Presentation on theme: "Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Stephen A. Schwarzman 7 Billion Dollar Man, “King of Wall street” Grand 60th Birthday Celebration Successful, Glamorous!"— Presentation transcript:
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Stephen A. Schwarzman 7 Billion Dollar Man, “King of Wall street” Grand 60th Birthday Celebration Successful, Glamorous!
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Mr. Schwarzman wants! CEO of Blackstone Group A financial advisory firm Mission Inflict pain on rivals Kill off rivals Successful, 5’6” Firing employees Not wearing proper shoes Sound of employee’s nose 2 Narcissist
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU What is Personality? The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others; measurable traits a person exhibits. “The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment” Gordon Allport Quiet vs. aggressive people? Personality types vs. job types? Personality shapes behavior Personality Traits Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior. E.g. shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, loyal, timid
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Measuring Personality Self-report surveys Observer-rating surveys Projective measures Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Big Five Model Rorschach Inkblot Test Thematic Apperception Test Influence of Psychometric Tests For hiring … Influence of Psychometric Tests For hiring …
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Personality Determinants Heredity- Genes Factors determined at conception- biological, physiological and psychological makeup Molecular structure- genes Identical twins (39/31 yrs, 45 miles) Smoke, car, dog, vacations Twins on different household Vs. Siblings Environment Parental environment! Situations (Experience) 5 ! ! Change in Rank Ordering Dependability Smartness Change in Rank Ordering Dependability Smartness
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Measuring Personality- Tests Tests are good Hiring decisions Managing decisions (understand, manage) “I worry a lot about the future” Problems- Accuracy Lie “Fake good” Impression management Individual Rating Vs. Observer Rating Bad mood during test 6 Identifying primary traits Shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal, timid, … … … Identifying primary traits Shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal, timid, … … …
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI- A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types. 100 Question How people feel or act in certain situations
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU MBTI- Personality Types Extroverted vs. Introverted (E or I) Social Vs. Shy Sensing vs. Intuitive (S or N) Detail (routine) Vs. Big Picture (unconscious process) Thinking vs. Feeling (T or F) Logic Vs. P. Value/emotions Judging vs. Perceiving (P or J) Control/Order Vs. Flexible/Spontaneous Indicator
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU MBTI Indicator Can be a valuable tool for self-awareness and career guidance BUT Should not be used as a selection tool because it has not been related to job performance! INTJ Visionaries Original mind with drive for own ideas and purpose Skeptical, critical, independent, determined, stubborn ESTJ Organizers Realistic, logical, analytical, decisive ENTP Conceptualize Innovative, Individualistic, Versatile, Entrepreneur Challenging problem Vs. Routine NT Apple FedEx (Frederick W. Smith) Honda Microsoft Sony (Akio Morita) What is your type
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Do an MBTI test. Analyze the result and explain your career choice with respect to the test. Due June 22nd 10
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Big Five Personality Model … Five basic Dimension Major Dimensions Encompasses most variations others underlie 11 Research support
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU The Big Five Model-Personality Dimensions Comfort level with relationship Sociable, gregarious, and assertive Vs. reserved, timid, and quiet Extroversion Cooperative, warm, trusting Vs cold, disagreeable, antagonistic Agreeableness Responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized Vs. opposite! Conscientiousness/Reliability Neuroticism (craziness) Calm, self-confident, secure under stress (positive), Vs. nervous, depressed, and insecure under stress (negative). Emotional Stability Range of interest with novelty Curious, imaginative, artistic, and sensitive Vs. routine (familiarity) Openness to Experience
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Other Major Personality Attributes In Organizations Core Self-evaluation Machiavellianism Narcissism Self-monitoring Risk taking Type A vs. Type B personality Proactive Personality
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Core Self-Evaluation: Components Individuals’ degree of liking or disliking themselves. Find themselves capable and effective Feel control over environment Self Esteem Locus of Control The degree to which people believe they are masters of their own fate. PositiveNegative Internals Individuals- control what happens to them. Externals Individuals- controlled by outside forces such as luck or chance. Job Satisfaction Challenge in jobs Attain more complex jobs Job Performance Ambitious goals Commitment Persistence Insurance Agents Too Positive
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Machiavellianism (Mach) Degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance, and believes that ends can justify means. Strive for Power Machs Manipulates Wins Persuaded less Persuades more Conditions Favoring High Machs Direct interaction with others Minimal rules and regulations Emotions distract for others
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Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Narcissism A Narcissistic Person Has grandiose sense of self-importance Requires excessive admiration Has a sense of entitlement Tends to be rated as less effective Is arrogant Mirror Selfish Exploitive Leaders ! Views of others How bad is it?
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Narcissism In adults, a reasonable amount of healthy narcissism allows the individual's perception of his needs to be balanced in relation to others. Healthy narcissism is the feeling of greatness. This is used to avoid feelings of inadequacy or insignificance.
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Self-Monitoring An individual’s ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors. High Self-Monitors Receive better performance ratings Likely to emerge as leaders Show less commitment to their organizations High Self-Monitors Receive better performance ratings Likely to emerge as leaders Show less commitment to their organizations I am true to myself- I do not remake myself to please others I monitor behavior of my customer and conform accordingly!
