Presentation on theme: "Tables and figures. Tables The number of observations, subjects and the units of numerical figures must be given. It is also important to mention Each."— Presentation transcript:
Tables and figures
Tables The number of observations, subjects and the units of numerical figures must be given. It is also important to mention Each table must be self- explanatory and presented in such a way that they are easily understandable without referring to the text. It should be typed with double spacing on a separate sheet and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Provide a short descriptive caption above each table with foot notes and/or explanations whether the given values are mean, median, mean & plusmn; SD or mean & plusmn;SEM. All significant results must be indicated using asterisks. The approximate position of the tables should be marked in the text.
should have a title a legend, immediately following the title, should give enough experimental detail to be understandable without the text each column MUST have a heading necessary abbreviations should be defined in the legend
Organism under aerobic conditions Growth under anaerobic conditions Streptomyces griseus+- S. coelicolor - S. nocolor-+ S. everycolor+- S. greenicus-+ S. rainbowenski+-
Replace with As Day notes, all the information in this table can be summarized in one sentence: "S. griseus, S. coelicolor, S. everycolor, and S. rainbowenski grew under aerobic conditions, whereas S. nocolor and S. greenicus required anaerobic conditions." Most readers won't find the table clearer than that one sentence.
Number your table. Then, when you refer to the table in the text, use that number to tell your readers which table they can review to clarify the material. Give your table a title. This title should be descriptive enough to communicate the contents of the table, but not so long that it becomes difficult to follow. The titles in the sample tables above are acceptable.
Arrange your table so that readers read vertically, not horizontally. For the most part, this rule means that you should construct your table so that like elements read down, not across. Think about what you want your readers to compare, and put that information in the column (up and down) rather than in the row (across). Usually, the point of comparison will be the numerical data you collect, so especially make sure you have columns of numbers, not rows.
Table 1. Boyle's Law Experiment: Measuring Volume as a Function of Pressure. Trial12345 Length of air sample (mm) Hg height difference (mm)
TrialLength of air sample (mm)Hg height difference (mm)
figure number of the figure at an Each figure must be numbered and a short caption must be provided. All significant results should be indicated using asterisks. For graphs and flow charts it is not necessary to submit the photographs. A manually prepared or computer drawn figure on a good quality paper is acceptable. Raw data for graphs must be submitted when the article is accepted for publication. This will enable the Editorial office to draw the graph on the computer and incorporate it in the text appropriate place. For other diagrams (e.g., tissue structure, ECG and instrument set up etc.), strongly contrasting black and white photographic print on a glossy paper must be submitted. Identify each figure/diagrams on the back with a typed label which shows the, the name of the leading author, the title of manuscript and the top side of the figure. The approximate position of each figure should be marked on the margin of the text.
Legends for figures should be typed, with double spacing, on a separate sheet. The figure legends should be included in the main manuscript text, immediately following the references, rather than being a part of the figure file. The following information should be provided, for each figure: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - ie Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); Short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to one page of text. Large/complex tables or figures may be submitted in "Final Print (camera ready) format" which will be scanned and printed as such.
should have a title the legend must contain sufficient detail to make the figure easily understood **identify symbols and curves in the legend, not on the figure appropriately sized numbers, letters, and symbols should be used so they are no smaller than 2 mm in size after reduction to a single column width (87 mm), a 1.5-column width (120 mm), or a full 2- column width (178 mm) **a figure may be estimated by using a reducing photocopier to see if it can fit into a single column; be sure to look at the smallest letter or symbol to decide what will be legible in print numbers, letters, and symbols used in multi-paneled figures must be consistent the abscissa and ordinate must be clearly labeled with appropriately sized type, and units of measurement must be given
photogragh Include micrograph radiograph picture Expensive photocopy
diagrams Cycles flow of subjects Key detail of photograph Genetic pedigree