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VC & WG Session CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 12 th March 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "VC & WG Session CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 12 th March 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 VC & WG Session CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 12 th March 2013

2 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Welcome & objectives  SIT-28 continues the theme of increased focus on physical outputs in support of CEOS implementation priorities  SIT team providing reinforced support and feedback for VCs and WGs  SIT-27 side meeting was productive and follow-up telcon series  SIT-28 side meeting progressed topics for discussion at SIT

3 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Agenda  VC & WG Contributions to the 2015 GEOSS (1h10m)  Individual brief reports  VC Membership, composition & sustainability (40m)  VC/WG Selected Topic (30m) – Deliverables & Blue Planet  CEOS Deliverables for GEOSS Data Discovery and Access (1h15m)  HMA-CWIC  Standardising data access for VC holdings  LSI Terms of Reference (20m)  Wrap

4 VC & WG Accomplishments for the 2015 GEOSS CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 11 th March 2013

5 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March accomplishments  10-year implementation plan for the GEOSS ends in 2015  Critical for GEO to show tangible benefits for member governments – and CEOS has a leading role  CSS study of VCs focused on their capacity and intentions to provide outputs – SIT dialogue with VCs/WGs in 2012 & 2013 has continued this discussion  The VCs and WGs are the delivery teams of CEOS  Delivery plans have been updated – this session takes a look at the combined output

6 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 ACC 2015 accomplishments 1.Multi Sensor Volcanic Eruption Alert System Enhanced support to Aviation Control Service (SACS) web service providing SO 2 and volcanic ash warning service based on multi-sensor measurements 2.Geostationary AQ Constellation Coordination Activities Establish cross-agency membership on relevant science teams Agree on an open data policy for AQ-relevant data and support establishment of common cal/val standards for common pre-launch instrument characterization. Conduct workshop during 2013 Organize a workshop on AQ model intercomparison to optimize use by air quality forecasters and managers Undertake best efforts to overlap planned GEO AQ missions (e.g., Sentinel 4, TEMPO, and GEMS) by at least 1 year to provide simultaneous continuous observations of the Northern Hemisphere through a full annual cycle 3.Total Ozone ECV support Establish validation protocol and common database Combined US/European total ozone ECV data set generation 4.Greenhouse Gas Constellation GHG measurement coordination, validation protocols, potential for combined ECV data sets 5.Limb scattering ozone profile measurement coordination In collaboration with SPARC/WMO/IOC activities

7 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 LSI 2015 accomplishments 1.LSI Explorer (Cross-Catalog, Data Discovery, Data Delivery System) 1.INPE 2.CSA/CCRS 3.NASA 4.NOAA 5.USGS 6.JAXA 7.China Data Centers 8.ESA 9.South Africa 2.Terrestrial ECVs discoverable and downloadable 3.SAR Collections Data Delivery Flow Incorporated 1.Addressing Public-Private Partnerships 4.LSI Web Site 1.Expanded and Updated Agency Holdings 2.All Links Point to MIM 3.SAR Missions fully represented 5.Support Extended to all GEO Initiatives Endorsed by CEOS 1.Terrestrial Collection Focus

8 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 OCR 2015 accomplishments 1.Implementation of INSITU-OCR Establishment of a Task Force on Calibration – standing WG under IOCCG that could interface with CEOS WGCV (2013 deliverable to facilitate INSITU-OCR Implementation) Finalization of IOCCG Report 14 – Calibration of Satellite Ocean-Colour Sensors Finalization of IOCCG Report 15 – Remote Sensing in Polar Seas (related) IOCCG agencies and members define commitments for implementation of INSITU-OCR o Deliverable: quantifying requirements for, identifying and (plans for) supporting three long-term cal/val sites that run across satellite missions by Ocean Color ECV support Focus on basin to global scale ECV/CDR time series for climate related studies which require long records IOCCG ECV WG goal is to give a complete report of initial objectives at the IOCCG in 2014 (TOR and written report for description of goals) o Development of roadmap for first assessment – topic for second meeting – May 2013 o Recommend comparison/evaluation metrics o Record and evaluate differences among existing OCR ECV products and recommend how differences can be resolved. o Establish criteria to be satisfied by OCR ECV products and recommend actions needed to ensure the quality and consistency required by GCOS. o Respond to CEOS requests for review of OCR ECVs. o Establish contact with the SST-VC. o Evaluate agency efforts to develop/help develop and archive ECVs 3.Operational Oceanography (VC Coordination) Paper Under discussion at IOCCG currently NB: OCR-VC membership rotation Current co-leads are Paula Bontempi (NASA), Peter Regner (ESA), Prakash Chauhan (ISRO) Dr. Chauhan (ISRO) has requested to rotate off Bontempi will stay in lead role for another year, Regner (ESA) will stay on board, and IOCCG is considering the addition of Paul DiGiacomo (NOAA) as co-lead (NOAA approved)

9 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 OST 2015 accomplishments 1.Ensure launch of Jason-3 in March 2015 latest, so as to preserve continuity of the reference measurement 2.Timely program approval of Jason-CS in Europe and in the US to ensure long-term availability of the reference measurement 3.Fulfil the user requirements of two, preferably three additional missions through provision and dissemination of SARAL, Cryosat 2 and HY2A altimetry products (and also assimilation into the multi mission DUACS product) 4.Maintain focus on new technology as in SWOT and ensure its continuity with the Jason-series by including a Jason-class nadir altimeter in the SWOT payload (currently baseline). All of the above are needed to sustain the delivery of a service to our users, and this requires a number of transverse activities such as: An adequate training program, Addressing the role of the Ocean Surface Topography Science Team in the CEOS OST Constellation, Considering the contribution of OST Constellation to the concept of Operational Oceanography services coordination by CEOS.