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Risk-Taking High Risk-taking Managers Make quicker decisions Use less information to make decisions Operate in smaller and more entrepreneurial organizations Low Risk-taking Managers Are slower to make decisions Require more information before making decisions Exist in larger organizations with stable environments Risk Propensity Aligning managers’ risk-taking propensity to job requirements should be beneficial to organizations. Mr. Trump 1980 ~ Rise 1994 ~ -850 M 2007 ~ +2.9 B Mr. Trump 1980 ~ Rise 1994 ~ -850 M 2007 ~ +2.9 B Are you going to take risk? Stock Market Vs. GrameenPhone Stock Market Vs. GrameenPhone
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Personality Types- A & B Type A’s ~ Competitive Always moving, walking, and eating rapidly Feel impatient with the rate at which most events take place Strive to think or do two or more things at once Cannot cope with leisure time Obsessed with numbers, measuring their success …. Type B’s ~ Rarely Hurried Never suffer from a sense of time urgency/impatience Feel no need to display/discuss their achievements Play for fun and relaxation, rather than to exhibit their superiority at any cost Can relax without guilt Stress Quantity o work Behavior Prediction
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Proactive Personality Identifies opportunities, shows initiative, takes action, and perseveres until meaningful change occurs. Creates positive change in the environment, regardless or even in spite of constraints or obstacles.
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Chapter Check-Up: Personality Which of the following is not a typical personality trait considered to be organizationally relevant? Locus of control Self-monitoringSelf-enhancing Self esteem Machiavellianism
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Example- Personality Asifa arrives to class and realizes that she’s forgotten her homework to turn in. She says “It’s just not my lucky day today.” Asifa has Asifa has a high external locus of control. Asifa believes that things outside of her control determine what happens. If Asifa works on a team with you, and you have a very high internal locus of control, what kinds of discussions do you think the two of you might have?
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Example- Personality Hanifa is known for being a go-getter. She never leaves a task incomplete, and is involved in a number of activities. Moreover, she’s at the top of her class. She’s so busy that sometimes, she forgets to stop and eat lunch. Hanifa can be easily characterized as someone that has/is a Type ____ Personality. A A
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Example- Personality Hanifa is also likely to not be very Happy? Fun? Creative? Stressed? In general, Type A’s are rarely creative because they generally don’t allocate the necessary time for new solution development; they usually rely on past experiences to solve problems in order to be speedy.
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Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Values Mode of conduct or end state of existence is personally or socially preferable vs. not pref. What is right & good Value System: A hierarchy based on a ranking of an individual’s values in terms of their intensity. Fluid and Flexible Vs. Stable and Enduring Fluid and Flexible Vs. Stable and Enduring Gray Areas Types of Values- Rokeach Value Survey (RVS)
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Importance of Values Provide understanding of individuals (cultures ) attitudes, motivation, and behaviors of Influence our perception of the world around us Represent interpretations of “right”, “wrong” and preference Some behaviors or outcomes are preferred over others. Allocation of pay per Performance Vs. Seniority
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Values in the Rokeach Survey E Desirable end- states of existence; the goals that a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime.
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Values in the Rokeach Survey E Preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one’s terminal values. Preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one’s terminal values.
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU E12/U13 Mean Value Ranking (RVS) Varies across group- People in similar occupation/categories …. Mean Value Ranking (RVS) Varies across group- People in similar occupation/categories …. E14/U14 Negotiation !
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Values, Loyalty, and Ethical Behavior Ethical Values and Behaviors of Leaders Ethical Climate in the Organization
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Generational (Work) Values Value changes over generation Work values- Exhibit 4.10 Nexters ! High Expectation Seek meaning in their work Goal- Rich and famous Questioning, socially conscious, enterprenueal
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Achieving Person-Job Fit Personality matches Job Personality and values matches organization Flexibility vs. ability Personality-Job Fit Theory (Holland) Identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover. Personality Types Realistic Investigative Social Conventional Enterprising Artistic
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Holland’s Typology
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Relationship * Compatibility among categories * Satisfaction ** Realistic person in social job
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Person-organization fit Organizational Culture Profile (OCP) is useful for determining person-organization fit Survey that forces choices/rankings of one’s personal values Helpful for identifying most important values to look for in an organization (in efforts to create a good fit) Result >> Job Satisfaction, Org. Commitment, Low Turnover
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Values across Cultures: Hofstede’s Framework Power Distance Individualism vs. Collectivism Masculinity vs. Femininity Uncertainty Avoidance Long-term and Short-term orientation Big Five Hofstede’s Framework for accessing culture
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d) Power Distance The extent to which a society accepts that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally. Low distance Relatively equal power between those with status/wealth and those without status/wealth High distance Extremely unequal power distribution between those with status/wealth and those without status/wealth
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d) Collectivism A tight social framework in which people expect others in groups of which they are a part to look after them and protect them. Individualism The degree to which people prefer to act as individuals rather than a member of groups. Vs.
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Masculinity The extent to which the society values work roles of achievement, power, and control, and where assertiveness and materialism are also valued. Femininity The extent to which there is little differentiation between roles for men and women. Vs. Separate Roles Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Uncertainty Avoidance The extent to which a society feels threatened by uncertain and ambiguous situations and tries to avoid them. High Uncertainty Avoidance: Society does not like ambiguous situations & tries to avoid them. Low Uncertainty Avoidance: Society does not mind ambiguous situations & embraces them. Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Long-term Orientation A national culture attribute that emphasizes the future, thrift, and persistence. Short-term Orientation A national culture attribute that emphasizes the present and the here and now. Vs. Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)
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Adeyl Khan, Faculty, BBA, NSU Chapter Check-Up: Values In Country J most of the top management team meets employees at the local diner for a dinner on Fridays, and there are no reserved parking spaces. Everyone is on a first name basis with each other. Country J, according to Hofstede’s Framework, is probably low on what dimension? CollectivismCollectivism Long Term OrientationLong Term Orientation Uncertainty AvoidanceUncertainty Avoidance Power DistancePower Distance How would a College or University in Country J differ from your College or University? Identify 3 differences and discuss with a neighbor.