphrase the following sentences in which dwarf is used as a verb:

79 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_giant1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities giant n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) a person who is much bigger and taller than average people e.g.A basketball team usually has several giants. dwarfAntonym: 2) a person of great ability e.g.Shakespeare is a giant among writers.

80 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_ giant 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 这些 IT 业巨头生意做得很好。 2 ) 森林里发现了巨人的脚印。 These giants in IT industry are doing very well. Giant’s footprints were discovered in the forest.

81 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_core1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities core adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself (the values or beliefs) that are most important to someone e.g. It is not quite easy to fully understand the core value of a country. core n. core v. Derivation:

82 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_core2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: 1) The government will discuss what they say are the core issues of education and health care. 2) Core the apple and cut it into slices. 3) She had the ability to cut through to the core of a problem. adj. the basic and most important of something Key: v. to remove the centre from a fruitKey: Tell whether the word core is a verb or a noun, and try to guess the meaning of core in the following sentences: n. the most important or central part of somethingKey:

83 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_rely on1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities rely on Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) to trust or depend on someone or something to do what you need or expect them to do e.g.I knew I could rely on David. 2) to depend on something in order to continue to live or exist e.g. For its income, the company relies heavily on only a few contracts. e.g. Many working women rely on relatives to help take care of their children. e.g.They have to rely on the river for their water.

84 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_rely on2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself reliable adj. reliance n. reliant adj. Derivation: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 我想我能来,但不确定。 2 ) 你可以依靠我的帮助。 I think I can come, but don’t rely on it. You may rely on me to help you. Practice:

85 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_external1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities external adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) outward; relating to the outside of something or of a person’s body e.g. The medicine is for external use. 2) relating to your environment or situation, rather than to your own ideas, qualities, etc. e.g.This newspaper doesn’t pay enough attention to external affairs. internalAntonym: exterior exterior: on the outside of something Comparison:

86 1) The (exterior) walls are all painted white. 2) They took him into the (external) corridor. interior internal _______ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_external2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Use the antonyms of the given words to fill in the blanks:

87 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_status1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities status n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) one’s social or professional rank or position, considered in relation to other people e.g. Doctors have traditionally enjoyed high social status. 2) a situation at a particular time, especially in an argument, discussion, etc. e.g.What’s the status of the trade talks? e.g.Some people can only get low-status jobs.

88 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_status2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself statue, stature, statute statue: an image of a person or animal that is made in solid material such as stone or metal and is usually large stature: 1) the degree to which someone is admired or regarded as important 2) someone’s height or size statute: 1) a law passed by a parliament, council, etc. and formally written down 2) a formal rule of an institution or organization Comparison:

89 1) College forbid drinking on campus. 2) Her family name gave her in the group. 3) A bronze was erected in his honor. 4) Bernard was short in, with a large head. statute status statue stature ______ _____ ______ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_status3 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Fill in the blanks with statue, stature, statute or status in their proper forms:

90 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_inevitably1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities inevitably adv. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself being certain to happen; unavoidably e.g. The decision will inevitably lead to political tensions. inevitable adj. inevitability n. Derivation: e.g. Inevitably, the situation did not please everyone.

91 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_inevitably2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 )如此糟糕的经济状况不可避免地会引起更多犯罪。 2 )一场争论将不可避免,因为他们彼此都非常讨厌对方。 Such bad economic conditions inevitably lead to more crime. An argument will inevitably happen because they disliked each other so much.

92 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_preserve1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities preserve v. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) to make something continue without changing e.g.It is the responsibility of the police to preserve the peace. 2) to save something or someone from being harmed or destroyed e.g. We must encourage the planting of new trees and preserve our existing woodlands. e.g. Norma tried to preserve a normal family life in difficult circumstances.

93 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_preserve2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself reserve, protect, conserve reserve:1) to arrange for a place in a hotel, restaurant, plane, etc. to be kept for you to use at a particular time in the future 2) to keep something so that it can be used by a particular person or for a particular purpose protect: to keep someone or something safe from harm, damage, or illness conserve: 1) to protect something and prevent it from changing or being damaged 2) to use as little water, energy, etc. as possible so that it is not wasted Comparison: preservation n. preserve n. preservative adj. Derivation:

94 1)Do you have to tickets in advance? a. preserve b. reserve c. protect 2)We must our woodlands for future generations. a. conserve b. reserve c. protect 3)As a family, we want to the traditions of Jewish culture and religion. a. protect b. reserve c. preserve b a c ___ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_preserve3 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Choose the best answers:

95 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text11-12_W_façade Section One: Pre-reading Activities facade n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself 1) the front of a building, especially a large and important one e.g. We had a close look at the façade of the cathedral. 2) a way of behaving that hides your real feelings e.g. Behind her cheerful facade, she’s a really lonely person. e.g. This is an impressive building with a red brick facade. e.g. She managed to maintain a facade of bravery.

96 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_engage in1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities engage in Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself to be doing or become involved in an activity e.g. Only 10% of the American adults engage in regular exercise. engage somebody as something engage with somebody Collocation:

97 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_engage in2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 他说那两个教授讨在讨论光的特性,争论越来越激烈。 2 ) 虽然她病了,她仍很积极地参与政策制定。 He says that the two Professors have become engaged in an increasingly hot debate on the nature of light. Despite her illness, she remains actively engaged in shaping policy.

98 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_cover-up1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities cover-up n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g.He accused the government of a cover-up. cover-up for something Collocation: an attempt to prevent something dishonorable or criminal from being publicly known e.g. Some people suspect that government officials were involved in a cover-up of the incident.