10 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 OSVW 2015 accomplishments OSCAT Follow-On: OceanSat-3 launched planned for 2016 (program not yet approved) ASCAT Follow-On: Planned for launch on EPS-SG 2 nd satellite (Sat-B) in 2022 By 2015 instrument design expected to be ready. In 2013 ASCAT-B becomes the primary operational mission and ASCAT-A remains in operations as a hot stand-by. Tandem operations beyond 2014 are under discussion and will be assessed in the course of In this context: Absolute calibration of ASCAT-B and cross-calibration with ASCAT-A Potential revisit of phasing of METOP-A/METOP-B options Consistently reprocessed ASCAT-A mission dataset Consistently processed OSCAT mission dataset Define standard calibration/validation methodology in coordination with IOVWST In coordination with IOWVST, define approach/plan to harmonize multi-mission wind data records Consolidate/formalize the periodically given course on the use of scatterometer winds for marine forecasting. To identify and start addressing additional scatterometer wind training needs within the scientific community in a more general oceanography applications context, drawing from the expertise available in the IOVWST group

11 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March PC 2015 accomplishments o PC Data Portal with links to CEOS Water Portal −Completion of First Phase “link only” interface – March −Planning/study for and implementaton of Second Phase “query/results/order based” interface – April 2013 to December 2014 o Precipitation ECV support – Response to GCOS Action A-8 - Ensure continuity of satellite precipitation products −Deliverables #1, #2, #3, #4, #5 (see next slide for details) o Deployment of GPM phase constellation satellites and maintaining continuity with TRMM o Advocacy of post-GPM phase PC −Potential Microwave Imager (MI) shortfall in post-GPM era −Light and solid precipitation measurements at high latitudes −GPM FO

12 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Response to GCOS Action A8 - Ensure continuity of satellite precipitation products Deliverables 1.Sustainment and enhancement of constellation of satellites carrying microwave radiometers (both imagers and sounders) and moderate inclination satellite carrying microwave imager and precipitation radar. 2.Well characterized and stable Level 1B calibrated, geolocated brightness temperature (Tb) products from each PC radiometer. 3.Inter-calibrated brightness temperature (Tc) products by applying the GPM core observatory reference standard. 4.Precipitation retrievals using physically based a-priori database constructed from combined radiometer/radar measurement. 5.Global monthly PDF of precipitation intensity based on the above.

13 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March SST-VC 2015 accomplishments 1.Continue to interface GHRSST activities with CEOS and enhance cooperation with CEOS Ocean VC’s 2.Increase CEOS SST-VC membership (Targets: KARI, NRSCC, NSMC/CMA, ISRO, CONAE, Roskosmos, SANSA) SST-VC: Space Segment Address gap in dual-view TIR imaging since loss of ENVISAT AATSR (AVHRR & IASI) Launch of Sentinel-3A in 2015 providing continuity of dual-view IR measurements. Commission METOPB AVHRR and NPP Inclusions of ISRO OCEANSAT3, KARI COMS, NOAA NPP, JAXA GCOM-W, EUMETSAT METOP&MTG within the SST-VC Prepare White Paper on SST Constellation definition (needs, structure, system) SST-VC: Ground Segment/Information systems Data availability and access: Maintain and evolve the user/producer community providing international exchange and application of NRT EO SST data within the GHRSST framework Bring GCOM-W, COMS and VIIRS SST data into the GHRSST framework CEOS-GEO Action IN-03-C1_1: Translate and bring on-line EO-SST data holdings within the CEOS WGISS Integrated Catalogue (CWIC) Improve multi-sensor L4 analyses and ensemble products of EO SST for operational and climate applications Develop and implement metrics for SST services, products and users.

14 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 SST-VC 2015 accomplishments SST-VC: Products and services Coordinate user requirements and feedback for SST Products and Services Improve SST product validation and coordination of validation teams Climate monitoring and research (CEOS-GEO Actions CL-01-C1_1& CL-01-C1_2) Development of SST CDR as CEOS Response to the Satellite Supplement of the 2010 GCOS IP via ESA CCI and GHRSST activities CEOS-GEO Action IN-02-C1_3: Implement QA4EO principles into GHRSST SST data sets in the most appropriate manner Ocean Supersites Development: pilot using the High Resolution Diagnostic data set (HR-DDS) via the ESA Felyx project (http://hrdds.ifremer.fr/) for SST, Ocean Colour, Wind/Wave (CEOS-GEO Action DI-01-C2_2 )http://hrdds.ifremer.fr/ SST-VC: Notes Capacity building: Develop training activities for satellite SST practitioners. Improve user feedback to CEOS Agencies via better integration of existing GHRSST activities within CEOS.

15 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 WGCapD 2015 accomplishments Deliverables for the following GEO WP, ID-02-C2 component, as identified in CEOS actions 1.Integrate GEONetCab project website with the GEO web portal and WGCapD website o Output: Integrate information about Capacity Building resources for the Earth Observation domain. 2.Development of an International Online Certificate Program in Remote Sensing, to be organized by CEOS Space Agencies o Output: First pilot course to be held from Feb 18 to June 10, to Anglophone countries in Africa. More courses shall be developed, also focusing of French Africa and Latin America. 3.Develop and carryout an inventory of capacity building activities focused on space-derived data. o Outputs: Perform a global assessment which will serve to better focus capacity building efforts as well as highlight new areas where organizations can better cooperate to achieve their goals. The final product will be an interactive map hosted on the CEOS website. 4.Execute a Digital Elevation Models workshop with high resolution DEM data. o Outputs: Expand these workshops to Nepal as well if the data is released for those regions.

