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TSB 1 ITU Standardization and its new Environment Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 23 June 2004 by Houlin ZHAO Director Telecommunication Standardization Bureau.

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Presentation on theme: "TSB 1 ITU Standardization and its new Environment Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 23 June 2004 by Houlin ZHAO Director Telecommunication Standardization Bureau."— Presentation transcript:

1 TSB 1 ITU Standardization and its new Environment Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 23 June 2004 by Houlin ZHAO Director Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB) International Telecommunication Union, Geneva Place des Nations - CH-1211 Geneva 20 - Switzerland Tel: Fax: ITU Home page address:

2 TSB Invention of the first electric telegraph 1844Samuel Morse sent his first public message over a telegraph Iine between Washington and Baltimore 1865Foundation of the International Telegraph Union by twenty States 17 Maywith the adoption of the first Convention. First Telegraph Regulations. 1876Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone 1924Paris - Creation of CCIF (International Telephone Consultative Committee) 1925Paris - Creation of CCIT (International Telegraph Consultative Committee) 1927Washington - Creation of the CCIR (Intl. Radio Consultative Committee) 1932Madrid - Plenipotentiary Conference. Telegraph Union changes name to International Telecommunication Union 1947ITU becomes a Specialized Agency of the United Nations 1956Geneva - CCIF and CCIT merged into CCITT (International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee) 1992Geneva - Plenipotentiary Conference. Creation of 3 Sectors: ITU-T replaces CCITT, ITU-R replaces IFRB, CCIR, and ITU-D replaces TCD ITU Landmarks

3 TSB 3 Structure of the ITU

4 TSB 4 Functions of ITU-T "The functions of the Telecommunication Standardization Sector shall be, bearing in mind the particular concerns of the developing countries, to fulfill the purposes of the Union relating to telecommunication standardization, as stated in Article 1 of this Constitution, by studying technical, operating and tariff Questions and adopting Recommendations on them with a view to standardizing telecommunications on a worldwide basis"

5 TSB 5 CCITT and ITU-T CCITT (International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee): 19561st Plenary Assembly 19602nd Plenary AssemblyRed Books 19643rd Plenary AssemblyBlue Books 19684th Plenary AssemblyWhite Books 19725th Plenary AssemblyGreen Books 19766th Plenary AssemblyOrange Books 19807th Plenary AssemblyYellow Books 19848th Plenary AssemblyRed Books 19889th Plenary AssemblyBlue Books ITU-T (International Telecommunication Union - Telecom. Standardization Sector): st World Telecommunication Standardization Conference (WTSC-93), Helsinki nd World Telecommunication Standardization Conference (WTSC-96), Geneva rd World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA-2000), Montreal

6 TSB 6 Organizational Structure of ITU-T - Workshop / forum - Focus Group - Joint Group - Project team

7 TSB 7 ITU-T Study Groups and TSAG Study Group 2:Operational aspects of service provision, networks and performance Study Group 3:Tariff and accounting principles including related telecommunications economic and policy issues Study Group 4:Telecommunication management, including TMN Study Group 5:Protection against electromagnetic environment effects Study Group 6:Outside plant Study Group 9:Integrated broadband cable networks and television and sound transmission Study Group 11:Signalling requirements and protocols

8 TSB 8 ITU-T Study Groups and TSAG Study Group 12:End-to-end transmission performance of networks and terminals Study Group 13:Multi-protocol and IP-based networks and their internetworking Study Group 15:Optical and other transport networks Study Group 16:Multimedia services, systems and terminals Study Group 17:Data networks and telecommunication software SSG:IMT-2000 and Beyond TSAG:Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group (Priorities: IP, Mobility, next generation, security, …)

9 TSB 9 Approval of new and revised Recommendations - Sequence of events (TAP)

10 TSB 10 Approved Director’s Notification SG or WP Meeting Edited Text for LC Director’s Announcement and Posting for LC (a) (b) (c) Comment Resolution Edited Text Available Director’s Announcement and Posting SG Meeting (a) (b) Director’s Announcement and Posting for AR (b) 3 weeks 4 weeks LC 3 weeks AR LC: Last Call AR: Additional Review AAP Sequence of Events (extract from Rec. A.8)

11 TSB 11 Questions (projects) Contributions driven (normal contributions, delayed contributions, temporary documents) face-to-face meeting: - debate, determination, approval of reports, approval of Questions - SG/WP meetings: decision making; Rapporteur meetings: develop texts Decision = consensus, unanimous agreements Recommendations (Amendments, Corrigenda, supplements) draft Recommendations, determined draft Recommendations approved Recommendations, pre-published Recommendations, published Recommendations Implementor’s Guides Meeting reports Electronic submissions, web consultations, , ftp Paperless meeting – LAN/Wireless – LAN connections in meeting rooms Working methods