99 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_cover-up2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 )如果不举行公开会议,人们会怀疑有隐情。 2 ) 他怀疑她隐瞒实情。 People will suspect a cover-up if a public meeting is not held. He suspected that she has a cover-up of the truth.

100 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_challenge1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities challenge n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. The company is ready to meet the challenges of the next few years. challenge of something; challenge for something; face / take on / accept a challenge Collocation: 1)something that tests strength, skill, or ability, especially in a way that is interesting e.g.The stranger was met with a challenge at the town gates. 2) a demand usually by a guard, to stop and prove who you are and what you are doing

101 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_challenge2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: challenge v. challenging adj. challenged adj. Derivation: 1) a challenge for the championship 2) His new book is full of challenging ideas. a competition to win the championship Key: His new book is full of ideas that can cause competitive, interesting action or thought. Key: Paraphrase the following phrases or sentences:

102 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_conscience1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities conscience n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. I can face them all with a clear conscience. conscious, conscientious conscious: adj. noticing or realizing something conscientious: adj. thorough and diligent in performing a task Comparison: 1) one’s own feeling about whether what one is doing is right or wrong e.g.I can felt a pang of conscience at having misjudged her. 2) a guilty feeling that you have about something bad you have done e.g. He was a man of strong social conscience. e.g.They’ve no conscience at all about cheating.

103 1)He was capable of making the most ruthless decisions with no apparent pangs of. a. conscience b. conscientious c. conscious 2)A worker seldom makes mistakes. a. conscience b. conscientious c. conscious Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_conscience2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: have no conscience about something Collocation: Choose the best answers: a b ___

104 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_enrich1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities enrich v. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. Add fertilizer to enrich the soil. Education can greatly enrich your life. be enriched with something Collocation: 1)to improve the quality of something, especially by adding things to it e.g. The discovery of oil will enrich the nation. 2) to make someone richer

105 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_enrich2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1 ) 这盘菜加了奶油,好吃多了。 2 ) 读书可以丰富我的人生。 This dish is enriched with cream. Reading books can enrich my life. enrichment n. Derivation:

106 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_succumb1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities succumb v. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. We will never succumb to the enemies. succumb to something Collocation: 1)to stop opposing someone or something that is stronger than you, and allow them to take control e.g. About 400,000 Americans succumb each year to smoking- related illnesses. 2) if you succumb to an illness, you become very ill or die of it e.g. Lewis succumbed to cancer in e.g. He succumbed to her persuasion.

107 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_succumb2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: 1) He succumbed to persuasion. 2) She succumbed to the illness. Persuaded by others, he gave up. Key: She died of the illness.Key: Paraphrase the following sentences:

108 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_seductive1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities seductive adj. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself e.g. The seductive power of advertising catches the attention of lots of people. 1) something that is seductive is very interesting or attractive to you, in a way that persuades you to do something you would not usually do e.g. She used all of her seductive charm to try to persuade him. 2) someone, especially a woman, who is seductive is sexually attractive e.g. This company gave a seductive offer of higher pay. e.g.He heard a woman’s seductive voice.

109 1) I was young and ( seductive, seduced, seducing) by New York. 2) She smiled (seducing, seductively, seductive) at him across the table. seduced seductively _______ _________ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_seductive2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Choose proper words to fill in the blanks: seduce v. seductively adv. seduction n. Derivation:

110 Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_win the day1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities win the day Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself win through; win somebody over win through: to succeed, especially after some time or difficulties win somebody over: to get someone’s support or friendship by persuading them or being nice to them Comparison: to be successful; to have the victory

111 1)We’ll be working hard over the next ten days to win (over, out, through) the undecided voters. 2) As in most of his films, it’s the good guys who win (out, over, through) in the end. over through ____ _______ Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text13-15_W_win the day2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement How to Be True to Yourself Practice: Choose the best prepositions to fill in the blanks:

112 How to Be True to Yourself Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFour Vocabulary analysis I. Word comparison II. Word practice III. Phrase practice Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises

113 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_1 Word comparison Group 1: A. choose B. pick C. select D. elect Explanation: Choose means to decide what you want from a range of things or possibilities. A. e.g.Danny, come here and choose your ice cream. B. e.g. Pick a card from the pack. Pick means to take some things and leave others. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

114 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_2 Explanation: C. e.g. There was a choice of four prizes, and the winner could select one of them. Elect means to decide on or choose, especially to choose a person for an official position, by voting. D. e.g. The government is elected for a five-year term of office. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Select means to choose by thinking carefully. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 1: A. choose B. pick C. select D. elect

115 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_3 Group 2: A. demonstrate B. show C. express D. display Explanation: Demonstrate means to show or prove something clearly. A. e.g. These figures clearly demonstrate the size of the economic problem facing the country. B. e.g. On this map, urban areas are shown in grey. Show means to make it possible for something to be seen. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

116 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_4 Explanation: C. e.g. I would like to express my thanks for your kindness. D. e.g. The British traditionally tend not to display much emotion in public. Display means to arrange something or a collection of things so that they can be seen by the public or to show a feeling or attitude. Express means to tell or show what you are feeling or thinking by using words, looks, or actions. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 2: A. demonstrate B. show C. express D. display

117 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_4 Explanation: C. e.g. I would like to express my thanks for your kindness. D. e.g. The British traditionally tend not to display much emotion in public. Display means to arrange something or a collection of things so that they can be seen by the public or to show a feeling or attitude. Express means to tell or show what you are feeling or thinking by using words, looks, or actions. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 2: A. demonstrate B. show C. express D. display

