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©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 16
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 2 Injuries 120,000 Americans die from injuries The economic cost of injuries is more than $650 billion each year Intentional injury –One that is purposely inflicted, by oneself or by another person. Unintentional injury –Injury occurs when no harm is intended –Fifth leading cause of death among Americans –One of the leading causes of death among children and young adults National Safety Council (NSC) – 2006 - E ach day 329 Americans died from unintentional injuries 89 died from suicide 50 died from homicide
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 3 Unintentional Injures What Causes an Injury? –Combination of human and environmental factors. Motor Vehicle Injuries. –Factors Contributing to Motor Vehicle Injuries Speeding – 60% of all accidents Aggressive driving Fatigue and sleepiness Cell phones and other distractions Alcohol and other drugs Safety belts, air bags, and child safety seats
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 4 Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries Obey the speed limit Always wear a safety belt Never drive under the influence. Keep your car in good working condition. Allow for plenty of following distance. Slow down if weather is bad. Choose interstate highways versus rural roads. Always signal. Stop completely at stop signs. Special caution at intersections. Don’t pass on two-lane roads.
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 5 Motorcycles and Mopeds About one out of every ten traffic fatalities among 15-34 of age involves someone riding a motorcycle Safety Strategies: –Wear light colored clothing. –Develop the necessary skills. –Wear a helmet. –Protect your eyes with goggles. –Drive defensively.
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 6 Bicycles 2006, bicycle crashes send more than 500,000 people to the emergency room and resulted in 1000 deaths. Safety strategies: –Wear safety equipment. –Wear light colored clothing. –Ride with flow of traffic. –Ride defensively. –Stop at all traffic lights. –Continue pedaling at all times.
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 7
8 Home Injuries Falls –90% of fatal falls involve people 45 and older. Fires –Smoke detectors Poisoning –National poison hotline –800.222.1222 Suffocation and choking –Heimlich maneuver Firearms
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 9 Leisure Injuries Swimming –Not swimming alone –Personal floatation device –Check the surroundings In-line skating injuries. Scooter injuries.
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 10 Work Injuries Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (OSHA) –Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970. Back injuries –Proper mechanics Repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) –Carpal tunnel syndrome –Tendonitis
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 11 Chapter twenty-onePersonal Safety
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 12 Chapter twenty-onePersonal Safety
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 13 Violence and Intentional Injuries Violence –2007, more than 1.4 million Americans fall victim each year. Factors Contributing to Violence –Social Factors –Violence in the media –Gender –Interpersonal factors –Alcohol and other drugs –Firearms
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 14 Violence and Intentional Injuries Assault –Use of physical force by a person or persons to inflict injury or death on another. Homicide –2007, FBI estimated 17,000 murders Gang-Related violence –1 million Americans belong to a gang Hate crimes –Bias against another person’s race or ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability motivates a criminal act. School violence Workplace violence Terrorism
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 15 Family and Intimate Violence Battering –Violence against intimate partners Stalking and Cyberstalking –Harassing behaviors such as following or spying on a person and making verbal, written or implied threats. –Internet, e-mail, chat rooms, and electronic communication devices Violence against children Elder abuse
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 16 Sexual Violence Sexual Assault: Rape –Statutory rape –Date rape –Who commits Rape? –Factors Contributing to Date Rape. –Date rape drugs Rohypnol,GHB, “Special K” Date-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996 (20 years in prison) –Dealing with a Sexual Assault Women Organized Against Rape (WOAR) recommendations –The effects of rape
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 17 Child Sexual Abuse Sexual act imposed on a minor. –Incest –Most sexually abused children are between 8 and 12 when the abuse first occurs. –Surveys suggest that as many as 27% of women and 16% of men were sexually abused as children. Sexual Harassment –Affects academic or employment decisions or evaluations. –Interferes with an individual’s academic or work performance. –Creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive academic, work, or student living environment.
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 18 What You Can Do About Violence Training for conflict resolution Identify and target-risk groups for intervention. Reducing gun-related injuries. Adoption of consumer safety standards for guns.
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 19 Providing Emergency Care First aid Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Emergency medical services (EMS) system. Check the situation Check the victim Call for help: Call 9-1-1 in most areas Care for the victim
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Connect Assignment Chapter 16 Connect Assignment Due Tuesday, April 20 th
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 21.
Personal Safety: Protecting Yourself from Unintentional Injuries and Violence Chapter 23.
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 16.
© 2011 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Chapter Nineteen: Protecting Your Safety.
Chapter 11 Preventing Injury. © Copyright 2005 Delmar Learning, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc.2 Chapter Objectives 1.Explain the differences between.
Personal Safety Chapter 21. Impact On the American Society 120,000 Americans die for injuries120,000 Americans die for injuries The economic cost of injuries.
Taking Charge of your Personal Safety Accidents are the leading cause of death for people 1 to 45 years of age People in a university environment are at.
1. Vehicle CrashesSuicides Falls Drownings Youth Violence Homicides Sports InjuriesBullying These are a few examples of a growing area in public health…
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Health Threats of Unintentional Injuries and Violence J. Don Chaney, Ph.D.
Chap 17: Injuries as a Community Health Problem Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_.
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1. Motor vehicle crashes, falls, suicides, drowning, youth violence. These are just a few examples from a growing area in public health, which can be.
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Grade 7 Life Path A Life Path B. The student will examine current data on intentional and unintentional injuries. The student will provide examples.
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Reducing the Risk of Injury. Two Types of Injury Unintentional Can almost always be predicted and prevented Caused when people take risks Can include.
Violence and Intentional Injuries More than 2 million Americans are victims of violent injury each year. Three violent crimes occur every minute in the.
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An Invitation to Health Chapter 18 Staying Safe: Preventing Injury, Violence, and Victimization Dr. Lana Zinger ©2004 Wadsworth Publishing Co.
Health Then and Now. In the 1800s and early 1900s infectious diseases such as influenza, tuberculosis, and diphtheria were the leading causes of death.
Chapter 13: Violence Prevention. Vocabulary Violence, bullying, assailant, assault, homicide, abuse, stalking, sexual violence, sexual abuse.
Chapter 13 Lessons Three & Four (Pages ) VIOLENCE PROTECTION & OVERCOMING ABUSE.
AVOIDING AND PREVENTING VIOLENCE. Violence in Our Society Violence is any act that causes physical or psychological harm to a person or damage to property.
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Chapter 16 Injury and Violence © 2013 McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.1.
Personal safety is both physical safety (freedom from physical harm) as well a psychological safety, which also a freedom from worry about physical.
Fleet Safety. Introduction: Why Address Fleet Accidents Frequency of Fleet Accidents (NSC) 22% of workplace fatalities were highway accidents 80-90% were.
Delmar Learning Copyright © 2003 Delmar Learning, a Thomson Learning company Chapter 30 Family and Community Violence.
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MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES. Motor Vehicle Crashes (MVC): Any collision between people operating SUVs, trucks, cars, motorcycles, or other motorized vehicle.
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Preventing Unintentional Injuries Unintentional injuries, or accidents, are a leading cause of death among teens. In this unit we will discuss guidelines.
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. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter Twenty-One Violence: Prevention and Protection.
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