SOLAS has 3 Main Focus Areas: Focus 1: Biogeochemical Interactions and Feedbacks Between Ocean and Atmosphere Chairs: Bill Miller (USA) & Mitsuo Uematsu (Japan)Bill Miller Mitsuo Uematsu Focus 2: Exchange Processes at the Air-Sea Interface and the Role of Transport and Transformation in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Boundary Layers Chair: Wade McGillis (USA)Wade McGillis Focus 3: Air-Sea Flux of CO 2 and Other Long-Lived Radiatively-Active Gases Chairs:Truls Johannessen (Norway) & Arne Koertzinger (Germany)Truls Johannessen This activity is developed jointly with IMBER and includes 3 sub-groups: WG1-Surface Ocean Systems WG2-Interior Ocean WG3-Sensitivity: (future oceans)
Joint Implementation Plan completed and on both web sites SIC will meet in April at the IOCCP meeting in Paris on Surface pCO2 and Ocean Vulnerability
SOLAS Data Management Team Doug Wallace (Germany), Outgoing Chair Juan Brown (UK), Incoming Chair Evaluate and document data products and data handling requirements Develop practical policy for the documentation of models and model products Recommend a common data reporting and sharing policy suitable for adoption by projects seeking International SOLAS endorsement Ensure that procedures are established to allow quantification of data uncertainties and quality (metadata requirements) Make recommendations concerning data centres that are particularly suitable for SOLAS needs Work with national SOLAS PIs, data centres, the SOLAS IPO and national funding agencies to coordinate an international network of data managers that are hands-on with SOLAS data. At some later date, we envision this transforming into a Data Management Implementation Team.
2006 SOLAS SSC Peter Liss MUKChair Paty Matrai FUSAVice Chair Isabel Cacho FSpain Truls Johannessen MNorway Wade McGillis MUSA Tim Jickells MUK Ken Denman MCanadaWCRP Departing Sergey Gulev M RussiaWCRP sponsored Guang-Yu Shi M China Shigenobu Takeda M Japan Mitsuo Uematsu MJapan Bill Miller MUSADeparting Uli Platt MGermany Barry Huebert MUSA Doug Wallace MGermanyDeparting Christiane Lancelot FBelgium Gerrit DeLeeuw MNetherlands Osvaldo Ulloa MChile
2007 SOLAS SSC Peter Liss MUKChair (end 2008) Paty Matrai FUSAVice Chair Isabel Cacho FSpain Truls Johannessen MNorway Wade McGillis MUSA WCRP sponsored Tim Jickells MUK Cliff LawMNZIncoming Sergey Gulev M RussiaWCRP sponsored Guang-Yu Shi M China Shigenobu Takeda M Japan Mitsuo Uematsu MJapan David KieberMUSAIncoming Uli Platt MGermany Barry Huebert MUSA Veronique GarconFFranceIncoming Christiane Lancelot FBelgium Gerrit DeLeeuw MNetherlands Osvaldo Ulloa MChile
WGNE WGCM WGSF SOLAS 2001 -> WCRP Observation Assmilation Panel WCRP Modelling Panel CliC 2000 GEWEX 1988 CLIVAR 1995 SPARC 1992 Coordinated Observation and Prediction of the Earth System
SOLAS links closely with other SCOR projects: GEOTRACES IMBER Various SCOR WG’s
Sponsors: SOLAS Networks in 23 Nations Substantial Programmes: Belgium Canada China Germany Japan UK USA
Coordinator:Douglas Wallace, IFM-GEOMAR Submitted:Jan 2006 Proposed start:Jan 2007 Requested:EU 6.5 m over 3 years (12 Institutions, 43 Investigators, 23 sub-projects) Major NEW SOLAS Funded Program in Germany
How changing atmospheric composition affects the surface ocean ecosystem How climate-related changes in surface ocean processes alter oceanic emissions to the atmosphere Mechanisms / rates of air-sea material exchange SOPRAN Goals:
Marine Multi-Phase Halogen Chemistry and its Coupling to Nitrogen and Sulfur Cycles MAPHiNS U. Platt, S. Borrmann, A. Bracher, J.N. Crowley, H. Herrmann, T. Hoffmann, B. Jähne, A. Richter, P. Spietz, B. Vogel, R. von Glasow, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, T. Wagner, A. Wiedensohler, R. Wolke Proposal for a coordinated research project to German Science Foundation - complementary to SOPRAN - Duration up to 12 years Another major effort by the German science community (to be proposed):
