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French 1 Periods 2 & 6 Tuesday, the 2 nd of December.

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Presentation on theme: "French 1 Periods 2 & 6 Tuesday, the 2 nd of December."— Presentation transcript:

1 French 1 Periods 2 & 6 Tuesday, the 2 nd of December

2 Warm-Up Pick up your notes & work from yesterday in your new mailboxes!!! Your mailboxes are the Blue Buckets with the green hanging files. Your individual mailbox is listed by your “French Class Number” – the number you use in the computer lab – it starts with a 2 if you are in 2 nd period & a 6 if you are in 6 th period. From now on, you must ALWAYS put your “French Class Number” on all papers and ALL of your work will be RETURNED via your Individual Mailboxes.

3 Are you Ready?!?!?!?! Yesterday, you learned about the 1 st person singular Possessive Adjectives meaning “my” (ma/mon/mes) and about the 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjectives meaning “your” (ta/ton/tes)… Today, you are going to learn about the 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives meaning “his”, “her”, “its”, and “one’s” (sa/son/ses)! – WHAT?!?! – Yes!!! So… Let’s Get Started!!!

4 What do you need for today? You need: – une feuille de papier … et: – un stylo ou un crayon … et: – un attitude positif! (Remember: Teachers can bring you knowledge and teach you where to find it and how to use it, but it is up to YOU to work hard and to study and to memorize and to master the concepts introduced.)

5 Objectives: The student will be able to: – Use possessive adjectives in describing nouns – Ask and answer questions in using possessive adjectives – Describe whose object something is

6 Directions 1)Take out a piece of paper & a writing instrument. 2)On the top, RIGHT-hand corner of your paper, write BOTH your Class Number (the 3-digit code from the Computer lab that begins with a 2 (for second period) and a 6 (for 6 th period) AND your Name. 3)As each slide appears, read aloud to your partner, alternating who reads so that EVERYONE is reading and is paying attention. 4)On your OWN INDIVIDUAL sheet of paper, you must copy down any of the slides that are COLORED. 5)As each Activity appears, you must each complete each activity on your paper – you may work with your partner to figure it out, but each of you must have your answers written individually on your own paper with your notes. 6)At the end of the period, you will turn in all of your work – both your notes and materials to the substitute because I will be coming in tonight and will be looking at your work. NO EXCEPTIONS. This is BOTH for a grade AND for attendance verification. If you fail to submit your work today, you will receive an automatic ZERO.

7 To my students: Before you begin, here are some words of wisdom. Mark and remember: Do NOT be frustrated or upset. Be calm and carry on. ;) When students become frustrated and upset because they do not understand, they block themselves from learning… Some of you will find Possessive Adjectives easy and some difficult… For those who find it difficult, just take a deep breath and read-and-copy the notes as-directed, and try… If you do not try with a whole-hearted, open-minded effort, THAT is were students usually struggle and falter… So… take your notes and just do your whole-hearted best. And, as always: if you see someone struggling, help them.

8 Review from Yesterday 1 st person singular Possessive Adjectives: ma“my”FS-V/H mon “my”FS-C & MS(all-v/h/c) mes“mes”PL(all) – m/f & v/h/c 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjectives: ta“your”FS-V/H ton“your”FS-C & MS(all-v/h/c) tes“your”PL(all) – m/f & v/h/c

9 3 nd person singular In French, there are 3 forms of the 3 rd person Possessive Adjective. The French words are: “sa” (pronounced: ‘sah’), “son” (pronounced: ‘sohn’), et “ses” (pronounced: ‘say’)

10 3 rd person singular singularplural ma mon mes ta ton tes sa son ses

11 3 rd person singular: meaningS You may have noticed that I have withheld the meaning(s) of the 3 rd Person Singular Possessive Adjectives “sa”, “son”, and “ses” until now… That is because each of those words have 4 meanings: “sa” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “son” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “ses” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s”

12 3 rd person singular Remember that the 3 rd Person Singular includes not just ONE Subject Pronoun like 1 st Person Singular (“I”) or 2 nd Person Singular (“you”)… The 3 rd Person Singular Subject Pronouns are: “il” meaning “he” or “it-m” “elle” meaning “she” or “it-f” “on” meaning “one” (everyone in general)

13 3 rd person singular Therefore… …if “sa” or “son” or “ses” is referring to an object or some objects possessed by “he”, then they are “his”. …if “sa” or “son” or “ses” is referring to an object or some objects possessed by “she”, then they are “her”. …if “sa” or “son” or “ses” is referring to an object or some objects possessed by “it”, then they are “its”. …if “sa” or “son” or “ses” is referring to an object or some objects possessed by “one”, then they are “one’s”.

