2Timed Write Read the Prologue of Antigone. Write a paragraph: Who is more right, Antigone or ismene?
3Stand for your opinion….. Who believes whom?If you think that Ismene is right, get up and stand by the shelves.If you believe that Antigone is right, stand over by the windows.Once you have divided, share with each other why you came to your conclusion.How would you convince those on the other side of the room to change their mind?
4What were their positions? What did Antigone:Want to do? And Why? (what was her reasoning?)Think about Creon’s authority?Who is more right? WHY?Think about Ismene?What did Ismene:Want to do? And why? (What was her reasoning?)Think about obeying authority?Think about Antigone?
5Agenda: “How to Mark a Book” Antigone – Unit Plan Re-read Prologue Tuesday, September 16Agenda:“How to Mark a Book”Antigone –Unit PlanRe-read Prologue
6Food for thought…“We are what we pretend to be, so we must be careful what we pretend to be.”-Kurt Vonnegut, Mother Night
7“How to Mark a Book” As I read the article out loud, Annotate it. Things to annotate for:What is Peter’s main idea? What does he claim?What evidence does he give us to reinforce his main idea?Ideas or suggestions that you already use.Suggestions that you think will help you as we read Antigone.
8Focus Questions: Prologue ~ Annotate text What is the primary conflict?What are Antigone and Ismene arguing about?What is Antigone’s point of view? Ismene’s?ANNOTATE AS WE READ:Underline passages that tell us something about Antigone / Ismene’s personality or beliefs.What Virtues do you see demonstrated? (Balance, Justice, Faith, Courage)Underline the most important line in the prologue…. IN the margin defend your choice.
9ClassworkPair up!IN your logbook create an new entry titled, “ Antigone and Ismene”. Make a T-Chart on the new page with Antigone on one side and Ismene on the other.Under Antigone’s name, copy 2 passages from the Prologue that tells us something about Antigone.Under Ismene’s name, copy 2 passages from the Prologue that tells us something about Ismene.Leave room (3 lines) under each passage for commentary. Why is the passage significant?
10Homework:Put your homework in your Log Book (at the bottom of the T-Chart).Which sister do you think is making the right decision. Cite the BEST evidence (line from the play) prove your point. THEN, explain in TWO sentences why you think that evidence proves her decision is better than her sister’s?Sample: “We are only women; We cannot fight with men, Antigone” (Prologue ).
11Wednesday, September 16 Agenda: Turn in Honors Contract!!!!!! Antigone –Scene 1: Who’s Law is Just?
12Today’s Annotations: Scene 1 As we read: put an S = Creon’s strengths; put a W = weaknessesIn your logbook, create an entry “Creon.” On the page create a T-Chart.In one column, Copy TWO passages that prove he’s a strong leader. Explain HOW this passage demonstrates strength!In the other column, Copy TWO passages that prove he can be a weak leader. Explain HOW this passage demonstrates weakness!
13Ode #1This ode is perhaps the most famous ode in Greek tragedy. Return to the ode and answer these questions – right on the packet:What image of man does this ode present?In this vision, what is human greatness?What are the limits of human ability and action?When can a daring man get into trouble?
14Scene 1 Homework: Paragraph Creon ParagraphOn a SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER!Select one:Creon has the qualities to be a Just leader.Creon has the qualities to be a unjust leader.Select the BEST quotes that proves your position.Be sure to include sentences that not only explain your quote, but also connect each to the Topic Sentence!Due: Thursday 9/18
15thursday, September 18 Agenda: Turn in Honors Contract!!!!! Turn in Creon Paragraph!Antigone –Scene 2: Who’s Law is Just?
16Review: Greek VIRTUES = Arete Arete = striving for excellenceModeration; Temperance meaning healthy-mindedness and from there self- control or moderation guided by knowledge and balance.Justice- state of him who is as he ought to be, righteousness, the condition acceptable to GodFaith, Piety- piety towards God, fidelity in observing the obligations of piety, holiness.Courage, Bravery- word for manliness and represented the virtue of the warrior -- bravery or courage.
