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1 NAME :- HARSHIT DOSI ROLL NO. :- 520873425 FROM:- IICE COLLEGE, UDAIPUR ( RAJ )

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Presentation on theme: "1 NAME :- HARSHIT DOSI ROLL NO. :- 520873425 FROM:- IICE COLLEGE, UDAIPUR ( RAJ )"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 NAME :- HARSHIT DOSI ROLL NO. : FROM:- IICE COLLEGE, UDAIPUR ( RAJ )

2 CONCEPT Microfinance is the provision of a broad range of financial services such as deposits, loans, payment services, money transfers, and insurance to poor and low-income households and, their micro enterprises. 2

3 HISTORY OF MICRO FINANCE  Fully-incorporated microfinance and community development bank-ShoreBank, founded in 1973 in Chicago.  First microloan in Bangladesh in 1974 Economics professor Muhammad Yunus.  Accion International, began disbursing microloans in Recife, Brazil as early as

4 SOURCES OF MICRO FINANCE SERVICES  FORMAL INSTITUTIONS Such as rural banks and cooperatives; NGOs.  INFORMAL SOURCES Such as money lenders and shopkeepers. 4

5  Began in 1976 in Bangladesh  Professor Muhammad Yunus, Founder of Grameen Bank 5 Prof. Muhammad Yunus, Founder, Grameen Bank

6 16 DECISIONS OF GRAMEEN BANK 6 1. We shall follow and advance the four principles of Grameen Bank --- Discipline, Unity, Courage and Hard work – in all walks of our lives. 2. Prosperity we shall bring to our families. 3. We shall not live in dilapidated houses. We shall repair our houses and work towards constructing new houses at the earliest. 4. We shall grow vegetables all the year round. We shall eat plenty of them and sell the surplus. 5. During the plantation seasons, we shall plant as many seedlings as possible

7 7 6. We shall plan to keep our families small. We shall minimize our expenditures. We shall look after our health. 7. We shall educate our children and ensure that they can earn to pay for their education. 8. We shall always keep our children and the environment clean. 9. We shall build and use pit-latrines 10. We shall drink water from tubewells. If it is not available, we shall boil water or use alum. 11. We shall not take any dowry at our sons' weddings, neither shall we give any dowry at our daughters wedding. We shall keep our centre free from the curse of dowry. We shall not practice child marriage

8 8 12. We shall not inflict any injustice on anyone, neither shall we allow anyone to do so. 13. We shall collectively undertake bigger investments for higher incomes. 14. We shall always be ready to help each other. If anyone is in difficulty, we shall all help him or her. 15. If we come to know of any breach of discipline in any centre, we shall all go there and help restore discipline. 16. We shall take part in all social activities collectively

9 ACHIEVEMENTS OF MICRO FINANCE 9

10 ACHIEVEMENTS  3.5 million borrowers  $4.4 billion lent 500 types of micro-businesses average amount: $160 peer support and pressure $4.1 billion repaid 10 “We have received a lot of things from the international community, but we given the model of microcredit to the world”. - Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia

11 ISSUES  HIGH COST OF CAPITAL Effective cost of micro lending is %  BORROWINGS TO MFI Priority Sector-funding obligation. 11

12 ISSUES  MANAGEMENT OF FUNDS / FINANCING SOURCES  CAPACITY OF MFI Innovative product, strategic linkage and re-engineering of financial products.  SUPERVISION AND REGULATION 12

13 CHALLENGES  Regional imbalance  Credit to enterprise  Growth of micro finance services  Financial viability and sustainability of the MFIs 13

14 CHALLENGES  Designing financially sustainable models  Aim for community participation & ownership  Increase outreach and scale up operations 14

15 OPPORTUNITIES  Huge untapped market- an attractive business proposition for commercial banks.  Scaling up of MFIs to expand and more out reach.  Partnership with matured MFIs. 15

16 CONCLUSION  No one model can be replicated, so models to be tailored according to the requirement of the place.  Micro Finance, a good business for commercial banks.  Requirement of an appropriate delivery model and a mature partner. 16

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