Presentation on theme: "Using Visuals to Build Independence Step by Step Pat Crissey ATIA 2007 Conference January 25, 2007."— Presentation transcript:
Using Visuals to Build Independence Step by Step Pat Crissey email@example.com ATIA 2007 Conference January 25, 2007
What are visual supports? Visual supports provide information in a visual format that help individuals to better understand their world. This includes information that allows individuals to function more independently in daily living, work, school and leisure activities.
Why use visuals? More easily understood Non-transient Direct & maintain attention Consistent over staff changes Forces clarification of tasks Allows self-prompting Increases self-esteem
Different types of visuals Calendars Schedules Reminders Checklists Menus of choices Environmental cues Picture directions Task organizers
Teaching the task Model the task Coach learner through task –Wait expectantly –Use minimal prompts –Fade prompts ASAP –Use forward or backward chaining Practice, practice, practice
Is it working? Consistent criteria Regularly scheduled observations Take data
It’s working ~ then what? Work towards eliminating visual? Modify gradually –Fewer prompts –Less prep ahead of time –Combine steps –More abstract pictures –Words instead of pictures
It’s not working! Need to be visually clearer? More concrete? Need to be more specific, more steps? Need more prep ahead of time? Need more modeling & coaching? Task too difficult? Learner not motivated?
Common Problems Don’t understand the visual Don’t have sub-skills Taught too quickly Use clearer or more concrete visual Teach sub-skills Provide more instruction & support