OUTLINE of Implementation Projects for each Focus 1:1 Global Ocean Trace Gas Surveys 1:2 The North-Atlantic African Dust-Aerosol Experiment (NAFDAE) 1:3 Ocean-Atmosphere Ice-Snowpack (OASIS) 1:4 Climate Modeling in SOLAS (CLIMAS) 2:1 World Ocean Gas Exchange Process Studies 2:2 Surface Spray in situ and modelling studies 2:3 HiT-US 2:4 Cape Verde Air-Sea Interaction Time Series Station 3:1 Air-Water Carbon and Methane Fluxes in Coastal Oceans 3:2 Southern Ocean Carbon Dioxide Studies 3:3 Global Surface Carbon Concentration Surveys 3:4 Perturbation Experiments 4:1 Autonomous and Langrangian platforms (ALPS) for SOLAS 4:2 Satellites and Model Assimilations 4:3 Summer School 4:4 Data Management OUTLINE of Implementation Projects for each Focus 1:1 Global Ocean Trace Gas Surveys 1:2 The North-Atlantic African Dust-Aerosol Experiment (NAFDAE) 1:3 Ocean-Atmosphere Ice-Snowpack (OASIS) 1:4 Climate Modeling in SOLAS (CLIMAS) 2:1 World Ocean Gas Exchange Process Studies 2:2 Surface Spray in situ and modelling studies 2:3 HiT-US 2:4 Cape Verde Air-Sea Interaction Time Series Station 3:1 Air-Water Carbon and Methane Fluxes in Coastal Oceans 3:2 Southern Ocean Carbon Dioxide Studies 3:3 Global Surface Carbon Concentration Surveys 3:4 Perturbation Experiments 4:1 Autonomous and Langrangian platforms (ALPS) for SOLAS 4:2 Satellites and Model Assimilations 4:3 Summer School 4:4 Data Management US-SOLAS Science Plan
SOLAS-Japan “Linkages in Biogeochemical Cycles Between the Surface Ocean and Lower Atmosphere” July 2006 award; $9.2 million; 5 Year duration Source the supply of land-based substances controlling primary production in the Pacific Determine how the marine ecological system will response to changing atmospheric composition Determine how the production and emission of biogenic gases affect atmospheric composition Evaluate the contribution of marine biogenic gases to global warming Provide basic knowledge of the issues of global warming to policy makers
Dust fall in Beijing, Apr.17, 2006 A new network has started in Asia to address the impact of the dust on ocean ecosystems. Two workshops have been held. Asian Dust and Ocean EcoSystems (ADOES)
Environmental conditions of dust storm occurrence and its outbreak mechanism Long-distance transportation processes, temporal-spatial distribution of dust Changes in physical and chemical characteristics of Asian dust during transportation Flux of Asian dust into China seas and the Pacific Ocean The major factors controlling the utilization of dust nutrients Effects of Asian dust on the marine ecology system Radiative transfer in euphotic layer & remote sensing marine primary productivity Scientific Objectives of ADOES (Asian Dust and Ocean EcoSystem) To improve the understanding of the outbreak mechanism of dust, transport processes, especially the changes in physical and chemical properties of dust particles during their transport from source regions to the ocean, and the impacts of nutrient-rich dust particles on marine ecology system. SOLAS-China is the lead, with participation from a number of other Asian nations
AICI (Air-Ice Chemical Interactions) Sponsored by SOLAS and IGAC Eric Wolff (UK) Paul Shepson (USA) Campaigns at South Pole and Halley Bay (Antarctica) in 2004- 2005 to study tropospheric ozone depletion, ice photochemistry and halogen cycles South Pole NO > 200 pptv (model expectation 1-5 pptv) OH ~2 x 10 6 molecules cm -3
Arctic Ocean is central to the understanding of climate and global change OASIS – IPY 2007-08: m/v Antarctica OASIS Implementation OASIS Science OASIS is a long term science program for the next decade. www.OASIShome.net Ocean-Atmosphere- Sea Ice-Snowpack
Joint SOLAS/International Nitrogen Initiative (INI) Review of Anthropogenic Nitrogen Impacts on the Open Ocean University of East Anglia on 17-20 November 2006. The products will be 2-3 papers for submission to journals such as Deep-Sea Research or Global Biogeochemical Cycles, and a review paper submitted to Science or Nature. SOLAS/INI Review of Anthropogenic Nitrogen Impacts on the Open Ocean SOLAS sponsored event
CARBOOCEAN Aims at an accurate assessment of marine carbon sources / sinks Focused on the Atlantic and Southern Oceans (-200 to +200 years) 5 core themes 1.North Atlantic and Southern Ocean CO2 air-sea exchange on seasonal-to- interannual scale. (Andy Watson) 2.Detection of decadal-to-centennial Atlantic and Southern Ocean carbon inventory changes. (Doug Wallace) 3.Carbon uptake and release at European regional scale. (Helmuth Thomas) 4.Biogeochemical feedbacks on the oceanic carbon sink. (Marion Gehlen) 5.Future scenarios for marine carbon sources and sinks. (C. Heinze) SOLAS has endorsed!