118 Vocabulary analysis Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_7 Group 3: A. inside B. inner C. within Explanation: A. e.g. He took a close look at the inside pocket of his jacket. Inside means in or facing the inner part of something. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

119 Vocabulary analysis Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_8 Explanation: B. e.g. Yoga gives me a sense of inner calm. C. e.g. The invading troops came within 50 miles of Paris. Inner thoughts or feelings are ones that you feel strongly but do not always show to other people. Within means less than a certain distance from a particular place. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 3: A. inside B. inner C. within

120 Vocabulary analysis Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_9 Group 4: A. act B. action C. behavior D. deed Explanation: A. e.g. The new president’s first act should be to end the war. B. e.g. Her prompt actions probably saved my life. Action means something that someone does. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Act means one thing that you do. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

121 Vocabulary analysis Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_10 Explanation: C. e.g. The headmaster will not tolerate bad behavior. D. e.g.After the morning’s good deeds he deserved a rest. Deed means something someone does, especially something that is very good or very bad. Behavior means the things that a person or animal does. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 4: A. act B. action C. behavior D. deed

122 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_11 Group 5: A. rare B. scarce C. short D. few Explanation: A. e.g. This species of plant is becoming increasingly rare. B. e.g. Food was often scarce in the winter. Rare means not seen or found very often, or not happening very often. If something is scarce, there is not very much of it available. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

123 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_12 Explanation: C. e.g. We are short of bread. D. e.g. There were few people survived in the air crash. Few means a small number of things or people. If you are short of something, you do not have enough of it. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 5: A. rare B. scarce C. short D. few

124 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_13 Group 6: A. main B. chiefC. key D. major Explanation: A. e.g. As long as you’re not hurt, that’s the main thing. B. e.g. He was recently appointed chief economist at the Bank of Scotland. Chief means the highest in rank. The main thing is used to say what is the most important thing in a situation. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

125 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_14 Explanation: C. e.g. Auto manufacturing is one of the key industries in this country. D. e.g. The government’s major concern is with preventing accidents on the roads. Key means very important or necessary. Major means very large or important, when compared to other things or people of a similar kind. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 6: A. main B. chiefC. key D. major

126 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_15 Group 7: A. promise B. ensure C. assure D. declare Explanation: A. e.g. She promised to do all she can to help. B. e.g.The book ensured his success. Promise means to tell someone that you will definitely do or provide something or that something will happen. Ensure means to make certain that something will happen properly. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

127 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_16 Explanation: C. e.g. Her doctor has assured us that she’ll be fine. D. e.g. A state of emergency has been declared. Declare means to state officially and publicly that a particular situation exists or that something is true. Assure means to tell someone that something will definitely happen or is definitely true so that they are less worried. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Group 7: A. promise B. ensure C. assure D. declare

128 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_1 Word practice Rephrase each of the following sentences with the words given in the brackets. Do not change this word in any way. Answer: Fish for breakfast is not to everyone’s taste. Example: Fish for breakfast doesn’t appeal to everyone. (taste) Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 1.The agent said it is a magnificent, eighteenth-century mansion. (described) Key:The agent described it as a magnificent, eighteenth-century mansion.

129 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_2 Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 2. We were just going to bed when the earthquake happened. (point) Key:We were on the point of going to bed when the earthquake happened. Key:Tony bought Stella a necklace to make up for not having a holiday with her. 3. Tony bought Stella a necklace as a compensation for not having a holiday with her. (make)

130 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_3 Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 4. The doctor says that Stanley’s liver will be all right now, unless he starts drinking again. (provided) Key:The doctor says that Stanley’s liver will be all right now, provided he doesn’t start drinking again. Key:The stories he tells about his war experiences are beyond belief. 5. The stories he tells about his war experiences are unbelievable. (beyond) Key:How fast is one allowed to go on this motorway? 6. What speed is allowed on this motorway? (how)

131 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_1 Phrase practice 1. at hand Explanation: 1) Recent economic performance suggests that a major crisis is at hand. 最近的经济表现预示着一场大的经济危机即将爆发。 likely to happen soon; close to you and available to be used; needing to be dealt with now Examples: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

132 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_1 2) Your big moment is at hand. 你的重大时刻即将到来。 3) We must face the disaster at hand. 我们必须面对即将到来的灾难。 Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

133 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_2 2. in short supply 1) Gasoline was in short supply after the war. 战后汽油供应短缺。 2) These goods are in short supply: the price will be high. 这些商品现供应不足, 价格会上涨。 Examples: 3) We’d better import this product that is in short supply in domestic market. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement 我们最好进口这种国内市场正紧缺的产品。 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Explanation: difficult to find or obtain; not enough

134 1) It seemed that no matter what she did, more was demanded of her. 好像不管她做了什么,别人总是要她做更多。 耐心是我们必须要求自己做到的。 Examples: 我们对别人要求太多,而对自己要求太少。 3) We demand much of others, while demand little of ourselves. 2) Patience is something we must demand of ourselves. Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_3 3. demand (something ) of somebody Explanation: to require (or to need) (somebody) to have or do something Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

135 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_4 4. stand firmly for Explanation: 1) He joined a party that stands firmly for racial tolerance. 他加入了坚持种族间互谅互让原则的政党。 to be insistent on / insist on / stick to 2) Stand firmly for your own belief, and you will win finally. 坚持你自己的信念,你最终会取胜的。 Examples: 在双边关系上,我们应该坚持互惠互利的原则。 3) In terms of bilateral relationship, we should stand firmly for the principle of mutual benefit. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