17Scene 2 Focus Questions (T-Chart) Annotations: Underline passages that show. . .Virtues that Creon & Antigone exhibit as they defend their decisions?What Virtues did Antigone use to make her decision to bury her brother?What Virtues did Creon use to make his decision to punish anyone who buried the “traitor” Polyneices?
18Scene 2 Focus Questions (T-Chart) In your logbooks (“Greek Virtues in Antigone”)Copy 4 passages that demonstrate one of the character’s (Antigone, Creon or Ismene) virtues.Next to each quote, identify the virtueThen, BRIEFLY (1 sentence, max) explain how that virtue is being used in the character's actions.
19Friday, September 19 Agenda: Turn in Honors Contract!!!!! Antigone – Timed Write: Who is most Right?
20Timed Write: On a separate sheet of paper, Answer the following prompt in 1 Paragraph:“Antigone/Creon is the most right.”Be sure to support your answer.You may use the Text! (That’s a hint)Be sure to cite the evidence (scene, line number) = (II 130)
21Monday, September 22 Agenda: Antigone – What makes a Tragic Hero? When to challenge your Leader
22TRAGIC HERO Review:In your Logbook, create a “Journal entry for Antigone” page.Journal Entry #1: List the characteristics of a tragic heroThere are 7 of them (Check your notes, if you need to)Select one of the characteristics…Mark it and explain WHY it is the most important characteristic of a tragic hero.Journal #2: List the “Tragic Cycle” (in the correct order!).Tragic Hero Traits:Responsible for their downfallNot a victimTragic FlawRecognizes their errorAccepts tragic consequencesHumbled and Enlightened by TragedyHero is “Everyman” – Neither all good or all bad.
24RespectAcknowledge a person’s right to make choices, to hold views and to take actions based on personal values and beliefsTreat others fairly, distribute benefits and burdens fairlyGreatest good for greatest numberJustice
25Beneficence Non-Maleficence Do good…Provide benefit to persons and contribute to their welfare.Do no harm… Your obligation is to NOT inflict harm intentionally!Non-Maleficence
26As you read… Scene 3 Focus questions. Put a “ C” next to the lines …Creon is making a decision – Write the type of Ethic being usedPut an “H” next to the linesHaemon is making a decision – Write the type of Ethic being usedIn your logbooks (“Ethical Decision-Making Graphic Organizer”)Copy the Table on the boardFor each character, find 2 -3 passages that demonstrate one of the ethical principles and explain its significance.
27tuesday, September 23 Agenda: Antigone – Analysis Quiz Line Analysis Journal Entry: Who’s more Ethical?
28Line Analysis:Create a new entry in your logbook: “Line Analysis in Antigone”At the top of the page copy and Explain Creon’s statement:“The inflexible heart breaks first, the toughest iron / Cracks first, and the wildest horses bend their necks at the pull of the smallest curb” (II.77-79).What does Creon mean with this statement? Who is he referring to?In scene 3, What lines ‘echo’ Creon’s statement? Who says them, and To whom do these lines apply in scene 3?What might Sophocles be trying to ‘teach’ us about ‘being human’?
29Journal Entry #3:In your Journal, add the following entry onto the journal page: “Ethics of Antigone.”On that page, respond to the following prompt (remember to use evidence from the text to support your opinion!):Who is more ethical – Creon or Antigone? What makes them so?Ethical Requirements:RespectJusticeBeneficenceNon-Maleficence
30Wednesday, September 24 Agenda: Antigone – Who’s pride is greater? (Whose the true Tragic Hero?)
31Annotations for Scenes 4&5: Who is the Tragic Hero? Antigone or Creon?Annotate for the characteristics of the tragic hero for both Creon and Antigone?Who has more of the Tragic Hero Characteristics? What are the characteristics?What is the Hero’s tragic flaw, and redemptive path?
32Scene 4 Review Questions: How has Antigone changed since the beginning of the play?Does Antigone blame fate or free will for the “mess” she is in?Who do you think is the protagonist?Who do you think is the antagonist?Defend your positionWho do you think is the Tragic Hero now?