12 TSB 12 ITU-T Recommendations Series (1) Series AOrganization of the work of the ITU-T Series BMeans of expression: definitions, symbols, classification Series CGeneral telecommunication statistics Series DGeneral tariff principles Series EOverall network operation, telephone service, service operation and human factors Series FNon-telephone telecommunication services Series GTransmission systems and media, digital systems and networks Series HAudiovisual and multimedia systems Series IIntegrated services digital network

13 TSB 13 Series JTransmission of television, sound programme and other multimedia signals Series KProtection against interference Series LConstruction, installation and protection of cables and other elements of outside plant Series MTMN and network maintenance: international transmission systems, telephone circuits, telegraphy, facsimile and leased circuits Series NMaintenance: international sound programme and television transmission circuits Series OSpecifications of measuring equipment Series PTelephone transmission quality, telephone installations, local line networks ITU-T Recommendations Series (2)

14 TSB 14 ITU-T Recommendations Series (3) Series QSwitching and signalling Series RTelegraph transmission Series STelegraph services terminal equipment Series TTerminals for telematic services Series UTelegraph switching Series VData communication over the telephone network Series XData networks and open system communication Series YGlobal information infrastructure and internet protocol aspects Series ZLanguages and general software aspects for telecommunication systems

15 TSB 15 Best Sellers of ITU-T Recommendations Best selling texts (in the order of download number from 09/01-01/04): H.248.x seriesH.323Z.100H.263G.707H.262 H.324E.164M.3100H.245Q.764X.680 G.703H.223G.728Q.761T.38Q.762 G.783Q.850Q.763Q.931T.30G.729 Some well-known ITU-T Recommendations: E.190E.212 G.652G.655G.692G.720 G.723 Annex A+diskG.780-series (SDH)G.826 G.957G.982G.990-series (xDSL) H.248H.324 H.450 I.365I.432I.731J.112J.117 M.3010M.3100M.3400 Q.931Q.1700-series (IMT-2000) T.37T.38 V.34V.44 V.59V.90V.92 X.25X.36X.509 X.680-series (ASN.1)X.690 X.840-series Y.1310Y.1540

16 TSB 16 Approval and publication time of Recommendations

17 TSB 17 ITU-T's main work areas Three major items: -IP-related issues -IMT Accounting rates Other items: -Multi-media, access networks (xDSL), optical transmission, security, numbering and addressing, inter-operabilities, IPR, etc.

18 TSB 18 ITU-T’s work on voice coding  7 kHz band- wideband (G.722-series)  4 kHz band- analogue  64 kbit/s- PCM, G.711, 1972  32 kbit/s- ADPCM, G.726 (1984, 1988), 1990  16 kbit/s- G.728, 1992  8 kbit/s- G.729, 1996

19 TSB 19 ITU-T’s work on still picture coding  Classic facsimile (G3, G4)T.4, T.6  B/W still pictures (JBIG)T.82, T.83  Cont. tone colour (JPEG)T.81  (lossless)(JPEG-LS)T.86  (JPEG-2000)T.800

20 TSB 20 ITU-T’s work on moving picture coding  H.261- video coding at p x 64 kbit/s  H.262- generic video and audio coding  H.263- video coding for low bit rates  H.264- improved multimedia video coding (vs. MPEG-4)

21 TSB 21 Year 9.6 kbit/s 28.8 kbit/s 56.6 kbit/s 128 kbit/s 2 Mbit/s 640 kbit/s 8 Mbit/s 25 Mbit/s 50 Mbit/s Analog modems ISDN HDSL/ ADSL VDSL OPTICAL ACCESS 622 Mbit/s Access network

22 TSB 22 ITU-T’s products for IP-networks  E.164 …  G.707 (SDH), G.709 (OTN), G. 764 (packetized voice protocoles), G.99x (xDSL)…  G.722 (7 kHz), G.728 (16 kbit/s), G.729 (8 kbit/s) (audio coding); H.263, H.264 (advanced video coding);  H.248 (gateway), H.323 (multimedia systems) …  I.365 (FR), I.432 (B-ISDN), I.732 (ATM) …  J.112 (Cable TV), J.16x + J.17x (IPCablecom) …  M.3120 (CORBA for TMN) …  Q.933 (DSS1), Q.1300 (TASC), Q.1930 (BICC), Q.27xx (B-ISDN), Q.29xx (DSS2) …  T.37, T.38 (IPfax), T.12x (multimedia conference) …  V.29 (9.6 K modem), V.34 (34 kbit/s), V.90/V.92 (56 kbit/s) …  X.25, X.75, X.76 (FR), X.85 (IP over SDH), X.86 (Ethernet over LAPS), X.121, X.4xx (MHS), X.5xx (Directory), particularly X.509, X.8xx and X.1000 (security), X.9xx (ODP) …  Y-series: dedicated to IP and GII  Z.100 (SDL), Z.14x (TTCN), Z.3xx (MM languages), X.68x/X.69x (ASN.1) …