136 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_5 5. in the face of something Explanation: 1) Small grocery stores are not going out of business in the face of stiff competition from the large supermarket chains. 小杂货店在面临来自大超市连锁店的严酷竞争时仍不会倒闭。 in a situation where there are many problems, difficulties, or dangers 2) How could he win in the face of such united opposition? 面对着这样联合一致的反对,他怎么会胜利? Examples: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 3) He succeeded in the face of great danger. 虽然面临极大的危险,但他仍然成功了。

137 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_6 6. give somebody credit Explanation: 1) You never gave me proper credit. 你从未给过我恰当的评价。 to recognize and praise others’ achievements justly 2) Although the invention was mine, I was given no credit for it. 虽然这是我发明的,我并没有得到(应有的)荣誉。 Examples: 适时而褒扬。 3) Credit is given where credit is due. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

138 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_7 7. be oneself Explanation: 1) Don’t try too hard, just be yourself. 不要太苛求了,该怎么样就怎么样吧。 to behave in a way that is natural, or normal 2) Sorry —— I’m not myself this morning. 对不起,今天早上我有点失态。 Examples: 在舞台上请放松,别紧张。 3) Please relax and be yourself on the stage. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

139 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G Grammar exercises I. The imperative sentences II. The tag questions for imperative sentences III. The degree of politeness in imperative sentences Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Ⅳ. Subject complements

140 The imperative sentences express commands, orders, requests, advice, persuasion, warning and prohibitions. The subject of an imperative sentence is seldom expressed. The imperative sentence include the second person imperative, the first person imperative and the third person imperative. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_I_1 The imperative sentences Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

141 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the second The second person imperative 1) It has the same form as the infinitive without to. To form the negative, we put do not (don’t) before the verb. 2) The person addressed is usually not mentioned, but can be expressed by a noun placed at the end of the sentence. The pronoun you is rarely used unless the speaker wants to be rude. 3) Do can be placed before the affirmative imperative to form an emphatic structure. This do could be persuasive, but it could also express irritation. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

142 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the second _This has Hurry! Wait! Stop! Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

143 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the second _For the Don’t hurry! Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

144 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the second _The person Eat your dinner, boys. Be quiet, Tom. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

145 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the second _do can Do hurry. Do be quiet. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

146 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_The first The first person imperative Form: let us (let’s) + infinitive without to To form the negative we normally put not before the infinitive. By using let’s the speaker can urge his hearers to act in a certain way, express a decision which they are expected to accept, or express a suggestion. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

147 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the first _let us Let’s wait for Bill. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

148 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the first _For the negative Let’s not tell anyone. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

149 The third person imperative Form: let him / her / it / them + infinitive without to, had better + infinitive without to, must + infinitive without to To form the negative, we normally put not before the infinitive. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_The third Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

150 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the third _let him Let them go by train. They had better go by train. They must go by train. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

151 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_popwin_ the third _For the They had better not go by train. They must not go by train. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

152 Explain the functions of the following imperative sentences. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_I_p_1 Practice 1. You wait here for a moment. Explanation: You is the person addressed. This sentence tells you to wait. 2. Let this be a new start for us. Explanation: This is a third person imperative sentence, which expresses our wish. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Key:Giving instruction. Key:Expressing a wish.

153 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_I_p_2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 3. Nobody say a word! Explanation: Nobody is the pronoun addressed. This sentence tells all the people present to keep silent. 4. Do come in. Explanation: Do is used here to form an emphatic structure. This is the second person imperative sentence which means to let somebody in. Key:Giving an order. Key:Inviting.

154 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_I_p_3 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 5. Watch out! Explanation: This is a second person imperative sentence, which means to be alert about the near dangers. 6. Do not pick the flowers! Explanation: This is a second person imperative sentence, which means to prevent people from picking the flowers. Key:Warning. Key:Expressing forbiddance.

155 Rewrite the following using the imperative. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_I_p_4 1. You should take a break. Explanation: The subject of the sentence, you, shows that the sentence can be rewritten into a second person imperative sentence. 2. I suggest we not stay here any longer. Explanation: This sentence expresses my suggestion to all of us, so this sentence can be written into a first person imperative sentence. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Key:Take a break. Key:Let’s not stay here any longer.

156 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_I_p_5 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 3. Would you like to have another biscuit? Explanation: The question actually gives a piece of suggestion that you take another piece of biscuit, so we can put it into a second person imperative sentence. 4. You’d better go and buy yourself a new pair of shoes. Explanation: Since the subject of this sentence is you, which is the person addressed, we can put the sentence into a second person imperative sentence. Key:Have another biscuit, please. Key:Go and buy yourself a new pair of shoes.

157 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_The question tag for imperative sentences_1 The tag questions for imperative sentences Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself The imperative sentence with Let’s as the beginning has the tag shall we, which implies a suggestion. e.g. Let’s have a meeting, shall we? Let’s go home now, shall we? The imperative sentence with Let us as the beginning has the tag will you, which implies a request. e.g. Let us read the text, will you? Let us go home now, will you?

158 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The question…2 e.g. Open the window, will you? Wait for me, can you? Lend me this book, could you? e.g. Don’t forget to post the letter, will you? Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself The imperative sentences with verbs as the beginning have the tag will you, or would you, won’t you, can you, could you, can’t you in order to show politeness. For negative imperatives, we could only use will you as the tag. e.g. Let me do it for you, may I? Let me have a rest, will you? For those imperatives with Let me as its beginning, we can use will you or may I as the tag.

