Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance in Spain"— Presentation transcript:
1The Renaissance in Spain El Siglo De OroThe Renaissance in Spain
2AfirmaciÓnIf “el Siglo de Oro” had not occurred you would not speak Spanish today.¿Por qué?
3Fechas importantes Lasted through 16th century (1500s) Began in 1492 Inspired by antiquity (Greece and Rome) as well as Italian RenaissanceLed to advancement in Art, Literature, and ExplorationBegan in 1492Spain was officially united under ChristianityWestern discovery of the AmericasPublication of Grámatica of the vernacular (common) Spanish language
4Uniting España Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon Married in 1469CatholicOrdered the Reconquista (reuniting of territory now Spain)Financial supporters of exploration and the arts
5Los Moros Located in region of Granada Muslims from Morocco Flourishing Islamic cultureAlhambraNeeded to remove them to unite Spain under ChristianityReconquistaLa Alhambra
6Inquisición EspañolaTool to remove foreigners and heretics (including Conversos (Jews converted to Christianity), Moriscos (Muslims converted to Christianity), some Protestants)Church and Government leadKnown for torture?Garrucha: Victim suspended from ceiling by wristsToca: waterboardingPotro: the rack
7Exploración Cortes and Montezuma- Mexico Funded by Isabella and Ferdinand, Carlos IMain explorers for Spain:Cristobal Colombo (Hispañola)Francisco Pizarro (Inca)Hernán Cortez (Aztec)Francisco Coronado (southwest US)Ponce de Leon (Florida)Motives:Wealth- gold and spicesPowerTradeCatholicismTerritoryColombian exchange:People, crops, animals, ideas goodsSpain became leading power in worldCortes and Montezuma- MexicoSpanish territory during Renaissance
8Arte Strongly patronized by Monarchy and Church El Greco Intellectualsomewhat realisticreligiousEl GrecoDiego VelázquezFrancisco de Zurbarán
9Arquitectura Influenced by classical Greece/Rome Replaced Gothic structuresEdificios importantesEl Escorial- palacio de Felipe ILa Plaza Mayor- central de MadridEl EscorialLa Plaza Mayor
10Literatura La Gramática- Antonio de Nebrija Drama: Miguel de Cervantes Created common grammarDrama:Lope de Vega-developed guidelines, wrote about common peopleMiguel de CervantesDon Quijote de la ManchaFirst modern novelMost famous book in Spanish literature
11El Fin Spain’s influence declines: Excessive spending by Felipe IIInflation- influx of silverTerritorial WarsEmphasis shifted from Renaissance ideals to Baroque (new, eccentric, explosive characteristics) but culture had changed forever
12AFirmaciónIf “el Siglo de Oro” had not occurred you would not speak Spanish today.¿Estás de acuerdo?¿Por qué?Tarea: Escribe ½ pág o más (en inglés) defending your opinion on the above statement. Use examples based on what you know about the Renaissance in Italy and what you learned about the Golden Age in Spain during this presentation.