33Scene 5 Review Questions: Has Creon changed since the beginning of the play? If so, how? If not, why do you think he’s stayed ‘static’?Who does Creon think he’s the victim of? Does this change?What is the truth about Creon? What is the truth of his law?What does Creon have to admit?Have you changed your mind about who the protagonist of the play is? Why?Who do you think is the Tragic Hero now?Defend your position
34Thursday, September 25 Agenda: Antigone – The grinding of Nemesis’ wheel.(Who lives? Who learns?)
35Journal Entry #4in the “Journal entries for Antigone” add the following Journal:how will the play resolve? Provide 2 -3 reasons to support your prediction.
36Epilogue: Focus Questions Annotate for:What are the events that happen?How are these events consequences for what Tragic Flaw?What is the lesson we are to learn?TPS (think-Pair-Share):Does Creon gain any wisdom?What is the lesson learned?What do you believe will happen ‘after’ the play?
37Friday, September 26 Agenda: Antigone – Socratic Seminar Homework: Unit plan completed for Monday Study Vocab for Quiz!
38Socratic Seminar: What is the lesson of Antigone? Who’s Hubris is greater & why?Where do we see examples of the following:ARETE“Private Life vs Public Citizenship”Why isn’t the play named “Creon” instead?
39Agenda: Antigone – Vocab Quiz!! Group Work: Brainstorming for essay Monday, September 29Agenda: Antigone –Vocab Quiz!!Group Work:Brainstorming for essay
40voCAB qUIZ yoU HAVE 5 MINTUES TO CRAM…. Clear off your desks and have a pen or pencil out. Wait for instructions.When you finish with the quiz, please turn it in and get out your logbook and Antigone packet, along with a separate sheet of paper labeled: “Essay Brainstorm”
41Antigone Essay:For the Play, Antigone, you will be writing a group essay.Each member of the essay will be responsible for 1 (one) paragraph of the essay.Each member is also responsible for at least 1 (one) pre-writing brainstorm.The entire group is responsible for the cohesiveness of the essay, as well as the overall quality of writing. (This will require all of the members to work together to produce a final product.)If a member of the group doesn’t hold up their end of the expectation, then they will receive no credit for the writing project as a whole.
42Antigone Essay: Prompt: Is Creon a Tragic hero? Why or why not? Use the stages of Tragedy to explain your answer.For today’s brainstorming, each member of the group must choose one of the stages of tragedy that we’ve discussed:Sophrosyne : The character is in High StatusHarmatia: The Character’s tragic Flaw is recognizedNemisis: The goddess inacts her punishment(s)Wisdom: the Tragic Hero is humbled, gains enlightenment and returns to balance.
43Antigone Essay:For today’s brainstorming, each member of the group must choose one of the stages of tragedy that we’ve discussed:Sophrosyne : The character is in High StatusHarmatia: The Character’s tragic Flaw is recognizedNemisis: The goddess inacts her punishment(s)Wisdom: the Tragic Hero is humbled, gains enlightenment and returns to balance.Each member will find 2 – 3 examples from the text that is an example of their stage, and explain how it demonstrates the stage for Creon.
44Tuesday, September 30 Agenda: Antigone – Intro to Intros Group Work: Creating an intro Choosing your Evidence
45An Intro to Introductions All introductions should contain the following components:Hook (Introduce the reader to your essay with a clever remark, proverb, or famous quotation. Entice your reader – make me want to read on!)Introduce the “complexity” and significance of the essay question.Central IdeaThe Central Idea is the main idea of your essay, or the simple answer to the prompt.Example: In the play Antigone by Sophocles, Creon is the tragic hero.Thesis StatementThe Thesis Statement covers the main arguments you will use to prove your central idea.Example: At the beginning of the play, Creon enjoys his status as king, but like all tragic heroes, his hamartia is revealed. He is punished by Nemesis, but in the end, he learns to be wise.**Somewhere in your introduction, you should mention the title of the literature, and the author.