16 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March WGClimate 2015 accomplishments From WGClimate ToR: Define and implement a consistent Climate Monitoring Architecture for space-based observations. Review and assess, on behalf of CEOS, the generation of Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDRs) and derived Essential Climate Variable (ECV) climate products supported by Member space agencies, WGClimate: Space Segment Once initial rendition of Physical Architecture is complete, concrete recommendations on climate observation priorities for space segment will be provided. Undertaken in collaboration with CGMS, expected within WGClimate: Ground Segment/Information systems Essential Climate Variable Inventory. First version and analysis available by Q WGClimate: Products and services Consensus system metrics for assessing ECV maturity end In depth ECV/TCDR assessment procedure and pilots Q Both undertaken with SST and OCR VCs (and their associated scientific bodies - GHRSST, IOCCG) and in collaboration with WCRP-DAC. Note: the joint activity on the climate monitoring architecture with CGMS has been extremely productive and beneficial. If this is to continue in the future then some joint oversight mechanism would be necessary and effective

17 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 WGISS 2015 accomplishments Contributions to GEOSS Data Discovery and Access 1.IDN: Directory Service and Collection Metadata More than 14,000 (as of Feb. 26 th ) data collections from CEOS agencies can be discovered from GEO Portal. 2.CWIC : Catalog service and Data Access More than 1,700 (as of Feb. 26 th ) data collections from CEOS agencies can be discovered and accessed from GEO Portal. 3.FedEO : Catalog service and Data Access Several data collections from CEOS agencies will be discoverable from GEOSS. 4.Portal systems LSI Portal, ACC Portal and CEOS Water Portal

18 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 WGCV 2015 accomplishments GEO Workplan component IN-02: Earth Data Sets IN-02-C1: Advances in Life-cycle Data Management  Develop a GEO strategy for data quality assurance through developing a CEOS Quality Assurance Framework for Earth Observation (QA4EO) and implementing processes and structure for CEOS data and information. Output: QA4EO Implementation Pilots and Showcases for key GEO data/information/SBA efforts; Fit for purpose documentation related to system, data and product capability and accuracy; Quality parameter measurement and process guidelines for each quality definition; Support to LTDP and data management efforts, Incorporation of information in the process and definitions; Incorporation of data and information QA flags; Update of QA4EO website  Enabling Data and Information Interoperability and Harmonization in CEOS and GEO by developing an architecture and constituent elements needed for implementation of an operational system Output: Full list of CEOS test sites; Establish operational collection of calibration data over these sites by agencies; Prototype pre-operational satellite to satellite (optical domain) bias correction; Establish methodologies to aid interoperability

19 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March accomplishments – space segment Space Segment ACC * Geostationary AQ Constellation Coordination (Sentinel-4, TEMPO, GEMS) * Greenhouse Gas Constellation * Limb scattering ozone profile measurement coordination LSI - OCR - OST * Ensure launch of Jason-3 in March 2015 latest, so as to preserve continuity of the reference measurement * Timely program approval of Jason-CS in Europe and in the US to ensure long-term availability of the reference measurement * Maintain focus on new technology as in SWOT and ensure its continuity with the Jason-series by including a Jason-class nadir altimeter in the SWOT payload OSVW * In 2013 ASCAT-B becomes the primary operational mission and ASCAT-A remains in operations as a hot stand- by. Tandem operations beyond 2014 under discussion. Planning: absolute calibration of ASCAT-B and cross- calibration with ASCAT-A; potential revisit of phasing of METOP-A/METOP-B options. (* OSCAT F/O (Oceansat-3) and ASCAT F/O (EPS-SG) mission advocacy and coordination). PC * GPM Constellation phase satellites - continuity for TRMM SST * Sentinel-3 launch and advocacy (ESA) * Commissioning of METOB-B AVHRR/IASI (EUMETSAT) * Development of an SST- constellation requirements paper (work in progress) *Addressing the Gap in dual-view SST measurements since the loss of ENVISAT AATSR (ESA) * Inclusion of HY-2B into the Constellation (SOA) (Advocacy of: NPP/VIIRS (NOAA); COMS (KARI); continuity of passive microwave measurements (GCOM-W, JAXA); MTG (EUMETSAT); GCOM-C (JAXA); Oceansat-3 (ISRO)) WGCapD - WGISS - WGClimate (Once initial rendition of Physical Architecture is complete, first concrete recommendations on climate observation priorities for space segment will be provided. Undertaken in collaboration with CGMS, expected within 2015.) WGCV -

20 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March accomplishments – gnd segment/infosys Gnd Segment/Info Systems ACC - LSI * LSI Explorer (Cross-Catalog, Data Discovery, Data Delivery System) * LSI Web Site OCR - OST - OSVW - PC * PC Data Portal SST * GHRSST framework for data discovery and access inc NRT data * Development of Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre and Ground Segment * Implementation of CWIC for SST holdings * Development of Global AVHRR HRPT rescue activity * Common format for SST products (implemented already for all GHRSST data streams and as part of the Sentinel-3 G/S from conception) (Cooperation with International validation teams (e.g Sentinel-3), Coordination of in situ SST radiometer validation activities with ISSI and WGCV (radiometer inter-comparison)) WGCapD * WGCapD web/GEONetCab/GEO portal - capacity building resources WGISS * CEOS IDN: 14,000+ data collections – also via GEO Portal * CWIC: 1,700+ data collections – also via GEO Portal * FedEO: CEOS agency data collections discoverable via GEOSS * Portal systems: LSI, ACC & CEOS Water WGClimate * Essential Climate Variable Inventory. First version and analysis available by Q WGCV -