23 TSB 23  Specified IMT-2000 systems and its spectrums  Interworking functions to be used with existing and evolving IMT-2000 systems  Convergence of fixed and existing IMT-2000 systems  New Generation of mobile systems ITU-T’s mobile communications

24 TSB 24  Quality of Service (QoS)  Numbering and routing  Security  Tariffs and Accounting rates  Interworking Ensuring global interoperability

25 TSB 25 Administrations (65/832) Members: 189 ROAs (63/461) Members: 163 SIOs (121/664) Members: 173 Associates (31/53) Members: 82 U.S.A. 144FT 43Nortel eAccess 5 China 95Telekomunikacja Polska 38NTT OFS Fitel 5 U.K. 55China Telecom. Corp. 29Alcatel Opticom 3 Germany 45BT 27Cisco Systems 34SwissQual 3 France 33Deutsche Telekom 26Siemens Telekom Srpske 3 India 32KDDI 19 ETRI 29 ACCA Networks 2 Brazil 31Bharat Sanchar Nigam 18 Huawei Tech. 25 AULM 2 Syrian Arab Rep. 30Telenor ASA 17Lucent Tech ElectriPHY 2 Italy 29 AT & T 14 L.M. Ericsson 21+1Harris 2 Canada 26NTT DoCoMo 14ZTE 21Octasic Semicond. 2 Japan 25Telecom Italia 13Infineon Okinasa Photonics 2 Korea (Rep. of) 22TeliaSonera 13NEC 12Telchemy 2 Russian Federation 20BELGACOM 11Fujitsu 11Teraburst Networks 2 Total: 587(70%)Total: 282 (61%)Total: 371 (56%)Total: 35 (66%) Top Members participation (2003)

26 TSB 26 CountryNumber of Delegates China95 India 32 Brazil31 Syrian Arab Republic 30 Korea (Rep. of)22 Hungary 15 Israel15 Australia14 Thailand13 Mexico12 Switzerland11 Ukraine 11 Total:321 Top attendees, except G8 countries, Administrations, 2003

27 TSB Company Number of DelegatesCountry Telekomunikacja Polska38Poland China Telecommunications Corp 29China Bharat Sanchar Nigam 18India Telenor ASA 17Norway TeliaSonera13Sweden BELGACOM11Belgium Community of Yugoslav PTT10 Serbia and Montenegro Swisscom 10Switzerland Telekom Austria 10Austria China Unicom7China China Mobile Comm. Corp 6China KT Corporation 6Korea (Rep. of) Total:184 Top attendees, except G8 countries, ROAs, 2003

28 TSB 28 CompanyNumber of delegatesCountry ETRI29Korea (Rep. Of) Huawei Technologies25China L.M. Ericsson21Sweden ZTE21China Samsung Electronics10Korea (Rep. Of) ITEK9Denmark Lucent Tech. Nederland9Netherlands Nokia Corporation9Finland Alcatel Bell8Belgium Tellabs Oy8Finland Matalink5Israel Actelis Networks3Israel GIGA ApS3Denmark Total:160 Top attendees, except G8 countries, SIOs, 2003

29 TSB 29 CompanyNumber of Delegates Country SwissQual3Switzerland Telecom Srpske3Bosnia and Herzegovina AULM 2 Switzerland ASTRI 1China RAD Data Communications1 Israel Transmode Systems1 Sweden Tyco Electronics Raychem1 Belgium Total:12 Top attendees, except G8 countries, Associates, 2003

30 TSB 30  TAF meetings in Africa Region in  Director’s presence at WTDC-2002 regional preparatory meeting in Cameroon, May 2001  ITU-T SG 12 meeting and workshop, Dakar, Senegal, October 2001, supported by Senegal and ITU Area Office in Dakar  ITU-T Workshop in Botswana, July 2002 (100 participants from 14 African countries)  Director’s presence at Telecom Africa: November 2001, Johannesburg, South Africa May 2004, Cairo, Egypt  Seminar on Impact of Electromagnetic Field Emissions, Kampala, Uganda, 3-5 September 2003  ITU Seminar on Standardization, Accra, Ghana, May 2004 ITU-T/TSB activities in Africa

