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© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 1 HALF WAY THROUGH FP7-SEC - A RESEARCHER´S PERSPECTIVE - Klaus Thoma Director Fraunhofer Ernst-Mach-Institut, EMI Chairman of the BMBF* Scientific Advisory Board “Civil Security Research” in Germany BMBF * German Federal Ministry of Education and Research SRC`10 Research, development and innovation for a more secure Europe September 2010 Oostende
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 2 Content European Security Research – Where are we now? Security Research – a cross-disciplinary approach with special aspects Multifaceted European networks for innovative solutions National security research programs supporting European efforts On a glance: The German national security research program Were to go: The resilient Europe Summary
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 3 European Security Research – Where are we now? As researchers, European security research has enabled us to: Get necessary financial resources to increase international cooperation between Europe’s most excellent researchers “think European” by developing much better understanding for and knowledge of European research competences and cultures get in-depth insight in processes and regulations by stimulating the dialogue between stakeholder (first responders, police, …),researcher and the industry Unique opportunity: Do applied research for the benefit of European society and European markets needs develop an increasing sensibility e.g. for legal, social and ethical aspects help to develop and be part of an unprecedented “European security research community”
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 4 Security Research Security Research – a cross-disciplinary approach with special aspects Stakeholder( authorities, first responder, etc.) Social & ethical aspects Social sciences Societal impacts Cultural considerations Technological Aspects Natural sciences Engineer- ing sciences Industry, developing security market Legal aspects Compliance with: Laws, domestic/foreign/intl. Regulations Relevant legal precedents
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 5 European Security Research today: multifaceted, European networks Industry Authorities Researcher End-user First responder Other stakeholders
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 6 An Example: The project SPIRIT Safety and Protection of built Infrastructure to Resist Integral Threats Aims of Project: Holistic approach to counter terrorist attacks with CBRE-hazards via Quantified vulnerability assessments Software tools to assess efficient and effective countermeasures in order to reach a certain level of protection Development of guidelines for the security-based design of buildings Column with polymer concrete Handling the software tools on a palmtop
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 7 European Security Research networks: Example SPIRIT DGA/CEG Gramat (FR) Corsmit Raadgevend Ingenieursbureau BV (NL) Arup Group Ltd (UK) Artemis control AG (CH) Ionicon Analytik GmbH (AT) JRC (BE) Schüssler-Plan Engineers Ltd (PL) TNO (NL) Fraunhofer EMI (D) Ducon GmbH (D) Hamilton Erskine Ltd (IR)
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 8 National Security Research Programs supporting the European efforts So far, seven European nations have developed national security research programs: Germany France UK Netherlands Sweden Finland Austria Overall tendency of MS to align national security research missions and objectives to common European goals while respecting national constraints and interests
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 9 Aligning National Security Research Programs towards Europe Protection and rescue of people Protection of transport infrastruc- ture Protection of supply infrastructure Protection of supply chains Crisis Manage-ment Infrastructure Security Protection of the CitizenBorder Security CSOSG European Border Security Protection against terrorism and organized crime Critical infrastructure protection Restoring security in case of crisis National Program 7. Framework Program Research for Civil Security
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 10 The German Civil Security Research Program Integral part of Germany’s federal government’s »High- Tech-Strategy« First national civil security research program in German history Program of the federal government managed by BMBF* involving all German ministries Organized in two program lines: “Scenario-oriented security research” “Technology projects” Funds collaborative projects include RTO’s, end-users and industry Over € 123 mill. of funding went in a total of 83 collaborative projects Germany stresses the integration of societal dimension into its national security program Duration: 2007 – 2011 Budget: € 252 mill Funding: € 123 mill Overall: 8 research calls Approx. 2 calls p.a. Financial endorsement of: Corporations: up to 50% SME: up to 75% Research Institutions: up to 100% *German Ministry of Education and Research 10
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 11 The German Civil Security Research Program Scientific Advisory Board Security Research (»WPA«) to the BMBF: recommendations relevant to EU security research Heterogeneous security cultures and law systems in Europe require societal dimension as integral part Separation between civil and defence research should be kept, BUT: mutual information flow must be enhanced External dimension of security research: common solutions in the interest of the whole Union require collaborative efforts EU research emphasis where clear EU responsibility exists: Schengen-Information System, Frontex, Europol, Aviation Security But act according to subsidiarity principle, no actions in areas of genuine national interest Position paper of the »WPA«, published in May of
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 12 The Future: A Holistic approach towards the Resilient Europe Build a Resilient Europe in thinking and behavior of our society and its citizens in its critical infrastructure : Make it secure by design in its economy: Security not as a burden maximize synergy between security and efficiency Resilience: Anticipate crisis situations have strategies to survive these situations develop and use strategies for a fast recovery to normal status derive improvements for the future from the crisis (lessons learnt) Resilience Cycle
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 13 Summary Europe’s most excellent researchers work together in a new dimension Common European security interests (internal&external) are addressed in strong multinational teams, representing and guaranteeing a genuinely European perspective As researchers collaborating closely with industry and end-users, we are constantly reminded and encouraged to develop ideas for the practical benefit of European communities and citizens choose solutions with a strong marketability, as ‘European added value’ includes developing applied solutions geared to stimulate an emerging security technology market support this emerging market so that Europe can act as a strong and innovative player on a global scale Building on the concept of resilience must continue to be a central element in the design of future research agendas Security research must continue to guarantee the consistency of social, political, economical and legal developments of the European society
© Klaus Thoma Fraunhofer EMI 14 Summary The successful initiation of the theme security within the European Framework Program has to be stabilized vigorously BUT: EU security research can only be successful in the future if the MS continue to make a strong commitment to the long-term goals and objectives of the program the MS continue to build up their national security research capacities Prof. Dr. Klaus Thoma
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