21 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March accomplishments – products & services Products/Services ACC * Multi Sensor Volcanic Eruption Alert System * Total Ozone ECV support LSI * Terrestrial ECVs OCR * Ocean Colour ECV support: basin to global scale ECV/CDR. IOCCG ECV WG will prepare report on objectives by 2014 OST * Provision and dissemination of SARAL, Cryosat 2 and HY2A altimetry products (and also assimilation into the multi mission DUACS product) * Training programmes OSVW * Consistently reprocessed ASCAT-A mission dataset * Consistently processed OSCAT mission dataset * Standard calibration/validation methodology in coordination with IOVWST * Course on the use of scatterometer winds for marine forecasting – based on needs assessment PC * Precipitation ECV support SST * Improved SST products (L2, L3 and L4) * Improved Multi-Product Ensemble SST L4 diagnostic system (GMPE) * Metrics for SST services, products and users * Development of SST CDR via ESA CCI and GHRSST * Improved CDR from MSG SEVIRI * Improved use of GSICS * Inclusion of QA4EO guidelines in GHRSST data sets (Formal link to WGCV) * Implementation and operation of Diagnostic Data Set (e.g., via the ESA Felyx project) to pilot Ocean SuperSite development. (Advocacy for Ocean SuperSites with Agency cooperation; Coordinate user requirements and feedback for SST Products and Services Advocate for better access to CEOS Member data sets) WGCapD * International Online Certificate Program in Remote Sensing * Inventory of capacity building activities focused on space-derived data * Digital Elevation Models workshops with high resolution DEM data WGISS - WGClimate * Consensus system metrics for assessing ECV maturity end * In depth Data assessment procedure and pilots Q (Both undertaken with SST and OCR VCs (and their associated scientific bodies - GHRSST, IOCCG) and in collaboration with WCRP-DAC) WGCV * GEO strategy for data quality assurance through a CEOS Quality Assurance Framework for Earth Observation (QA4EO) * QA4EO Implementation Pilots and Showcases for key GEO data/information/SBA efforts * Fit for purpose documentation related to system, data and product capability and accuracy * Quality parameter measurement and process guidelines for each quality definition * CEOS Test Sites for operational system of Data and Information Interoperability and Harmonization in CEOS and GEO * Operational collection of calibration data over these sites by agencies * Prototype pre-operational satellite to satellite (optical domain) bias correction

22 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Space segment  Significant variation, even internally, in defining and communicating what the VCs and WGs aim to achieve  VCs mainly deliver space segment coordination outcomes and products/services “The Virtual Constellations are seen as one of the biggest assets of CEOS, and the primary mechanism for the coordination of space assets”  Isolating, defining, standardising the value added of the VCs for the space segment would help communication & management?

23 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Ground segment, products & services  WGs mainly deliver portals/info systems & products/services  Major outputs like IDN and ECV inventory  SIT Vice Chair proposal seeks to standardise on the access to products and services relevant to VCs

24 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Communicating CEOS accomplishments  In light of the consolidated responses, do individual VC/WGs wish to change their statement of accomplishments? Should we more generally seek to sharpen scope of VC/WG accomplishments and seek to standardise and improve consistency?  Clearer deliverables would aid communication and management?  Better integration of the VC/WGs with the annual CEOS work plan  Not much guidance from the Constellations Process Paper (late 2008)  Implementation Plans and schedules are requested  Time for an update?

25 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Adequacy of the 2015 accomplishments for the GEOSS  Perspective from CEOS rep to post-2015 GEO WG  Discussion  Perspective from GEO Secretariat  Discussion

26 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Common obstacles and common solutions  “Modular”approach to implementation of VCs – how do agencies coordinate physical contributions to ensuring long-term ECVs?  What are the challenges to implementing the VC? (Legal? Financial? Governmental?)  Are any of these issues that an agency sees as possibly surmountable through bilateral or other discussions?  Can the agencies identify investments, assets, or contributions they might make in ensuring ECV generation? (Even if the institution is not a space agency).  What is needed to move the ECV generation forward? (hardware, software, reports, money, etc.)

27 VC Membership, Composition & Sustainability G. Dyke/SIT Chair Team, C. Donlon and K. Casey/SST-VC, M. Dowell/WGClimate CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013

28 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Overview Update on VC membership status and gaps Status of VC engagement with respective science teams Motives, perceived benefits and risks Discussion

29 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Key Questions for Discussion What are the motivations for some VCs to engage related science teams? Are there lessons for other VCs & do we need a more systematic approach to engagement?

30 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 VC Membership Status Approximate VC Membership PC: ~20 LSI: ~20 ACC: ~15 CEOS, ~100 more generally (academia, etc.) SST: ~10 (all members also GHRSST members) OSVW: ~20 OST: ? OCR: ?

