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海外の POPs 研究の現状. DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe.

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Presentation on theme: "海外の POPs 研究の現状. DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe."— Presentation transcript:

1 海外の POPs 研究の現状

2 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe

3 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe

4 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe

5 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

6 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

7 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

8 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

9 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

10 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

11 DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs Donald Patterson Jr.

12 Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim Outflow of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Other Semivolatile Organic Compounds from Asia in Spring 2004 Toby Primbs1, David Schmedding2, Staci Simonich3

13 Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim Outflow of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Other Semivolatile Organic Compounds from Asia in Spring 2004 Toby Primbs1, David Schmedding2, Staci Simonich3

14 POPs in Mexico, Central and South America Soil-air exchange of organochlorine pesticides in southern Mexico Fiona Wong1, Terry F Bidleman1, Henry Alegria2, Miguel Salvador-Figueroa3, Liisa M Jantunen1

15 POPs in Biota – Levels and Trends Identification of brominated dibenzo-p-dioxins in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) from the Baltic Sea Anna Malmvärn1, Yngve Zebuhr2, Jensen Sören1, Lena Kautsky3, Takeshi Nakano4, Ioannis Athanassiadis1, Lillemor Asplund5

16 Hemispheric and Global Distribution Dynamics of POPs Towards a BETR-Africa: Fate and risk assessment of persistent organic pollutants originating in Africa at local, regional and global scales Jon Arnot1, Don Mackay1, Raul Ponce-Hernandez2

17 Atmospheric levels, Transport and Deposition Assessing the feasibility of passive air samplers: A complementary method for monitoring POPs in Great Lakes air Todd Gouin1, Tom Harner2, Pierrette Blanchard2, Don Mackay1

18 Atmospheric levels, Transport and Deposition Assessing the feasibility of passive air samplers: A complementary method for monitoring POPs in Great Lakes air Todd Gouin1, Tom Harner2, Pierrette Blanchard2, Don Mackay1

19

20 Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim Trans-Pacific Atmospheric Transport of Persistent Organic Pollutants and other Anthropogenic Semivolatile Organic Compounds to a High Elevation Site in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A Toby Primbs1, David Schmedding2, Glenn Wilson2, Carol Higginbotham3, Staci Simonich4

21 POPs in Alpine Ecosystems The Use of Vegetation to Study the Atmospheric Transport of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in Sequoia National Park Jill E Schrlau1, Eli Moor1, Lisa M Deskin1, Linda Geiser2, Staci L Simonich3

22 POPs in Alpine Ecosystems The Use of Vegetation to Study the Atmospheric Transport of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in Sequoia National Park Jill E Schrlau1, Eli Moor1, Lisa M Deskin1, Linda Geiser2, Staci L Simonich3

23 Urban Contaminant Issues Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

24 Urban Contaminant Issues Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

25 Urban Contaminant Issues Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

26 Urban Contaminant Issues Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

27 Urban Contaminant Issues Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

28 Urban Contaminant Issues Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

29 Urban Contaminant Issues Novel Organohalogens and Metabolites in the Brain of Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from East Greenland Wouter Gebbink1, Christian Sonne2, Rune Dietz2, Maja Kirkegaard2, Frank F. Riget2, Eric W. Born3, Derek C.G.Muir4, Robert J. Letcher5

30 Chiral Xenobiotics and Natural Halogenated Compounds Bioaccumulation of Organochlorine Contaminants in Freshwater Invertebrates Nicholas A Warner1, Charles S Wong1

31 Chiral Xenobiotics and Natural Halogenated Compounds Bioaccumulation of Organochlorine Contaminants in Freshwater Invertebrates Nicholas A Warner1, Charles S Wong1

32 POPs in Alpine Ecosystems Current and Historical Deposition of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in the Western U.S. Staci Simonich1, Kim Hageman1, Sascha Usenko1, Yunzhu Wang1, Don Campbell2, Dixon Landers3

33 POPs in Alpine Ecosystems Current and Historical Deposition of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in the Western U.S. Staci Simonich1, Kim Hageman1, Sascha Usenko1, Yunzhu Wang1, Don Campbell2, Dixon Landers3

34

35 Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim Organochlorine pesticides in the air of Guangzhou and Hong Kong, South China Gan Zhang1, Jun Li1, Xiangdong Li2, Kevin C. Jones3

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37 EMV - Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, Organochlorine Compounds Kevin C. Jones, Foday Jaward1, Jae Jak Nam, Gan Zhang, Jeff Obbard, Yuso Kobara

38 EMV - Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, Organochlorine Compounds Kevin C. Jones, Foday Jaward1, Jae Jak Nam, Gan Zhang, Jeff Obbard, Yuso Kobara

39 Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37, Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere F R A N K W A N I A, *, †, ‡ L I S H E N, ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I, †, ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A, § A N D D E R E K C. G. M U I R ‡, §

40 Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37, Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere F R A N K W A N I A, *, †, ‡ L I S H E N, ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I, †, ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A, § A N D D E R E K C. G. M U I R ‡, §

41 Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37, Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere F R A N K W A N I A, *, †, ‡ L I S H E N, ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I, †, ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A, § A N D D E R E K C. G. M U I R ‡, §

42 Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37, Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere F R A N K W A N I A, *, †, ‡ L I S H E N, ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I, †, ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A, § A N D D E R E K C. G. M U I R ‡, §