159 1. Stop whistling, ? 2. Don’t turn the lights on, ? will / won’t / can’t you will you ___________________ _______ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The question…3 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Add a question tag to the following statements. Practice Explanation: This is a second person imperative with a verb as its beginning. Explanation: This is a negative imperative sentence.

160 3. Let’s go to the movies, ? 4. Post this for me, ? shall we would / could / can you _______ ____________________ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The question…4 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Explanation: Let’s shows a kind of suggestion. Explanation: This is an imperative sentence that shows request.

161 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The degree…1 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself The degree of politeness in imperative sentences To show respect and politeness, most people use modal expressions when making requests. These modal expressions are more polite than an imperative sentence with a verb as its beginning.

162 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The degree_pop Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Will you...? Would you...? Would you please...? Could you (please)...? Could you possibly...? Would you kindly...? Would you mind (doing)...? Would you be so kind as to...? Will you open the door for me? Would you open the door for me? Would you please open the door (for me)? Could you (please) open the door? Could you possibly open the door? Would you kindly open the door? Would you mind opening the door? Would you be so kind as to open the door?

163 1. Can you give me a glass of water? 2. Do you have a glass of water? 3. A glass of water. 4. I want a glass of water. 5. Give me a glass of water. 6. Could you give me a glass of water? 7. I’d like a glass of water. 8. I’ll have a glass of water. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The degree… _2 Practice Arrange the following sentences according to the degree of politeness. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself From the least polite to the most polite: 3 __

164 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ The degree…_3 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Explanation: If you just use a noun to order someone to do something, it will be the most impolite way. If you use an imperative sentence with a verb-beginning, it’ll be better. The best way is to use imperative sentences with modal expressions.

165 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ Wh-clause…1 Subject complements Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself A subject complement can either be a noun, which renames the subject, or an adjective, which describes the subject, or a clause, which specifies the subject. Certain intransitive verbs, such as linking verbs or copular verbs, can connect a subject complement to the subject. These complements complete the meaning of the subject.

166 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_Wh-clause_a noun e.g. That is a dove. (Dove is the subject complement.) We are students. (Students is the subject complement.) Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

167 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_Wh-clause_an adjective e.g. She looks beautiful. (Beautiful is the subject complement.) This house seems too small. (Small is the subject complement.) Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

168 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_Wh-clause_a clause e.g. It seems that it is going to snow. (That it is going to snow is the subject complement.) That is why Jack got scolded. (Why Jack got scolded is the subject complement.) Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

169 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_Wh-claus_inking Some examples of linking verbs are: appear become seem feel grow act look taste smell sound get be (in all its forms) Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

170 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ Wh-claus _2 Practice Make sentences with the given words, using “wh-clauses” as the subject complement. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 1. and, is, advertising, precisely, organizations, world, the, what, in, company, that, one, the, and, most, respected, largest, became, of, the Key: And that is precisely what the company became - one of the largest and most respected advertising organizations in the world. Key:That is why he was dismissed by his new boss. 2. by, why, he, boss, was, is, his, that, new, dismissed

171 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_ Wh-claus _3 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 3. definitely, is, did, he, what, that Key:That is definitely what he did. Key:That is where they lived five years ago. 4. that, where, years, is, ago, lived, five, they

172 That psychiatrist, who had talked about his patients, was charged with violating professional ethics. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 1 Translation exercises Translate each of the following sentences into English, using the word or phrase given in the bracket. Inflect the word or phrase where necessary. 1. 那个精神病医生因谈论他的病人而被指控违反了职业道德规 范。 (ethics) You can use an attributive clause to tell the reason why the doctor is charged. Another phrase that has the same meaning as be charged with is be accused of, which means someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad. Both violate and break can be used to mean to disobey or do something against an official agreement, law, principle, etc. Ethics means moral rules or principles of behaviour for deciding what is right and wrong. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Notes : How to Be True to Yourself

173 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 2 Chinese-English translation 1 ) 他的这一决定是否符合道德规范值得怀疑。 The ethics of his decision are doubtful. 2 ) 行医道德规定:禁止医生与病人谈恋爱。 Medical ethics forbid a doctor to have a love affair with a patient. 3 ) 我们必须遵守成年人的道德规范。 We must obey the adult ethics. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

174 You can use an appositive clause to explain what the fact is. Account for means to form a particular amount or part of something, to be the reason why something happens or to give a satisfactory explanation of why something happened or why you did something. The defendant couldn’t account for the fact that the money was found in his house. 2. 这笔钱是在被告家里发现的,被告不能对此做出令人满意的 解释。 (account for) Notes : Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 3 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

175 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 4 Chinese-English translation 1 ) 非洲裔美国人占美国总人口的 12 %。 Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population. 2 ) 他的行为可能是由于最近的工作压力引起的。 Recent pressure at work may account for his behavior. 3 ) 你能对你那天晚上的行动做出解释吗? Can you account for your action that night? Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

176 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 5 3. 我看到他是正确的,我只好放弃原来的主张。 (back down) Back down means to give up a claim to something or to yield. Other phrases with back: back up, which means to provide support or help for someone or something; back away which means to move backwards and away from something, especially because you are frightened. When I saw that he was right, I had to back down. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Notes : How to Be True to Yourself

177 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 6 Chinese-English translation 1 )他证明了他是对的,所以那些刁难他的人不得不放弃了。 He proved that he was right and his critics had to back down. 2 ) 双方都拒绝退让。 Both sides have refused to back down. 3 ) 他们打算放弃,因为对方太强大。 They are going to back down since their opponents are so strong. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