31 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Changes in Gaps Since SIT-27 PC: No change (CMA, ROSHYDROMET) LSI: Link to WGClimate established through John Dwyer Links to SDCG being clarified ACC: Fuxiang Huang at CMA/NSMC indicated he will attend No progress with Russia SST Added CSIRO/BoM and WGCV Still seeking ISRO, CONAE, NRSCC, NSMC/CMA, Roskosmos, KARI, SANSA

32 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 OSVW: No change (SOA, CMA, ROSHYDROMET, ROSKOSMOS) No response to CEOS leadership letter last year to China EUMETSAT progress with SOA bi-laterally OST: SIT-27 Status CNSA/China (OSTST participation, HY-2A, HY- 2B, SARAL/AltiKa) ESA (OSTST participation) OCR: SIT-27 Status Instrument Science Teams – various CEOS agencies Changes in Gaps Since SIT-27

33 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 VCs and Science Teams VCScience Team(s) VC-ST InterfaceFormal Coordination Status SSTGHRSSTAll SST-VC members are in GHRSST. GHRSST established SST-VC. OSVWIOVWSTPaul Chang/NOAADialog initiated at 2012 IOVWST meeting in Utrecht. OCRIOCCG CEOS Associate Mark Dowell/JRC Paula Bontempi/NASA OCR-VC members frequently presented at IOCCG. Coordination potential on ECV generation in support of GCOS OSTOST-STPascal Bonnefond/France Joshua Willis NASA JPL OST-ST is part of the formal 4-party agreement covering up to Jason-3. OST-ST has expressed some desire to expand beyond current 4 parties.

34 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 VCs and Science Teams VCScience Team(s)VC-ST InterfaceFormal Coordination Status PCNASA and JAXA PMM-STs, M-T IST, CGMS-IPWG, GEWEX NASA, JAXA, U. of Nagoya, CNES, LEGOS- OMP/CNRS, UCAR, CSU STs have participated PC-VC since its inception in 2007, contributing to the PC- VC IP, work plans and reporting, and CEOS GCOS IP response. PC-VC workshops held on the sidelines of the NASA PMM ST meetings to facilitate participation. ACCSPARC, IOC, mission science teams, GCOS, European Carbonsat MAG Ongoing collaborative efforts with SPARC, IOC and others LSILand cover mission STs, land-derived ECV groups, GOFC- GOLD InformalFormative

35 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Motivation OCR was well aligned; SST was aligned by design; OST & OSVW, are looking to better align with key science teams PC also has links ACC and LSI more diffuse What is the motivation for this engagement? Is this indicative of a bigger issue with the current geometry for all VCs?

36 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Benefits There are multiple benefits to links between CEOS VCs/WGs and domain specific international science working groups They provide the scientific underpinning to CEOS agency activities in the international context They can provide independent oversight on activities where this is required They provide a international consolidation of “scientific user requirements” for CEOS agency datasets and products

37 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Benefits CEOS has implicitly taken advantage of these relationships through a variety of mechanisms Existing links with VCs WGs The international Science Working Groups being existing CEOS associate members Do we need to define a systematic approach to addressing the relationship between CEOS and these organizations? NB: there is no pre-judged opinion on this

38 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Mapping Existing Relationships CEOS EntityISWGLink OCR-VCIOCCGAssociate member WGClimateWCRP activitiesAssociate member SST-VCGHRSSTCatalyst for VC OST-VCOSTST ? OSVW-VCOSVWST? PC-VCPrecip. STsFormative and on going contributions to the VC ACC-VC… LSI-VC…

39 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Points from Monday’s Discussion If we’re looking for the VCs to focus on delivery/expanded contributions, more capacity and expertise is needed, and in some cases the science teams may have this CEOS agency resources support science teams (not exclusively, but substantially) and agencies could try and ensure these activities are connected to the VCs to a greater extent

40 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Discussion What are the motivations for some VCs to engage related science teams? Are these motivations common across VCs? Do these commonalities warrant a systematic approach to addressing the relationship between CEOS and these organizations?

41 VC-WG selected topic 2015 Accomplishments & Blue Planet CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 12 th March 2013

42 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Accomplishments  Consistent and concise description of CEOS contribution to the 2015 GEOSS and the scope of the contribution from each VC and WG  The ‘deliverables that got left behind’:  OCR IN-SITU  ACC  QA4EO  Others….?

43 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Blue Planet  CEO Update on GEO Blue Planet Task  Component lead(s)?  Op Oceans coordination activity  The Sprint to Summit?

44 GEO Blue Planet Task Kerry Ann Sawyer CEOS Executive Officer CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 12 March 2013

45 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013

46 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March SB-01 – Oceans and Society or “the Blue Planet Task” New Task in the GEO Work Plan  Related GEOSS Strategic Targets  Climate, Ecosystems, Agriculture, Biodiversity  Components: C1 – Global Ocean Information Coordination and Access Lead (CEOS) – M. Dowell (need to provide new CEOS Lead as Mark has been asked to lead on behalf of EU/EC) C2 – Operational Systems for Monitoring of Marine and Coastal Ecosystems Lead (CEOS) – P. Regner (ESA) (need to provide new CEOS Lead as Peter has asked to removed) C3 – A Global Operational Ocean Forecasting Network C4 – Applications of Earth Observations and Information to Sustainable Fishery and Aquaculture Management

47 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Oceans and Society Blue Planet Symposium November 2012 – Ilhabella, Brazil  Main Outcomes/Actions:  Continue developing the SB-01 Task and establish further synergies between the various Task Components  Develop a White Paper to elaborate contributions of various programs and elements of Blue Planet  CEOS Presentation to Symposium highlighted:  Initiatives at the international level to coordinate satellite observations of the ocean that are relevant to the Blue Planet Task of GEO  Examples (not meant to be exhaustive) include:  CEOS Working Group on Climate – ocean Essential Climate Variables  CEOS Virtual Constellations – all main ocean observations!  CEOS Carbon Task Force – ocean aspects covered in Strategy report

48 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Oceans and Society - Blue Planet at GEO-IX Plenary Albert Fischer, UNESCO/IOC, presented

49 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Oceans and Society - Blue Planet at GEO-IX Plenary GHRSST Added Value of Blue Planet: Provides new platforms to demonstrate importance of sustained in situ and satellite observations of marine and freshwater environments, and the value of integrating these with models Brings together a wide and diverse community of governmental and academic researchers and provides new platforms for integration of multiple streams of data into products that provide the real value to users Includes a dynamic, focused program in capacity building, complemented by a vigorous, global network of former scholars from developing countries.

