We need to teach and model how to create effective presentations in a visual medium, otherwise you will have to suffer through a lot of
Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was born into a Jewish family in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany on March 14, 1879. His father was Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer. His mother was Pauline Einstein (née Koch). In 1880, the family moved to Munich, where his father and his uncle founded a company, Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, that manufactured electrical equipment. The Einsteins were not observant of Jewish religious practices, and Albert attended a Catholic elementary school. Although Einstein had early speech difficulties, he was a top student in elementary school.
It’s a PowerPoint, Not: A PowerPargraph Your audience can read faster than you speak, so you are useless PowerPointless Begin with the end in mind; what are you trying to get across to the audience?
Keep It Simple (Text) Avoid Too many colors Avoid TooAvoid Too Many Fonts and Styles The 6 x 6 rule (if you must have one) –No more than 6 lines per slide –No more than 6 words per line
Keep It Simple (Text) Instructional Technology: A complex integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems in situations in which learning is purposive and controlled (HMRS 5th ed.) Too detailed !
Keep It Simple (Text) A process involving people, procedures & tools for solutions to problems in learning (HMRS 5th ed.) Instructional Technology: Much Simpler
Font Size: Make it Big (Text) This is Arial 12 This is Arial 18 This is Arial 24 This is Arial 32 This is Arial 36 This is Arial 44
Make it Big (Text) This is Arial 12 This is Arial 18 This is Arial 24 This is Arial 32 This is Arial 36 This is Arial 44 Too Small
Make It Big (How to Estimate) Look at it from 6 feet away 6 ft
Rules of Thumb No smaller than 32 for text and 44 for headings The bigger the better but allow for plenty of open space on each slide Make your heading font bigger than the rest Avoid underlining text as this signifies a hyperlink hyperlink
Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen Sanserif fonts are clearer Italics are difficult to read on screen Normal or bold fonts are clearer Instead, use colors to emphasise Use no more than 2 different font types per slide, and no more than 4 per show Font Type: Clean and Clear
Sanserif Z Serif Z Clean and Clear (Font) busy clear
Clean and Clear (Capitalization and Punctuation) ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ Avoid “title capitalization” unless it’s a title Upper and lower case letters are easier No need for end punctuation except ? !
Images Visuals to support, not to distract Use real images or photographs whenever possible, rather than clipart Big enough to be seen
Keep It Simple (Picture) Art work may distract your audience Artistry does not substitute for content
Animations Don’t overuse This animation is annoying, not enhancing "Appear" and "Disappear" are better
Sounds Sound effects may distract too Use sound only when necessary to get your point across or wake up your audience
Interactivity PowerPoint should be non-linear, so it doesn’t just go forward and backward Use action buttons Or hyperlinkshyperlinks
Be Consistent Be consistent with background design and color schemes Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract This tick draws attention
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance oUse surprises to attract not distract These differences distract!
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract This implies importance
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract Confusing differences!
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract This surprise attracts
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract These distract!
Final Thoughts: Text to support the communication Pictures to simplify complex concepts Animations for complex relationships Visuals to support, not to distract Sounds only when absolutely necessary Think about the people in the back of the room when creating slides
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