Definition A ________________ or ______________________ or __________________ that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression. A type of defamation
Definition (cont) a statement or representation ___________ and _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ defamation of a person by _______________or ___________________ means
the publication of ______________, ______________, ______________, or ______________ writings or pictures the act, tort, or crime of publishing such a libel Libel
According to SPLC Any printed communication – _______________________ _________________ – which tends to expose one to _____________, ______, ___________ or _________ or _______________________ _______________________ in the community or _______________________.
Court Libel can cause permanent harm. –_______________________ _______________________ _______________________ ______________________.
To Avoid Libel _____________________ –Always try to find more than one source before publishing material that could be viewed as damaging.
Check Facts (cont) Responsible journalists seek ____ or more sources that are ___________________ of one another, credible and in a position to know and tell the truth.
To avoid Libel (cont) Remember that _____________ dictates that reporters contact the individual about whom they are writing.
Fairness (cont) By contacting the ______________________ _____________________, reporters obtain both sides of a controversial issue and often avoid printing incomplete or incorrect information.
Good Judgment Generally, editors rather than reporters worry about these kinds of questions, but an ethical reporter should consider the possible implications of printing or televising a particular story.
Public Persons Do the same rights apply to Public Officials and Public Figures as an Average Person?
_______________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ (desire to inflict injury, harm, or suffering on another) in order to win libel actions.
Officials Government and policy- making roles. Those who have or appear to have substantial responsibility for or control over the conduct of governmental affairs.
Public Figures _____________________ _____________________ ____________________.
Where is the line? The public-official rule protects the public interest in a free flow of information to the people concerning public officials and their servants.
Where is the line? (cont) _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ ____________________.
Where is the line? (cont) Officials and Public Figures usually enjoy ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ and hence have a more realistic opportunity to ______________________ than private individuals normally enjoy.
Where is the line? (cont) Private individuals are therefore _____________________ _____________________ ____________________, and the state in _____________________ ____________________.
Work Cited http://www.merriam- webster.com/dictionary/libelhttp://www.merriam- webster.com/dictionary/libel[1 James Schaffer, Randall McCutheon, Kathryn Stofer. Journalism Matters. Thinking Like a Journalist. Lincolnwood, Ill. 2001. Pgs 24-25.