31 TSB 31  20 Sector Members from 13 countries (Algeria, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Togo, Zimbabwe)  4 regional organizations (ATU, COPTAC, LAS, SATA, URTNA)  Increasing participation to SG activities, but still very low level (except for SG 3) Vice-Chairmen from Africa TSAG:Mr. A. Zourmba (Cameroon) SG 3:Mr. H. K. Hamani (Niger) SSG:Mr. P. F. Masambu (Uganda) Tariff Group for Africa (TAF): Chairman:Mr. M. Ndaro (Kenya) Vice-Chairmen:Mr. E. Elop (Cameroon) Mr. M. Traore (Mali) Mr. A. Akue-Kpakpo (Togo) African involvement with ITU-T

32 TSB 32 Study Group Countries (number of participants) SG 2Burundi (1), Cameroon (3), Comoros (3), Tanzania (1) SG 3Burkina Faso (5), Burundi (2), Cameroon (2), Gabonese Rep. (2), Gambia (2), Ghana (1), Kenya (2), Mali (4), Mauritania (1), Niger (2), Senegal (2), Sudan (2), Tanzania (2), Togolese Rep. (1), Uganda (1) SG 6Côte d’Ivoire (1) SG 11 Burkina Faso (2), Kenya (1), Nigeria (1), Sudan (2) SG 12Burundi (1) SG 13Cameroon (2), Senegal (1), Tanzania (1) SG 15Kenya (1) SG 16Cameroon (1) SG 17Kenya (2), Sudan (2) SSGCameroon (2), Kenya (1) TSAGBotswana (1), Gabonese Rep. (1), Kenya (1), South Africa (3), ATU (1) Participation of African countries in ITU-T study group meetings – 2002

33 TSB 33 Participation of African countries in ITU-T study group meetings – 2003 Study GroupCountries (number of participants) SG 2Burundi (1), Cameroon (4), Comoros (1), Kenya (1), Tanzania (2) SG 3Burkina Faso (1), Burundi (2), Cameroon (7), Gabonese Rep. (6), Gambia (3), Kenya (1), Mali (3), Mauritius (2), Niger (2), Nigeria (2), Senegal (2), South Africa (2), Sudan (2), Tanzania (2), Togolese Rep. (2), Uganda (1) SG 4Kenya (2) SG 6Gabonese Rep. (2), Kenya (2) SG 12Kenya (2) SG 13Cameroon (1), Tanzania (1) SG 17Kenya (1) SSGCameroon (1), Gambia (1), Kenya (1), Uganda (1) TSAGBotswana (1), Cameroon (2), Gabonese Rep. (1), Ghana (1), Sudan (2), Tanzania (1) Togolese Rep. (1), ATU (2)

34 TSB 34  International SDOs: ISO, IEC, WSC; ISO/IEC JTC1  Regional SDOs: ATIS, TIA, TSACC, TTA, TTC, ARIB, CCSA, ETSI, ACIF, GSC  For internet: IETF/ISOC, ICANN, ccTLDs, etc.  Many Forums/SDOs: such as IEEE, 3GPPs, ATM, TMF, …  Regional Telecom organizations: APT, ATU, CITEL, RCC, CEPT, ETNO, …  etc… International Cooperation

35 TSB 35 A.4A.5A.6 ASN.1 ConsortiumARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses)ARIB ATM ForumATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)ATIS ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee)ATM ForumCEA (Consumer Electronics Association) DSL ForumATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee)CCSA ETIS (e-and telecommunication info. services)CCSA (China Communications Standards Assoc.)ECMA IMTC (Multimedia) DSL ForumETSI IPDR OrganizationECMA Standardizing Information & Communication SystemsIEEE IPv6 ForumETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)JCTEA MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)NIST MPLS/Frame Relay AllianceISOC/IETF (Internet Society/Internet Engineering Task Force)SCTE MSF (Multiservice Switching Forum)JCTEA (Japan Cable Television Engineering Association)SMPTE (Soc. of Motion Picture and T.V. Eng.) OASISMEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)TIA OIF (Optical Internetworking Forum)MPLS/Frame Relay AllianceTTA OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)TTC OMG (Object Management Group)OASIS SDL Forum SocietyOIF SDL Task Force ConsortiumOMA TM Forum (Tele Management Forum)OMG W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)SCTE (Society of Cable Telecommunications Engineers) TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) TM Forum TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association) TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee) W3C Members for Rec. A.4, A.5 and A.6 Forums/SDOs


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