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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL AND MILITARY OBJECTIVES IN WAR [SUMMARY] C. Bassford/B.A. Andrews National War College.

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Presentation on theme: "THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL AND MILITARY OBJECTIVES IN WAR [SUMMARY] C. Bassford/B.A. Andrews National War College."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL AND MILITARY OBJECTIVES IN WAR [SUMMARY] C. Bassford/B.A. Andrews National War College

2 SURVIVAL HIGH-END MILITARY OBJECTIVE (DISARM ) LIMITED or HIGH-END MILITARY OBJECTIVES Two forms of military objective: High-end War to “disarm” the enemy “to render [the enemy] politically helpless or militarily impotent" War to achieve “limited aims” - offensive war with a limited aim - defensive war Coercion Exhaustion Attrition Erosion Compellance Overthrow Incapacitation Annihilation Disarm (PAPE) (DELBRÜCK) (CLAUSEWITZ) (TRAD.) (USMC-MCDPs) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL AND MILITARY OBJECTIVES IN WAR

3 SURVIVAL HIGH-END MILITARY OBJECTIVE (DISARM ) LIMITED MILITARY OBJECTIVES Two forms of military objective: War to “disarm” the enemy “to render [the enemy] politically helpless or militarily impotent" War to achieve “limited aims” - offensive war with a limited aim - defensive war Coercion Exhaustion Attrition Erosion Compellance Overthrow Incapacitation Annihilation Disarm (PAPE) (DELBRÜCK) (CLAUSEWITZ) (TRAD.) (USMC-MCDPs) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL AND MILITARY OBJECTIVES IN WAR

4 SURVIVAL TARGET: The adversary’s WILL to continue the struggle TARGET: The adversary’s MILITARY CAPACITY to continue the struggle } { MILITARY OBJECTIVE HIGH-END MILITARY OBJECTIVE (DISARM) High-end LIMITED MILITARY OBJECTIVE (Inflict Stress) Coercion Exhaustion Attrition Erosion Coercion EROSION Compellance Overthrow Incapacitation Annihilation DISARM or INCAPACITATE

5 (Military is not the decisive instrument) CONTAIN

6 SURVIVAL HIGH-END MILITARY OBJECTIVE (DISARM ) LIMITED or HIGH-END MILITARY OBJECTIVES High-end THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL AND MILITARY OBJECTIVES IN WAR (Military is not the decisive instrument) CONTAIN

7 PLAYER APLAYER B So far, this has been a unilateral analysis—we’ve looked at one side’s pol/mil objectives. How many variations develop when we factor in the other guy? How about when we factor in the contending factions within each player? How about when we factor in mutual misunderstanding? Dishonesty? Deception? Confusion? Stupidity? Etc.


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