43 Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37, Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere F R A N K W A N I A, *, †, ‡ L I S H E N, ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I, †, ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A, § A N D D E R E K C. G. M U I R ‡, §

44 Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37, Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere F R A N K W A N I A, *, †, ‡ L I S H E N, ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I, †, ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A, § A N D D E R E K C. G. M U I R ‡, §

45 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

46 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

47 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

48 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

49 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

50 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

51 Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41 Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine Pesticides Across Europe F O D A Y M. J A W A R D, † N I C K J. F A R R A R, † TOM H A R N E R, ‡ A N D R E W J. S W E E T M A N, A N D K E V I N C. J O N E S *

52 何故 PCB 研究なのか - 1 塩素から10塩素まで 209 異性体 - 幅広い物性 209 種類の化学物質 - 異なる毒性、影響、機構 - 環境への負荷(短期間 針のよう な) - 無害化 処理の必要性

53 海域底質中 PCB の鉛直分布 海域底質中 PCB の水平分布 PCB 汚染の時間的・経年変 化 PCB は汚染拡散の重要な指標 環境中で分解しない。:難分解性 使用期間 10 ~ 20 年の環境負荷 PCB 汚染の空間的移動 異性体 209 : 情報量が多い 熱安定性 化学的 生物学的

54 Production of N.C.P Annual production Sediment core PCB concentration Annual production and Vertical distribution in sediment

55 海底の地形・水深 播磨灘 大阪湾 スープ皿のような地形 東半分:陸、西半分:海 Horizontal distribution in sea sediment Osaka Bay Harima nada Sea bottom and water depth like a soup dish Independent area western and eastern part Independent area western and eastern part

56 silt sand Channel : fast stream Central part: slow stream silt Horizontal distribution in sea sediment Particle size in sea sediment

57 海域底質の粒度分布を考慮しない場合 Hig h Lo w Hig h 濃度の単調減少 Inmost part 鳴門 Osaka Bay coast Central part : High channel NAKANO (1979) Horizontal distribution in sea sediment Harima nada Before normalization by particle size distribution

58 海域底質の粒度分布を考慮した場合 海域底質中 PCB の水平分布 恒流図と濃度分布 粒径・微細粒子・比表面積で規格化 Constant flow map and PCB distribution After normalization by particle size distribution Horizontal distribution in sea sediment

59 海域底質の水平分布 大阪湾 PCB 濃度の距離減衰 神戸港周辺 Horizontal distribution in sea sediment Osaka bay Around Kobe port PCB concentration and Distance from source

60 情報共有の重要性

61 【はじめに】 ダイオキシン類に関する取り組みの重要性 多岐に渡る必要な情報 情報の共有化を図り,これまで育んだ技術や情報 を生かす ダイオキシンメーリングリストの活用 ダイオキシン国際シンポジウムの要旨翻訳共同作 業 メーリングリストでのログの作成、公開 検索システムの導入 今後の課題

62 ダイオキシンメーリングリス ト 「情報の共有」をキーワードに、中野 (兵庫県)によって1998年から自 宅でのサーバーを用いたダイオキシン に関する “ ボランタリー ” なメーリング リストが開始された。 現在では 600 名以上の研究者,計測技術 者,行政官などが参加し,測定技術や 設備等に関する質疑応答 ( FAQ) ,学会 や講演会等の紹介などが行われている。

63 ダイオキシン国際シンポジウ ム ダイオキシンに限らず,環境を汚染している 様々な化学物質に関する最新の科学技術情報を討 議するシンポジウム 毎年1回世界各地で開催 (第 22 回)はスペインバルセロナ 要旨集= Organohalogen Compounds 一題当たり 4 ページ,速報論文に近い内容 International Symposium on Halogenated Environmental Organic Pollutants and POPs

64 過去4年間の発表演題数

65 【翻訳事業の紹 介】 できる範囲内での翻訳の実施 英文要旨の和文タイトル(絶対) 和文キーワード(絶対) 和文要約(可能な限り) (人によって全文和訳もあり)

66 翻訳例 45, 1-4 COMPREHENSIVE MULTI-DIMENSIONAL GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR THE DETERMINATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF HALOGENATED CONTAMINANTS ハロゲン化汚染物質分析のための包括的マルチディメンジョンガスクロマトグラフィー( CMDGC- ECD ) Jacob de Boer, Henk-Jan de Geus, Udo.A.Th. Brinkman MDGC,PCDD,PCDF,PCB, マルチディメンジョン GC,PCDD,PCDF,PCB Figure 1 Aroclor1248 の CMDGC-ECD クロマトグラムの詳細 Table 1 CMDGC の再現性( n=8 ) Table 2 BCR CRM (タラの標準試料)の分析結果 PCB , PCDD や PCDF のような環境中の様々なハロゲン化物の分析に,全く違う種類の液相のカラム ( DB-1 及び CP-WAX52 )を使用した包括的マルチディメンジョン GC-ECD を用いて分析した結果, 再現性及び定量性ともに一部の物質を除いてよい結果となった. 宮崎雅弘

67 参加者数など

68 翻訳成果品の閲覧 pdf ファイルに変換され,

69 検索システムの導入 web 上で利用可能な検索機能の設置 全文検索エンジンの Namazu と,奈 良先端科学技術大学院大学が開発 した ChaSen ( 茶筌 ) という形態素解 析システムを利用

70 検索システム入力画面検索システム入力画面

71 検索結果画面検索結果画面

72 要旨表示画面要旨表示画面

73


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