Presentation on theme: " Set-Up Cornell Notes on IN pages 122-123 Put your summary section on IN Page 123 Title: Path to Victory Essential Question: What led to the."— Presentation transcript:
Set-Up Cornell Notes on IN pages 122-123 Put your summary section on IN Page 123 Title: Path to Victory Essential Question: What led to the end of the Revolutionary War? Set-Up Cornell Notes
Moving South British moved the war to the south because they believed most Southerners were Loyalists The British also thought Southern slaves would join them because they promised to grant them freedom (this didn’t always happen) Taking Southern ports would allow the British to move troops back and forth from the West Indies
Savannah & Charleston The British were able to take over all of Georgia before moving on to Charleston (Charles Town) When Charleston surrendered, Americans lost almost their entire Southern army
New Southern Army Congress assigned General Horatio Gates to form a new Southern army With 2,000 new/untrained militiamen, Gates headed to Camden in South Carolina
The Swamp Fox Francis Marion AKA Swamp Fox met Gates on his way to Camden and provided the General with important information about South Carolina’s swampland Gates sent Marion to destroy boats on the river behind Camden to cut off British communications
Camden British troops caught Gates & his men just outside of Camden Gates’ men were unprepared and fled This huge defeat ended Gates’ term as General & hurt American morale
After Camden As the British took American prisoners-of- war (POWs) back to Charles Town, Francis Marion (the Swamp Fox) overwhelmed them and freed the prisoners Marion also managed to cut the British supply line from Charles Town using guerilla style tactics
The Tide Turns Nathanael Greene was put in charge of the Southern Army after Gates was dismissed Under Greene’s command the American army avoided full- scale battles and allowed the British to chase them about the countryside, effectively wearing them out When the Americans did fight, they made sure to inflict heavy casualties on the British
The End of the War 1781- most of the fighting took place in Virginia British general Cornwallis set up his base in Yorktown so he could easily receive supplies
Battle of Yorktown As a French fleet blocked supplies coming into Yorktown, a joint army led by Washington & French General Jean Rochambeau moved towards the British The joint American-French forces bombarded Yorktown until Cornwallis was forced to surrender (October 19, 1781) This was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War
First Repetition Use our code marking system to: Highlight important facts Circle Key Words Put (*) next to possible test questions Put (?) next to things you didn’t understand, then- ASK ME!
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