46Example Prompt: Who is more right, Antigone or Creon? Some fights have clear winners: Mother Teresa vs. Hitler. Gandhi vs. Saddam Hussein. Seahawks vs. Broncos.A conflict is easy to assess when one side is led by a moral code and the other is led by pure evil or selfishness. But most of the time, arguments are conducted by people on both sides who think they are doing what is right, and it is much harder to evaluate the “winner” when a good case can be made for either viewpoint. This is true most of the time in political debates, courtroom trials, and even dinner conversation among family. And it is true in the play Antigone, by Sophocles. The Ancient Greek writer understood that evaluating the outcome of a “right vs. right” conflict is a struggle for humans. In Antigone, the audience must have found it difficult at first to know who was more right: Antigone or Creon.But after hearing both arguments, it is clear that Antigone is more right;she possesses the Greek virtues of Hosiotes (respect for the gods) and Andreia (courage).
47Wednesday, October 1 Agenda: Antigone – Body Paragraphs Group Work: Creating your body Paragraphs using your Evidence
48Body Paragraphs Topic Sentence Lead-In & Evidence Analysis The Topic Sentence is a clear statement of what the paragraph will be about.Lead-In & EvidenceTLQ: This sentence provides the context (lead-in) for the evidence – the who, what, when, why; it also provides the quote itself (cited, of course).AnalysisAnalysis is an explanation of how the quotation relates to the topic sentence and reinforces the thesis.Analysis also explains the quote further. It is not simply “this shows _______.” Your analysis needs to provide the reader with how the quote ‘demonstrates’ your Central idea and thesis.Concluding SentenceThe Concluding Sentence alerts your reader that you are finishing up this idea, and transitions to your next argument.
49The Thesis-Topic Sentence-analysis Relationship. The Thesis informs the reader what the essay will be about: How you are going to prove your opinion regarding the given prompt.Central Idea and Thesis: …it is clear that Antigone is more right; she possesses the Greek virtues of Hosiotes (respect for the gods) and Andreia (courage).According to the Thesis we will be dealing with two topics in the essay: Hosiotes and Andreia (Piety and courage)That means we’ll need topic sentences that reinforce the opinion that Antigone is right. One paragraph will be about Piety and the other about courage – but BOTH are reinforcing that Antigone was right!
50Body Paragraph Example: Antigone is more right than her sister Ismene in her pious actions towards the death of their brother, Polyneices. After revealing her plan to bury Polyneices, Antigone tells Ismene that she must choose whether she is “a true sister, or a traitor to [her] family” (prologue 27). Although Antione’s words are harsh, she reflects the Greek virtue of Hosiotes, or deep respect for the gods. She understands that true piety is reflected in honoring your family, regardless of what others think, say or do. Antigone is able to look past the futile laws of people. She knows that the gods want her to give Polyneices a proper burial, and that the gods are far more powerful than humans. ….In your paragraphs there needs to be another Lead-In & Evidence with Analysis, for a total of 2 pieces of evidence. … By demonstrating her faith to both her brother Polyneices and the gods, Antigone proves that she is attempting to achieve arête, and is far more superior than her sister.
51Body Paragraph Example: Antigone is more right than her sister Ismene in her pious actions towards the death of their brother, Polyneices. After revealing her plan to bury Polyneices, Antigone tells Ismene that she must choose whether she is “a true sister, or a traitor to [her] family” (prologue 27). Although Antione’s words are harsh, she reflects the Greek virtue of Hosiotes, or deep respect for the gods. She understands that true piety is reflected in honoring your family, regardless of what others think, say or do. Antigone is able to look past the futile laws of people. She knows that the gods want her to give Polyneices a proper burial, and that the gods are far more powerful than humans. ….In your paragraphs there needs to be another Lead-In & Evidence with Analysis, for a total of 2 pieces of evidence. … By demonstrating her faith to both her brother Polyneices and the gods, Antigone proves that she is attempting to achieve arête, and is far more superior than her sister.