I can explain fishing tackle I can explain bait and lures I can explain fishing safety I can identify common causes of accidents when boating
Fishing tackle is the equipment that people take when they are going sport fishing. It includes a variety of devices for attracting fish to bite or attack a baited hook, and landing the fish from water after biting. It may also in include items to keep the fish fresh until it is dressed and afterward.
The simplest tackle is line (string) with a hook on one end and a pole attached to the other end. Lines may be monofilament or braided nylon, Dacron, or silk. Lines are sized on the basis diameter of the string and weight of material the line is lift, known as test weight.
Cane poles are the most common types of pole, though many people have glass and metal poles. Poles typically range from 7-15 feet long.
Float is a small piece of cork or plastic, or other material lighter than the water used to see movement of the fishing line. The float is usually attached so it came move up and down the line to regulate the depth of the hook in the water.
A sinker or a small weight may be on the line near the hook.
Fishing hook is a curved piece of metal for holding bait and sticking it into and holding fish. Most hooks have a barb that ensures that the hook is “set” and does not release from the fish.
Kind of hook used would depend on the species and size of fish Most hooks are single hooks, though some are double and treble Never leave any hooks lying around. Always keep unused hooks in an appropriate tackle box or other approved container.
Single Hook Single Hook with Weed Guard
Treble Hook Double Hook
Hooks are sized by numbers and length of shank. Sizes range from 32 to 13/0 or larger. Small hooks are sized with larger numbers Generally smaller hooks and lighter lines and rods are used for freshwater fish because the are intended to catch smaller fish.
Hook SizeLengthFreshwaterSaltwater Small Hooks 107/16Bluegill 613/16TroutSnapper 415/16PerchKelp Bass Medium Hooks 2/01 5/8WalleyeCroaker 4/01 7/8BassBluefish 6/02 ¼MuskieChannel Bass Large Hooks 7/02 1/2Barracuda 10/03 1/4Marlin 12/03 3/4Tuna
A hook must be securely tied before baiting. The most popular knot is the clinch knot, but other knots can be used.
Purpose: Learn to securely tie a fishing hook to line. Materials 12 inches of fishing line 1 hook *Steps
Bait is live or dead material put on a hook to entice fish to bite. Bait may be natural or artificial
Bait is material that is attractive to the fish being sought. The type of bait will vary as much as the species being fished.
Most common bait are minnows. They are most common because they are the principle natural food for many fish.
Small pieces of fish, hot dog pieces, frozen squid, shrimp, salmon eggs and crawfish.
Artificial bait is known as a lure.
A lure is an artificial bait that is pulled through the water with the idea that fish will mistake it for something to eat. Lures can be made of wood, metal, feathers, or plastic. Lures are selected with their particular appeal to certain species of fish.
1. Fish hooks can penetrate the skin and be hard to get out. Medical attention may be needed to remove a stubborn hook. 2. It is a good idea for a sport fisher to get a tetanus shot. Infections can develop from the water, fish, and bait fluids on hooks.
3. Knives, pliers, and other tools can be potential sources of injury. They should always be used and stored properly with safety in mind. 4. Boats and motors can be particularly dangerous. A trained adult should be the operator. Always follow boat safety rules: always wear a life preserver, never overload a boat as it may tilt.
1. Many fish have sharp spines and fins that can puncture your skin. Gloves should be worn when removing some fish from hooks. 2. Many saltwater species can bite and create severe wounds. Have a trained angler help you in uncomfortable situations.
3. Fish that have been caught should be placed in a proper container, such as a live well or basket, or on a stringer. 4. Be aware that other animals inhabit the waters such as snakes and turtles. Some snakes are poisonous, and some turtles may bite.
Purpose: To reinforce the dangers of fishing Groups of 4 Make a list of no less than 5 hazards that inhabit the water, equipment, and other fishing/boating environment Beside of each hazard, list ways of safely avoiding these dangers. Create a skit to present the dangers
Responsible boaters should know how to avoid dangers when on the water, however, sometimes accidents occur.
To follow are listed examples of the causes of accidents. It is good to now them, so they can easily be avoided.
1. Do not overload the carrying capacity of the boat. The weight should be distributed evenly. 2. Do not use alcohol or drugs.
3. Always know the equipment you are working with. Use the correct equipment the right way. Remember to never anchor the boat from the stern. (An anchor is a heavy object lowered by line into the bottom of a body of water to prevent a boat from drifting.) 4. Never stand up in a boat. Quick motions can cause you to lose your balance, fall, or turn the boat over.
5. Always check the weather patterns before taking off on a boating trip. If storm clouds roll-in, go toward the shore. If you spot lightning, take shelter immediately.
B. In case of boating emergencies, or sudden unexpected occurrences demanding immediate attention, boaters should know the proper precautions. The two major dangers around water are drowning and hypothermia.
1. Hypothermia can start in wet conditions such as rain, snow, or sleet. Sweating or even humidity in the air can chill you and reduce your body heat. Hypothermia is the silent killer that takes the heat from your inner body, and otherwise lowers your body temperature. The proper measures should be taken if someone shows the symptoms of hypothermia. hypothermia - Yahoo! Video Search hypothermia - Yahoo! Video Search Overboard Overboard
2. Use personal flotation devices (PFD) correctly and at all times. A personal floatation device is a piece of life-saving equipment worn in water related sports such as boating.
To prevent the suffocation and inhalation of water, known as drowning, every person should have and war a PFD with proper safety ratings. If someone in the water needs help, you can throw them a PFD. Every boat operator should have paddles, bailing bucket, small tool kit, repair parts, fire extinguisher, anchor and rope, flares, first aid kit, and rope, net or bungi cord. boating safety - Yahoo! Video Search boating safety - Yahoo! Video Search