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Australia’s Energy Future Where to from here Annimac / Anni Macbeth Futurist ARC Energy Directors Dinner Keynote 18 November 2006 Perth.

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Presentation on theme: "Australia’s Energy Future Where to from here Annimac / Anni Macbeth Futurist ARC Energy Directors Dinner Keynote 18 November 2006 Perth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Australia’s Energy Future Where to from here Annimac / Anni Macbeth Futurist ARC Energy Directors Dinner Keynote 18 November 2006 Perth W Australia

2 November Mo st powerful industries Technology I C T Energy Oil & gas

3 November Big Picture Global trends impacting industry Industry trends for the future Where Perth fits in all this

4 November Rate of Change Exponential Amount in one day same as Grandfather had in one year Younger means faster

5 November I’m never having kids. I hear they take nine months to download.

6 November Driving all Change : Technology by % of job types new because

7 November Driving all Change : Technology by % technology then not imagined yet

8 November Likely jobs in next 10 years : Director of Emerging Thought Robotics Ethicist Creative Undertaker Biotech Rigger Chief Nanotech Geologist Hacker Relations Manager Valuer of Intangible Assets * Human Interface Manager * * Exists 2003

9 November Big Picture What’s pushing the industry 1. O&G Peak Oil 2. Political power shift 3. Global economic shift 4. Global values shift

10 November O & G Peak Oil or The Big Rollover  Supply > Demand

11 November From Chris Skrebowski's recent visit The practical realities world needs oil production flows consumers need delivery flows reserves only useful as flows Peak Oil : flows can’t meet demand worry about flows not reserves

12 November Why does it matter ?

13 November Industry attitudes Three Wise Monkeys  Oil Companies : - hear no depletion  Governments & International Agencies : - see no depletion  And all agree it would be best to : - talk no depletion

14 November Running on empty August 27, 2006 You're about to hear two of the scariest words in the English language — "peak oil". Effectively, they mean the end of the world as we know it. The Prime Minister is selling Australia short by pinning his hopes on a fall in petrol prices. 31/8/06 Min Alannah MacTiernan : major Federal investment in public transport was vital if Australia was to avoid major disruption as global petroleum production reached its peak. Four Corners Peak Oil? Dr Brian Fisher ABARE : If the price of eggs is high enough, even the roosters will start to lay. Oil production limit reached: expert ABC News July 10, An international oil industry expert says the limit of global oil production has been reached. Former National Iranian Oil Company executive Dr Ali Samsam Bakhtiari has told the Financial Services Institute in Sydney the world's oil fields are producing as much oil as they can. Oil prices will keep rising: analyst The Age, August 21, 2006 Chris Skrebowski. " The price of oil will continue to rise until world oil production peaks in 2010 at around 94 million barrels of oil per day

15 November OIL BUYERS MARKET The Peak of World Oil Production CHEAP & EASY-TO- EXTRACT OIL US North Sea Forecast oil production Past oil production We are here Previous Rollovers SELLERS MARKET EXPENSIVE & HARD-TO-EXTRACT OIL Annual Oil Production Gbbl

16 November How much O&G is there ? (ASPO 2005 estimate)

17 November

18 November Typical Oil Depletion Curve Norway (North Sea) Werner Zittel, LBST

19 November Saudi Reserves Seriously Overstated Matthew Simmons February 2004

20 November Data from IHS Energy and OGJ annual reports IHS and O & GJ Remaining Reserves Francis Harper ASPO 2004, Berlin

21 November Oil & Gas Journal 12/4/2004 Douglas - Westwood Ltd Cambridge UK Study : World oil forecast beset with reserves shortfalls

22 November ASPO Newsletter 40 April Oil discoveryOil production Forecast ?

23 November What about Australia ? Haven’t we got plenty ? (Geosciences Australia)

24 November

25 November Why Peaking sooner than expected ‘Global production falls when loss of output from countries in decline exceeds gains in output from those that are expanding.’

26 November Why supplies are peaking We are not finding oil fast enough We are not developing fields fast enough Too many fields are old & declining We are short of people & equipment Oilfield inflation is soaring

27 November Past discovery according to Exxon Mobil The real discovery trend

28 November Discovery to Production: takes 2 to 25 years Current supply 84mn b/d or 30bn b/y Global new field discovery (7-10bn b/y) Tar sands and Heavy oil Biofuels + others Known oil reserves in production (90%) NIP 10% Yet-to-find probable Yet-to-find possible 2 to 25 years EOR

29 November Ageing fields 18 largest fields  12 are in decline  5 have some potential  1 is undeveloped 120 largest fields give 50% of total 70% of production from fields 30+ yrs old few large recent discoveries dependent on ‘Old men & young boys’

30 November BP statistics OECD production peaked 1997 OECD output declined by 2 million b/d : 8.8% Non-OPEC non-FSU production peaked 2002 North America/ Mexico peaked 1997 North Sea - UK/Norway/Denmark peaked 2000 now declined by 1.2 million b/d (19.2%) 25 significant producers in decline 28% of global production from decliners

31 November Top five decliners 2005

32 November Others about to decline Denmark 2005 Malaysia 2005 Mexico 2005 Vietnam 2005 India 2006/07 China 2007/08 Iran struggling -- next to go ? 9.9m b/d or 12.3% of all production

33 November Real new capacity to 2012 ( Peak in first quarter of 2011 )

34 November Chris Skrebowski's conclusions Supply will remain tight & prices high barring major economic setback Oil supply will peak in 2010/2011 at around million barrels/day Oil supply in international trade may peak earlier than oil production peak Collectively we are still in denial Only 1,500 DAYS to PEAK !