50 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March CEOS 2013 Work Plan Expected Outcomes for 2013 – CEOS Support to Key Stakeholder Initiatives  6.5 – Determination of the level and scope of engagement of the four ocean-related Virtual Constellations in the GEO Blue Planet Task  Ocean VCs and WGClimate “will participate in a CEOS Oceans Summit to address key activities where CEOS entities can make significant contributions to the newly developed Blue Planet Task.”  “Additionally, CEOS will consider how best to capitalize on the existence of the four ocean-related Virtual Constellations by reviewing and investigating the feasibility of creating an overarching entity for operational oceanography.”

51 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March CEOS Intervention in Support of Blue Planet Task CEOS is very pleased with the development of the Blue Planet Task in the Work Plan. We are well-positioned to support the identified priority actions. CEOS leads two of the four Components in the Task. In 2013, CEOS will consider how best to engage the four ocean-related Virtual Constellations: Ocean Colour Radiometry, Ocean Surface Topography, Ocean Surface Vector Wind, and Sea Surface Temperature, to seek if this Task can receive further support. CEOS is engaged in the analysis of contributions to outputs for monitoring the marine ECVs and the role of the oceans in the carbon cycle and how best to define a strategy for the next generation of CEOS Agency satellite missions to monitor that process. The CEOS Carbon Task Force is also assessing the three major domains, including oceans, and their interrelationships, and this was addressed earlier this week at the Oceans and Society Blue Planet Symposium, in which I was pleased to participate.

52 CEOS Deliverables for GEOSS Data Discovery and Access Heritage, recent efforts, possible solutions using HMA-CWIC & discussion Name Satoko Horiyama MIURA OrganizationWGISS Chair/JAXA CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA DateMarch12, 2013

53 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Contents 1.Goal 2.Future Steps towards the Goal 3.Recommendations (just introduction) 4.Heritage 5.Recent Efforts 6.Background of Recommendations 7.Response to the Plenary Action 8.Recommendations (before discussion) 9.Discussion 10.Recommendations (reflecting discussion results, ask for endorsement) 11.Way Forward 53

54 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Goal  All of the “OPEN” CEOS Agencies’ data can be discovered and accessed from external clients (e.g. CEOS and GEO Portals) It should be independent of the technical implementation/standards and without any discrimination. 54 Overall, 70% of CEOS mission data is accessible (OPEN). This includes all missions launched since 2000.

55 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Future Steps towards the Goal 1.To improve data discovery through GEO portal 2.To improve data access through GEO Portal Several recommendations were prepared to implement the above steps (shown in the following slides). After discussion, SIT participants will be asked to endorse those. 55

56 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Recommendations (introduction)  Recommendations to improve CEOS agencies’ “OPEN” data discovery and access 1.[Datasets Registration] CEOS agencies are strongly urged to register their datasets to IDN. Target date = The next Plenary Meeting 2.[IDN Data Maintenance] In order to keep datasets accurate and timely, each agency should check their records in IDN periodically. 3.[Navigation for users] CEOS agencies should take the appropriate measures for easily leading users to products after data discovery. 56

57 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Heritage 1.CEOS agencies have several useful systems/tools such as: CWIC FedEO (based on HMA-science) IDN Each Agency’s systems/tools 2.At the last plenary meeting (Nov., 2012), there was intense discussion on CEOS agencies’ data discovery and access. ACTION : “WGISS to engage related agencies and to lead an investigation into the opportunities and obstacles for the interoperability of HMA and CWIC, providing a report and recommendations to SIT-28.” 57

58 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Recent Efforts 1.Strategic Discussion a.Two telecons among WGISS, SIT chair team and SIT Vice Chair telecon in December and February (1)Covered broader perspective on how to improve CEOS agencies’ data discovery and access b.One Telecon with CEOS members in February 2.Technical Discussion a.Four telecons among HMA team, CWIC team and WGISS telecon in January and February 3. exchange 58

59 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Background for Recommendations In order to be “discoverable” through GEO Portal, datasets need to be registered to IDN in advance. This is a necessary 1 st step. The IDN team is happy to support you on how to start the registration. Please contact to if you need any help. Recommendation 1: Datasets Registration CEOS agencies are strongly urged to register their datasets to IDN. 59

60 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Background for Recommendations As of February 26th, more than 14,000 datasets from CEOS agencies were registered. But, a.For a significant part of them, the information returned in the query results is either wrong or inaccurate (e.g. obsolete information). b.The IDN team currently runs a link checker program on the catalog on weekly basis and when broken links are discovered the IDN team contacts the record owners. But sometimes record owners themselves are obsolete! Recommendation 2 : IDN Data Maintenance In order to keep datasets accurate and timely, each agency should check their records in IDN periodically. 60

61 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Background for Recommendations 1.If datasets are registered to IDN, they are discoverable from the GEO Portal. 2.But “discoverable” does not necessarily equal to “efficiently accessible”. a.Even if a hyperlink appears, it may lead to the top page of another system. Users have to search the dataset again. (= accessible but not “efficiently” accessible) b.Or no hyperlink appears due to some reason. (= not accessible) Recommendation 3 : Navigation for users CEOS agencies should take the appropriate measures for easily leading users to products after data discovery. 61

62 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March CEOS Data Policy Study Results 387 Mission-Instrument Combinations  Open (no registration) = 42%  Open (simple registration) = 22%  Open (advanced approval) = 6%  Restricted = 14%  No Access or Unknown = 16% Comments  Overall, 70% of CEOS mission data is accessible (OPEN). This includes all missions launched since  First release of results available on the CEOS website under SEO. A prototype CEOS Data Policy Portal has also been released.