DMS model inter-comparison workshop Brussels, 4-8 December 2006 Origin: Discussion forum at SOLAS Open Science meeting, Halifax Oct 2004 Ad-hoc committee: C. Lancelot, M. Levasseur and A. Vezina Y. Le Clainche drafted as scientific coordinator, V. Schoemann as local organizer With support from SOLAS International Project Office and BELSPO Workshop planning at the 4th DMS(P) international symposium at UEA Conduct a systematic comparison of DMS ecosystem models against common data sets to spur improvements and indicate observations to better constrain DMS dynamics.
What is the SOLAS International Project Office (IPO)? People Jeff Hare (Executive Officer) Emily Breviere (Project Officer) Georgia Bayliss-Brown (Research Assistant) Roles Communication Coordination Provide an international basis for the SOLAS Legacy
http://www.solas-int.org Moving to online version of the newsletter eBulletins, Newsletters, Website
IPO Activities Coordination at all levels of SOLAS structure, including: SSC Sponsored meetings / events National SOLAS activities Workshops Work with other IGBP projects, Maintain the network Summer School Open Science Meetings Implementation Groups Data Management Team Other…..
Summer School 2007: 22nd October- 3rd November Scientific committee: Institut Scientifique de Cargèse, Corsica Phil BoydNZ Minhan DaiChina Mitsuo UematsuJapan Maurice LevasseurCanada Véronique GarçonFrance Corinne Le QuéréUK Peter LissUK Uli PlattGermany Natalie MahowaldUS Eric SaltzmanUS
European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST) –Supports the creation of Data Products for each SOLAS Focus –~ € 50k per year for 5 years (begins October 2006) UK Natural Environment Research Council Knowledge Transfer (NERC-KT) –Data Integrator Position to be filled before the end of 2006 –Coordinates with BODC Major new funding for coordinating SOLAS data and activities
2007 SOLAS Open Science Meeting 6-9 March 2007Xiamen, Fujian, China http://www.solas2007.confmanager.com
1 Laurent Bopp, France 2 Jill Cainey, Australia 3 Min-Han Dai, China (Beijing) 4 Laura Farias, Chile 5 Véronique Garçon, France 6 Barry Huebert, USA 7 Kitack Lee, Korea 8 Maurice Levasseur, Canada 9 Craig McNeil (USA) 10 Lisa Miller, Canada 11 Colin Murrel, UK 12 Phil Nightingale, UK 13 Tom Pedersen, Canada 14 Joyce Penner, USA 15 Eric Saltzman, USA 16 Lise Lotte Soerensen, Denmark 17 Shigenobu Takeda, Japan 18 Wu-Ting Tsai, China (Taipei) 19 Roland Von Glasow, Germany 20 Doug Wallace, Germany 21 Andy Watson, UK 22 Tong Zhu, China (Beijing) List of Plenary Speakers at the SOLAS Open Science Meeting 6-9 March 2007 Xiamen China
Please attend. Register Early! Bring your students.