178 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 7 For can indicate a reason that can be naturally understood and easily accepted. Both assign and appoint can mean to give someone a particular job, but assign is mostly used as “assign something to somebody” or “assign somebody to do something”, while appoint can be used as “appoint somebody (as) something” or “appoint somebody to do something.” She has been appointed sales director, for she is both clever and diligent. 4. 因为她既聪明又勤奋,所以被任命为销售经理。 (appoint) Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Notes : How to Be True to Yourself

179 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 8 Chinese-English translation 1 )我们选谁当主席呢? Who shall we appoint (as) chairperson? 2 ) 他被派去填补那个空位。 He was appointed to the vacant post. 3 ) 我们得指定一个人当秘书。 We must appoint someone to act as secretary. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

180 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 9 Storm can be used as a verb, which means to suddenly attack and enter a place by using a lot of force. You’d better re-adjust the order of the Chinese sentence, i.e. to tell the result of the event first and to give the reason and process later, in order to make the translation clearer. Succumb means to stop opposing someone or something that is stronger than you, and allow them to take control. The enemy succumbed soon after our soldiers stormed its stronghold. 5. 我们的战士们猛攻敌人的堡垒,其势如暴风骤雨,没过多 久,敌人就投降了。 (succumb) Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Notes : How to Be True to Yourself

181 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 10 Chinese-English translation 1 )该城被围后不久就投降了。 The city succumbed after only a short siege. 2 )有几个孩子患麻疹了,其他的孩子也必定会染上的。 Several children have measles, and the others are bound to succumb to it. 3 ) 琳达抵不住诱惑,吃了第二份蛋糕。 Linda succumbed to temptation and had a second serving of cake. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

182 Colors have long been associated with emotions and our moods. Consider, for example, (1) someone could be in a “black mood” or “tickled pink” or “green with envy.” But, can you really psychoanalize people (2) on the color they choose? Dr. Paul Golden, a behavioral psychologist, says years of research (3) him to believe that colors can tell a lot about a person. “We found that if people (4) red and black in a particular sequence on the color spectrum they had migraine,” says Dr. Golden. And based on those (5) “we put together a program so we could analyze people by their (6) to how based leads chose discoveries responses ____ _____ _________ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1 Exercises for integrated skills Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate. Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself,

183 color.” At www. colorgenics.com, people click on rotating colored tubes based on (7) their preference is. Based on those choices, a psychological profile can be created of your mood and emotional (8) at that moment. Dr. Golden says the profile won’t provide any (9) answers or cures for whatever is troubling you, but it is a good first step. “The idea is for you to see yourself as you are,” says Dr. Golden. “ (10) once you know how you are and how other people see you, you can then get into the driver’s seat.” what (ever) state direct Because __________ ____ _____ _______ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

184 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_1 Explanation: How introduces an objective clause of the verb consider. how Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

185 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_2 Explanation: Base on means to use something as the thing from which something else is developed. based Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

186 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_3 Explanation: Lead means to cause something to happen or cause someone to do something. leads Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

187 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_4 Explanation: Chose is the past tense of choose which means to decide which one of a number of things or people you want. chose Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

188 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_5 Explanation: Discovery means a fact or thing that someone finds out about when it was not known about before. discoveries Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

189 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_6 Explanation: Response means something that is done as a reaction to something that has happened or been said. responses Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

190 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_7 Explanation: Whatever means no matter what. what (ever) Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

191 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_8 Explanation: State is the physical or mental condition that someone or something is in. state Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

192 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_9 Explanation: Direct means exact. direct Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

193 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_10 Explanation: Because is used here to introduce an adverbial clause of reason. Because Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

194 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_ main Oral activities I. Discuss with one of your classmates on the following topics. Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself II. Form two groups. One is to defend the idea stated in the following topics; the other is to challenge it. Air your views as clearly as possible.

195 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_I_1 Discuss with one of your classmates on the following topics. Exercises for integrated skills 1. Life is like a field of newly fallen snow; where we choose to walk every step will show. Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading The discussion can be based on the following aspects: 1)If you do something wrong, you can not erase it completely by rectifying your behavior later. (Give some examples in your real life, e.g. If you cheat...; if you steal...; if you idle your time...) 2) Try your best to make the right decisions and avoid doing things that you know are wrong, for you can not go back once you’ve stepped on it. Guidance: How to Be True to Yourself

196 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_I_2 Exercises for integrated skills 2. Integrity is an inner standard for judging our behavior. Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement 1) What is integrity? 2) People judge a person by his behaviors, while he should control himself by his inner standard —— integrity. 3) If one doesn’t behave with integrity, what will happen? (Give some concrete examples.) 4) How can you be who you are and still please others? How do you deal with forces pulling you? What is the best way to be strong? Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading The discussion can be based on the following aspects: Guidance: How to Be True to Yourself A Model Essay on Topic Two

197 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_I_3_popwin1 Exercises for integrated skills Integrity means to be who you are. Being true to one’s values, beliefs, and standards is essential when it comes to spiritual success. Everywhere around us, people and situations are forcing us to forget our principles and fall back into the old, unwanted, unsatisfying and unproductive ways. That is why it is difficult to keep integrity as we like. In order to do and have what is important to ourselves, we must be strong and courageous and then we can hold our own in any and all circumstances —— that’s the greatest manifest of integrity. Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

198 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_I_3_popwin2 Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself If you can keep the following points in mind, you may have integrity. 1. Avoid compromising situations. 2. Keep your conversation on a high level and do not succumb to others. 3. Keep your goal in mind and act accordingly.