63 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Response to the Plenary Action 1.FedEO (based on HMA-science) team and CWIC team agreed to specify and implement one common external interface, “CEOS OpenSearch”. Details need to be discussed by the team from FedEO and CWIC, but here are tentative milestones. (1)Specify the standard using current implementations of the specifications: After SIT-28 ~ Sep., 2014 (2)FedEO and CWIC teams implement the CEOS OpenSearch standard for external client access: ~Feb., CEOS and other Community Portals will need to implement only one access standard to search and access data from CWIC & FedEO. 63

64 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 EO-DAIL FEDEO Clearinghouse NASA ECHO Gateway ESA Missions OGC EOP EP (HMA) Legend: EUMETSAT European Missions DMC VITO MDA Spot Image DLR Disasters Charter CNES NASA ECHO NASA CEOS portals GEO Portal ESA/ESRIN Note: All HMA interfaces (green) already available and connected to FedEO. Others coming. IDN USGS LSI CWIC Missions INPE NASA NOAA CLASS GHRSST JAXACCRSISRO AOE (China ) Beijing-1 NSMC/FengYun CRESDA CWIC HMA – CWIC Interoperability OGC OpenSearch OGC CSW 64

65 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Recommendations (before discussion)  Recommendations to improve CEOS agencies’ “OPEN” data discovery and access 1.[Datasets Registration] CEOS agencies are strongly urged to register their datasets to IDN. Target date = The next Plenary Meeting 2.[IDN Data Maintenance] In order to keep datasets accurate and timely, each agency should check their records in IDN periodically. 3.[Navigation for users] CEOS agencies should take the appropriate measures for easily leading users to products after data discovery. 65

66 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 DISCUSSION Modification of Recommendations (as needed) 66

67 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Recommendations (ask for approval)  Recommendations to improve CEOS agencies’ “OPEN” data discovery and access 1.[Datasets Registration] CEOS agencies are strongly urged to register their datasets to IDN. Target date = The next Plenary Meeting 2.[IDN Data Maintenance] In order to keep datasets accurate and timely, each agency should check their records in IDN periodically. 3.[Navigation for users] CEOS agencies should take the appropriate measures for easily leading users to products after data discovery. 67

68 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Way Forward 1.Side meeting on March 15th (after SIT-28) Technical issues and more details will be discussed. 2.WGISS-35 Meeting (May 6-10) Detailed discussion on WGISS contributions. 3.GEO IIB and Work Plan Symposium (June 3-7) According to the results from the meeting on March 15 th, CEOS will report/present their contributions. 4.CEOS Plenary (November) Report the 2013 activities results and 2014 plan, including preparation for to “Sprint to Summit”. 5.GEO Plenary/Summit (January 2014?) Sprint to Summit, Exhibition? 68 Strategic Technical Strategic Technical Strategic

69 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Acronyms CWIC: CEOS WGISS Integrated Catalog IDN: International Directory Network HMA: Heterogeneous Missions Accessibility 69

70 Consistent access to VC data Steven Hosford, Pedro Gonçalves CNES CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA 12/03/2013

71 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Summary CEOS and GEOSS context Virtual Constellations Study Objectives and Schedule Next Steps Conclusions

72 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March CEOS Context Current situation CEOS agencies are major contributors and one of the driving forces in the implementation of the GEOSS since its incepti on Many space data collections have been registered in the GEOSS Component and Services Registry (IDN copied into CSR) CEOS “strongly encourages” agencies to register and maintain up-to- date the CEOS catalogue of data collections the International Directory Network (IDN) However, download access to space data through GEOSS remains difficult CEOS assumes the role of coordinator of the space component of GEOSS, but should it consider a different approach to facilitate access through GEOSS to space data?

73 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March GEOSS Context Enhance decision making in nine Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs): Disasters, Health, Energy, Climate, Agriculture, Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Water, Weather GEOSS Data Collection of Open Resources for Everyone Critical to advancing data sharing Following common data sharing principles Full and Open Exchange of Data Data and Products at Minimum Time delay and Minimum Cost Free of Charge or Cost of Reproduction CEOS Virtual Constellations conduct activities that respond to SBA requirements

74 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March VC data access study objectives Identify and evaluate access to datasets belonging to each VC Which satellite/sensor combinations belong to each VC? What is the status of the data collections they generate? compliancy with the GEOSS data access characterizations (e.g. DataCORE) – link to SEO Data policy study discoverability from the GEOSS Common Infra or CEOS level infrastructure Provide guidance on improving discovery and online access to space data collection

75 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Potential impact of using VCs Improve search capabilities beyond free-text Mimic mainstream search engines with ordering/relevance of search results: Geospatial and temporal domain Usage patterns Applications and linkages of collections CEOS Virtual Constellations have great potential in establishing link between data collections and application domains improve links between collections (find one, suggest another) interoperability for cross-search / relation (link a product with data and space-time equivalent product, link products with auxiliary data) introducing domain “intelligence” into search and access