14 3 rd person singular HE has a mother. That is HIS mother. She has a brother. That is HER brother. The dog (it) has a ball. That is ITS ball. ONE (everyone) has a test Friday. Friday is ONE’s test.

15 3 rd person singular: meaningS The meanings of the three 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives are therefore as-follows: “sa” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “son” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “ses” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s”

16 3 rd person singular However, in looking at the 3 words: “sa”, “son”, and “ses”, are you beginning to get the feeling of “deja- vu”? – Like this is repetitive and that you have already seen this before? – GOOD!!! – Because you have!!! “sa”, “son”, and “ses” function exactly like “ma”, “mon”, and “mes” AND like “ta”, “ton”, et “tes”!

17 3 rd person singular Notice the Pattern: “sa”:F, S (C) “son”:F, S (V/H) + M, S (all – V/H/C) “ses”:PL (any: M/F & V/H/C)

18 The Rule of Adjectives Remember the Rule of Adjectives!!! <>

19 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjective “HIS” (sa/son/ses)

20 Applying the Rule: “his” He has a mother. It is his mother. Which form of “his” are you going to use? “sa”, “son”, or “ses”? Students often want to use “son” to say that HE has a mother and it is HIS mother because “son” indicates masculinity… THIS IS INCORRECT!!!

21 Applying the Rule: “his” All 3 Possessive Adjectives in the 3 rd person singular (sa/son/ses) have 4 meanings: “his”, “her”, “its”, and “one’s” “sa” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “son” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “ses” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” Possession is demonstrated by choosing one of the 3 forms: sa/son/ses

22 Applying the Rule: “his” But the Possessive Adjectives not only show possession… they are ADJECTIVES… and Adjectives in French must agree with the Noun that they modify in Gender (m/f) and in Number (s/pl)… What is the Noun being modified? He has a mother. It is his mother. That’s right… his MOTHER… “his” shows that he has/owns/possesses a mother… but modifies the noun “mother”... And MOTHER is feminine!!!

23 Applying the Rule: “his” He has a mother. It is his mother. (mother = une mere) Il a une mere. C’est sa mere. The sa both shows possession by meaning “his”; it also describes/demonstrates that the word ‘mother’ is feminine and singular.

24 SAME STRUCTURE & USAGE!!! 1 st person singular Possessive Adjectives: ma“my”FS-V/H mon “my”FS-C & MS(all-v/h/c) mes“mes”PL(all) – m/f & v/h/c 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjectives: ta“your”FS-V/H ton“your”FS-C & MS(all-v/h/c) tes“your”PL(all) – m/f & v/h/c

25 3 rd person singular 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives: saFS-C son FS-(V/H) & MS(all-v/h/c) sesPL(all) – m/f & v/h/c

26 Key Word Refresher Subject Pronouns:Other Key Words: je (i)it(?) (ce/c’) you (tu)those/these (ce) he (il)is (est) it-m (il)are (sont) she (elle)a/an/one-m (un) it-f (elle)a/an/one-f (une) one (on)some (des) New word: “a” (with no accent) = “has”

27 NOTE!!! NO! – You do NOT need to know what all of the words mean… For the upcoming activities, you only need to know the following: 1)The subject pronouns and other key words which you should have ALREADY MEMORIZED!!! 2)The three 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives we are learning: sa/son/ses 3)How to identify a word’s Gender (m/f) and Number (s/pl) using the indefinite articles “un”, “une”, & “des”

28 Activity Directions For the activity which follows, you will choose one of the 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives (sa/son/ses) to complete each phrase. Be sure to break each sentence down grammatically in order to indicate WHY you made the choice you did: Gender (m/f), Number (s/pl), and if it applies, be sure to indicate initial letter (v/h/c) Graded 90% on how you break down your answers and 10% on correctness/seriousness/effort

29 Activity A: Now You Try!!! 1)Il a une soeur. C’est ____ soeur. 2)Il a un chien. C’est ___ chien. 3)Il a des cousines. Ce sont ____ cousines. 4)Il a une amie. C’est ___ amie. 5)Il a des freres. Ce sont ___ freres. 6)Il a des bons parents. Ce sont ___ parents. 7)Il a un beau-pere. C’est ___ beau-pere. 8)Il a une tante. C’est ___ tante.