35 November ABARE forecasts Random number generator "If the price of eggs is high enough, even the roosters will start to lay." ABARE to Senate inquiry into Australia's future oil supplies ABARE differs

36 November Common Myth (super +) Leonardo Maugeri, Economist ENI SPA Rome “.. just as the Stone Age did not end for the lack of stones, the Oil Age will not end because of the scarcity of oil. Rather oil will inevitably be surpassed in convenience by a new source of energy in the future ” Biomass Walking, horses, horse & cart, horse-drawn barge Coal 40% world’s electricity Trains Oil ( & gas) Cars, trucks, trains, planes ?? Thermodynamics ? Theology ? Nuclear Thorium ? 15 th December 2003

37 November “ oil, the most energy-dense of the natural, non-nuclear fuels on the planet. But there isn't anything conceivable that could replace conventional oil, in the same quantities or energy densities, at any meaningful price…” Whom should we believe ? 12 th January 2004 Whom should we believe ? Common Myth (-) Richard Miller BP Exploration Operating Co. Ltd. Middlesex, UK

38 November Everyone agrees : Change is inevitable. Bookies’ odds : Peaking in

39 November What’s pushing the industry : 1. O&G Peak Oil 2. Political Power Shift 3. Global Economic Shift 4. Global Values Shift

40 November Global Economic Power

41 November Economic domination 200 yrs

42 November shifting shifting to Western Pacific Rim

43 November Global Cultural power

44 November Christian domination 500 yrs 

45 November billion people watched world media Pope’s Funeral

46 November to Confucian / Islam influence  

47 November Chi master class with MIT engineers

48 November Fastest Japanese Robanoids 2006 Your next receptionist ? Mine site tour guide ?

49 November What’s pushing the industry : 1. O&G Peak Oil 2. Political Power Shift 3. Global Economic Shift 4. Global Values Shift

50 November Global Shifting Values Gap widening :  knowledge  haves / have nots  age generations  technologically connected

51 November Chinese Technology Centre Knowledge gap

52 November Haves / Have Nots Gap “ The world gap is no longer based on wealth - It is now based on access to & skill to use technology ” WHO United Nations

53 November Generational gap Three worlds : Materialism Baby Boomers Generation X Sustainability DotComs Virtual Ferals 0-15

54 November Technological Gap Half the people in world have never made a phone call.

55 November So what’s ahead for Perth

56 November Perth’s Central Park building is 249 m high, to top of tower Australia uses 45,000,000,000 litres of oil each year A cube of about 360 metres size 100 ml of oil contains 1 kWh of energy. Enough to get small car to top of Eiffel Tower 80% of Australia’s oil usage is in transport If Australia’s 20 M tpa wheat crop → ethanol = 9% =1.3 EfT 3

57 November Million barrels/day 2004 Oil & Gas Journal July 5 th 2004 Australia uses 0.8 China6.3 US20.5 World81 US 1 cubic km oil / year Australia China United States 1 km l l Comparisons

58 November Mortgage & Oil Vulnerability In Perth

59 November VAMPIRE Index Car dependence Proportion of workers who journeyed to work by car (as driver or passenger) Proportion of households with 2 or more cars Income level Median weekly household income Mortgages Proportion of dwelling units being purchased (mortgage or rent/buy scheme)

60 November Mortgage & oil vulnerability in Perth

61 November What to do ? David Kilsby ASPO “Do nothing” not an option no magic bullet Commonwealth to become involved ASPO Australia advocates  community engagement  individualised marketing  fuel tax escalator  tradeable fuel allocation system David Heinberg : oil protocol leadership required buy time !

62 November What now - ASPO 1. acknowledge oil depletion - industry governments community - media academia grab opportunities - policy options for less fuel usage 3. globally well placed - long awareness of oil depletion - leading management skills - TravelSmart & water conservation - uncommitted gas reserves 4. Oil Vulnerability task forces - govts

63 November Global Trends i mpact for O&G  transiting two worlds - accelerating  values shifting to sustainability  Peak Oil value driven  industry cooperation not competition  young non negotiators for future  relationships : consumers partners innovators

64 Thriving with change : Thriving with change :

65 Thank you

66 November In appreciation much O&G Industry material provided by Association for the Study of Peak Oil & Gas Australia International ASPO Personal thanks once again, Bruce. Annimac

67 November For further information : thx to Bruce Robinson & Dave Kilsby ASPO Australia for sharing their wisdom  Sydney Peak Oil Group  ASPO Australia  over 180 submissions to an Inquiry into oil supply & alternative fuels: …/oil_supply/submissions/sublist.html  ASPO  (one of many good international sites for Peak Oil info)

68 November IndicatorProportion H/holds ≥2 cars Proportion work trips by car Income level Proportion H/holds w mortgage Potential points: 5510 Weighting33.3% Variable weighting Vampire Assignment of ratings to map shadings Value1 to < < < < <22 Shading 33.3%

69 November VAMPIRE Value Assignment relative to Census District percentile PercentileCar own ≤ 2 JTW by car IncomeMortgage

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