Presentation on theme: "Topic: Discipline and Punishments. TEST ORGANIZATION 4 Reading texts on a general topic 3 Questions based on the texts No choice…all questions to be answered."— Presentation transcript:
Topic: Discipline and Punishments
TEST ORGANIZATION 4 Reading texts on a general topic 3 Questions based on the texts No choice…all questions to be answered Time available…2 hours All answers to be written in the answer booklet.
TIMING Advice on timing is given in the test Question 1…10 minutes Question 2…20 minutes Question 3…60 minutes The other 30 minutes to be spent on reading/preparation/ editing
QUESTION 1a (i) The following questions are based on Article 1. (i) In article 1, the author mentioned some measures that that were taken in controlling students’ misbehaviour. State 2 of the measures mentioned. (2 marks)
QUESTION 1a (i) – Possible Answer (Choose any 2) Expulsion Caning Names noted in the discipline book Warned Advised Guardian called to school Given pep talk Pick up rubbish
QUESTION 1a (ii) (ii) With the information given in paragraph 5, paraphrase the sentence, “students who conformed to the school rules were disillusioned and lost faith in the system because deviant students got away with it.” (3 marks)
QUESTION 1a (ii) – Possible Answer Obedient students were disappointed and no longer believed the school system as the school failed to punish those who misbehaved.
QUESTION 1b (b) This question is based on Article 3. Quote ONE appropriate sentence from Article 3, paragraph 3 that supports the statement below. Begin the quotation with an introductory phrase. (5 marks) Children want to be guided on proper behaviour and agree with appropriate form of punishments if necessary.
QUESTION 1b – Answer: (Long quotation) This claim is supported by Shaffer (1996) who mentions that: Apparently young children see the need for adults to step in and restrain their inappropriate conduct, for they were quite bothered by the stories in which youngsters were generally free to do their own thing, largely unencumbered by adult constraints. (p. 592)
QUESTION 1b – Answer: (Short quotation) This claim is supported by Shaffer (1996, p. 592) who mentions that, “all participants seemed to favour a rational disciplinarian who relies heavily on reasoning that is occasionally backed by power assertion”.
QUESTION 2 You are advised to spend 20 minutes on this question. With reference to Article 4, summarise how a child’s behaviour should be corrected in Islam in a paragraph of not more than 50 words. Use the correct citation for introducing the writer of the article. (10 marks)
QUESTION 2 - Answer Content: Beat the child only after the child is 10 years old Avoid striking the face, head or other sensitive parts of the body. Never punish in the state of anger Never inflict wound, weal or bruises to any part of the body. Avoid repeated punishment Think more than once before disciplining. Deny certain privileges Employ Duá or prayers
Where do the marks come from? QUESTION 2 (10 marks) Citation: 1 mark Content: 4 marks Language and organization: 5 marks
QUESTION 3 (20 marks) You are advised to spend 1 hour on this question. Choose a stand (FOR or AGAINST) and write an argumentative essay on the topic given below. You should state your thesis statement and include at least 3 supporting points inclusive of 1 counterargument. You are to use at least 3 of the 4 articles given to support your points. You have to demonstrate an ability to summarise, quote, paraphrase and synthesize. Your essay should be no more than 450 words. Counselling and not physical punishment should be used to enforce discipline. State your stand.
Where do the marks come from? QUESTION 3 (20 marks) Content 5 Organization 3 Vocabulary and Language 4 Techniques6 Mechanics 2 You should offer recommendations You must offer an Islamic perspective You must use at least 3 articles
QUESTION 3 – Possible Answer Physical punishment and not counselling should be used to enforce discipline because it is an important part of socialization and moral development, it is accepted by many people, and it is one of the disciplinary measures approved by Islam.
QUESTION 3 – if you choose to write… Physical punishment should be used to enforce discipline. The supports would be A1 –Rewards and punishments are essential parts of socialization and moral development (Gupta, 1989) A2 - it is accepted and expected by children (Shaffer 1996, Wong in Simrit Kaur, 2000), CA - beating is not encouraged but to be used as the final resort (Mufti Jamiat, 1996) Ref/A3/I.P. - it is one of the disciplinary measures approved by Islam (Mufti Jamiat, 1996).
QUESTION 3 – Another possible answer Counselling and not physical punishment should be used to enforce discipline because it is an important part of socialization and moral development, it is accepted by many people, and it is one of the disciplinary measures approved by Islam.
QUESTION 3 – if you choose to write… Counselling should be used to enforce discipline The supports would be A1 - it allows children to interact and trust the others around them (Gupta, 1989) A2 – all participants seemed to favour rational disciplinarian who relies heavily on reasoning (Shaffer 1996) CA – the successful formula in curbing indiscipline is imposing punishment without fear or favour. (Simrit Kaur, 2000) Ref/A3/I.P. - Repeating punishment is extremely undesirable as the effect is lost (Mufti Jamiat, 1996)
General Preparation for the Exam Focus on paraphrasing, summarizing, synthesizing, and quoting skills Note differences between long and short quotation formatting Look again at argumentative essay organization Look again at the argumentative thesis statement Look again at the language of argumentation Look again at arguments, counterarguments and rebuttals Look again at APA citation
Some sound advice Take the exam seriously…without a good grade in the exam you won’t get your A…or even your B! Take advice on timing seriously…many COULD NOT FINISH this exam! Prepare for this exam…many students think they can just “wing it”! Prepare the sort of language you need for argumentation. Focus on the revision areas mentioned earlier.
thank you take good care of yourselves thank you take good care of yourselves thank you take good care of yourselves