Presentation on theme: "EL SIGLO DE ORO The Renaissance in Spain. AfirmaciÓn If el Siglo de Oro had not occurred you would not speak Spanish today. ¿Por qué?"— Presentation transcript:
EL SIGLO DE ORO The Renaissance in Spain
AfirmaciÓn If el Siglo de Oro had not occurred you would not speak Spanish today. ¿Por qué?
Lasted through 16 th century (1500s) Inspired by antiquity (Greece and Rome) as well as Italian Renaissance Led to advancement in Art, Literature, and Exploration Began in 1492 Spain was officially united under Christianity Western discovery of the Americas Publication of Grámatica of the vernacular (common) Spanish language FECHAS IMPORTANTES
Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon Married in 1469 Catholic Ordered the Reconquista (reuniting of territory now Spain) Financial supporters of exploration and the arts Uniting España
Located in region of Granada Muslims from Morocco Flourishing Islamic culture Alhambra Needed to remove them to unite Spain under Christianity LOS MOROS Reconquista La Alhambra
Tool to remove foreigners and heretics (including Conversos (Jews converted to Christianity), Moriscos (Muslims converted to Christianity), some Protestants) Church and Government lead Known for torture? Garrucha: Victim suspended from ceiling by wrists Toca: waterboarding Potro: the rack Inquisición Española
Funded by Isabella and Ferdinand, Carlos I Main explorers for Spain: Cristobal Colombo (Hispañola) Francisco Pizarro (Inca) Hernán Cortez (Aztec) Francisco Coronado (southwest US) Ponce de Leon (Florida) Motives: Wealth- gold and spices Power Trade Catholicism Territory Colombian exchange: People, crops, animals, ideas goods Spain became leading power in world Exploración Cortes and Montezuma- Mexico Spanish territory during Renaissance
Strongly patronized by Monarchy and Church Intellectual somewhat realistic religious El Greco Diego Velázquez Francisco de Zurbarán ARTE
Influenced by classical Greece/Rome Replaced Gothic structures Edificios importantes El Escorial- palacio de Felipe I La Plaza Mayor- central de Madrid ARQUITECTURA El Escorial La Plaza Mayor
La Gramática- Antonio de Nebrija Created common grammar Drama: Lope de Vega-developed guidelines, wrote about common people Miguel de Cervantes Don Quijote de la Mancha First modern novel Most famous book in Spanish literature LITERATURA
EL FIN Spains influence declines: Excessive spending by Felipe II Inflation- influx of silver Territorial Wars Emphasis shifted from Renaissance ideals to Baroque (new, eccentric, explosive characteristics) but culture had changed forever
AFirmación If el Siglo de Oro had not occurred you would not speak Spanish today. ¿Estás de acuerdo? ¿Por qué? Tarea: Escribe ½ pág o más (en inglés) defending your opinion on the above statement. Use examples based on what you know about the Renaissance in Italy and what you learned about the Golden Age in Spain during this presentation.