199 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_II_1 Exercises for integrated skills Form two groups. One is to defend the idea stated in the following topics; the other is to challenge it. Air your views as clearly as possible. 1.Integrity is in short supply today even if it is the bottom line in every area of society. Guidance: Words or phrases that can be used for this topic: steadfast adherence to a strict moral or ethical code the state of being unimpaired utter sincerity honesty candor honor truthfulness respect for others dishonest activities that plague our society do some silly and evil things of great seriousness what we do is in the context of our faith being honest, true, chaste, benevolent, virtuous some smallsins Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

200 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_II_2 Exercises for integrated skills 2.Plagiarism, which is a form of intellectual dishonesty, is now seriously corroding the integrity in academic fields. Guidance: Words or phrases that can be used for this topic: Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading use someone else’s words, ideas, or works as yours use pages or paragraphs from published works without permission quote the works of others without permission give clear and adequate description of your sources materials from the Internet or obscure sources change a few words or the sequence of some sentences or paragraphs claim the product as your own original work copyright infringement violate copyright law intellectual property How to Be True to Yourself

201 Using participles and gerunds to combine sentences: A paper containing sentences of only one short pattern bores both the writer and the readers for two reasons: Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_1 Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Additional information Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself The repetition of a single, simple sentence pattern draws the readers’ attention only to the sentence pattern, not to the main ideas in the paper. Simple, short sentences cannot show readers the inner relationships among ideas of different importance. Therefore, you can try using participles and gerunds to combine sentences to improve your paper.

202 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_1_popwin1 Exercises for integrated skills Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Participles are the -ing form or -ed form of certain verbs. When they are used to combine sentences, they can help to make a paper more concise and more vivid. e.g. 1) He drove without a license, and later was detained by the police. Driving without a license, he was detained by the police. 2) His leg was wounded in a football game, so he is lying in hospital now. His leg wounded in a football game, he is now lying in hospital.

203 Scientists have watched foxes playing, jumping into the air and turning summersaults. Young as he is / Although he is young, he can do a lot of things. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_2 Exercises for integrated skills Combine the following sentences in each group into one by putting the more important information in the major clause. Practice 1. Scientists have watched foxes playing. The foxes were jumping into the air. They were turning summersaults. 2. He is young. He can do a lot of things. Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

204 As you have seen, some verbs take a complement and some don’t. Stunned by bizarre noises he had just heard upstairs, the old man staggered down the stairs, gasping for air as he hesitantly held on to the banister. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_3 Exercises for integrated skills 3. Some verbs take a complement and some don’t. You have seen it. 4. The old man staggered down the stairs. He was stunned by bizarre noises. He had just heard the noises upstairs. He hesitantly held on to the banister. He gasped for air. Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

205 Listen to the following conversation, and fill in the spaces provided with the correct information. A. Listen carefully. Complete the following chart with information about Caroline and George. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_A Exercises for integrated skills Listening exercises Bosses or Workers Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself script ■

206 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_A Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Caroline George Position in the firm Personnel Manager ProblemEverything she deals with is secondhand. He just sit there in his comfortable office with three telephones but he can make or break a man just by looking at a sales chart. Sales Manager Be one of the workers. Go out on the road and try to get orders from people. Solution Deal withPeopleFacts and figures

207 There are too many bosses and too few workers. So long as there’s a good relationship between the managers and the workers the firm will prosper. _________________________________________ __________________________________________ B. Listen again and answer the following questions. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_B1 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself script 1. According to Caroline, what is the trouble with the firm? 2. According to George, what is the key to a prosperous firm? ■

208 She thinks every boss should spend at least three months every year working on the factory floor, subject to the same rules and discipline as all the other workers. In practice, she’d be of no use because she hasn’t got any practical skills. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_B2 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself 3. What does Caroline think every boss should do? 4. What does Caroline have to admit at last?

209 You know, the trouble with this firm is that there are too many bosses and too few workers. What do you mean? We’re all workers. No, we’re not. We’re bosses. I’m in charge of Personnel and you’re Sales Manager. I engage staff and try to sort out their personal problems and generally keep them happy, but I don’t go looking for them. I wait for them to come to me. I don’t go down and work on the factory floor myself. Everything I deal with— aggression, individualism, racial prejudice—is secondhand. Yes, but surely that’s the whole idea. You have to be objective. You wouldn’t be able to give them the right advice if you were mixed up in all their problems. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_4popwin1 Exercises for integrated skills (C = Caroline G = George) Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Bosses or Workers C: G: C: G: ■

210 Vocabulary analysis Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Grammar exercises How to Be True to Yourself SectionFour_L_4popwin1 Of course I would. I’d be one of them. I’d be able to judge much better if they were telling me their troubles, or if they were just having me on because they’d had a row with someone or thought the foreman had a down on them—things like that. As for you... What about me? Well, all you deal with are facts and figures, not people. You don’t have to go out on the road and try to get orders from people you don’t like and spend most of your nights in second rate hotels up and down the country. Most of our reps do a pretty good job. Sales figures have been most encouraging this year. I admit there are one or two areas where I think we could do better. (C = Caroline G = George) C: G: C: G:

211 That’s exactly what I mean. “You think”—you don’t know. You sit there in your comfortable office with your three telephones and you can make or break a man just by looking at a sales chart. You’re a boss. You don’t do the real work, but you’re paid twice as much as the people who do. Aren’t you getting things a bit out of proportion? Any organization needs managers and managers need the workers. So long as there’s a good relationship between them the firm will prosper. Oh, it’s all too easy from where you and I are standing. I think every boss should spend at least three months every year working on the factory floor, subject to the same rules and discipline as all the other workers. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_4popwin2 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself C: G: C: (C = Caroline G = George)

