Presentation on theme: "The Great Awakening Path to the American Revolution."— Presentation transcript:
The Great Awakening Path to the American Revolution
The Colonies had little in Common Formed differently due to geography, exploration and settlement Few roads in the colonies England constantly at war with France and thus let the colonies develop by themselves
What kind of corruption by government leaders will tend to corrupt society as a whole?
Beyond terrorism, are their internal threats to our society that could, in the future, bring our country down?
Corruption 1. Corrupt British officials 2. Colonial governor had a lot of power 3. Colonial offices were sold for bribes or to reward incompetent men who were down on their luck 4. Shallow belief in God, especially within the Church of England. Anglican ministers were often appointed as a perk of the governor.
Edward Hyde, the Lord Cornbury Appointed governor of New York in 1700 Owed large gambling debts Dressed up as Queen Anne when drunk Embezzled money meant for defense of colony Recalled in 1709
Revival A reawakening of interest in religion after a period of decline.
Jonathan Edwards A 1741 sermon helped increase the revival known as the Great Awakening. The sermon is known as “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.”
George Whitefield Anglican priest He had a very powerful voice. His preaching tour of the colonies spread the Great Awakening. He was extremely popular.
Outdoor Preaching He didn’t care what church a Christian went to as long as he was a Christian. Due to this, he was not allowed to speak in many Anglican churches. He began to speak outside in fields.
Whitefield Preaching to a Horse Racing Crowd
There were many who opposed Whitefield’s preaching
Hogarth’s view of Whitefield’s preaching
Some suspected Whitefield was preaching for the money but Benjamin Franklin said it was not true
Impact of the Great Awakening It was a shared experience that helped begin to bring the colonies together.
It weakened the Church of England’s power in America.
It helped different religious viewpoints to be tolerated in America.
Education It led to the emergence of many schools and colleges such as Princeton, Rutgers and Brown Universities
Literacy became so common that by the time of the Revolution, 95% of Americans could read and write.
Opposition to Corruption Over time, American preachers began to preach against the moral problems of English leaders.
It was a small step from leaving a corrupt church to leaving a corrupt nation. The preachers would be the first to call for Revolution a generation later. Peter Muhlenberg >>
There would have been no American Revolution without the Great Awakening.
Homework Assignment Do a double Bar graph on the increase in churches from 1700 to 1780