76 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Next Steps Establish contact with each VC Validate primary data collections listing Validate specific requirements (NRT, processing level) Define priority data collections Evaluate and test Data discovery and online access methods (machine to machine discovery and access) Define data flows scenarios (discover collection to access products) Demonstrate workflow scenarios (access and process data)

77 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Conclusions Data download access to space data remains challenging, especially for the non specialist users targeted by GEO CEOS currently “strongly encourages” agencies to maintain up-to-date data collection information in IDN (and feeds this through to GEO's Components and Services Registry) Building on this, using CEOS VCs could greatly facilitate a structured approach to improving data discovery and download access Coordinating with WGISS and SEO the study reported here will assess data discovery and access to VC data collections and provide feedback and guidance on possible next steps Results will be reported to WGISS-35 (May, 2013)

78 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Thanks for your feedback / thoughts on these proposals Steven Hosford Pedro Gonçalves

79 Land Surface Imaging VC: Terms of Reference Julio Dalge, P.G. Diwakar, John Faundeen INPE ISRO USGS CEOS SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 12, 2013

80 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Current LSI Terms of Reference Background: The CEOS Land Surface Imaging Virtual Constellation (LSI VC) was established through a Declaration of Intent signed by seven CEOS agencies in Purpose: The LSI VC primary role is to promote the effective and comprehensive collection, distribution, and application of Earth Observation (EO) data of the global land surface, especially to meet societal needs of the global population, such as those addressed by the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) societal benefit areas (SBAs).

81 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Current LSI Terms of Reference 1/2 Scope: The remit of LSI VC is to coordinate and focus land EO contributions from CEOS agencies supporting CEOS priorities. This includes considering space-based Remote Sensing from optical (visible and infrared including thermal) and microwave instruments. The CEOS Priority Actions are main drivers for the group with the current LSI VC focus on:

82 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Current LSI Terms of Reference 2/2 Improved coordination support of Space Agency terrestrial activities related to climate initiatives Direct support to key GEO initiatives that CEOS has endorsed including the Forest Carbon Tracking, the Global Forest Observations Initiative, the Joint Experiments on Crop Assessment and Monitoring and, as appropriate, the GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring Investigating ways LSI can integrate or utilize the outputs from CEOS Quality Assurance for Earth Observation (QA4EO) efforts Developing tools and sponsoring forums for CEOS terrestrial mission planning.

83 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Current SDCG Terms of Reference Background: The CEOS GFOI Space Data Coordination Group (SDCG) was established by the 25 th CEOS Plenary (November 2011). Purpose: The SDCG serves to implement The CEOS Strategy for Space Data Coverage and Continuity in Support of the GEO Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) and Forest Carbon Tracking (FCT) Task.

84 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Current SDCG Terms of Reference 1/2 Scope: The remit of SDCG activities is defined by the scope of the CEOS Data Strategy document. Points to note: The SDCG seeks to support coordinated acquisition of all relevant Earth observing missions in support of GFOI and FCT needs emphasis is on coordination of CEOS agency missions, but an effective interface will be developed to engage and communicate needs to commercial operators The SDCG will limit its coordination to acquisition planning, at least initially; the broader scheme of data processing and distribution will be directed by the GFOI implementation, and the SDCG may have a role therein in due course

85 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Current SDCG Terms of Reference 2/2 The SDCG is not intended to be an open-ended arrangement for support of GFOI operations; it is anticipated that as the institutional arrangements and capacity for GFOI and its Project Office develop, the SDCG functions will transition into these structures. Noting the need for data coordination processes in support of other emerging CEOS priorities, the SDCG is being established with a view to being able to broaden its scope in future.

86 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March LSI Terms of Reference Way Forward Scope: The remit of LSI VC is to coordinate the distribution of terrestrial data including terrestrial Essential Climate Variables (ECVs), from CEOS agencies supporting CEOS priorities. This includes considering space-based remote sensing from optical (visible and infrared including thermal) and microwave instruments. The CEOS Priority Actions are main drivers for the group with the current LSI VC focus on:

87 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March LSI Terms of Reference Way Forward Deliverables: The LSI VC will provide the following services and activities: Provide distribution services from the LSI portal for CEOS agency terrestrial data. Facilitate the distribution of terrestrial ECVs as recommended by the WGClimate. Strive to address the cross-cutting issues that are common and fundamental to all data coordination responses from CEOS (information extraction, cross calibration, inter-operability, long-term data records, availability and dissemination, data quality, metadata) in cooperation with the other CEOS Working Groups. Provide end users updated information on current CEOS data coverages, gaps and potential discontinuity in data availability. Investigate a land data coordination role with CEOS agencies utilizing Public-Private Partnership arrangements with the goal to facilítate data access and usage for CEOS sponsored activities.

88 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March 2013 Request SIT review and endorse new LSI Terms of Reference LSI Terms of Reference Way Forward

89 SIT-28 Meeting Hampton, Virginia, USA March Wrap - recall  VC & WG Deliverables for the 2015 GEOSS (1h10m)  Individual brief reports  VC Membership, composition & sustainability (40m)  VC/WG Selected Topic (30m) – Deliverables & Blue Planet  CEOS Deliverables for GEOSS Data Discovery and Access (1h15m)  HMA-CWIC  Standardising data access for VC holdings  LSI Terms of Reference (20m)  Wrap


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