Presentation on theme: "Lying Is it worth it?. Definition A lie (also called prevarication, falsehood) is a known untruth expressed as truth. “Emergency lie” An emergency lie."— Presentation transcript:
Definition A lie (also called prevarication, falsehood) is a known untruth expressed as truth. “Emergency lie” An emergency lie is a strategic lie told when the truth may not be told because harm to a third party would result. For example, a neighbor might lie to an enraged wife about the whereabouts of her unfaithful husband, because said wife might reasonably be expected to inflict physical injury should she encounter her husband in person.
Lying by omission One lies by omission by omitting an important fact, deliberately leaving another person with a misconception. Lying by omission includes failures to correct pre-existing misconceptions. An example is when the seller of a car declares it has been serviced regularly but does not tell that a fault was reported at the last service.
A.God and lying A.God cannot lie (Titus 1:2) B.Lying is contrary to God (II Pet.3:8; II Thes.1:8; Prov.12:22; Jn.14:6; Ps.33:4; Jn.17:17; Ps.31:5; Lev.19:11; Ex.20:16; Rev.21:8) B.2) Satan and lying A.father of all lies Jn.8:44
Man and lying (Prov.13:5; Jn.8:43,44) A.Why do people lie? A.-to get gain (Pr.21:6) B.-to stay out of trouble (Presidents Clinton & Nixon, Sen. Kerry) C.-to keep from hurting someone B.JUST A LITTLE SIN, any sin can cause man to be lost A.-lying hurts others, damage may already be done (nails in board scenario) C.Prov.22:1, lying destroys reputation D.“A man is only as good as his word” A.lying hurts the church (I Kings 13:16,18 (prophet); Acts 5 Ananias & Saphira E.*Lying can cost man his soul* Prov.12:22
Man and lying (Prov.13:5; Jn.8:43,44) A.Col.3:9; Lying is always wrong! B.Consider: A.Situations, B.Biblical arguments C.Why it is never right to lie
Situations Ex.lying to keep your family safe Ex.Can one lie for his country? Ex.TDY missed meals, was it worth it? Gen.20:11; Mt.5:37; Prov.14:34; 23:23 Ex. Catholic’s teaching on “mental reservation”
Mental Reservation According to the Original Catholic Encyclopedia, “Mental Reservation, the name applied to a doctrine which has grown out of the common Catholic teaching about Lying (q.v.) and which is its complement. According to the common Catholic teaching it is never allowable to tell a lie, not even to save human life. A lie is something intrinsically evil, and as evil may not be done that good may come of it, we are never allowed to tell a lie. However, we are also under an obligation to keep secrets faithfully, and sometimes the easiest way of fulfilling that duty is to say what is false, or to tell a lie.” Goes on to say, “Martin Aspilcueta, the "Doctor Navarrus", as he was called, was one of the first to develop the new doctrine. He was nearing the end of a long life, and was regarded as the foremost authority then living on canon law and moral theology, when he was consulted on a case of conscience by the Fathers of the Jesuit college at Valladolid. The case sent to him for solution was drawn up in these terms: "Titius, who privately said to a woman, `I take thee for my wife', without the intention of marrying her, answered the judge who asked him whether he had said those words, that he did not say them, understanding mentally that he did not say them with the intention of marrying the woman." Navarrus was asked whether Titius told a lie, whether he had committed perjury, or whether he committed any sin at all. He drew up an elaborate opinion on the case and dedicated it to the reigning pontiff, Gregory XIII. Navarrus maintained that Titius neither lied, nor committed perjury, nor any sin whatever, on the supposition that he had a good reason for answering as he did. This theory became known as the doctrine of strict mental reservation, to distinguish it from wide mental reservation with which we have thus far been occupied. In the strict mental reservation the speaker mentally adds some qualification to the words which he utters, and the words together with the mental qualification make a true assertion in accordance with fact. (http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mental_Reservation)
Situations Situational Ethics A.Consequences of situation ethics A.Destroys respect for the bible A.Bible is all sufficient (II Tim.3:16-17; II Pet.1:3) B.Bible saves us (Js.1:18; judges us: Jn.12:48) C.Makes love and law exclusive when they are combined Jn.14:15 D.Defies man B.Gives man the decision making authority to do what is right when & where; Jer.10:23 C.God knows what is good for man, Deut.6:24 D.*Obey God in all things* Acts 5:29; I Cor.10:13; Js.5:16; Phil.1:9-10; Ps.119:11,97