2 GWG Inaugurated January 2005 Working as a Community:Participatory governance – the community forum for all standardization activities & functions related to GEOINTBring subject matter experts together within the DoD and IC to fully address GEOINT standards mattersEnhance our ability to manage and share GEOINT data among disparate groups
3 26 Core Members SOCOM CIA NGA (NASB) Joint Staff, J6 (formerly JFCOM) NRONSAArmyNavyAir ForceMarine CorpsODNIOSD (NII/AT&L)STRATCOMCENTCOMPACOMSOCOMJoint Staff, J6 (formerly JFCOM)Joint Staff, J2EUCOMNORTHCOMDHSDISADIADLADARPAFGDCFBIDOEU.S. Govt. Agencies
4 Associate Members Australia, United Kingdom, Canada Defence Geospatial Information Working Group (DGIWG)International Committee for Information Technology Standards, Geographic Standards Subcommittee (INCITS/L1) [ANSI Accredited]International Organization for Standardization (ISO) / Chair, TC 211Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)US Geospatial Intelligence Foundation (USGIF)NATO Joint Capability Group on Intelligence Surveillance & Reconnaissance (JCGISR)American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (ASPRS)Non-US Govt. Partners
5 Geospatial Web Services Community GovernanceJoint Enterprise Standards CommitteeDISR ProcessER2 ProcessNGALeadership SME’sSupportWork Items(Requirements)Members SME’sGuestParticipantsLiDARHuman GeographyGeospatial Web ServicesGround Warfighter…Core (Voting)…MoreAssociate
6 Three Levels of Activities GWG Plenary SessionsBeing reworked as an Annual GEOINT Standards Seminar to address users/PMs/implementers interests – expected ~Fall 2013Networking, information sharing, educational forumGWG Voting MeetingsThree times each year – Next meeting is end of August for Baseline 13-3Consensus for adopting GEOINT standards for citation in the DoD and IC Standards Registries (DISR/ER2)GEOINT standards adopted as emerging or mandated (acquisition binding for use in new systems and significant upgrades)Voting by Only open to Core (U.S. federal agencies) RepresentativesGWG Focus GroupsSMEs meet as needed throughout the yearMany Focus Groups opt to meet in conjunction with the Plenary meetingsNew & improved coming soon
7 NSG Standards Requirements GWG Focus GroupsPublished StandardsSelected StandardsNew and Improving ProgramsProgramXVote to AdoptJCIDS ProcessVOTEProgram1IC ESBDoD ITSCStandardsDevelopmentOrganizationsProgram2VOTENSG ReqsIndustry ReqsProgramnIC TICDoDCIOJ6AT&LPrograms pull ER2/DISR citationsApprovedER2Standards Development ProcessMarket NeedDISR
8 NGA as a Standards Development Organization GWG Focus GroupsNGA Published StandardsSelected StandardsNew and Improving ProgramsProgramXVote to AdoptJCIDS ProcessVOTE to PublishProgram1IC ESCDoD ITSCNGA Architecture and Standards Board (NASB)Program2VOTEKC InputProgramnDoD Architecture & Standards Review Group (ASRG)Community ReviewIC TICNASB Standards POCsPrograms pull ICSR/DISR citationsKC InputApprovedER2Standards Development ProcessDISRFinished Draft Standard
9 Standards Lifecycle Requirement Develop Publish Adopt Implement Test EmergingPublishedExpected to be mandated within three yearsTest, implementations, technical maturityMay be implemented but not in lieu of mandated standardUse of (StdV-1) requires a waiver and a Technology Insertion Risk AssessmentGenerally placed in StdV-2 / Standards ForecastMandatedEssential for interoperability across the enterpriseMinimum Set of essential standards for the acquisition of all DoD systems that produce, use, or exchange info, and, when implemented, facilitates the flow of info in support of warfighterRequired for the management, development, and acquisition of new or improved systems throughout the DoDRetiredNew standards / technology now available and implementedShould not be used in a new or upgraded systemRequire waiver and Migration PlanInactive, remain in the DISR RegistryInformation GuidanceAre for cross-organization use and offer a means to further clarify standards and identify relevant policies and proceduresDirectives, Instructions, handbooks, manuals, procedures, best practicesHave a status of either active (selectable for a standards profile) or inactive (notselectable).Do not meet the criteria to be approved as standard citations in the DISR, developed by processes outside the standards-development processSunset TagIdentifies a mandated standard for retirement as a tag not a statusTagged for retirement at a pre-defined event and dateA replacement standard is frequently identifiedIC-ProhibitedAn Intelligence Community Standards Registry (ICSR) prohibited standard shall not be used in IC systems. Such standards, which may be deemed appropriate for use in warfighter systems and environments, pose a high risk to IC systems if employed.RequirementDevelopPublishAdoptImplementTestFeedback
10 GEOINT Standards Baseline 13-1 March ‘13 Kinds/Types of GEOINT Standards are Governed in this Process?Why do we have so many standards? Over 1,200 IT Standards in the DoD standards governance process (DISR cited), 173 are GEOINT which are generally categorized for geospatial, motion imagery, & still imagery. These are available to down select from to those necessary to meet a system’s capability requirements. The chart shows the thematic areas for the types of GEOINT standards.Thematic areas from previous slide to include:Geospatial Web Services (On-Line Services, Web ServicesMC&G: Foundation DataMotion Imagery: Full Motion Imagery & Large Volume Streaming DataStill Imagery & Gridded DataImagery, Sensors & Geospatial MetadataThe Number and % shown for each category (GEOINT standards type)These are the essential set of standards for the acquisition of all DoD systems that produce, use or exchange GEOINT, & when implemented, facilitate the flow of information in support of the warfighter/national security.The logos at the bottom left represent Standards Development Organizations (international, national, consortia) that develop GEOINT standards through their open, voluntary consensus-based processes. These SDOs publish most of the standards managed in this governance processes – so it’s not all about MIL-Stds of