30 Check your answers 1)Il a une soeur. C’est ____ soeur. une = f,s est = s soeur = initial letter: ‘s’ is a Consonant no ‘s’ on ‘soeur’ = s answer: SA reason: FSC

31 Check your answers: 2) Il a un chien. C’est ___ chien. un = ms est = s chien = ms (earlier vocabulary word + no ‘s’) answer: SON reason: MS(all)

32 Check your answers: 3) Il a des cousines. Ce sont ____ cousines. des = pl sont = pl cousines = pl (ending in ‘s’) answer: SES reason: PL(all)

33 Check your answers: 4) Il a une amie. C’est ___ amie. une = fs est = s amie = ‘e’ at end indicates femininity; no ‘s’ (because we saw the same word yesterday without the ‘e’ in its masculine form) amie = fs – begins with a vowel (a) answer: SON reason: FS-C

34 Check your answers: 5) Il a des freres. Ce sont ___ freres. des – pl sont - pl freres – pl: ends in ‘s’ answer: SES reason: PL (all)

35 Check your answers: 6) Il a des bons parents. Ce sont ___ parents. des – pl bons – adj ‘bon’ ending in ‘s’ – pl adj ‘bon’ without ‘ne’ added for f – m sont – pl parents – pl – ends in ‘s’ answer: SES reason: PL (all)

36 Check your answers: 7) Il a un beau-pere. C’est ___ beau-pere. un – m/s est – s beau – m/s form of an adjective – no ‘x’ pere – s because there is no ‘s’ answer: SON reason: MS (all)

37 Check your answers: 8) Il a une tante. C’est ___ tante. une – f,s est – f tante – s because there is no ‘s’ tante – begins with a consonant (t) answer: SA reason: FS-C

38 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjective “HER” (sa/son/ses)

39 Applying the Rule: “her” She has a brother. It is her brother. Which form of “her” are you going to use? “sa”, “son”, or “ses”? Students often want to use “sa” to say that SHE has a brother and it is HER brother because “sa” indicates femininity… THIS IS INCORRECT!!!

40 Applying the Rule: “her” All 3 Possessive Adjectives in the 3 rd person singular (sa/son/ses) have 4 meanings: “his”, “her”, “its”, and “one’s” “sa” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “son” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” “ses” means “his”, “her”, “its”, & “one’s” Possession is demonstrated by choosing one of the 3 forms: sa/son/ses

41 Applying the Rule: “her” But the Possessive Adjectives not only show possession… they are ADJECTIVES… and Adjectives in French must agree with the Noun that they modify in Gender (m/f) and in Number (s/pl)… What is the Noun being modified? She has a brother. It is her brother. That’s right… her BROTHER… “her” shows that she has/owns/possesses a brother… but modifies the noun “brother”... And BROTHER is masculine!!!

42 Applying the Rule: “her” She has a brother. It is her brother. (brother = un frere) Elle a un frere. C’est son frere. The son both shows possession by meaning “her”; it also describes/demonstrates that the word ‘brother’ is masculine and singular.

43 SAME STRUCTURE & USAGE!!! 1 st person singular Possessive Adjectives: ma“my”FS-V/H mon “my”FS-C & MS(all-v/h/c) mes“mes”PL(all) – m/f & v/h/c 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjectives: ta“your”FS-V/H ton“your”FS-C & MS(all-v/h/c) tes“your”PL(all) – m/f & v/h/c

44 3 rd person singular 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives: saFS-C son FS-V/H & MS(all-v/h/c) sesPL(all) – m/f & v/h/c

45 Key Word Refresher Subject Pronouns:Other Key Words: je (i)it(?) (ce/c’) you (tu)those/these (ce) he (il)is (est) it-m (il)are (sont) she (elle)a/an/one-m (un) it-f (elle)a/an/one-f (une) one (on)some (des) New Word: “a” (with no accent) means “has”

46 NOTE!!! NO! – You do NOT need to know what all of the words mean… For the upcoming activities, you only need to know the following: 1)The subject pronouns and other key words which you should have ALREADY MEMORIZED!!! 2)The three 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives we are learning: sa/son/ses 3)How to identify a word’s Gender (m/f) and Number (s/pl) using the indefinite articles “un”, “une”, & “des”