212 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_4popwin3 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself Would you be prepared to do that yourself? In theory, yes, but in practice, no. I haven’t got any practical skills, you see, so I don’t think I’d be a lot of use. I’d probably always be running to the Personnel Office to try and get myself moved to another department. G: C: (C = Caroline G = George)

213 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_lead in Lead-in questions How do you make your discoveries of nature? Do your parents always help you in making these discoveries? What do you realize after making these discoveries? If you have children, how will you lead them to know more about the nature? Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

214 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text1 Memorable quotes Becoming a Child of Nature : It’s a Twofold1 Task of Parents and Children If children discover the beauty of nature while they are young, they will respect nature and try to preserve it when they are older. Parents play an essential role in helping their children make this discovery. Although young children are not able to understand the complex relationship of man to his environment, they can be educated in this aspect and learn how to respect nature and gain a simplified understanding of the importance of a healthy ecological environment. Helping children to gain such an appreciation and understanding can be an exciting adventure which is available to all that are willing to explore and use their senses of touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

215 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text2 Wonderful phenomena of nature are all around us. For example, have you ever awakened early to watch the sun rise? Have you ever stopped to observe a setting sun, a star-filled sky, or an October moon? Have you ever gone out after a rainfall and delighted in the scent of the fresh air? Have you ever taken time to listen to the song of the birds, the trees rustling in the wind or the music of the crickets? Have you ever held a seashell to your ear and heard the roar of the ocean? Have you ever tasted fresh berries, melon or spring water? Have you ever shared the above experience with your children? Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

216 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text3 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself To help children gain an understanding of the world around them and the importance of ecology, parents can use interesting objects from their children’s everyday lives. For example, most children are familiar with rocks. They have seen them, touched them, and played with them. However, they will not discover the beauty and uses of rocks unless you help them. Collect some rocks and point out that some rocks are minerals, others may be used for decorations, like marbles used in building houses, and still other rocks are used to build roads. Visiting mountains if possible can help them gain a better understanding of rocks.

217 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text4-5 Most young children love to play in dirt. You can help your children to gain the concept that soil is not just “dirt” but something necessary for life. Most plant life grows in some form of soil. Take your children for a visit to gardens and farms where food is grown. Perhaps your children can have their own plants or gardens. You can explain to them that plants are necessary not only for food but also for controlling floods. During a time of heavy rain or snow, plants help to absorb the moisture. It’s difficult for young children to gain an appreciation of rain because rain to young children means that they can’t go out to play. However, you can try to help your children realize that rain is vital to life. Without rain, plants and animals would die of thirst. Your children know what it feels like to be thirsty. If you have plants and allow your children to help you water them, this will help them to start recognizing the importance of water to life. Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

218 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text6-7 You can also help your children gain some understanding of the importance of clean oceans. Even young children realize that an ocean filled with garbage is not good for sea life. Many fish can die or become contaminated from the trash that is thrown into the ocean. People, who unknowingly eat fish contaminated by pollutants in the water, can become seriously ill. Many children, through the examples, can begin to become more aware of man’s relationship to his environment. However, even more importantly, you can help them by example to learn to respect their environment. Young children learn not only from first hand experiences but by imitation. If you show your children by your actions that you respect the environment in which you live, this will start them on this path. Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

219 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text8-9 Do you avoid putting pollutants in the air by never burning your leaves? Have you ever stopped smoking? Do you respect plant life? Do you stop anyone from carving in the bark of trees? Do you avoid walking on fresh grass? Do you conserve water and energy? By setting a good example for your children, you are not only giving them a good model to imitate, you are also helping them to increase their chances for survival. It is not too soon to help your children to appreciate, understand, and respect the environment in which they live. Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

220 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text1_W_ ecological ecological connected with the way plants, animals, and people are related to each other and to their environment The destruction of the rain forests is an ecological disaster that threatens the future of life on earth. Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

221 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text2_W_an October an October moon a full moon Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

222 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text6-7_W_contaminate contaminate make a place or substance dirty and dangerous by adding something to it, for example chemicals or poison People feared that dumped waste would contaminate water supplies. Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

223 this will start them on this path this will help them learn to respect the environment in which they live because it will be good for them Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text1-2_S_..... that women Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself

224 Lead-in questions Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text_Q Questions for discussion What is the twofold task of parents and children the author talks about in this article? How important is it for children to discover the beauty of nature? Why is children’s discovery of nature an exciting adventure? What can we conclude from the passage about parents’ participation in the educational development of their children? Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself Answers to the questions for reference:

225 Lead-in questions Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text_Q Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Supplementary reading How to Be True to Yourself Children discover and understand the beauty of nature and their parents take the initiative and help them to do so. They will respect nature and try to preserve it when they are older. By exploring their environment children can gain an understanding of the world in an interesting and more complex way and create their own intellectual conceptions of reality. Parents can provide an education which can fulfill and enrich the current lives of their children as well as prepare them for the future.

226 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_ Memorable1 Memorable Quotes Please paraphrase the following quotes: An honest man’s the noblest work of God. — Alexander Pope Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself

227 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_ Memorable2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading How to Be True to Yourself I hope I shall always possess firmness and virtue enough to maintain what I consider the most enviable of all titles, the character of an “Honest Man.” — George Washington


Download ppt "How to Be True to Yourself Reading aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google