which there are a few. This is important because the US Government is required by public law and Office of Management & Budget (CircularA-119) which establishes policies on Federal use and development of voluntary consensus standards. Many voluntary consensus standards are appropriate or adaptable for the Government's purposes. The use of such standards, as practicable & appropriate, is intended to - Eliminate the cost to the Government of developing its own standards & decrease the cost of goods procured & the burden of complying with agency regulation. - Provide incentives/opportunities to establish standards that serve national needs. -Encourage long-term growth for U.S. enterprises & promote efficiency & economic competition through harmonization of standards. - Further the policy of reliance upon the private sector to supply Government needs for goods and services.Now that I’ve described how GEOINT standards are developed, adopted, and promoted for the NSG, Mike Reidy for our NSG Interoperability Action Team will describe how NGA is planning to ensure critical DoD/IC programs are compliant with these NSG standards.173 GEOINT StandardsVoluntary, Open, Consensus-Based
11 National Imagery Transmission Format Standard (NITFS) Technical Board (NTB) Still imagery & gridded data, formats, & compressionGraphical, textual, & other means to annotate imagery productsImagery-related support data & metadataImagery-derived data & metadata, to include foundation dataLiDARImage Quality
12 Motion Imagery Standards Board (MISB) Motion imagery, full motion imagery, & large volume streaming dataTasking, collection, posting, processing, storage, exploitation, discovery, retrieval, & exchange of motion imageryAssociated metadata, audio & other related media types
13 Community Sensor Model Working Group (CSMWG) Sensor models for GEOINT servicesProduction & application standards for interoperable sensor modelsInteroperable sensor models to enable the efficient collection, production & distribution of GEOINT source materials
14 Portrayal Focus Group (PFG) Portrayal standards for the visual depiction of physical features & geographically referenced activitiesVisual symbolization of GEOINT & symbol design, for both digital display & hardcopy mediaRules & behaviors of GEOINT symbols necessary to ensure consistent renderingInteroperability in the exchange of portrayal information
15 Application Schemas for Feature Encoding Focus Group (ASFE) Data structures, exchange & storage of GEOINTData format, feature & attribute coding schemesExchange media, administrative procedures, representations of geographic feature geometry, feature attribution information, & other geographic informationDevelopment of the GEOINT Structure Implementation ProfileHuman Geography
16 Metadata Focus Group (MFG) Imagery, sensor & geospatial metadataCoordination of activities between various recognized standards development organizations & standardized metadata across respective communities
17 Geospatial Web Services Focus Group (GWS) Transferring GEOINT between environments - the movement of information from one system to another, that provide for posting, discovery, access, & analysis of GEOINT data stores & information stores in a distributed, real-time environmentGEOINT services & GEOINT service architecture standards -technologies that enable service chaining interoperable service componentsStandards of interest to developers of services and service architecture components within a distributed, collaborative, geospatial environment, & by advanced designers of service algorithms, service chains, & service-to-service interfaces.
18 Overhead Persistent InfraRed (OPIR) Focus Group (OFG) OPIR remote sensing, data & metadata standards to foster net-centric data servicesOPIR data in a net-centric Service Oriented Architecture to improve support to operations & intelligence
19 World Geodetic System (WGS) and Geomatics Focus Group (WGSG) Global Positioning System (GPS) Precise Ephemeris informationGPS Navigation message replacement standardsGeodetic Survey StandardsGeotechnical StandardsAccuracy and positioning standardsGeopositioning content and data
20 Standards Governance – DISR/IC Enterprise Standards Baseline DoD IT Standards Registry (DISR) - NIPRNetA single, unifying DoD registry for approved standards citations and a registry for approved DoD IT standards profilesDISR Mandated Standards – the minimum set of essential standards for the acquisition of all DoD systems that produce, use or exchange information and, when implemented, facilitate the flow of information in support of the warfighterNew/modified systems throughout the DoD are required to include all applicable DISR mandated standards in baseline (StdV-1 / Standards Profile)ER2: IC Enterprise Standards Baseline & ICS : IC Enterprise Standards Compliance - JWICSSigned 12/16/ Defines the IC framework for:Adoption of IC enterprise standards best-suited for achieving the DNI’s goals of interoperability and information sharingManagement of the IC Enterprise Standards Baseline in the IC Enterprise Registry and Repository (ER2) consisting of a minimal, focused, coordinated set of such standardsCompliance and compliance certification of those portions of IC systems and EA-related information technology items funded through the NIP
21 NSG Standards Registry The National System for Geospatial Intelligence (NSG) Standards Registry supports the discovery, traceability, and lifecycle management of GEOINT Standards that may be used in the development and operation of data- and net-centric GEOINT applications.The NSG Standards Registry is maintained by NGA for the GWG as a service to the NSG community.
22 Discovering GEOINT Standards in the NSG Standards Registry GEOINT Standards by CapabilityA feature to help users find and identify GEOINT standards grouped functionallyThe registers are organized into four types of registries:data schemasdata dictionariesNSG-applicable standardsGeopolitical Entities Names and Codes (Country Codes)Other registries will be added in the future, to include a registry of portrayals (symbols, rules, and rule sets).