47 Activity Directions For the activity which follows, you will choose one of the 3 rd person singular Possessive Adjectives (sa/son/ses) to complete each phrase. Be sure to break each sentence down grammatically in order to indicate WHY you made the choice you did: Gender (m/f), Number (s/pl), and if it applies, be sure to indicate initial letter (v/h/c) Graded 90% on how you break down your answers and 10% on correctness/seriousness/effort

48 Activity A: Now You Try!!! 1)Elle a une soeur. C’est ____ soeur. 2)Elle a un chien. C’est ___ chien. 3)Elle a des cousines. Ce sont ____ cousines. 4)Elle a une amie. C’est ___ amie. 5)Elle a des freres. Ce sont ___ freres. 6)Elle a des bons parents. Ce sont ___ parents. 7)Elle a un beau-pere. C’est ___ beau-pere. 8)Elle a une tante. C’est ___ tante.

49 Check your answers 1)Elle a une soeur. C’est ____ soeur. une = f,s est = s soeur = initial letter: ‘s’ is a Consonant no ‘s’ on ‘soeur’ = s answer: SA reason: FSC

50 Check your answers: 2) Elle a un chien. C’est ___ chien. un = ms est = s chien = ms (earlier vocabulary word + no ‘s’) answer: SON reason: MS(all)

51 Check your answers: 3) Elle a des cousines. Ce sont ____ cousines. des = pl sont = pl cousines = pl (ending in ‘s’) answer: SES reason: PL(all)

52 Check your answers: 4) Elle a une amie. C’est ___ amie. une = fs est = s amie = ‘e’ at end indicates femininity; no ‘s’ (because we saw the same word yesterday without the ‘e’ in its masculine form) amie = fs – begins with a vowel (a) answer: SON reason: FS-C

53 Check your answers: 5) Elle a des freres. Ce sont ___ freres. des – pl sont - pl freres – pl: ends in ‘s’ answer: SES reason: PL (all)

54 Check your answers: 6) Elle a des bons parents. Ce sont ___ parents. des – pl bons – adj ‘bon’ ending in ‘s’ – pl adj ‘bon’ without ‘ne’ added for f – m sont – pl parents – pl – ends in ‘s’ answer: SES reason: PL (all)

55 Check your answers: 7) Elle a un beau-pere. C’est ___ beau-pere. un – m/s est – s beau – m/s form of an adjective – no ‘x’ pere – s because there is no ‘s’ answer: SON reason: MS (all)

56 Check your answers: 8) Elle a une tante. C’est ___ tante. une – f,s est – f tante – s because there is no ‘s’ tante – begins with a consonant (t) answer: SA reason: FS-C

57 AVOIR: “to have” The verb “Avoir” means “to have”. You have now seen 1 conjugation of this verb… “a” meaning “has”. Just like “Etre” which means “to be”, all verbs in French are conjugated into our 6-square chart of our “voices” or “persons” and they correspond with the subject pronouns.

58 Subject Pronouns singularplural Je (J’) Nous Tu Vous Il Ils ElleElles On

59 Subject Pronouns (w/ Meanings) singularplural Je (J’) Nous (I)(we) Tu Vous (you – singular, (you – plural) informal)(you – singular, formal) Il Ils (he / it-m)(they – masc or mixed) ElleElles (she / it-f)(they – fem) On (one)

60 Etre (to be) singularplural suis sommes es etes est sont

61 Subject Pronoun – Etre (combinations w/ meanings) singularplural Je suis Nous sommes (I have)(we are) Tu as Vous etes(You are) Il est Ils sont (He is/ It-m is)(They are) Elle estElles sont (She is/ It-f is)(They are) On est (One is)

62 Avoir (to have) singularplural ai avons as avez a ont

63 Subject Pronoun – Avoir (combinations w/ meanings) singularplural J’ai Nous avons (I have)(we have) Tu as Vous avez(You have) Il a Ils ont (He has / It-m has)(They have) Elle aElles ont (She has / It-f has)(They have) On a (One has)

64 DIRECTIONS For the rest of the period, use your notes from yesterday and from today. Work together to study for your test… Use your paper and work with a partner or alone to create varied sentences using your classroom objects so that you are continually studying your old materials (classroom objects) and your new materials.


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