Presentation on theme: "Using Visuals to Build Independence Step by Step Pat Crissey ATIA 2007 Conference January 25, 2007."— Presentation transcript:
Using Visuals to Build Independence Step by Step Pat Crissey ATIA 2007 Conference January 25, 2007
What are visual supports? Visual supports provide information in a visual format that help individuals to better understand their world. This includes information that allows individuals to function more independently in daily living, work, school and leisure activities.
Why use visuals? More easily understood Non-transient Direct & maintain attention Consistent over staff changes Forces clarification of tasks Allows self-prompting Increases self-esteem
Different types of visuals Calendars Schedules Reminders Checklists Menus of choices Environmental cues Picture directions Task organizers
Menu of choices
Picture directions from Picture Directions: Building Independence Step by Step
from Personal Hygiene: What’s that Got to Do with Me?
Is the visual effective?
Making visuals effective Designed for specific purpose Readily understood Easily accessible Adequate instruction & support Evaluate effectiveness
Address a specific purpose What’s a problem area? What is motivating for user? What can he/she do with minimal prompting?
Linda Hodgdon, Visual Strategies for Improving Communication “If a task is too complicated to put in visual form, does that mean it is to complicated to teach?” Too Complicated?
Readily understood What’s the visual saying? One size does not fit all. What’s the correct representational level?
What’s it showing?
Focus on key element
Getting up close
Use drawings Direct focus Eliminate backgrounds Get close Control colors
Making it clear or
Making it clear Focus on key element Get close Eliminate background
Representational Level Real objects Pictures Words
Concrete to Abstract Gym Object miniature object part of object Picture photo drawing Word
Easily accessible? How close does it need to be? Is it placed to catch attention? Does it need to be transportable? Fit into pocket or notebook?
Instruction & support Prepare learner Prepare task Teach the task Evaluate
Prepare the learner Evaluate learners skills Explain purpose & benefits Provide motivation
Prepare the task Break down the task step by step What are the necessary skills? How can you make the task easier?
Break down the task from Picture Directions: Building Independence Step by Step
Does learner have the skills? Fold paper evenly? Put paper in envelope? Know how & where to lick? Remove stamp from book? Know how and where to place stamp?
Making a task easier Provide a list of what’s needed Assemble necessary items from Picture Directions: Building Independence Step by Step
Make task easier Adapt paper size Match dots for folding Pre-cut pictures Stickers Cut & paste text
Show where to lick
Addressing envelope Show where to put stamp Pre-write address Cut & glue address Model for copying address
Make stamp easy to get
Teaching the task Model the task Coach learner through task –Wait expectantly –Use minimal prompts –Fade prompts ASAP –Use forward or backward chaining Practice, practice, practice
Is it working? Consistent criteria Regularly scheduled observations Take data
It’s working ~ then what? Work towards eliminating visual? Modify gradually –Fewer prompts –Less prep ahead of time –Combine steps –More abstract pictures –Words instead of pictures
It’s not working! Need to be visually clearer? More concrete? Need to be more specific, more steps? Need more prep ahead of time? Need more modeling & coaching? Task too difficult? Learner not motivated?
Common Problems Don’t understand the visual Don’t have sub-skills Taught too quickly Use clearer or more concrete visual Teach sub-skills Provide more instruction & support
Finding visuals Create them Find them Buy them
Taking photos Tailor to need High interest Identify key element Get up close Minimize distractions
Draw a picture Tailor to need Control focus Gradually move to more abstract Faster
Where to find pictures Online Magazines, catalogs Advertisements Cards, calendars Old books Packaging
Online sources from
Online sources for images (clip art)
for picture directions (recipes) (art) (recipes)
Use online catalogs Select and drag To desktop or folder
Use online search engines Search under images
Take a snapshot Alt + Prt Scr, then open Clipboard (Windows)
Pictures from catalogs
Pictures from packages
Images to buy Boardmaker - Mayer-Johnson GoTalk - Attainment Company Pics for PECS - Pyramid Educational Overboard - Gus Communications
Picture directions to buy Picture Directions Attainment Co. Visual Recipes DRL Books, Inc Various preschool resources & curriculums